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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, October 27, 1971 Joseph Kraft The cost of victory The Great Game is over. The Peo- ple's Republic of China will take its seat in the General Assembly and on the Security Council on its own harsh terms. The Peking government has established itself as the legitimate representative of a people estimated at a quarter of the population of the earth. It is right that they should be represented. They should have been there long ago. It is wrong that dur- ing the entire lifetime of tlie UN, Chiang Kai-shek, who took over the island of Taiwan by force, should have been accorded the right to speak for the Taiwanese. It is ab- surd that he should claim that his regime is the rightful government of the Chinese mainland too. But it is terribly wrong that 18 mil- lion people in Taiwan are. unrepre- sented in the UN by anyone. Pe- king's claim that tlie island belongs to the People's Republic of China is open to serious doubt. Its people have never had an opportunity to ex- press their views and it now appears that there is little hope that they ever will. Independence movements have been brutally put down by the conqueror from the mainland. Yet these people have enjoyed a certain measure of independence un- der a free enterprise system imposed by the Americans who have support- ed Chiang Kai-shek because they feared the spread of communism and could find no alternative. The peas- ants have prospered. They own their own diminutive farms, they inn their own business enterprises and are ac- corded the profits of their work. ..It is these people who will suffer most from the abandonment of prin- ciple for the pragmatic requirements of Big Power politics. They are the silent pawns, the unrepresented, the ignored. The U.S. secretary of state, Mr. William Rogers and the American ambassador to the UN, Mr. George Bush, presented a vigorous case for a two China policy, which both must have known is totally unrealis- tic, in the face of China's intransi- gent opposition. And at the same time U.S. representatives were pre- senting the case against the Alban- ian resolution, Mr. Kissinger was in Peking making arrangements for a visit by Mr. Nixon to China. Those countries who may have been un- certain about how they should vote on the question, could hardly avoid the stark fact that the voice of Am- erica spoke loudly in New York while its actions in Peking jammed tlie airwaves across the Pacific. It is a great victory for Peking. It is no victory for justice and free- dom for all. Autocrats are out of style The British Parliament is expected to vote for entry into the European Common Market by a majority of about 90 in spite of public opinion polls which show that the man-on- the-street is against it, and in spite of the clumsy efforts of the leader of the Opposition, Mr. Harold Wilson to force Labor members to follow the party line he has entry on the terms negotiated by the Conservative government. A n t i- marketeers in the Labor party are going to cock a snook at Mr. Wil- son's demand, and will vote freely, as the Conservatives, with the bless- ing of Prime Minister Heath, intend to do. As far as the public opinion polls are concerned, about the only thing to be said is that great issues are not decided by them, when it comes to the crunch. Many people in Bri- tain are afraid of the result of entry high prices, of loss of prestige, of labor competition. But most of them know that entry is inevitable and that the momentous decision must be taken by their elected rep- resentatives. National ventures such as this one, would seldom be under- taken if they were decided by plebis- cite. Mr. Wilson's reversal of his orig- inal stand on British entry might be condoned by some, even though his reasons for opposing it are purely political. It is in his favor that he has prevented strong anti marke- teers in his party from adopting the extreme stand of pledging to with- draw Britain from the EEC if Labor should be elected next time around. But his attempt to prevent Labor members from exercising a free vote, that is, expressing their personal op- inions without consideration of party ties, is devious, and autocratic. Mr. Wilson has tried very hard to hold the Labor party together, but on this issue he has failed miserably. In the eyes of many British peo- ple, vacillation and political manoeu- vring have destroyed Mr. Wilson's credibility as a responsible leader of the opposition. ANDY RUSSELL Small but potent day last summer I was sitting on a grassy bank by the river resting af- ter several hours of fishing. It was warm and brilliar.tly clear with the mountains sharp-etched against the western sky and a sbft breeze fluttering the leaves of the as- pens. My eye picked up movement in the herbage right in front of my boot toes, and when I looked closer it was to see a grasshopper with an olive colored back and yellow body walking out on a scarlet wild geranium leaf. The insect stopped in the middle of it making a beautiful combina- tion of color and life, and I was contem- plating the intricate problems of a color photograph, when there was a sudden flash of something else. The grasshopper disappeared like magic. Moving with great care I bent closer for a look, but it took several seconds to lo- cate the cause of the commotion. Partially hidden under another leaf of the geran- ium