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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuwdoy, Oclobtr 27, 1970 THE LETHBKIDGE HERALD Fall Crop Reports From Southern Alberta Points COALDALE The government's wheat acre- age reduction program did not affect the irrigation farmer here to any great extent. Par- ticularly the small acre age farmer. Those with larger farms teemed to have agreed with it less but went along with it to a larger degree. Farmers here have 95 per cent irrigation. They have a crop rotation system which is planned years in advance there- fore there can be little change in what they, seed or put into Bummerf allow. It was reported that 20 per cent of the wheat acreage went into barley. This swing to bar- ley has been the tendency for the past several years. It was necessary due to the slow wheat market. Bushels of grain yields per acre were as follows: wheat 35, oats 65, barley 50 and flax 15. J. F. Oliver, Alberta Wheat Pool Agent here said the ele- vators have been very full since August. There has been some grain movement recently. It has given some available space in the elevators. There is re- ported to be space for about bushels at present. Farm- ers are busy harvesting beets: This is the reason elevators have had some relief. When farmers will have time to haul grain the agents expect the ele- vators to fill up again. .High grade wheat is taking up the most space by far. It is not moving. Other grains being shipped out. The ele- vators are not receiving enough box cars for their orders. There has been no marked in- crease in livestock population. A i-ery slight upswing in hogs is noted. Hay crops seemed to be good. Those fields having enough water applied did very well. There was little change in and row crops also due to the rotation crop system. Mac Russell, fieldman for Ca- nadian Sugar Factories Limited for the Coaldale, Tempest, Brox- burn and Wing district said this was a better than average year for; the sugar beets. Average tonnage forecast per acre is about 15H to 16. Potato growers report a vari- aitori in yields. W. L. McGilli- vray. f well known netted gem potato grower says yields have been average. At about 11 to 12 tons per acre. .A'small acreage of tomatoes were grown with a very good crop resulting. They began rip- ening mid July in the field. A large portion were picked ripe. As could be expected some tomatoes froze on the vines and were lost. Corn for eating and preserv- ing also did well. BOW ISLAND Harvesting is.nearing comple- tion in the Bow Island district with 70 per cent of the sugar beet harvest completed. Beets are yielding approximately 13 tons to the acre.' Potatoes have been harvest- ed and averaged 16 tons to the acre, corn is 50 per cent com- pleted and averaging 60 bushels to the acre and beans 90 per cent completed with an aver- age of pounds to the acre. .Wheat averaged 25 bushels to the acre, oats 40 bushels, barley 40 bushels, flax 15 and buck- wheat 12. Hay supplies in the area are reported ample. STIRLING Harvesting has been complet- ed in this area with grain yields better than average in spite of the long dry spell and hot sum- mer. Harvesting condit ions were good. Average yields were wheat 24 bushels to the acre, oats 50 bushels, barley 45 and flax 14. The changeover from wheat has been to barley, flax and some rapeseed although, actual- ly, this has been over a period of several years with no exten- sive changeover this current year. Quality of grain crops has been good. Movement of grain from the elevators .has been good with only slight delay awaiting box cars. Hay crops are good with dry- land pastures suffering from lack of moisture. Winter wheat planted in the area is in good condition. GRASSY LAKE Reaction fo the crop situa- tion this year was varied. Some farmers have light land and no irrigation, therefore, they con- tinued to crap their land as in other years. The land must have cover to prevent drifting and, in many cases, wheat was sown as usual. Some land was sewn to rye, barley, durum and flax. A small acreage was sown to rapcsocd and in some cases summerfal- low acreage was increased. Be- cause of. the varied manner of dealing with the acreage reduc- tion program in this area, there was no clear picture of any dcf- inilo crop being outstanding. Farmers and ranchers ed their grass acreage. Approximate yields of grains in the district were wheat 25 bushels to the acre, oats 45, bar' ley 45, flax 17 and rye 12. Elevators here are not full but all quotas have not been delivered. Box cars are arriv- ing regularly. The potato acreage Is increas- ing and the yield this year was higher than expected. Sugar beet crops suffered during the harvest period, being damaged by the unusually heavy frost. The hot, dry summer definite- ly cut the yields on the dry land farms. 