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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE U1HBRIDGE HERAID Thursday, October 26, 1972 Three-or four-year degree? When Hie Universities Commission became ;i lame cluck, it also became iin inviting target for all sorts of invective, especially from the direc- tion of Calgary. Earlier this week tlic president of the University of. Calgary made public a letter in which lie bluntly accused tlie commission of being "devious, sanctimonious and a sentiment that might have been expressed somewhat more tem- perately the commission slill had a long-term future as arbiter of uni- versity finances. The" cause of the latest flare-up could have important implications for the University of Lethbridge. It had to do with tlie length of the under- graduate degree program in arts and science, and in particular a com- mission decree that Calgary continue to offer a three-year bachelor degree, or risk forfeiting financial support for ils new four-year program. The situation at Lethbridge, accord- ing to the current calendar, is that students who qualify under an old curriculum may become eligible for a degree on completion of a 30 (se- mester) course program, provided they meet all requirements by the end of this calendar year; after that, all students will have to complete a program, which normally takes four years. If the commission won't allow Cal- gary to drop its three-year program, it can hardly approve of Lethbridge doing the same thing. Laymen must be cautious when commenting on university matters, but from this vantage point there ap- pears to be a fair amount of sense to the position the commission has taken. It has said Calgary may in- stitute a four-year program, if it be- lieves one is necessary, but must continue to offer the existing three- year degree for those students who "don't need or want a four-year pro- gram." There will be many such students, and for several good reasons. First, there is the normal desire young people have to "get on with it." Whatever academics and educators may believe about the role or. the university, most young people attend for vocational reasons. They regard a degree as an earned qualification for a certain level of employment, and are unlikely to consider a few more undergraduate courses as suffi- cient reason to defer employment and a salary for an extra year. This view is reinforced every time they read or hear a job offer. The ads that refer to better-type jobs frequently say a degree is required, but seldom if ever say whether it is to be a three- or four-year degree. Another reason that relates to em- ployment is the professional pro- gram. The entree to most professions is completion of a particular univer- sity program; several such programs law, social work, librarianship, theology, oplometry come to mind, and there are others require an undergraduate degree in arts or science for admission. The average student, eager to enter his chosen profession, sees no point to spending four years on prerequisites when H three-year degree is just as accept- able. Undoubtedly (here are academic arguments to support the four-year program; it would be strange indeed if there were not. But the fact re- mains that the University of Alber- ta, with a half-century more experi- ence than the other provincial uni- versities, still offers the three-year bachelor degree, and whatever may be thought in Calgary or in Leth- bridge, for that matter the rest of the world does not regard a BA from the U of A as inferior to that offered elsewhere in Alberta. It seems probable, then, that Lelii- bridge will be required to continue offering ils three-year program in arts and science. While this may evoke some angry or anguished cries similar to those that emanated from Calgary, one cannot help thinking that such an edict, may be a blessing in disguise. Whatever academic de- fence is made for the four-year de- gree, there is little doubt its adoption has adversely affected enrolment at Lethbridge and will continue to do so as long as Alberta and several other distinguished universities in Canada offers a similar degree that can be earned in three years, and which is generally regarded as every bit as good. To accede, grace- fully or otherwise, to a ukase from Edmonton should be more palatable than having to back away from a de- cision made and proclaimed on aca- demic grounds. An exciting prospect Introduction of new low trans- atlantic air fares on scheduled ai1' lines for passengers who book three months in advance has been approved by the Canadian Transprot Commis- sion. It is expected that most Euro- pean nations will accept Canada's proposal. It's an exciting prospect, not only for Canadians hoping to travel abroad, but for the tourist industry here, which may now expect a