was a tiny shrew hungrily devouring my erstwhile camera subject. While I watched, the grasshopper disappeared en- tirely except for the wings, and then with another flash of movement the tiny shrew was gone. 1 had observed a rare sight; the tiniest animal on earth catching and eating its prey. There are twenty nine kinds of shrews in North America, most of them being very difficult to tell apart. The smallest of these, the pygmy shrew, can only be identified positively by counting the teeth of the upper jaw through a mag- nifying glass. It has three unicuspid teeth instead of the usual five like all the rest. This midget animal weighs only to 4 grams about the same as a dime. They are very fast moving voracious feeders, and because of their minute size and energy requirements, likely have to eat the equal of their own weight every twenty- four hours or risk starvation. They are in- sect hunters, but will also prey on mice larger than themselves. Thus, being in- sectivorous and predatious, the nature of their food makes them beneficial to man. Late one winter evening I was coming home from trapline on snowshoes across the moonlit snow, when I saw a tiny shrew running on the surface. Before the little animal had time to dig down out of sight, I scooped it up in a gloved hand and took it home. Placing it under an open mouthed glass jar with a match stick propping it up a bit on one side to allow for air. I fed it some roast meat. Next day our cat donated another one unhurt, and it was placed with the first along with a piece of meat about the size of a small walnut. When I went to look at my captive next morning, the meat had disappeared and so had one of the shrews. All that remained of it was some rem- nants of bluish-gray fur! Its partner had apparently got hungry after they had fin- ished the meat and turned cannibal. Tho survivor was plump and sleek, and ob- viously looking for more to eat. Shrews have some kind of poison in their systems, for if a cat eats one it becomes violently ill for a short time. Most cats will not eat a shrew. Birds and weasels prey on them and are apparently immune. I have found dead shrews with weasel tooth marks on them where the blood had been sucked away. Once I saw a Canada jay catch one and eat it whole. Like many things in nature, shrews largely go unnoticed. Many people do not know they exist, but however small and in- significant, shrews are ferocious little ani- mals, interesting to observe. Thanks to the ways of nature, shrews are not as big as bears, for if they were, they would be ex- tremely dangerous to meet on the banks of a trout stream or anywhere else. Adverse influence By Doug Wilker WHEREAS Tom Adams seem to bring nine holes with me at Henderson Lake ono out the best in others with whom he day and carded a terrible 49 only five golfs, I apparently have tlie opposite influ- better than me. The practice of the politics of peace NGTON Typical- Willy Brandt, a political leader peace. At the same time it based on the treaties he has ne- peace treaty for thi WASHINGTON Typical ly the Nobel peace prize goes to neutral doers ot hu- manitarian works on the Albert Schweitzer model w h o are truly irrelevant to the improve- ment of international security. So the selection of Chancellor Willy Brandt, a political leader who has grappled with the real problems of peace, carries an important message. ft says that peace nowadays is a practical possibility, that there is merit in the president's talk about a generation of peace. At the same time it raises a question about how much Mr. Nixon is doing to help the leaders who are pre- pared to practise the politics of peace the Willy Brandts of the world. Hen- Brandt's selection was based on tlie treaties he has ne- gotiated with Russia and Po- land which led to tlie recent Big Four agreement on Berlin. What those accords do is rec- ognize the territorial status quo in Europe. They constitute the "But comrade you must have something to tell us about, other than Bonanza, The Avengers Letters To The Editor Binary example not meaningful argument Good Lord! If it is your in- tention at times to point out certain inadequacies in the ra- tionalization process of anti- quated and uninformed in- dividuals you have most cer- tainly printed a most ideal ex- ample. Of course, I refer to that paragon of reminiscing drivel, the letter from a "More Than Willing Parent" Oct. 23. I anv astounded. How could anyone, possessing at the very least a minimal intelligence, hope to state a valid and mean- Several salient facts so far missed Recent news items re teach- ers and school boards bargain- ing, while based on truth have not brought out several salient facts. School boards should have the public jumping for joy because by refusing to sign contracts with teachers fa- over a year they have been able to keep the teachers' mon- ey, in the form of any in- crease, in the bank drawing many thousands of dollars in- terest. Outstanding business- men! The act was diabolical; nasty; but public, be proud; they made money for you. Over the years southern AI- bcrta teachers have received less pay than Calgary and Ed- monton teachers. I think tho southern Alberta school boards are to be congratulated on their chiseling abilities as they have now reached a point where they pay over per annum less than is paid in Cal- gary and Edmonton. Of course we all know that the tax money goes into the Candidate