Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, Octobtr 26, 1974 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD 9 Rocky beach at Keho Lake THE VOICE OF ONE -By Dr. Frank S. Morley A collection of brief book reviews "Creative Aggression" by Dr. George R. Bach and Dr. Herb Goldberg (Doubleday Co., Inc.) Different? Yes. Unique? No. Creative Aggression is a book with a totally different interpretation on the expected norms of society and how they affect the individual. Its novelty, however, is taken away by the fact that there are a great many texts com- ing off the printer's press adopting a non conforming point of view. Therefore, is this book to be greeted with skeptism? No, not necessarily. It con- tains some interesting in- terpretations of society's ideal of the "nice guy" and proceeds to explain his behavior with an array of case histories. It demonstrates the damage to mental health that can result from suppression of one's natural aggression, offering advice on how to de- fend oneself from the "nice guy" The authors have taken various life situations which we, no doubt, are all familiar with, and have identified them scientifically. They suggest means of stripping away ar- tificiality from relationships with different factions of society, in a new and provok- ing manner. LOUISE BURKE "Sexual Alienation in the Cinema" by Raymond Durgnat (Collier MacMillan of Canada, 320 Disappointing. It is written in film critic jargon that is far too technical for this reader. The author appraises the dynamics of sexual freedom in the movies of the last 12 years and relates the new sex- ual attitudes to social traditions In his appraisal are films from America, Italy, East Europe. Britain, Sweden and France. Durgnat also explores such popular films as "The "Who's Afraid of Virginia "Midnight "What's New and "Girl With a Suitcase JIM GRANT "The Handicrafts of the Sailor" (Douglas, DavM and Charles, 91 Steven Banks, who spent 35 years in the Royal Navy until be retired in 19G6 with the rank of captain, has entered a large field where literary ef- forts are few. Mr Banks, in this pleasant- ly illustrated volume, records the origins and ideas sailors developed between decks whittling away their off-duty hours The result an intriguing assortment of handicraft decorating the tools a sailor used, fancy knotwork and other decorations for the vessel on which he sailed and embroidered pictures of his ship for a sweetheart at home. 1 particularly enjoyed chapters about engraved whale bone and sea shells, nautical flags and their origins and the identification and dating of ships good for all who have an affection for the sea NOEL BUCHANAN "Alligator Pie" and "Nicholas Knock and other People" by Dennis Lee (MacMillan Company of Canada, each, 64 pages Here are two really delight- ful books of children's verse written by a Canadian about everyday Canadian subjects The first will appeal to very young children who like non- sense verse, and the Nicholas Knock book will excite older children beginning to look for some substance in what they read. Dennis Lee is winner of the 1972 Governor General's Award. The illustrator, Frank Newfeld, has achieved an in- ternational reputation as author and illustrator of the Princess of Tomboso, which won honorable mention in the Hans Christian Andersen competition in 1961. JOANNE GROVER "The Little Red Schoolhouse" by Marie Brooks (George i. Mcleod Limited, 256 Everyone interested in education should read this ex- pose of life in a junior high school. Beginning teacher Mane Brooks claims there was so much activity at her school that students did little studying. Interruptions by psychologists and ticket sellers, special events such as Luggage Day, Dress Up Day, pageants, plays and parades plus other activities kept everybody busy. In addition, the school had a 'No bad boys or bad girls' policy and graduated every student, including one girl whose total attendance was six days. No wonder Miss Brooks found teaching a frustrating ex- perience "Bine Planet: Man's Hopes for Life in die Sea" by Janet Viertel (George McLeod Limited, SC.95, 15i Janet Viertel describes how man is polluting oceans and destroying sea life. First, she provides a tour of the oceans with Marty, a squirrelfish, as guide. Marly introduces us to his neighbors and shows how interde- pendence works in the underwater world. Then, in a chapter aptly titled Slaughter in the Oceans, we read what we are doing to Marty and his precious world. Finally, Ms. Viertel takes an optimistic look into the future and ex- plains how we can keep our oceans clean and healthy. This well bound and inex- pensive book is profusely il- lustrated and has an index and bibliography. An excellent gift for adults and students who are concerned about the en- vironment. TERRY MORRIS "The Urbanisation of Sophia Firth" by SopUa Firth (Peter Martin Associates, Ltd. 271 Sophia Firth and her family are what sociologists would call the "working poor." Daily experiences with the Unemployment Insurance Commission, stingy landlords and poor living conditions, a lack of the most elementary household appliances, drunkenness, cursing and loud fights; an these things form the backdrop for the action and reactions in the book. This family moved from New Brunswick, where they were known and part of the community, to the big city of Toronto, where they were strangers and felt unwanted. The move gave Sophia added reason to practice the amateur psychiatry, (with which she is obviously enthralled) that helps give the hook an unreal and stilted style. Sophia is a member of Mensa and Women for