Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE UTHHIDGi HIKA'.D Tut.day, Octabtr 27, 1970 Carl Rowan Warning From Montreal Mr. Drapeau's re election as mayor of Montreal was expected. But the vastly increased voter turnout was a hearty vote of confidence for the ebullient chief magistrate and his Civic party. Prior to the recent tra- gic events in Montreal the inclusion of 18-year-olds on the voting lists had given rise to some expectation that the Drapeau party majority would be reduced. But the apprehension pre- vailing in Montreal put civic issues into the background. Accusations by a minister of the federal cabinet, later withdrawn but taken up vigorously by Mr. Drapeau, linked the terrorist FLQ with the op- position party FRAP. The charges were not wholly substantiated and were categorically denied by FRAP. But suspicion that the charges were justified remained, and that suspi- cion was enough to influence the vote, This Kind Of Giving Huns A debate of the utmost importance to the world has been going on in the United Nations. It concerns the goals of the second Development Decade, attempting to outline what course for- eign aid should take in the massive assistance to be given to the develop- ing nations. During the 60s food was the primary concern. Now, although hunger in many areas is still a worry, the "green revolution" has progress- ed far enough for statisticians to pre- dict that there will be a period of a decade or two before the population boom could result in mass famine. What is the great problem then? It is the fear of mass unemployment, of rising expectations with no hope of fulfilment. Robert McNamara, presi- dent of the World Bank, says that "the poorest quarter of the population in developing lands risks being left almost entirely behind in the vast transformation to the modern technol- ogical society." In addition to this is the tendency towards urbanization, where in some places, notably Cey- lon unemployment rates in the 15-24- year-old group rises as high as 39 per cent. These are terrifying figures. In a world concerned with the problems of keeping the peace, they have been given far too little consideration. First and foremost, practical birth control assistance to the poor nations must not only be given, it must be pushed. Secondly, careful consideration must be given before extending technologi- cal help at the expense of employ- ment. Highly automated plants are not for countries where low-cost labor is in abundance. James P. Grant, president of the Overseas Development Council, says that the rich countries had better be prepared to accept products from the poor nations without attempting to place quotas. Further, the use of ma- chines on farms must be slowed down in most areas. High yield production can be achieved with available human labor. These are only some of the things Mr. Grant insists must be done. Clearly, he feels that the kind of for- eign aid we extend is as important as the amount of money we put into it, which of course is not nearly enough. Unless the richer nations take the problem very seriously, raging rev- olutions could spread like wildfire in the deprived nations. It's a sobering thought. It's giving to protect our own future, which is in jeopardy if we don't and it's giving which will hurt before it's better. Census Reflects Change Canada's llth decennial census slat- ed for next year will include some new questions reflecting the chang- ing society in which we live. Not everyone will be asked these ques- tions because only a sampling is un- dertaken on some phases of the cen- sus. This is designed to provide in- formation useful in planning of one sort or another. A question of great significance has to do with vocational training. In compiling an inventory of such train- ing it is hoped that it might be help- ful in setting future policy in the Department of Manpower. Bewilder- ing, changes are taking place in the employment picture and if questions on training, co-ordinated with those on work patterns, can throw light on the needs of the future, there should be no objections to providing answers. Another area in which planning has to be undertaken more vigorously is in both rural and urban commun- ities. The migrational patterns of peo- ple might provide illumination on the growth rates of various regions. Ques- tions have been added to give this information. There is a question in- cluded about the relationship of resi- dence to work which also has a bear- big on community planning. Housing has become- one of the pressing problems in society and this is reflected in some new questions on shared accommodation and the extent of subsidization. Possession of vacation homes, too, has apparently increased to the point where it has statistical significance. What an in- ventory of such houses will accom- plish, besides mocking the lack of housing generally, is unclear. The in- clusion of the question was requested by representatives of the forest in- dustries as well as agencies engaged in the recreational field. Previous census forms, following the first one in 1871, had also in- cluded new questions reflecting the concerns uppermost at the time. None have indicated mobility as a feature of life so clearly as this one. Tlie Revolution In Morality From The International Herald Tribune QNE presidental commission on cam- v pus disorders has stirred fierce controversy outside its ranks. Another the federal commission on obscenity and pornography has created bitter dissen- sion within itself. But it can be said with considerable confidence (and this is about all the comment on the two commissions that reasonably