Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
FORECAST HIGH THURSDAY NEAR 35. The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXIV No. 208 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 197L PRICE NOT OVEK 10 CENTS FOUR SECTIONS 50 PAGES China entry turning point in history By CY FOX Canadian Press Staff Writer The General Assembly vote to admit mainland China into the United Nations and to expel Taiwan has been predictably evaluated as a major turning point in recent world history. The immediate consequences in some key parts of tbo globe are likely to be great, ranging from a further undermining of the present government in Japan to a radical worsening in the prospects of the Nationalist Chinese administration on Taiwan. The Nationalists received the assembly decision with bitter predictions that the UN would become a mere front for Maoism once Peking accepts the offered membership. Taiwan's longtime allies, the Americans, expressed deep disappointment about the rejection of Washing- ton's plan fo have both governments which claim sov- ereignty over China represented in the world organiza- tion. The big defeat for Washington of which Ameri- can officials are likely to have had some premonitions not, to all appearances, interrupted preparations for U.S. President Nixon's coming visit to Peking. Won't ease strain Bui it will do nothing to ease the present strains between the United States and Canada, which was one of the countries voting for Taiwan's expulsion from the UN. On the oilier hand, Washington was probably braced for the setback and may have already made plans for dealing with the problem of Taiwan now that Chiang Kai-shek's island fortress has suffered its worst perhaps of face. Yet the UN decision comes as a heavy blow- however inevitable to American diplomatic prestige and raises profound questions about the future course of events in the Security Council after Mao Tse-tung's Communist government takes its seat among the per- manent members, armed with the veto right. The Soviet Union, China's great rival for pre- eminence in the Communist world, backed the tri- umphant resolution on Peking's membership. Both Communist powers can be expected to use the UN in future, as a key sounding board for their "anti-imperialist" verbal campaigns .lust as all major members of the organization seek to pound home their ideological messages during council and assembly sessions. But up to now, the Russians and their client states have made the Communist side of the UN arguments all to themselves, except for the unorthodoxies voiced by Albania and Yugoslavia. Open clash possible After the vote on Peking's entry, the coming years present the possibility of open conflict between the Communist super-powers, played out on the world stage provided by the UN. This in turn would probably crimp somewhat the ordinarily free wheeling, anti- capitalist styles of both delegations. However, the least that can be expected is that China will find a greatly enlarged outlet for the friend- lier gestures it has lately been showing towards the West. Perhaps most important are the longterm results of the decision. One forecast is that the events in New York may signal tiie twilight of the cold war and usher in a more hopeful period when world politics are dominated by four big power American, Soviet, Chinese and West than by Washington and Moscow alone. No behind-the-scenes deals for China Best-dressed men of 1971 LONDON (AP) Tailor and Cutter, arbiter of men's fashions in Britain, has chosen one of its own as the best-dressed man of 1971. Colin Ilammick, tall and elegant designer for the Savile Row Finn of H. Huntsman and Sons, won the accolade, ahead of United States singer Andy Wil- liams. The remaining eight of the 10 "best." include soc- cer players, actors and English noblemen. The selection of Mr. Hammick by Ihe men's fashion magazine, which distributed the ballots among the trade in July, was described by tiie Tailor's "bible" as "a return to elegance except that Ml'. Ham- mick has never been anything else." His wardrobe ranges from biege-colored velvets and linens Io the Iraditional dark suits, all of them currently one button, fairly wide lapels, cuffless trou- sers and topped off with big shirt collars and big knotted neckties. Williams is Ihe only non-IOuropcan or Briton Io make tlic lisl. Sharing third place were, actor Ilex Harrison, and French licnrt-tliroh Alain Dolon, also an actor. Tliore was also a lie for fifth place belween aclor Morlcy Grorgic Best, Britain's soccer idol. Deion's colleague in France, Jean Paul Belmondo, captured seventh place and then came somewhat of a surprise for eighth in the 76-year-old Duke of Windsor. Hobby Mnnro, mtnlhc-r British soccer star, came ninth and winding up Ihe list is