big influx of European travellers to this country. Many of the people who could not afford to come to Canada before are now reported to be making plans to spend their holidays here. Some of them will be knapsack- carrying students, others will be rel- atives of Candaian residents, still others will be ordinary sightseers who have tired of the European cir- cuit, but because of high air fares have never been able to consider coming here instead. Canada has never gone all out to promote ils attractions in Europe. Now that it will cost a good deal less to gel here, there is a very real possibility that this country can compete realistically with European tourism. True, a holiday here would cost a little more, but'not so much more as to make it prohibitive. One can only hope that the Cana- dian Travel Bureau is fully aware of the potential and is already prepar- ing a promotional program in time for the 1973 season. Canada's interest in Ihe European tourist is not focused entirely on his pocket book, although one would be less than honest not to admit that this is one important factor. But too little is known about Canada by too few people. An influx of visitors "from across the Atlantic would go a long way towards spreading the message. To throw oii sleep By Mel Sp f am a teacher. 1 am also a parent. And although f wear several other hats as well, llie.se first two dictate my prime interests in life. I am deeply concerned, ns are most parents and teachers, with kids' welfare and future. I am concerned with the world they arc growing up in, and to be truthful, I'm not sure I understand it at all. I do try, however, and attempt to form opinions, based on the best available fact, or what seems to be fact. Some things that bother many don't con- cern me at all. Some reactions to the oc- curring changes irritate me deeply. To bn specific, in the last few years T have seen students blossoming as they hsve nevfr done They have more creativity, more initiative, more freedom; freedom In speak, to choose, to disagree with their elders, to choose their own value system, lo experience and to enjoy. I find a trem- endous creative potential which ten years ago was forcefully submerged under the dictatorial necessity of memorizing book upon book. At the same time, the reaction to such change has begun. Those who resist a tin- tnani.stic approach lo subject matter to K" back to the "three "They can't spell! They don't know rne quadratic equa- tion- Their writing is terrible! We hear this on many sides. I sympathize. But my com- mon sense (whatever that is) and a need for reality rn.-ike me ask also, "who nrcils to diffcrrnlialr; between their, there, and they're in s-pflling? We certainly don't do Letters Don't blame the government If my son sits around home and wo'n't lake a job because it doesn't suit his artistic ability, I don't blame the government for a shortage of jobs I blame myself for Iclting him freeload. If my son works for six weeks and then quits to draw unem- ployment insurance, I don't blame the government I blame myself for not teaching him integrity. If my son takes his student loan and buys stereo equipment, I don't blame the government for making the loan available I blame myself for not teaching him responsibility. If my son goes on welfare so that lie and his friend can set up a bachelor pad, I don't blame the government for their welfare program I blame myself for not teaching him proper values. If I do nothing when I see these much needed programs being abused, I don't blame the government... I blame myself. Teaching honesty is not the job of the government, it is the Job of the parent. Parents, are you doing your Job? A CONCERNED PARENT. Lethbriclge. Objective reporting "As one loser to another, Different peace imminent By Tom Wicker, New Y ork Times commentator NEW YORK Henry Kissin- ger has come home from Sai- gon amid thick minors that a ceasefire in Vietnam is near, to be followed by a political settlement of the war. This has prompted George McGovern to say that he, for one, would "re- joice" if the war could be ed, "no matter the political im- pact." So would every American, so much so that almost any kind of a settlement probably would provide whatever Mr. Nixon needs for a real landslide on Nov. 7. Many, in fact, will feel that "any kind of settlement" would be justified iti ending a war of such bloody excess, of such corrosive domestic im- pact, for such obscure or non- existent purposes. But the Nixon administration has never believed in making "any kind of a just to get the war over. Instead, It has carried on the war for almost four years for the stated purposes of guaranteeing that the South Vietnamese should not have a Communist govern- ment "imposed" on them and (hat the anti-Communist regime in Saigon should have a "chance'1 