deserves this qualification) that both agencies were considering mat- ters peripheral to the main problem con- fronting the United States and much of the world. This is the revolution in morality or mores, or the practice of stable societies. For student unrest is one aspect of this revolution; pornography is another. The values, no less than the restrictions, which vast masses of humanity took for granted in their violations or evasions of them are being questioned on an un- precedented scale today. The process is by no means wholly di- vorced from politics or at least the politicians have been prompt to associate themselves with the moral revolution it- self or with efforts to counter it. On the one hand we have Herbert Marcuse, torn between Marxist austerity and the permis- sive generation which flouts all austerity. He argues that within capitalism "the liberalization of sexuality provides an in- sUnctua.l basis for the repressive and ag- gressive power of the Affluent Society." But he also asserts that "the familiar 'ob- scenities' in the language of the black and white radicals must be seen in tins con- text o[ a methodical subversion of tlio linguistic universe of the establishment." On the other hand, Vice President Agnew finds no problem in linking an ero- sion of decency with "a political hedonism that permeates'the philosophy of the radical liberals." But whether political issues are at the basis of the revolution in morals, or whether they derive from them, it is rea- sonably sure that the effects of the moral revolution upon the individual, upon the family, upon the basic elements, in short, of any human society are certain to be more fundamental than any merely politi- cal or economic change. And, by the same token, what will arise from this rev- olution is far less predictable, has far fewer precedents in history, a far smaller and less certain body of knowledge than the probable course of any political revo- lution. The report on pornography and obscenity may not produce any immediate legislative changes; the chances are it will not. But the morally anarchic climate which gave rise to the commission shows no signs of altering substanlially whatever Congress, the voters or the local authorities may decide. For this is not some fluctuation in taste and conduct, like the Restoration laxity which followed Cromwellian ascet- icism. It has roots in material population size, in technology, in tlie kind and extent of education that are not susceptible to legislation or oratory. These may evolve their own new standards, their own morality, or their own backlash. For the present, the flux of new concepts and new codes may be studied but they will bo very difficult to control externally. Vietnamization Really Means Disaster according to FRAP. Montrealers came out with a thump for law and order. It was a tremendous victory, but it carries a warning. The backlash is 'with us and it must not be allowed to swing too far. There is already an apprehensive feeling in Canada, that the War Measures Act, which Cana- dians welcomed with the first shock of horror, could be used by govern- ments to get back at all those who oppose them. Now some Canadians are worried that civil liberties are in danger, that their freedoms are imperilled. Because of this fear, this nagging apprehension, it is imperative that the promised new legislation to re- place the War Measures Act be pre- sented to Parliament with the least delay possible. WASHINGTON It is ter- ribly painful for the Nixon administration to have the public learn of that Central Intelligence Agency memoran- dum warning that some Communists have infiltrated the government and military forces of South Vietnam. For that makes a Communist takeover look imminent once the U.S. withdraws. And it puts the lie to all the bold speeches about how well "Vietnamiza- tion" has worked. Anyone who has spent any time dealing with this wretch- ed war (and I have been going to Vietnam since 1955) must conclude that Vietnamization is just a nice cloak for U.S. withdrawal from what even President Nuon has recog- nized to be an unwinnable nightmare. To withdraw in a defeat cloaked with bold rhetoric must stick in the craw of Mr. Nixon, an old Communist fighter who u recently as April 30, 1970, boasted that he "would rather be a one-tern! president than to be a two-term President at the cost of seeing America become a second-rate power and see this nation ac- cept the first defeat in Ha proud 190-year history." But let us be honest enough to admit that no President of any party is going to admit to defeat, or that he promulgated policies certifying that American boys died in a lok cause. It is to Mr. Nixon's credit that he recognized a hopeless situation and that he is wind- Ing down the war.'The blame for the war is not Mxtm's to any great personal degree, and if he can use rhetoric to mini- mize the political damage of withdrawal, let him have that consolation. But the American people had better start steeling them- selves to the realities. Despite official efforts to pooh-pooh the CIA report as overly pessimistic, other recent evidence suggests that the CIA is doing what presidents had better wish all their ambassa- dors and advisors would do: tell the truth, even when it hurts. A few days ago in Saigon, U.S. officials released captured Communist documents which showed that North Vietnamese units in Cambodia had at least four days warning that a South Vietnamese attack was com- ing. But they had no warning of the strike into Cambodia by U.S. troops. This is only one of hundreds of times that Communist agents or sympathizers inside