Lord Snowdon. Princess Margaret's husband. By STEPHEN SCOTT UNITED NATIONS (CP) Some informed sources who have studied the People's Re- public of China over the years have two words to describe her entry into the United Nations and the international scene in general: No deals. These sources say China, ex- pected here by the end of the week, will have nothing to do with any agreements reached by the big powers without par- ticipation of the smaller coun- tries. This includes everything from disarmament to consensus deci- sions reached behind the scenes of the 15-country Security Coun- cil of which she now becomes a member. The sources say that China will play it cool here for the re- mainder of the present General Assembly session that ends in mid-December. Although she has been kept informed of what is happening by her ally Albania, she can be expected to watch proceedings and not make any radical moves. The exception is expected to be disarmament, where she is expected to object to deals made by the United States and the Soviet Union which small countries generally must go along with after achieving some modifications. In this context she may be ex- pected to object to international treaties banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, the emplace- ment of weapons of mass de- struction on the seabed and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. There is some question of whether she will participate in the Geneva disarmament talks, of which Canada is a member. One official of a country close to China said she would join, but a Western observer doubted it. She will participate in the world disarmament conference proposed by the Soviet Union. In the case of the Geneva talks, it is expected that China will object to the present sys- tem under which the Soviet Union and the United States are co-chairman and is thought to be preparing to demand that the chairmanship revolve among the membership. One source said that China may be closer to France lhan to any other large country here be- cause both countries are fight- ing the hegemony of big powers. CHINA PLEASED A Communist source reported that China is pleased with the voting Monday night which saw the passage of the Albanian res- olution calling for the expulsion of the Nationalist Chinese and the provision of a seat for Pe- king. He said that China sees tho defeat of the U.S. proposals that would have seated bolh the Na- tionalists and Ihe People's Re- public as a victory of small countries against big-power in- fluence in the UN. In recent years the Security Council has managed to get out of impasses by making behind the scenes agreements and con- cessions. The Chinese are expected to reject this method. Canadian appeal ignored U.S. goes ahead with nuclear test France, Russia sign agreement JUBILATION AFTER VOTE UN General Assembly delegates react with jubilation after a vote to seat Communist China and expel Nationalist China from the UN. Britain's great market debate iiears climax LONDON (AP) Britain's great debate over joining the Common Market nearcd a cli- max today with Prime Minister Heath still counting on some so- cialist opposition help for vic- tory. But in the lobbies and council rooms of the Parliament at Westminster most signs sug- gested the Conservative govern- ment's winning majority is not likely to be impressive. H e a t h 's Conservatives and former prime minister Wilson's Laborites are under maximum pressure to defect to their opponents. "You can hear the cracking of arms being twisted wherever you one veteran Tory legis- lator confided in one of the Par- 11 a m e n t's bar-rooms. "This place is like a torture cham- ber." Knowledgeable insiders o n each side are forecasting that Heath probably will get a mar- gin of between 40 and 50 when the 630-member House of Com- mons exercises its historic choice Thursday night. Historic MacLeod sites being looted., destroyed CALGARY (CP) Because of inadequate legislative pro- tection, a University of Cal- gary archaeologist says early man sites and other historical treasures in Alberta are being wantonly looted and destroyed. Barney Reeves said often the damage is done by amateur treasure hunters who are un- awars that they are obliterat- ing a priceless legacy. Others, he said, are making a profit by sifting through early man sites for arrow heads which arc then sold to the United Stales. He said an important buffalo jump west of C'ayley, Ihe re- mains of a Hudson's Bay Co, fort, near Rocky Mountain House, and part of the original RCMP forl at Fort Macleod have been wrecked in the last 15 years. The "Old Woman" buffalo jump is believed to have been used by Indians years Ego, Dr. Reeves said, and since excavated in 1958-59 the site has been dug up and wrecked by amateurs. A similar buffalo jump