io survive. The cost of tliis policy has been immense, tragic, perhaps finally unbearable. It includes the following, at Uie least: From 1969 through mid-1972, American planes dropped tons of bombs Indo- china, more than were dropped in the years of the Johnson ad- ministration, more than were dropped in the Second World War and the Korean war com- bined. Some of the worst de- vastation wrought by this whol- ly unprecedented assault has been upon South Vietnam, where B-52's with their area- saturation bombing patterns are routinely used for close ground support of South Viet- namese and American troops. While the computer does not exist that could calculate the human cost of this terrible pounding and of the offshore naval shelling and the napalm and the ground siveeps and the blind artillery fire and the massacres, known and unknown civilian casualties in South Vietnam alone have been estimated at a minimum nf from 1969 through May, 1972. Dead Asians in Laos, Cambodia and North Vietnam are not included in this glorious body count, nor are the Letters The national dream ackmnn il in speech, and tlie speed: media vastly outnumber the written medium in provid- ing information." Why not spell "Ihrough'' as The first is excess verbiage anyway. Who needs Ihe quadratic equation (save for a few) when any ten-year-old can buy a pocket calculator in a local department store which will add, subract, multiply and divide far faster than almost any math- ematician? Who needs more than mini- mum legibility when most kids use type- writers. Arxl who says you can't begin a sentence with and. The best writers do it. I low ridiculous for a teacher In punish a rrald for nol dotting an i. How backward for a parent to resent children with initia- tive, creativity, industry and ideas, just be- cause they conflict with a parent's. Facet- ious reasoning? Perhaps. But 1 find my.sclf leaning in this direction more all the time. Henry David Thoreau wrote in Waldcn, is when I am awake and there is dawn in me. Moral reform is the effort to throw off iN'owhere is this moral reform so vast and significant as in lha processes of education, and those are cer- tainly processes, And moral re- fnrrn in education, to me, is equivalent lo the reality of the changes occuring, not to reaction against them. Surely the dawn of our awakening calls us to a realistic view of what is, not what was. We have our "Choice of Futures." We hnve a dawn on the horizon, get on with the juli and forget the nit-picking of ye.storyenr. I am sure in the beginning it Is truly the desire of all poli- ticians to serve humanity. What happens in the meantime that their performance inevitably seems to end in a struggle for power rather than service? Is it because they are forever looking at their opponents and never at themselves; without recalling their own true purpose from the beginning, so that tlie end will justify the means to satisfy not only themselves but rather the Spirit of the Nation they have been chosen to serve? Haven't we, as one of the youngest nations of [he world, noted the rise and fall of other great empires, condemns n g them and their human failings, rather than having something from Iheir mistakes? Mas Canada been chosen to lead the world in pence, as yet an infant, but having the wis- dom and experience of all the great nations of the world at her disposal? Will the rest of the nations watch our perform- ance? Will they rejoice with us in the knowledge that there is hope in Canada, and that Can- ada will never be satisfied until all nations of the world know the true meaning of justice, freedom and peaceful co-exis- tence? We cannot see Inside of the House of Commons. I only know that we believe in our repre- sentatives; that they are all capable of doing the job that needs to be done. If ever a na- tion had a oneness of purpose, a common goal, it is the na- tional dream for a just society, born only four years ago. It will take everything we have within us to make it survive and grow. While we are aware that each Member of Parliament has his own personal aims and objec- tives, let us hope they do nnt Irisc sight of (lie over-all produc- tion and show us by their own example the true meaning of self denial and sacrifice. Work- ing together and with the spirit of truth to guide, the national dream can become a reality for all of us. MIIS. T. KING Coaldale. Kinsmen say thanks In Ihe Kins men I'lnh nf pit 1. on dispby for southern Alberta a modern cl.iy replica of historic Korl Whoop- Up, the groat whiskey trading forl. Tliis was a giant project f o r an organization to under- take a centennial prujecl, hut the aid- of federal and municipal f u n (I s the project was completed together with an authentic mine train- Many southern will romcmher Ihe Riant. harfKicuo of buffalo burgers on Hint