It's either a very oW marie, or o very recenf movie, Mi women are all wearing the latest rjj WO lr NIA, tuO did we oo the topmost levels of the Saigon government and mili- tary have tipped off the enemy as to impending military ac- tions. One looks at the number of political prisoners jailed by the South Vietnamese government, at the repressive measures against the press or certain Buddhist groups, and it be- comes all too apparent that the Thieu-Ky government Is not riding the crest of a popular movement. And when you consider the effort exerted by the Nixon ad- ministration to keep Vice Pres- ident Ky from visiting Wash- ington for the recent Victory Rally, it is apparent that the Saigon government is hardly held in the highest of esteem by its allies. Small wonder, then, that Hanqi can infiltrate agents by the thousands into the Saigon government while our side can barely squeeze a corporal's guard of agents and informers into North Vietnam or the ranks, of the Vietcong; I do not make these observa- tions with any pleasure, for I was convinced long ago that the Vietcong began murderous cut-throat terrorism at the be- hest of an aggressor North Vietnam government. But the tragedy seems to be that leaders in the South would not, or could not, fight for survival without tying them- selves to white Westerners who bore the taint of imperialism. They could not or would not clean up the graft and corrup- tion. They could not or would not establish rapport with flje masses. So the terrible price will be a hopeless withdrawal of the United States and the slow en- croachment of a Communist regime that will subject South Vietnam to an era of bloody revenge and terrible, terrible sorrow. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Anthony Westell The True Believer' And Revolutionary Change WHEN President Dwight El- senhower was in the White House back in the peaceful fifties before the quiet revolution in Quebec, the Black Panthers and student revolt in Europe he used to press on his friends copies of a slim new book, titled THE TRUE BELIEVER, which had cap- tured lu's interest. Written by Eric Hoffer, the self educated longshoreman- philosopher from San Fran- cisco, it offered a theory on the rise of mass movements, from Christianity to Communism. Today it provides a fascinat- ing insight into the revolution- ary ferment in Quebec and elsewhere: not a complete ex- planation, because Hoffer was exploring ideas rattier than preaching total truths but a way of looking at events in perspective and perhaps of glimpsing the future. Hoffer drew from his enor- mous range of reading to an- alyse the types of persons and conditions which come togeth- er from time to time in his- tory to bring about revolution- ary change, for good or ill. Ike's enthusiasm helped to make the book a best seller and it has survived to become in its way a classic, interest- ing reading at any time but engrossing in times of crisis when confusion is the general condition. Hoffer's true believer is the man who escapes from the real world and from himself, neither of which he much likes, by becoming part of a cause, a fanatic who knows the ultimate truth and is ready to die for it. The cause may be a religion, a political theory, an expres- sion of nationalism; they all share essential characteristics. When conditions are right, the true believer can speak revolutionary change, says Hoffer. The first condition for the rise of a mass movement is that "Men of Words" that is, intellectuals, critics, com- mentators have: con- vinced the masses that prevail- ing ideas and institutions are unsatisfactory and accustomed them to the idea of radical change; created a hunger for a new faith in people whose old faith and values they have destroyed; provided the doc- trine and slogans of a new faith; undermined the con- victions and confidence of sta- ble, sensible people so that they cannot resist the new faith. Years of separatist and na- tionalist agitation have surely come close to creating the sit- uation in Quebec. "Tlie stage is now set for the fanatics" says Hoffer. Terrorists Driven By Emotions By Kendall Windeyer, in The Montreal Gazette Quebec's terrorists are not idealists but "emotionally charged" young men "with only a very superficial knowledge of the province's says Gus- tave Morf, a psychiatrist who has been treating convicted ter- rorists in prison. Dr. Morf, a Swiss born dis- ciple of the famous Carl Jung, has been treating and talking to the imprisoned FLQ murder- ers and terrorists since the first one! were convicted in 1963. His study has led him to publish a book on the subject which will soon be available in an English translation. "I found that their knowledge of the actual problems of the province is rather the slim, grizzled doctor says. "They are much more emo- tionally involved. They are not so much the children of mis- ery but those of a pre-misery. "They are extremely impa- tient. They will say 'I know what I want and I 'want it else.' The psychiatrist criminolo- gist's pleasant downtown home contains evidence of his exten- sive work with dangerous crim- inals. The door to his office car- 'ries a double spring lock and a double thickness of wood panel, one of which can be locked from the outside and the other from inside. He shies away from putting facile labels such as psycho- path or sociopath on his for- mer patients. "S o m e arc obviously very emotionally unstable and lliere- fore very he points out. "They are drugged with their revolutionary slogans and they carry out their acts with a certain euphoria which makes them overlook any dan- gers and any obstacles." This "euphoria" is not un- common among emotional rev- olutionaries. Dr. Morf says he has studied cases similar to it from a number of countries. "I have always been at a loss to find out what kind of society they really want. They say a fraternal society or a just so- ciety and so on but they have no practical idea of how it would work. The main thing seems to be to destroy de- struction serves as a sort of purge." These revolutionaries come from all sorts of backgrounds; 'Crazy Capers' It is I, sirl from weal.thy families as well as from poor ones, he says. Even politics become blurred in revolutionary fever. "One thing that seems to un- ite them is that they have re- placed the faith of their ances- tors with the faith in the abso- lute redeeming power of vio- lence. They believe in violence as much as a Christian believes in Jesus Christ." "It is not only a medical prob- lem, of course, but if you know their psychology and learn the art of dialoging with them, you can help them a lot to give them the insights they are lacking. They are not aware of the harm they are doing." One cure which might work on the convicted terrorists is to acquaint them with the politi- cal realities of the province and show them in graphic terms that their own solutions are ill-found- ed, the doctor suggests. "They only know these prob- lems very superficially. They I h i n k they know everything when in fact they don't. Yet the signs of emotional in- tensity was always there. "You know, one terrorist told me that each time a bomb went off, he felt Morf re- members. "Another one wrote to his friend that any move which accelerates the emanci- pation of the colonized masses was desirable. "When I read this, I knew that they were capable of any crime." The need for violence holds some parallels with Iliiier'.-i rise for power during the JUoii was a young doctor in Europe at tlie time and lie well remembers the scene. And here are the FLQ, with bombs, machine .guns and> the persuasion of terror. Hoffer's reading of history is that fanatics come mostly from the ranks of frustrated artists. "The man who wants to write a great book, paint a great pic- ture, create an architectural masterpiece, become a great scientist, and1 knows that never in all eternity will be be able to realize this, his innermost desire, can find no peace in a stable social order old or new. He sees his life as ir- revocably spoiled and the world perpetually out of joint. He feels at home only in a state of chaos only when engaged in change does lie have a sense of freedom and the feeling that he is 'growing and The new generation of French Ca- adian students pouring out of the universities and colleges and finding no jobs must be a breeding ground for such frustration and: fanaticism. With the old order falling apart, says Hoffer, and the fanatics emerging, the social critics who have destroyed so- ciety often take fright. They forget their agitation for change and flinch from anar- chy. Hoffer sees them as the tragic victims of the change they have brought about, a warning perhaps for Separatist leader Rene Levesque and na- tionalists as t h e y contemplate prospects under a full-fledged far left revolution run by tlie FLQ. But the fanatics themselves have no great future. Bevoiu- tion is not an end for them, but an occupation, and they cannot settle down. So the next stage for a sue. cessful movement is the emer- gence of the practical men to take over the revolution, mouthing its slogans but ac- tually functioning as or- ganizers and administrators, aw' bringing the movement to the end of its dynamic phase. But if the Quebec Separatist movement is to succeed, ac- cording to Hoffer's theory it must have a talented leader and able lieutenants. Some- where, waiting hi the wings of history, there may be a Que- bec leader, but if he fails to emerge, there can be no real revolution. Hoffer claims also that the masses do not really rise against oppression to demand more freedom, as the intellec- tuals always believe. The masses want a new faith to lift responsibility from their Own shoulders. "It is not the wickedness of the old regime they rise against but its weakness; not its oppression, but its failure to hammer them together into one solid, mighty whole. "The persuasiveness of tlie intellectual demagogue con- sists not so much in convinc- ing people of the vileness of es- tablished order as in demon- strating its helpless incom- The correct answer to ter- rorism in Quebec therefore, would seem to be strong and decisive government rather than fumbling and uncertain reaction to the FLQ. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1320 It is rumored on the street that tlie bootlegger's price of whiskey has gone up a bottle following the prohibi- tion referendum. at Milton, Ont. dug up a farmers entire crop of potatoes, about 80 bags, put- ting the stalks back in rows as though they had not been dis- turbed. They escaped without being detected. British fleet came to the aid of Greece and oc- cupied the 15-mile-long island of Crete, while Greece's army fought the Italians all along the northern frontier. 1950-Final tests of the Ice- making equipment at the new civic ice centre are under way, with the official opening ex- pected to take place shortly. I9GO Tlie official opening and dedication of the Buchanan Chapel, now under construc- tion as an addition to Southmin- stcr Church, is being planned for Nov. 27. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Mananlns Editor Assoclalc Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Adverlbing Manager Editorial Paoa Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"