Political. Action. No doubt remains in the mind of the reader that she is unusual in her sui'iuundings (the author makes certain of however, it will be some time before she can write an en- joyable book that is more than a social document. JOANNE GROVER The obvious weakness at this school was poor ad- ministration. Why trustees allowed such a hopeless mess to develop is a mystery never explained in the book. It must also be emphasized that Lin- coln Junior High was unusual in an unpleasant sort of Most schools are doing an excellent job under increasingly difficult con- ditions. Teachers are familiar with the educational faddists and publicity merchants who use children as stepping stones to promotion but Miss Brooks seems to have met a particularly deadly breed of the species. This is a book that needs to be read with caution but if it makes parents examine what their children do in school it will have served its purpose. TERRY MORRIS "Praise the Human Season" by Don Robertson (Clarke, Irwin Company Limited, 495 pages, Don Robertson, in books like The Greatest Thing Since Sliced Bread has shown tremendous insight into the intracacies of the teen-aged mind. Now, in his latest book, he puts himself into the shoes of the elderly. Through the reminiscences of a married couple nearing the end of life, be attempts to evaluate the influences of events and per- sonal encounter in the totality of a lifetime. Written with tenderness and humor and us- ing an effective technique of alternating written recollec- tion with current activity, Praise the Human Season comes through as a long, long love story. It is worth reading. ELSPETH WALKER Book reviews Agronomist stirs admiration "Facing Starvation: Norman Borlaug and the Fight Against Hunger" by Leonard Bickel (Reader's Digest Press, 376 pages, distributed. by Clarke, Irwin Co. There is almost a Horatio Alger flavor to this biography of Norman Borlaug, it cer- tainly follows the classic plot of a poor boy making good through determination and decency. From his humble beginnings in Saude, Minnesota to his present stature as a world famous agronomist, Norman Borlaug provides a story that stirs ad- miration. So many of today's heroes are over paid entertainers of one sort or another whose per- sonal lives are often un- derdeveloped morally and socially that it is refreshing to have a man extolled who has unstintingly given himself to a noble cause: the fight against hunger. The laudatory tone of the biography may embarrass the subject but will seem not inappropriate to most readers. Dr. Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in developing the high yield dwarf wheat that before the shortage of fertilizer oc- curred had given promise of greatly reducing the hunger pangs of people in many parts of the The story of his research in Mexico, under the Rockefeller Foundation, is both informative and in- spiring. Long before most people had much of an inkling that population was pressing dangerously on food Dr. Boiiang was concerned about the possibility of starva- tion on a massive scale. Even the advent of the Green Revolution, partly of his making, did not relieve him of his anxiety since he realized population growth was keep- ing pace with food production so that little or no gam was be- ing made on bettering the lot of the impoverished millions. Shortly after the announce- ment of the awarding of the Nobel prize to Boriaug in the fall of 1970 there was an in- vitation to him to address the annual Food and Agncaltare Organization conference in Rome to be opened by Pope Paul He refused to go saying, "I know well where the pope stands on population, and it is not where I stand. It would be dynamite for me to speak from that platform." Usually Dr. Borlaug has not been hesitant to speak out on the issues about which he feels strongly. He is very much op- posed to ecological ex- tremism. The world needs fer- tilizers and pesticides, he believes. At a farmers' conference in Minneapolis he tackled the organic fanning movement saying that plants could not tell the difference between nitrogen produced in a factory and nitrogen bred by bacteria in the "natural" fer- DDT ban unwarranted "The DDT Myth: Triumph of the Amaterrs" by Rita Gray Beatty (The John Day Com- pany, 17.75, 2fl pages, dis- tributed by Longman Canada The banning of DDT is un- warranted, according to the author of this book. There is no evidence of it having ed human beings and its deleterious effect upon birds and animals has been'grossly exaggerated. DDT could be injurious if improperly used. The same, of course, can be said of salt, water, aspirin, nitroglycerine, ad infinitum. It is all a matter of degree. Some of the charges made against DDT cannot be sub- stantiated and there are alter- native explanations for declin- ing species than the effect of DDT. The encroachment of people on wild life habitats and the promiscuous employ- ment of the gun are far more to be blamed than the use of pesticides. Critical as Rita Gray Beatty is of Rachel Carson for her inaccuracies in Silent Spring, she nevertheless credits her with having done the world a service "by bringing into sharper focus the urgent need for more research to deter- mine the effects of various pesticides on man, plants and animals She is not so charitable toward the A whip for the parents B.C. proudly plans to be the first legislature in North America to pass a bill for the rights and protection of children. Having dismally neglected the protection of children until the end of the last century, Western society is trying to make up for its brutal failure and is going