too naive One significant fact revealed by the recent civic election was the naivete of the youngest al- dermanic candidate, Mr. Tony Dimnik. In his youthful innocence, Mr. Dimnik endeavoured to learn as much as possible about the is- sues which would face the new city council. He studied both sides of every question, took stands for or against, and made public his views. He spoke on more issues, and with more au- thority, than most of the can- didates. Alas, however, Mr. Dimnik's straightforward, candid ap- proach to city politics was his undoing. But he was simply too young to know any better. He thought that in politics people had to make decisions, so he made them (a mistake so common to the He thought that in politics candi- dates took solid stands on im- portant issues, so he took solid stands (only a young person could commmit so grave an er- ror! These two faults in them- selves are perhaps excusable, for young people do tend to bo exuberant at times. But under no circumstances can Mr. Dim- nik be excused for the outra- geous blunder of actually tell- ing people where he stood on each issue! If Mr. Dimnik had only ask- ed one of the "experienced" candidates he would have learned that it is dangerous to one's political life in Lethbridge to make decisions and to take stands on issues. And if he had possessed the political astute- ness of his honorable opponents he would have realized that to come right out and tell people what his views were could be nothing short of political sui- cide. Lethbridge voters, it is agreed, are a tolerant lot; but one thing they simply will not stand for is a political candi- date who publicly declares his position. Mr. Dimnik has now learned a lesson and gained some "ex- perience" in Lethbridge civic politics. If he should ever de- cide to run for election again, perhaps he will shake his youth- ful naivete and follow the fine example set by the "experi- enced" candidates; namely, to steadfastly refuse to say any- thing to anyone at any time about any issue whatever. Once again the value of ago and "experience" has been demonstrated. THE CONCERNED CITIZEN. Lethbridge. Identify honeymooners? cnce. My son-in-law Chris Bbwrcy won a course tournament in Calgary with a 68 tills sum- mer. Fresh from that triumph he played Maybe it wasn't just me that had the adverse effect on him maybe it was thnt awful something associated with be- ing an in-law! Several months ago 1 took a picture of a happy Lctlibridge couple, who were honeymooning in Victoria. Unfortunately I lost (heir home address and I wonder if J can locate them through your columns and co- operation. f will be much obliged If you will give this a little publicity and I hope to hear of a suc- cessful conclusion. We came through your city in the spring ol 1010 from Sweet Grass, and I am ashamed to say I haven't been bade, but we did farm for nearly fifty years, a few hun- dred miles to the east at Ane- roid, Saskatchewan. Many thanks. PERCY CLAYDON. Victoria. Editor's Note: The Herald has the picture mentioned. It may be obtained at I ho desk ot the editorial secretary. common pot of Edmonton and is spewed out to the school boards. Now if a school board can chisel off each teach- er a year it gives board mem- bers a nice sum to play around with in county offices. This is good and right of course. It's all business. School board men are honorable; no doubt about it. Since most teachers now have at least four years of training it would be foolhardy to copy the U.S. and give these teachers a voice in, or heed their suggestions regarding, de- cision or policy making and how best to educate. School boards likely have not taken courses in educational practice and so according to them are in a better position to say what should be d o n e; but of course they have their watch dogs, the superintendents, t o help keep tab on the teachers so why should they have the advice of anyone as stupid as a school teacher about A DISGUSTED PARENT. Raymond. No substitute We are replying to the letter in tlie October 12 Herald on the subject of substitute teachers. The letter stated that tapes can do the job of teachers and that the pin-pose of education is making students none-think- ing robots. If the students didn't think for themselves the classes would be of little value, there would be no questions asked or answered. We listen to the teachers but many dis- agree and give our own opin- ions, therefore we are think- ing for ourselves. Tapes will never successfully replace the teachers, there would never be any discussion and individual problems couldn't be solved. MARY-ANN HANDSAEM NORMA MACK, RONALD SPILLMAN, BRUCE KLASSEN, NEIL COFELL, CARMEN' BRANONIN, CAROL OBER, DELYNN HARRISON, LOREN PENNER, BOB ENNS, RON ZONTA, TERRY TRAVER, HEATHER JOHNSON, CLARINDA THIESSEN, ER1KA SONNENBERG, JOYCE ST1NKE, PENNY RUSSELL, CRIST1NE CUDSAK, ELSIE KLASSEN, DARLENE REMPLE. Coalelalo, ingful argument by merely re- lating some binary example concerning events fifteen years apart? Baby, the times, they are a-changing- I would reiterate and re- affirm that we in society, de- mand of individuals an excep- tional degree of sophistication and specialization. If an unfor- tunate employee is not "train- ed" for a certain position he will no doubt be passed over and later discarded from the competitive process of job placement and promotion. Honestly, dear Sir or Madam, I do think that if you were in the