his- toric day, July J, when tha fort opened. Since then southern Alberta has supported Kinsmen Whoop- Up Country, but never before as in Ihe summer of v.fi2. Wo barl no barbocw-s or even oilier- wise special events lo attract people, but wo had visitors in record numbers. barl many complimentary remarks passed our way during the summer months. Our float in the Ixith- bridge Exhibition parade rjrcw many in fact so much so that we arc now plan- ning to lake a float to other parades in southern to promote Whoop-Up Country and the. history of Lethbridgc. May I, on behalf of the com- mittee responsible for Whoop. Up Country, and the Kin.smcn Club of Ixjlhbridge, express tho gratitude and appreciation lhat we feel for you, southern Alber- ta. ROY R. K1TAHN Co-Chairman, Kinsmen Whoop-Up Country. Lethbridge, yearly South Vietnamese army deaths, As for refugees, more than two million persons have been made homeless in Cambodia alone since 1970 antl perhaps a million in South Vietnam tbis year. The North Vietnamese in- vasion had much lo do with the latter figure, of course, but tbat invasion itself is a part of the price that had to be paid for carrying on the war throughout the Nixon administration. By contrast to these war costs levied on the Indochinese people, not least by Nixon's pol- icy of carrying on the war, the cost to America has been small only a little over of her young men dead, plus 000 wounded, plus a military budget up from billion to a paltry billion, and possi- bly some small, vital part of her soul. If all that as well as the political conflict and the social alienation and tbe inattention to domestic crisis is finally to be ended, every American should re joi ce'' wit h McGov- ern, although there is no sal- vation in the mere cessation of what ought not io have been done; and even if ceasefires do not right wrongs but only suspend their commission. But if all that really is to be ended, before or after the elec- tion, a heavy burden will lie on Nixon to show lhat the end has been in some way worth the means, even in his and Kissin- ger's balance-of-power perspec- tive let alone that any end whatever could justify such means in moral or human terms, What, In the settlement lhat may be coming, is different from what could have been had in 1969, when Nixon took office with a promise to "end tbe war and win the What will be so different about tha tri-partite government now un- der discussion and the one de- manded for years by Hanoi and the Viet Cong? If it is only the inclusion of General Thieu, ra- ther than his exclusion, what makes that worth four years of brutal war? Does this settlement really prevent a Communist govern- ment from being or guarantee the anti-Communist regime a "chance" in some way not possible tefore? Docs it merely provide the "interval" before a Communist takeover that Kissinger once cited as his goal? Or floes any settlement available now include conces- sions that at least meet Nixon's own repeated conditions for peace, whatever may be thought of Ihem? To some Americans, no set- tlement can ever be worth the war lhat has been waged; surely Nixon owes it to all tho others to show how a peace purchased at such cost is an improvement on what he could have liarl in the beginning. One wonders al Ibis point wlio will be able to rightfully claim victory in the Lethbridge riding tbe candidate, or The Leth- bridge Herald. W tia t 1 am referring to, of course, is that what a reporter chooses to report out of a long speech, and the manner in whicb he reports it, will vastly affect the impression left tbe reader. It may be argued tbat a re- porter should report his im- pressions so that bo maintains his individu ality. While thJ s may be true with news items, political opinions being report- ed is another matter entirely especially if the reader only gels one point of view hammer- ed at him. If tbe only news- paper in tbe community repeat- edly glamorizes one point of view, while scorning another, the reader becomes brain- washed over a period of time. Once this happens the elector- ate is not making a rational choice and a democracy does not really exist. A newspaper editor, could help by: (a) urging reporters to give erjual space to all candidates. (b) scrutinizing misleading or glamorizing headlines. (c) not delegating one party to Hw back pages, or omitting any news at all, while the favor- ed party gets the front page. urge that reporting of pol- itical ideas should be objective and save (he editorializing for the editorial page. If tbis were followed tben one would feel that this will have been a fair election and Tho Herald would not be open to criticism of favoring two par- lies. Let's have objective reports tben The Herald can truly say "power lo (he people" as it did about the B.C. election. Lethbridge. DOUG POILE