over- board. Soon it will be necessary to pass a bill for the protection of parents. An old joke told of a boy going to school with a note from his parents, "Please don't hit our Willie. We never strike him ex- cept in self-defence." Not so funny! It is well to recall, however, that the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded in 1866, but it was a long while later before there was a law to protect children. In 1874 a little girl, Mary Ellen Terry, was being beaten to death by her foster parents A woman next door could not endure the child's screams so she besought the aid of Henry Bergh, President of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, whose lawyer successfully pleaded in court that Mary Ellen was an animal and so entitled to protection! The recommendations of the B.C Family and Children's Law Commission state first, the right of children to food, clothing, and adequate housing, with "an environment free from physical abuse, exploitation, and degrading treatment." What a mouthful' Secondly the child has a right to emotional security and emotional mental health If parents cannot provide this, the child is taken' elsewhere. Thirdly the child will be helped in making decisions in education and choosing a career. Fourthly, the child will be protected from arbitrary or unjust acts by persons in authority. This effectually takes away all control by the parents. One thing not recognized by Utopian idealists is that every child is born a total narcissist and also a natural bully The parents of a lovely little boy, not over three months old, were distressed by his choking The doctor told them to ignore it, that he was only trying to get attention. cried the parents, "He is too young for such calculation." The doctor prevailed on them, however, and the-choking stopped! They now have a delightful child. The statement that there are no bad children in our society, but only bad parents, is most unfair and untrue. Many other factors enter into the composition of a child's per- sonality such as genetic factors, the youth peer group, social environment, and schoolteachers. The Report of the 1970 White House Conference on Children, pointed out that children spent more time in front of television than in front of school teachers and tilizer called humus. Fer- tilizer stands between health and hunger for millions of un- derfed people, he said. Dr. Borlaug has also expressed his opposition to the bantling of DDT, saying there is no alternative to its judicious use. In this predominantly agricultural area where there are a substantial number of people engaged in agricultural research this biography should be of uncommon interest It provides an insight into the kind of detailed and dedicated work that goes on for the betterment of fanning and the ultimate benefit of DOUG WALKER that "mass media have an overwhelming in- fluence on the lives of children." Children may have skillful and loving parents and still turn out badly and many a parent tortures himself. But the government will not do any better in any case and the massive in- terference by social workers, counsellors, and police will result in confusion and in- security. There is a fogbank of utter nonsense being advocated these days John Holt, for ex- ample, in "Escape from Childhood" proposes "any young person, of whatever age" should have the rights, privileges, and duties of adults He should have the right to equal treatment in law, the right to vote, to be legally responsible for his life and acts, the right to privacy (even if he locks himself in the to travel, to live away from home, to a minimum income to maintain himself, and so on, doing whatever adults may do A S. Neill, headmaster of Summerhill School in England has had great influence in the "liberation" of schools and of children who are "victims of a barbarous system Strange that no one speaks of the spiritual and moral rights of a child. So enforced athletics on Sunday morning deprive children of spiritual strength and moral guidelines. If a boy wants to be on a hockey team or engage in any other team activity, he cannot attend church or Sunday School Richard Poirier thinks there is "a war against the that youth is used as a revenge upon as the sacrificial ex- pression of our self-contempt Nat Hentoff thinks youth is "the oppressed majority." David Gottlieb writes of "Children as Vic- tims." Another moans that many parents tend to manipulate the lives of their children to satisfy their own emotional needs. Who is going to do a better job7 It should be' remembered that one of the prime objectives of the Communists, repeatedly described in their literature, is to break up the family. Destroy all the authority of and respect for elders. Demolish all traditions and rituals of the past So a folklore is being established in the minds of the young, a folklore that is false and evil Certainly the family of today must change: it cannot remain in the past. What those changes are to be society has largely the power to determine. But in guarding children from deprivation and brutality, beware of becoming child worshippers and parent haters It should'also be recognized that "teen-age society" which has> establish- ed the underground government of "the youth peer group" is a menace. Beware the people who try to manipulate it to their own advan- tage! The University of Lethbridge APERTURE RickiKood The Canadian military today amatfur ecotogists who have become disciples of the late Rachel Carson. Among the people who fed that DDT has been un- justifiably maligned is Dr. Norman Borlaug. In 1971 be flew, at his own expense, to