1 CLARESHOLM Crops in Claresholm district were about average. Wheat va- ried from 15 to 50 bushels with an average of 25; barley aver- aged 50; oats, 60; rye, 15 and flax, 18. There was a good hay crop and pasture grass and cat- tle are in good condition. The LIFT program was not very popular with the farmers as it was not enough payment to cov- er cost of operations. MONARCH Harvesting of all grains in the Monarch district has been com- pleted. Good yields rfeve been reported with wheat 25 bus.; oats, 50 bus.; barley, 45 bus.; flax, 18 bus.; rapeseed, 18 bus. per acre. Wheat in the district is of very good quality with about 70 per cent grading out at 2 North- ern. Barley did not do quite so good due to weather conditioss with 70 per cent going as feed. The hay crop was very good on irrig a t a b.1 e land and1 veg- etable gardens excelled this year. Due to the early frost and warm weather the sugar beet crop has had some draw backs as the beets are very bard to top and cannot be piled, how- ever this crop is being harvest- ed fairly rapidly. Lack of rain this year has made everything very dry, trees are bare of leafs and grasses ignite very easily. Much care should be taken to prevent fires from starting in the district. BARONS Harvesting is complete in the Barons area with yields on the average: wheat 25; oats 50; bar-, ley 50; flax 20. There was mild reaction to the government's wheat acre- age reduction program with few takers. The switch was to con- tract crops such as buckwheat, flax, safflower, and rapeseed. Elevator agents report ele- vators are almost full with var- ious grains. Box cars are corn- tag in adequately for the or- ders, more orders could be han- dled, but on the whole gram is moving better than last year at his time. Livestock population is small n this area, there is some small increase. Hay supplies are ade- quate due to the June rains. WARNER How did the farmers react to the government wheat reduc- tion plan? Most farmers had gone into a greater variety of pick cash crops two and three years ago, even before this plan was introduced. It has made very little difference this past crop year: 80 per cent in favor; 20 per cent not in favor. What did they switch to? Most wpular switch over to durum, >arley, flax and rapeseed. Average yields: spring wheat, 23; barley, 40; oats, 52; flax, .4; durunr, 26; winter wheat, 25; rapeseed, 16; oriental mus- :ard, 900 Ibs. to the acre; yellow mustard, 650 Ibs. to the acre. What do elevator agents say about quotas? Barley quota good rat farmers not taking advan- tage of the demand. They need more box cars and orders to move anticipated large quotas. The elevators are congested with mostly No. 2 durum, but other grains as well. Not get- ing enough durum orders to empty elevators and keep all grains moving. Livestock. Good increase in calf crop because of increase in jasic herds. Not much change or decrease) in cat- tle going into the feed lots. Most livestock men are feeding out their own steers and heifers and feeding their own feed barley. Summer hay crop has been ex- cellent even to second cut- tings. Straw for feedlots has been abundant. NEW DAYTON An early harvest has been completed with generally good results. Yields were wheat 30 bushels to the acre, barley 50, oats 50, flax 20 and rapeseed 20. Buckwheat was grown for the first time in this area and the crop was successful, produc- ing 25 bushels to the acre. Farmers have been cutting their wheat acreage over tho past few yflnrs and iisve been growing more oil and feed crops. The wheat acreage re- duction program only bcncfittcd a few. farmers. Farmers arc de- laying hauling barley to the ele- vators, waiting notification of fi- nal payment from the W h a t Board. Elevator agents report that grain is moving better this year, There have been good quotas for durum, winter wheat and barley but none for spring wheat. Elevators are full and durum wheat is piling up. Box car supplies have been good but orders are slow coming through. First cutting of hay crops was good with an average supply. Livestock population has in- creased with the calf crop being good. Most farmers here are going into a cross breeding program, using bulls with Char- lois, Semental, Shorthorn and Swiss breeding. Pastures are now short and farmers are put- ting their cattle into stubble fields. Dugouts are dry at present, but it is hoped for a heavy spring mi-off. PICTURE BUTTE Grain yields in the district range from only fair for barley to average for other grams. Due to the dry spring, germination in