wcsl of Fort Macleod appears to be headed for the same fate, he said, despite the fact it was set aside as a provincial historic sile in .1968. Dr. Reeves pointed out in an interview that Alberta is (lie only province which lacks an Antiques Act to preserve such .sites. But, he said, there is also lack of federal legislation to prevent export of artifacts from Canada to other countries snd no control over the activi- ties of foreign archaeologists. For a government seeking Parliament's approval for the most importanl single decision the nation has had io take since the Second World War, such a majority would hardly be a triumph. And it would not be insurance against defeat for a government that must push a mass of im- portant enabling laws through Parliament before Britain cnn actually enter the Common Market Jan. 1, 1973. A prime minister must resign if the Commons tosses out some major piece of legislation. This, then, could compel Heath to call a general election on the issue. A general election is exactly what Wilson's Laborites say they want as the democratic way of resolving the Common Market controversy. The polls show that most Brit- ons do not want to link up with Europe. As a party, the Labor- ites are committed to fight entry on the terms Heath has obtained. Seen and heard Abouf town WARM weather addict Dec Trompkln suggesting southern Albertans bundle up the current winter and "mail it to Calgary" Orlcana Campbell spilling soup in her lap Pliil Blakeley re- ceiving an unexpected visitor. WASHINGTON (CP) President Nixon has authorized the explosion of a five- megaton atomic warhead under Amchitka Island in the Aleutians, the United States Atomic Energy Commission announced today. AEC Chairman James R. Schlesinger said no dale for the blast, opposed by conservationists, has been set. Senator Mike Gravel told reporters, however, the blast was scheduled for Nov. 4, and Schlesinger said in answer to questions the preparations would be completed fore that date. CANADA 'DISMAYED' Schlesinger said the atomic warhead, designed for the Spar- tan anti-ballistic missile, has been installed feet under ground and the closing of tile shaft is beginning Wednesday, This operaton, he said, would "make it impractical to recover the but he said that should a court decision forbid the test, the warhead could be destroyed by conventional ex- plosives underground without setting off an atomic blast. Canadian Ambassador Marcel Cadieux told United States au- thorities of the "sense of dis- may" of Canadians when ad- vised today that the U.S. will proceed with the detonation. The ambassador was quoted as having told Schlesinger that Canadians fear a danger to their environment from the con- troversial nuclear test. He was also quoted as ex- pressing disappointment at the decision at a time when prog- ress was being made in disarm- ament talks with the Soviet Union which Canada believed could make the test unneces- sary. "The ambassador also in- volked the question of interna- tional one country has the right to engage in experiments which could en- danger the environment of an- other the spokesman said. Canada has expressed its "deep sense of disquiet" to the United States about the deci- sion, External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp said Wednesday. FEAR FOR PACIFIC Seven U.S. environmental groups, headed by the Cbmmjt- tce for Nuclear Responsibility have been seeking a court ban on the test, saying it poses pos- sible environmental hazards in- cluding damage to wildlife and leakage of radiation to the Pa- cific Ocean. A separate suit by 34 con- gressmen has sought the disclo- sure of a report on the potential environmental effects submitted to Nixon by a special committee of the national security council. Schlesinger said "if the courts rule against us we will take the advice of counsel and the De- partment of Justice." Schlesinger said the chances of environmental damage or of touching off a large earthquake or tidal wave are extremely small. Tiie location at Amchitka was chosen in 1966, he said, because it is s'o remote from populated areas. The island is some miles from the nearest large North American city, Anchor- age, Alaska. PARIS (AP) France and the Soviet Union today marked Leonid Brezhnev's visit to Paris with signature of a 10-year eco- nomic co-operation agreement calling for close links between the industries of the two na- tions. The agreement, signed as the Soviet Communist party chief returned to the Elysee Palace for more talks with President Georges Pompidou, is designed to promote greater joint efforts in production of manufactured goods ranging from automobiles to data-processing cquipmenl and in development of large in- dustrial complexes. Raw materials, capital goods and techniques also will be