Washington from his home in Mexico City to testify before the Environmental Protection Agency bearings of continued use of DDT. He said that the banomg of DDT would largely negate the work he was doing in trying to get the world's hungry people fed. The hearing at which Dr. Boriavg appeared was design- ed to sift out facts from fancy. The examiner, Edmund ML Sweeney, did that and lecominfndfd the continued use of DDT. But wHfiam D. Ruckelshaus, chief ad- ministrator of the EPA, "ignored the facts and enter- tained the fancy." The purpose of axis book Menu to he to encourage a i etui u to reality, to recognize the largety emotional attitude that has led to the banning of DDT and repudiate it, restor- ing DDT for judicious use Rita Gray Beatty appears to have made a good case; it would be interesting to know if those at the research station, who are Qualified to make proper assessment, agree. Roger Rickwood joined the University of Lethbndge political science department in the fall of 1973. He obtained bis BA and MA degrees in political science at York Universi- ty fat 1917 and 19CB and is completing his PhD through the University of Toronto. Professor Rickwood is specialist in Canadian goverunent, public administration, inter- national and foreign policy and has a personal interest hi Canadian communications. Saskatchewan was slipping beneath the spring floods. The situation was passing beyond the control of civilian authorities. Urgently, the government of Saskatchewan requested aid from the Canadian armed forces. The response was quick and sobering. "Regular and militia forces in Saskatchewan are all that we can spare. We would like to help more but our other com- mitments prevent dispatching of additional regular troops." The government of Saskatchewan was puzzled. It had believed that aid to the civil power was one of the primary functions of the armed forces, but an urgent request for troops to help stem the spring floods had only been partially met Nobody criticited the military but then nobody questioned the federal cabinet either. This incident illustrates the critical man- power problem now facing the armed forces. Canada's armed forces have been laden down with multiple military tasks phis aid to the civil powa in times of emergency. However, the Tnidejiu guv eminent has not allocated the resources to meet these multiple objectives. Instead, the Canadian defence budget has been constrained, despite inflation, to some 92 billion dollars a year. This might initially seem a large sum but remember, it is essen- tially the same amount we allocated to the armed forces in the fifties. Since then, cur armed forces has diminished from some 120, '000 to under today, yet our military functions have not been reduced and the result is a Urin green line of Canadian soldiers across Canada and around the world Some Canadians would not be concerned by the above problem. They can see no reason why Canada should maintain armed forces. Indeed, they believe the American forces to be our real defenders and see Canadian soldiers as redundant CXJUSUIIKIS of scarce Canadian icsuiirces which could he spent more wisely oc civilian priorities. Other are not so glib with their critical DOUG WALKER mtumeuts. They see the armed forces mak- ing small but significant contributions to the defence of North America and Europe alongside American and West European soldiers. They see in the numerous Canadian peacekeeping units, such as the men currently serving in Cyprus and the Middle East, a means of cooling off world trouble spots before they escalate to nuclear ex- changes between the great powers. They see the armed forces protecting our sovereignty and resources in the high Arctic and along our coastlines. They envisage the armed forces aiding the civil power in economic develop- ment projects in remote areas and in times of emergency, such as an October Crisis, a prison riot an oil spill or flood. The question of whether we should or should not have armed forces cannot be debated here but the problem of meeting authorized objectives must be examined. Canada cannot continue to meet its defence policy objectives with less than men. The new government will either have to pare down the existing objectives or increase the number of men and women in our forces. It is doubtful whether the politicians will pare down the objectives but they will probably add or expand some. The question thus comes down to bow we can add members to our armed forces. It simply is not a question of money. Shorter hours and better pay would help but many young Canadians simply are not interested in military life as a full-time career. They can find security and adventure elsewhere without the constraints of discipline. Several partial solutions do exist and our politicians must now consider them. First, able-bodied Canadian soldiers should not be compulsorily retired at age fifty. Second, career civil servants should be phased into administrative jobs now performed by military personnel. Third, a greater emphasis should be placed on reserve units. Many Canadians are not interested in fuU- Ume military service but they are interested in part-time duty, provided the pay is reasonable and the duties are responnble. The reserve soldier may not be able to per- form some of the more complex military tasks for which long arduous training is re- quired but many of the other tasks can be adequately done by part-time soldiers. Reserve writs of military police could be formed to assist civilian police in times of emergency at borne and to serve alongside oar regular peacekeeping forces abroad.