most cases was the factor in the lower yields of barley. In the area the livestock feed- ing looks .very favorable with good supplies of hay and grain. Some yields of potatoes and other garden crops were aver- age to above. The sugar beet harvest is proceeding well with some high yields reported. Due to heavy frost at the beginning of the month, some yields were reduced with a possible storage problem before the crop is sliced. BLACKIE Although the attitude of local fanners was unfavorable to- wards the acreage reduction program there was a definite switch from wheat to an in- crease in rapeseed, flax and summerfallowr This was caused by un- certainty of wheat quotas rath- er than acceptance of the "Lift Program." Average crop yields were about normal following a dry July and August; wheat 30, oats 55, barley 50, flax 22, rape- seed 20, rye 25. Agents report elevators gen- erally full of flax and wheat with sufficient cars to move or- ders at present. There has been a gradual switch back to cow-calf herds" rather than feeders and live- stock numbers are increasing. Both fodder and feed grain supplies are adequate with hay selling lower and grain higher. STAVELY Following fe a roundup of crop reports, wheat acreage down V4 amount seeded last year, from to Yields were: wheat 23, oats 75, barley 53, flax 17, rye 22, rapeseed 23, buckwheat 9. The elevators are full, they lave enough boxcars, but lack orders to move grain. Livestock .population about average, feeder stock decreas- ing a certain amount. Hay supply is good. NANTON The fall wrap-up for the Nan- ton district is as follows. Farm- ers in this area re-acted well to the wheat acreage reduction crogram with upwards of 75 to 80 per cent qualifying' for. an acreage reduction payment. They switched to growing Flax, Kapeseed and Barley. Estimated yields in the area were as follows: Spring wheat bushels per acre; Fall wheat 45; Oats 45 Barley 40 to 45; Rye 40 to 45; Flax 15 to 20; Rape- seed 20. There was no hail damage in the area for the Eirst time in many years. Some low-lying crops were drowned out due to the heavy rains ear- lier in the season. The Elevators are fairly full and the biggest volume of grain is wheat much of which is No. one Northern which has oeen stored since two or three years ago. In regard to the question about box area is under the. new block- system. Box cars are spotted as orders become available and this works out quite.well so enough cars are on hand for orders. The livestock population is up at least twelve per cent in the Nanton area which is largely a ranching country with summer pastures located in the foothills and mountains west of Nanton. The hay crop was very good and ample feed supply is on hand for whiter feeding. LOMOND The year 1970 has been a good crop year, that is the point of view expressed by most of the farmers in tho Lomond'District. Most of the fanners, al- though sceptical went along with tho wheat reduction pro- gram, and seeded other crops and have more summerfallow. The big switch was to Bar- ley and Flax and small amounts of Rapeseed, Mustard, Safflower Buckwheat was seeded. These crops did not produce as expected. Elevators at this point have been crowded for space, although there has been a lot of grain moved. A three bushel quota on assigned acres of Durum wheat has kept the elevators full. Wheat averaged 25 to 30 bushels. Oats 50 bush- els. Barley 40 fr> 50 bushels. Flax 12 to 20 bushels. Live- stock population remains about the same with maybe a slight increase. Hay crops were good. NOBLEFORD "Operation Lift" received lit- tle or no attention from the farmers in the Nobleford area, as perhaps 15 per cent of the permit holders went into the program. Those that did participate, switched to summerfallow, as the alternate method. The yields were down.from previ- ous years, because of the drought, but remained good and the yields are as follows: wheat (durham inol.) 25; oats 60; barley 35; flax 15; rye rape 17. Although there is ap- proximately room for, bushels; two: elevators, the Pi- oneer and UGG, are compara- tively full of wheat barley, flax and rapeseed. The agents are very pleased with the speed the cars are be- ing dispatched, and to date in this new crop year, a total of 103 boxcars have been shipped out from this delivery point. The only complaint was the condition of the cars being used, as it sometimes takes the agent several hours to make repairs to the cars before be can start loading. It was generally the feeling that quotas should be increased to fill the available space. The quota at this point is: flax 3; rapeseed 5; rye 5; oats 5; barley 10; two bushels ad- vance on 4 Northern or lower spring wheat; three