Vole out the dictator This is probably the most critical election to be held in Canada since 1911. The issue then was reciprocity. The issue now, is the very freedom of our country. Do we want to get back to a parliamentary gov- ernment, or to be led by a one- man dictatorship, run by a power-hungry egotist? May I suggest that those who vote for Mr. Trudeau, vote with a big X because, if he wins, it may be the last free election held in Canada. To maintain the freedoms, then, of our great democracy, is to defeat t h e present regime. This leaves three alternatives. We can vote for the left-wing New Democrats, or the radical Creditistes or a parliamentary government under the Progres- sive Conservatives. May I sub- mit that of the three alterna- tives, only one is strong enough to carry tlie banner of freedom to The vote, as I see it, may be very close, and to divide the votes may put the present rule back in office. United we stand. Divided we fall. Our dominion cannot survive another four years of the present leadership which is eroding our freedoms. There are many good men in the different parlies running in our constituencies, so it is not an issue of our local personali- ties. The main issue the criti- cal issue is to eliminate tha leader who is so stealthily lead- ing us into socialist bondage, Inasmuch as neither Social Credit nor NDP are strong enough to form a government, a vote for them does notliing to eliminate Mr. Trudeau, but takes from the Conservaliva vote. May I submit, therefore, that unite our votes behind the party strong enough to re- instate the freedoms of our great Dominion. I suggest that readers vote Bert Hargraves in the Medicine Hat riding, Ken Hurlburt in Lethbridge riding, and Jack Homer in the Crow- foot area. These will make a strong group working for tho freedoms and rights of Canada, and especially for Western Can- ada. CHARLES M. ACKEIOYD Raymond. Eliminate pornography Ll'dZV up! Time for your A recent article in The Her- ald stated that a sex criino seminar would be held by the Lethbridge City Police along with representa fives from the RCMP and other govern- ment officials It is hoped that one of the topics discussed will concern it- self with pornography and that a clarion call is mate to all Canadians to stem the tide of the sale of "hard core" porno- graphic material of every soil. Pornography is bolh one of Mm symptoms and one of tiie causes of moral breakdown of our time We as a public have lo ho prepared to demolish some ot the slick rationalizations by which smutty literature is ex- cused or even justified. Our of these is a kind of social irre- sponsibility lhat hides behind the philosophy that the custo- mer is tho best judge of what he reads. Naturally cases against pornographers must be carefully prepared because thn defendants are .sure to hire at- torneys who are experts at de- laying tactics. Obscene mater- ial will continue to be on news- stands until your local law en- forcement officials arrest, pros- eculc and commit the local dis- tributor of pornography. We prevent stream pollution hy lav., we prevent air pollu- tion by law, and we have tha right lo prevent moral pollution by law. The police will not both- er with obscene literature un- less they are bothered .by it. It is up lo us to bother them. There is such a law and I say it is about time that we start- ed demanding its enforcement. This filth continues to spread for IV.TI reasons, public apathy and the thought that nothing can be done lo fight the smut peddler. Where are tbe voices of Ihe general public, our ser- vice clubs, our YMCA and home and school association in- dicating lhat the community standards arc being violated? Their deliberations- concern me. Silent objection is not enough. It may be I am one of a mi- nority, it may lie lhat others are perfectly satisfied will things as they are. But T be- lieve there i.s a responsibility to all of us to not only praise what, is good bill lo denounce what i.s bad ......and to rio il in a strong manner that will mako it clear to all, our allegiance li traditional standards of moral- ity. AD CHERVINSKI Taber. The Lctlikidge Herald MM 7th St. S., Lcltibridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO, LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005 <1051r by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Wrill Reqlsfration No 0012 Member cf The Canadian Press and tne Camdian Dallv NewsoaDW Publishers' Association and tfie Audit Bureau of Clrculslloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilnr and Publisher THOMAS H- ADAMS, General Manager DOT) Pll.l IMG WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor E (filer ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Marugtr Editorial Page Edifw HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;