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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, October 26, 1074 THE LETHBftlDOE HERALD 25 Ask Andy GYMNOSPERMS Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Marlis Falls, age 13, of Bessemer City, N.C., for her question: What are gymnosperms? The word gymnosperm belongs to the plant world. It is a scientific term coined from two Greek words mean- ing naked and seed. The notion of a naked seed seems rather odd until you realize that most seeds arc encased in durable or fairly durable shells. The plants that bear these protected seeds are call- ed angipsperms. And com- pared with the ancient gym- nosperms, they are new- comers in the world. Nowadays the plant world thrives throughout the global ocean and spreads green cloaks embroidered with flowers over much of the land. The whole beauteous miracle began perhaps 3 billion years ago, when the first simple plants arrived in the ancient seas. They were alga types, not unlike some of the simple algae that still thrive in the salt and fresh waters of the world. Some of the simplest models multiplied by dividing their single cells into pairs of identical twins. In other cases, a few cells broke loose from their parents and grew into new plants. For millions and millions of years, the plant world knew only these and perhaps a few other simplified ways to reproduce. Then as now, the tides toss- ed uncountable algae to dry and die on the beaches. Then as now, a few hardy specimens overcame this hardship and used it to ad- vance one giant step in the fabulous story of life on earth. Early in the Paleozoic Era, some 438 million years ago, some of these hardy specimens had left their an- cient cradle, the sea, and adapted to cope with life on the dry land. They were sim- ple psilophytes, or bare plants, with creeping stems and upright branches. Simple they were, but their future was boundless. A hundred million years later, as the Plaeozoic Era drew to a close, vast areas of the land were clothed with forests of moses and club mosses, giant ferns and horsetails. This was the thriving vegetation of the Carboniferous Period, which later formed our buried beds of precious coal. assortment of weird and wondrous vegeta- tion appeared the first gym- nosperms or naked seed plants. They were cone- bearing trees, the original ancestors of our handsome Christmas trees. In the Mesozoic Era, some 225 million years ago, the early dinosaurs lumbered through gymnosperm forests of cycads, ginkgoes and conifers. All of these trees produced naked seeds, unprotected by shells or outer cases. For the next hundred million years or so, the gym- nosperms were the most ad- vanced members of the plant world. Then the earth gave birth to her first flowering plants the angiosperms that bore seeds encased in protec- tive coats. They included magnolias and maples and the ancestors of most of our modern none cone bearing trees. For more than 60 million years, the gym- nosperms and the angiosperms have peaceably shared plains, valleys and slopes, adding their cones and their flowers to the beauteous plant world. Our 500 or so gymnosperms are woody trees including the largest and oldest redwoods. Most of them are pines and other cone bearers. The typical gymnosperm depends upon the breezes to spread its pollen, and its nak- ed seeds are folded within the woody scales of a cone which enfolds and protects the developing seeds. After perhaps a year or more, the woody scales open and the ripe seeds fall to the ground. asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should bo mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntlngton Beach, CaUfomia [Copyright Co. Flashback A small force of British and Canadian soldiers 90 per cent of them French-speaking defeated an advance party of Americans at the bat- tle of Chateauguay 161 years ago in 1813. This engagement, successfully led by Col. Charles de Salaberry, halted the march of some 500 Americans on Montreal during the War of 1812. 899 Alfred the Great of England died. 1785 Charles HI of Spain sent the first mules to the United States as a gift to George Washington. 19N New York electric subway opened. 1917 The battle of Passchendaele began during the First World War. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN e WM. m CMcm Trikm vulnerable, as South you hold: KQJ7 95 4AQ543 The bidding has proceeded: East Sooth 1 What action do you take? Q.2-As South, vulnerable, you hold: A654 VK82 4AKQ98 The bidding has proceeded: Bast West North I 4> DMe. Pass 1 9 Pass What action do you take? vulnerable, as you hold: ft AKQJ9 9AK6 AK87 49 The bidding has proceeded: West North East Pass 2 NT 34 What ict ion do you South, vulnerable, you hjld: 97 4K764 4QJ62 The lidding has proceeded: West North East Pass Pass 1 9 DMe. Whaiaciion do you lake? vulnerable, as South you hold: K V A982 A10765 4Q102 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South Pass Pass Pass 1 e Pass 3V DMe. Pass Pass What do you bid now? Q.6-As South, vulnerable, you hold: A8 VK8 AQJ1065 The bidding has proceeded: Strath West N.rth East Pus Pass 2NT Pass Pass What do you bid now? vulnerable, as you hold: VA8654 4A103 The bidding has proceeded: West East Smrth DMe. Pass What do you bid? Q.8-As South, vulnerable, you hold: 4AQJ1098 VA943 The bidding has proceeded: Ncrtli East 1 Pass 1 Pass Pass What do you bid now? Your horoscope lyJnmMiM SUNDAY, OCTOBER 27 Your birthday today: With an increase in energy early this coming year, you seek a broader, sounder base for operations and development. In-the later months, you con- solidate gains and add to your reserves and working equipment. Relationships are challenged and require real feelings that are well ex- pressed. Today's natives are go-getters who criticize readi- ly and push hard at all they do. ARIES (March 21-April Make this a Sunday of minimum activity. Cater to your health; get more rest than usual. Prayer brings in- spiration for completing baffl- ing or "hard to get with it" projects. TAURUS (April 29-May Simple diversions could be the best features of this relatively calm day. Expect nothing sen- sational from associates. Plan and conduct serious dis- cussions during later hours. GEMINI (May 21-June Share your favorite pastimes with your favorite people. Compete only when fun. Take criticism in stride and use it for better understanding. CANCER (June 21-July Make your regular contribu- tion toward community traditions. There's no great urgency in getting certain things done, even though they need to be. Ask friends to help work out schedules. LEO (July 23-Aug. If you must work this Sunday, do so with a smile. Claim your rewards promptly. Choose ac- tion spontaneously for recreation. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Give your subconscious the time and tranquility to digest recent experience for material resources to fare well. Count your LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Let it be an easy day. Make others happy by quietly ex- pressing -your feelings. Co- operation comes readily in everything that requires attention now. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Once you've done what is expected of you, plan for the future. Take one step at a time, and sketch in details of the early stages. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Work off nervous energy by attending to household. If you have the im- pulse to span distances, first consider what the conditions are there. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. You've been much too tense lately. Relax completely and enjoy your home and family. Compare notes and share anything but shop talk. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. You have an extra to review your resources. Line up budgets and accounts; make advance social plans. Write advance social plans. Write replies to letters that have not been answered. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Treat today as a vacation. Enjoy every detail of a holiday excursion and dis- cover what you've missed out on recently. MONDAY, OCTOBER 28 birthday today: An urge for personal growth filters into all phases of your daily life. Changes in the first half of the year force farther readjustments, many of which are unexpectedrRelationships take on new dimensions: your real feelings emerge and determine .the outcome, no matter how illogical. Today's natives have great potential for acquisition of wealth and its management ARIES April Obstinate people 'require careful handling and a deft touch. Creative ventures move along well with moderate effort Family ties require consideration, special care. TAURUS (April 29-May Your opinions carry more weight if you wait until asked for them. Meanwhile, quietly pick op loose ends, attend to neglected tasks, complete what yon started. GEMINI (May 21-June The ability to "turn a deaf ear" is a great asset today. However, you possibly hear something unfavorable about yourself that you should be aware of listen, learn and grow! CANCER (June 21-July Domestic details complicate business and career just enough to inspire lasting im- provements. New ventures begun today will have to be redeveloped later. LEO (July 23-Ang. For the moment, expect nobody nearby to agree with you. Select.a go-it-alone project and pursue a practical course of action. Correspondence brings in interesting items. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Good sense in carrying out ex- isting arrangements is preferable to chasing after larger, would-be deals. Research, fact-finding errands, brief travels are favored. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Go ahead on your own with' something that doesn't re- quire immediate co-operation. Let associates take their time coming into the field. Learn from observation. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. No work pattern is exempt from brief periods of con- fusion, readjustment. Get back on the track by persistent and small moves. Get some extra rest where you can. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. It's a catch-as- catch-can day. Avoid speculation, over-buying. Your imagination is lively and leads to extravagant remarks that upset your friends. Be alert! CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Continued exploration of pending negotiations reveals helpful information. Call in loans and anything that is owed you. Home and family concerns claim extra atten- tion. AQUARIUS (Jan. 29-Feb. In-laws and relatives have conflicting viewpoints. You may as well stay near home base where you have sound knowledge and can trade on what you know. PISCES (Feb. 19-March You can practically write your own ticket today. It's up to you to avoid excesses and to sidestep those of others. Keep friends and finances separate. 'Nazi9 troopers arrested BOSTON (AP) Three men who said they were Nazis were charged with disorderly conduct Thursday after police found them passing out swastika-covered flyers urg- ing "white power" in racially tense South Boston. "The Nazi troopers were sent to Boston on orders of Commander Koehl to assess the situation and assist the white community where possible in efforts to combat forced the flyers read. One of the three, Harold Mantius, 26, of Arlington, Va., said he believes there is "great potential here for our movement" His companions were Jerry Lee McGhee, 22, and Mark Traef, 18, both also of Arlington. Two white South Boston men, Joseph Griffin, 33, and Ronald King, 32, were named in a federal grand jury indict- ment Thursday in connection with the beating of a black man two weeks ago in South Boston. The blue-collar Irish neigh- borhood has been a centre of anti-busing sentiment since schools opened Sept. 12 under a federal integration order. King and Griffin are accus- ed of beating Andre Yvon Jean-Louis. 32, in an attempt to intimidate Mack students. SOULO THE TIMES JLJN THIS- IF YO'AU. WAMTS TO HEgg TWISTER TRy MO KUMMIM' rr- AN' TO TH' TUNE AH WHAMS OUT CM Af BROUGHT TlxlO 6000 SERVES ANP A COUPLE OF BAP CALLS ANP I'M IN.' SHORT MBS SNAILS IN AMERICA ARE IN SUCH A MANNER. MERE WE ARE CURSEP AX STAM0EP UPON AND DOUSED WITH CHEMICALS BUT IN MY NATIVE FRANCE. A LltTUe GARLIC. SOME MEtTEP BUTTER, SOME MUCH NICER WAY TO -TUATS NOTMIN0! AAV FATHER PUSHED OUR CAR TO THE FILLING STATION WHEN WE RAN AAV FATHER CAN UFT POUNDS OVER HEAD BUGS BUNNY S'PDSE I SPRUCE UP V YER OFFICE... MAKE IT MORE ATTRACTIVE T'WORK WELL.THAT WOULD BE SOME- I DEMAND A RAISE THINGS ARE REAUTieHT RIGHT NOW, SVLVESTER' BLOMNE THE PCJICE COUuD K EEP YOU AWAKE AT MIGHT' ARCHIE WHY SPEND AU- THAT DOUGH.' I'VE GOT HIM ON AAY OHM HE. WAS.BUT JUGHEAO wv, .FLUNKED THE THOUGHT V-x ENTRAtCE YOU WERE NEW PUPPY OBEDIENCE WHAT KIND OF TRAINING PROGRAM] HAVE YOU GOT DAY T MOVE THE NEWSPAPERS CLOSER TO THE rwvso HAGAft THE HORMBLE No... TUB CAM 90 WILL TAKE TME Off IT. BEETLE BNLEY A LOT OF PEOPLE HiRC WONDER A5OUT ME. THIS MONTH THE COVETEP FEATHER GOES TO THE TRIPE'S MA9IC1AN: THAT WJGGY MZTTHAT RUF RJPPBC HURMmC HAtfSDER, I NAME YOU INPIAN OF THE MONTH.'! ICON6KA15, HEKM, Rtf! HBF. VO A tlUCK FOR W1U-YAS PRETTY RJBSE? WILtWjHUH? WIU-YA2 ;