bushels ad- vance durham, per specified acre. There are 97 permit holders at this delivery point. The live- stock populations are on the in- crease, with approximately an increase of 10 per cent over one year ago. There is also a suf- ficient supply of hay, to feed existing cattle. Most farmers in the Noble- ford area had more summer- fallow, this year than in pre- vious years. The summerfallow has all been well worked but is in an extremely dry condition. Crop yields this year were ap- proximately as follows: spring wheat 25, dunu.i wheat 25, oats 60, barley 25, flax .15, rye 15 bushels per acre. Some acre- ages of sauflower were also sewn. elevators.still have some room for wheat. At pres- are getting enough box cars for their orders.: Livestock population is about the same as other years. The hay supply a little above average. Gardens in the district were very good this year. Very little fall wheat and rye are being sewn at present due to the very dry soil conditions. The acreages of sugar beets grown in the district have de- clined very much in the past few years. The sugar beet har- vest a in full operation right now. PINCHER CREEK Farmers in the Pincher Creek district generally reacted well to the Government's wheat ac- reage reduction program by re- ducing their wheat acreage by a considerable amount. They chiefly switched to barley. Yields in the district were: wheat 30; flax 12; durum wheat 25; oats 50; barley 40; rye 30. The elevators still have a fair amount of space, with 2 North- ern being slow moving. So far they are receiving sufficient box cars for the movsment of grain. There was a big increase in summerfallow acreage. Oats and barley remained steady. There was a goodly increase in Durum over 1969. Moisture conditions north of Highway 3 caused the hay crop to suffer but in the Twin Butte district and south to Waterton the hay was .from average to above average. Farmers have reported wean- tag weights on calves are hold- tag up good. Many are selling due. to the lack of water and hay reserves. Calf prices are good. Farmers are holding back sales on feed grains until a steady price has been establish- ed. The general outlook is pretty favorable. The farmers are gen- erally, in better spirits than 1969 with grain sales going on and wheat being moved. One thing valors at present are durum they would like is more mtis- ture to bring up the reserves. FORT MACLEOD Yields wheat (spring and dur- ham) 28, oats 45, barley 45, flax 13, rye 30, rapeseed 15, buck- wheat 9. Reduction program: 50 per cent bitterly opposed; rest bor- dering from indifference to one in favor. Elevators full, one had plenty of cars, 17 this month; others two per month. Livestock all increased, plen- ty of hay. Plenty of grain con- verted to feed, increased chop- ping. Summerfallow, 160 permit books 1970 and acres while '69 had switch was.mostly to barley, grass and some unsuccessful attempts at buckwheat. One farmer cut wheat by 20 per cent, most ignored plan. One farmer got from govern- ment, one got GRANUM The government's wheat acre- age reduction program did not greatly affect farmers in the district. The increase in barley, flax and rapseeed sown was done'mainly because of the quo- ta system. Average yields.for the district were: wheat 27, durum 34, oats 50, barley 42, flax 18, rapeseed 14 and canary seed 20. Local elevator agents report that they are getting sufficient cars for their orders and they have enough room for existing quotas. Main crops in the ele- and spring wheat. The livestock population is in- creasing and the hay crops thii year were just average. IRON SPRINGS Harvest, is drawing to a close in the Iron Springs area. There was no precipitation after the end of June and this resulted in a reduced yield. Fields of wheat yielded an average of 25 bushels per acre, oats 50, barley 40, and flax 12 bushels. Flax is still being harvested as are sunflowers; although the sunflower yield was very low. Sugar beet harvest is expected to finish within the next ten days, after being subject to in- terruptions as the result of un- favorable harvesting conditions. early frost which dam- aged the beet crop and delay- ed harvest also affected the commercial potato crop, al- though, the potato harvest was very favorable. Hay crops were average and thoss who feed cattle commer- cially are preparing for their winter feeding program. FOREMOST District Agriculturist, Delton Jensen, of Foremost reports the acreages of wheat approxi- mately cut in half this year in the area. Most farmers in the area In- creased summer fallow, and some have gone as far as sum- mer fallowing the entire farm. 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