ex- changed under the agreement signed by French Finance Min- ister Valery Giscard d'Estaing and Soviet Foreign Trade Minis- ter Nikolai Palolichev. The French state-owned Re- nault auto firm today was awarded the first contract for ccnstruclion of a huge Sonet truck plant on the Kama River about 600 miles northeast of Moscow. Renault was given the con- tract for the engineering work on the plant's diesel engine divi- sion, which will have an esti- mated annual output of units. The contract, with the possi- bility of further awards, was valued at million. It was signed by Renault President Pierre Dreyfus and the Soviet officials. The U.S. government forced (he Ford Motor Co. and Mack Truck to drop negotiations with Moscow to build the billion, complex. The Renault deal is expected to sew up for Franco most of the equipment supply for two large sections of tho complex. Teachers 'Unemployment is notice RED DEER (CP) The 000 teachers in the Battle River school district will serve strike notice against their school boards today and a strike af- fecting about pupils will begin Monday, Chuck Connors, a spokesman for the teachers, said here. Mr. Connors said teacher representatives are ready to resume talks with board rep- resentatives at any time. A strike vote counted Nov. 14 showed that 88 per cent of the teachers were in favor of strike action. Mediation trlks held last week, but broke off Thursday. M.an uses pencil to hijack plane J JL Shocked ILS. may cut UN support WASHINGTON (API The White House said today Ameri- can support, for Ihe United Na- tions and some foreign aid allo- cations could be affected by what it described as "a shock- ing spectacle" on the UN Gen- eral Assembly floor following a defeat of tho United Sl.-.les 'ad- ministration's two-China policy. Press Secretary Ronald L. Zicglor, reading from notes in response to a que.-Uion, tel- evision news broadcasts made it clear lhal some delegates dis- played "personal animosity" lo- v.ard Ihe U.S. policy following I he scries of voles Monday night that resulted in admission of China ar.d expulsion of Taiwan from thn UN. Speaking of President Nixon, Zioglcr said: "Ho shocked by Ihis ac- tion. He interpreted il as being undisguised glee and personal animosity on the part: of certain delegates toward the U.S. pol- icy." Zioglcr said the reaction of Iho delegates was unworlto of HIP UN and "could seriously im- pair the support in Hie Congress and the country for the United Nations." While saying "it is not our in- tention to Ziegler .said some of the delegates whose actions were offensive to Nixon represent cc.unl.rics which have been large recipients of American foreign aid. Therefore, he said, "tho shocking spectacle could also alfccl. foreign aid allocations be- cause of the impact on Congress and Iho oeonlc." Zicgler spoke of "the cheer- ing, the clapping, the undigni- fied actions on the part of sonic delegates." The press s p c r e t a r y said Nixon often has expressed sup- port for the United Nations and wanls Io fee it Hireced. "We do not conduct our policy on the basis of personalities, and we are not -going to do so." Bui the administration "would be less than candid" if it did not publicly point out the potential impact ot Iho episode. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS While 236 hijacked Americans spent their second night at a hotel in Havana, a planeload of Cubans who refused to leave New Orleans enjoyed a night of American hospitality. The tale of the Americans who couldn't go home and Ihe Cubans who wouldn't started Monday night when a gunman hijacked an American Airlines 747 jumbo jet. en route from New York to San Juan, Puerto Rico. It carried a crew of 13 and listed liirfc .sky marshals and an ofMuty FBI agent among ils passengers. Reuters news agency quoted tho pilot of the plane as saying tho plane was hijacked by a holding a weapon-like oh- that later turned out to be a pencil. He explained that the hi- jacker named in Havana as Ongcl l.ngo, a 22-year-old Puerto Hiean, held the mc-lal pencil under a piece of cloth and it looked like a gun. The 747 put down at Havana's Jose Marti Ail-port at p.m. Monday and was silting there Tuesday noon when Soviet Pre- mier Alcxei Kosygin arrived for a "friendship visit" to the is- land. The cheers of Ihe Cuban throng that met. Kosygin had hardly died down in Havana when a Soviet-built Iwin-eugined prop jet landed al New Orleans after a flight from Cuba. Tilo arrives for slate visit WASHINGTON' (AP) PrcsV dent Tilo of Yugoslavia arrived liere lodny Io begin n six-day flatc visit, thai will include talks with President Nixon and top administration officials. The European Communist leader spent Tuesday night under tight security in Gander-, Nfld., during a brief stopover on his trin from Bclerade.