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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 26, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 IHHBRIDGE HtRAlD Monday, Oelober 26, 1970 Anthony Westell Two China Deadlock When the annual Albanian resolu- tion calling for the admission of China to the UN comes before the General Assembly this year, the U.S. is certain to argue that this is an "important question" requiring a two- thirds majority for approval. In spite of Canada's vote in favor, and with the probable addition of aye votes from the new left wing regimes in Latin America, it is unlikely that China will find itself seated this year. The exacerbating question of how to handle the question of Taiwan, Which claims to be the legitimate gov- ernment of all of China and present- ly holds a seat in the assembly and Peking, which holds firmly to its claim to govern mainland China and Taiwan too is not likely to fade away in a hurry. The U.S. cannot break off diplomatic relations with Taiwan as Canada has done because the Americans are committed to de- fend it from possible aggress i o n from the Chinese mainland. It all sounds like the irresistible force meeting the immovable object, but there is a possibility of eventual solution, a way out of the impasse by which the U.S. could, with honor, vote for the admission of Peking to the UN without breaking completely with the Nationalists. When the two aging intransigents Moa tse tung and Chiang Kai-shek go the way of all flesh an atmosphere of comprom- ise, leading to a modus vivendi might be established. The 11 million Tai- wanese natives, ethnic Chinese who have lived on the island for over 300 years have no love for Chiang's three million invaders who rule them now. Although there are known to be a growing number of anti Nationalists the great mass of the population is politically passive, indoctrinated, and enjoying the good life. In the final analysis the benefits they'enjoy due, not to Nationalist benevolence but to American economic and mili- tary support. When Chiang goes, and with him the absurd notion that his supporters will one day conquer the mainland, there could be an upsurge of pressure from educated Taiwan- ese, at home and abroad, for more representation for their people in conducting affairs in Taipei. Then, the possibility opens up of a post-Mao Chinese leadership making a face- saving deal with a government which did not challenge its authority to rule the mainland, but with legitimate government historically distinct and comparatively friendly. The "ii's amis and buts" are nu- merous, but the possibilities are not to be dismissed out of hand. There is already a movement of expatriate Taiwanese nationals in Europe and elsewhere who are working towards this end. Such a long term way out of the impasse will probably take years but in the end it could write finis to the present deadlock. Syria Pink Or Red? The Syrian head of State President Noureddin Atassi has resigned, os- tensibly because of a row with his de- fence minister. In reality no one in the controlling Ba'athist party is firmly in the saddle. Internecine squabbles have become so vicious that the president had to.take some kind of action which would precipi- tate a settlement if such settle- ment is possible. The Ba'athists are of varying shades of leftist coloring from pale pink to crimson. The pale pink vari- ety went along with President Nas- ser's attempts to find some accomo- dation with Jordan and Israel. The crimson were restrained only by force. With Nasser gone, the quarrels have grown more vicious although they have not yet threatened Syria with civil war. Next week, leaders of all factions of the party will meet to decide what its posture will be in the Middle East aggressively militant or moderate. What comes out of this meeting is bound to have a profound effect. If the militants carry the day, there is certain to be further guerril- la activity in northern Jordan, more aggressive attempts by the Syrians to disrupt the uneasy truce estab- lished by the signing of the agree- ment between moderate guerrilla leader Yasir Arafat and King Hus- sein. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON In this confusing election year, the only people who seem to know their own minds are those who keep telling the pollsters they don't know for whom they are going to vote. "The 'don't know' said Heinrich Applebaum, the leading elections expert In the United States, "could easily swing this country one way or the other." "Do you mean to say the 'don't know' vote is bigger than the 'Middle America' "It's even bigger than the Silent Major- Applebaum replied. "We estimate that for every person in this country who knows whom he is going to vote for, there are two and one half persons who 'don't know.'" "How do you explain such a large 'don't know' "The 'don't know' voters are made up of people who are sick and tired of being told whom they should vote for. They're the true Americans who are being pushed around by everybody. They pay their taxes, send their kids to school, watch television, drink beer, salute the flag, and yet when it comes to elections they have no idea what the candidate is talking about." "Wasn't there always a large 'don't know' segment in the I asked. "Nothing comparable to what we have at the present time. In the past no one wanted to admit he didn't know what was going on in the country. Now if you refuse to admit you don't know, people think you should be taken away to the funny farm." Applebaum said the "don't knows" could be broken down ethnically between those who are "unsure" and have "no opinion." "These three groups compose the ma- jority- of the 'don't know' he said. "What's the difference between "The 'undecided' are those in the income bracket. They are mostly white, though a few are I n c a Indians." "I see." "The 'unsure' are mostly composed of hard hats, blue-collar workers and Avon ladies. While they're working, this group seems to know exactly whom they are for. It's when they get laid off because of a re- cession that they get confused." "And the 'no "The people who express 'no opinion' are those who don't Want to be identified with those who are 'undecided' or 'un- sure.' "I see." "In the past, the 'undecided' and the 'unsures' and those with 'no opinion' al- ways split their votes. But this year be- cause of Hie low quality of the campaigns and lack of issues, all three groups might vote together, and this could have a tre- mendous effect on the nation." "Why doesn't Agnew appeal to the 'don't "Because his whole campaign has been aimed at the 'know nothings.' It's easy for someone like Agnew to get the two mixed up." "Why don't the 'don't knows' put up their own candidate if they're that "If they proposed their own candidate, they could no longer bo identified with those who were 'unsure' and had 'no opinion.' The best the 'don't knows' can hope for is that the election will be called off in November because of inclem- ent weather." (Toronto Telegram News Sprvice) Great Fails' Pollution Deadline From The Great Falls Tribune pREAT FALLS appears to be "up against the buzz saw" when it comes lo the matter of polluting the Missouri River. It has been disclosed that pollution is reaching the river from a variety of sources some public, some private. Part of the difficulty is due to the fact some sewage linos and their connections have- been "lost." The situation comes about because of the way the system developed over the years. Records of the location of sonic of the lines was kept only in the head of the city employees involved, and nol noled on pa- per for future rcferenco. The city now is under a Water Pollution Control Act directive lo provide secondary tre.'tlnicnl for ils sewage. Necessary legal slops have been laken. Now the Montana Water Pollution Control Board has given the city a year to come into compliance with the requirements. The necessary treatment facilities would cosl an estimated five million dollars. Fi- nancing such a program at this particular time would be difficult because of econom- ic conditions and the tight money situation. But the city cannot go cm indefinitely pol- lutins the river. Home way will have lo lie found lo solvo (lie problem. Dissent On Police State Regulations .OTTAWA "This is a day for intoned Con- servative Leader Robert Stan- field in the Commons, underlin- ing his party's horror at the nurdcr of Pierre Laporte. The government thought so too, and skilfully sought a com- promise with the Opposition members who had objected strongly to the imposition of police state regulations for more than half a year, to April 30. Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, with the familiar pink flower in his lapel, rose in his place on the treasury bench to lead the vote, amid thunderous applause. On the packed Liber- al benches, 128 MPs stood one after the other and bowed to the Speaker to approve, for a temporary period, withdrawal of civil liberties: Search and arrest without warrant, deten- tion without charge for up to 21 days, 90 days in jail without a day in court and so on. Stanfield, lean and lugubri-. oils, .wearing his statesman's solemn face, rose from his seat facing Trudfiau to begin the roll call of 52 Tory votes in favor of the moticn. There was a mutter of deri- sion in the House as David MacDonald, the 34-year old Conservative clergyman from Prince Edward Island, stood slowly, reluctantly to support the measure. In a deeply trou- bled, if exaggerated speech