hiring position you would ardently adhere to this form of selective decision. Tills is the paradox then. So- ciety, on the whole, demands specialization, but on the other hand, it is not willing to pay for it. I would also assure you, Willing Parent, that this does not make teachers nearly as disgruntled and frustrated as it does the students. For it is they who must put up with and suf- fer the consequences of a gen- eral, mediocre education. This situation usually results from over-sized classes and lack of cogent teaching materials. I would then say, Willing Parent, that instead of taking over the teaching profession and conceiving perhaps an un- equalled fiasco, you engage more teachers so our children will receive the individualized and specialized training that you and the rest of society now demand. I would there- fore agree with you "that something is drastically wrong." EDMOND ROCHELEAU. Lethbridge. peace treaty lor the Second World Engaging tlie Communists in fruitful negotiation was only one part of the achievement. Not less difficult is what Herr Brandt has done inside West Germany. On his home ground lie has had to break through the cold war politics practiced so assiduously by former Chancel- lor Konrad Adenauer and his successors in the Christian Democratic party. He had to brave charges that dealing v.ith the Communists is a na- tional betrayal, a sell-out to the enemy. The American role In Hen- Brandt's achievement was not negligible. By steadfast pres- ence in Europe, this country made it plain to the Commun- ists that they had nothing to gain from threats and pres- sure. More important still, Ameri- can leadership played a role in promoting political evolution in- side West Germany. President Johnson, in particular, indi- cated over and over to Bonn that Washington attached a higher priority to ending the cold war in Europe than to keeping it up. He made the poli- tical atmosphere in West Ger- many safe for Social Dem- ocrats, and he deserves at least a little piece of Herr Brandt's prize. President Nixon has under- stood the role that American power has to play in securing a generation of peace. He has not yielded to the pressures for precipitant disengagement or rapid winding-down of Ameri- can military power. If anything, he has tended to set too much store by military superiority. And the encourag- ing thing about his coming visits to Peking and Moscow is that, they express a recognition that it is necessary to come off the hard line in order to do some bargaining. But there seems no cor- respondence between Nixon's policy toward adversaries and his approach to friends and al- lies. While he has set up Com- munist capitals for a parlay, he has done nothing to favor the players on his own side who can do so much to help in tlie bargaining. For example, Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato is potentially a player of great importance in any Pacific set- tlement. But in order to achieve the coup of a surprise TV an- nouncement oit China, Presi- dent Nixon embarrassed Mr. Sato in a way that makes it very hard for the Japanese leader to play a constructive role. And the reason seems to have been pique at Tokyo's long delay on limiting textile exports. Canadian Prime Minister Pi- erre Elliott Trudeau is another figure with a considerable role to play in East-West detente. But this country's international economic policies are severely hurting Canada. And the Nixon administration, apparently be- cause the president does not like the Trudeau style, has not even bothered to express re- gret. In contrast, Mr. Nixon has been an unwavering supporter ol President Nguyen Van Thieu, the Saigon leader who is a prin- cipal obstacle to any settle- ment in Vietnam. Similarly, ties of personal loyalty seem to inhibit American pressure on President Yahya Khan of Paki- stan to be more reasonable about the East Bengali seces- sion issue. In short, despite all the talk of a generation of peace, the president is not well-organized for the task. He has allowed his personal ideological prefer- ences to stand in the way the most effective politics peace. (Fide! Enterprises Inc.) Looking backward Through Tlie Herald Application has been made by the Canadian Pacific Railway for the removal of the daylight trains between Mac- leod and Calgary and between Lethbridge and the Crow's Nest. 1931 The new turhinc at the power house was to have been started up late this after- noon. All being well, the new plant will be in operation, sup- plying the total dty load, by tlie end of the week. 1941 A case of honey do- nated by members of the Turin Red Cross will he shipped to the head office loday. 1051 Lclhbridge curlers will swing into the season next Tuesday at the Ice Centre. Prospects are good for the big- gest, busiest and best season in the city's history. isiii Demolition of the Bank of Nova Scotia on the corner of 3rd Avenue and 7th street began today. The old building is being torn down to make room for a new, modern bank building. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishcn Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mull Registration No. 0012 of Tho Canadian Press ano me cnnaoian Dally Nowspapw Publishers' Association and tho Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM KAY Mnnnglnp, Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Minagtr Editorial Pant Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;