earlier, lie had had the courage to draw attention to the wave of arrests in Quebec and the confiscation of political litera- ture, and the guts to ask the questions demanding reassuring answers. "Does this action which has now bsen taken by the government (i.e., the emer- gency powers) represent in ef- fect a seizure of the opportun- ity to suppress and repress those who have disagreed with them and whom they cannot But MacDonald had mean- while discovered that the Cana- dian people are in a mood to back repression to the limit and have no interest in discussing the loss of civil liberties. The government, meanwhile, was at least moving to limit its pow- ers, and the Conservative party, enjoying a precarious unity for ths first time in years wanted to express national agreement on the issue. So MacDonald stood to vote. Six Creditiste MPs added their votes, making all the Que- bec members in the House un- animous in support'Of the emer- gency powers. Four members of the New Democratic Party supported the government also. The best known as the party's financial critic, Max Saltsman, from Wat- erloo, who may have been in- fleunced in part by the Jewish community's natural fear of the FLQ links with the Palestinian guerrillas and its anti-Semit- ism. A day for unity in the Com- mons indeed; 190 votes from all four parties for the govern- ment's assumption of police state powers. The trouble is that the House of Commons is not designed to express monolithic unity. It is supposed to reflect divisions in the country, and not every Ca- nadian by a shot approves of invoking the War Measures Act, even for a month. They want to crush the FLQ, of course. But they don't quite see what that has to do with arresting student editors in Hull, Que., picking up demo- cratic sspartists, confiscating literature. They have seen no evidence yet that the FLQ actually was capable of insurrection within the meaning of the law, and the government's main speaker on the subject, Jean Marchand, was so extravagant as to be unbelievable: "These people have infiltrated every strategic place in the province of Que- bec." The doubters think it incred- 8 rot IT he. ty NEA, "It's course, women rfeserre equal rights offer an, ther're no different from men. are ible, intolerable that police re- fuse to disclose who has been arrested, apparently on the order of the Quebec justice minister. They wonder how many charges will in fact be laid, and many roonle will be auiet- ly released after days of de- tention with no chance to notify their relatives, consult a lawyer or answer the evidence alleged against them.. They are concerned that French Canadians striving to maintain faith in democracy shall not face a Parliament c-nuilefely united in curbing tteir liberties. These people are entitled to representation in the Commons, and they had to rely on Tommy Douglas and 15 other members of the NDP who rose to resist the government motion. The NDPers did not want to put then- votes on record, be- yond a shout of "no" when the motion was put, but the Liber- als insisted on formally dividng tlii; House. The government thought it politically wise, no doubt, to isolate the dissenters. It may indeed have been a shrewd political move to identi- fy the 16 NDPers who stood against the wave of popular sup- port for the Prime Minister and the government. "Hari-kiri" said one-news- man sadly after the NDP vote, and that seemed to be the pre- vailing wisdom. But one hopes that courage of conviction will not prove to be a political di- saster for the NDP. Part of the tragedy of Quebec is that it has never developed a democratic socialist party. In Ontario, many of the young new letters who were outside the democratic party structure and threatening violence have been co-opted into (lie Waffle, group of radicals with the NDP and shown how to use their energy democratically. In Quebec as in the United States the only alternative to establishment politics has been separatism or revolution. The NDP has never been able to put down roots in French Canada. Conceivably, .hopefully, the vote of the 16 NDPers against unquestioning "unity" may give the NDP better creden- tials among Quebecers who want to resist repression and work for social reform within federal politics. (Toronto Star Syndicate) John Crocker Black Resentment Lies Behind Bermuda Riots is one basic reason for the violence, b o m b- throwing and arson which hit Hamilton, Bermuda, earlier this month. It is the old story that, de- spite constitutional' reform and laws recently passed against racial discrimination, some Negro Bermudians not still feel that both politically and economically their island home is dominated by the 10 per cent of the population of European stock; Negroes form 90 per cent of the in- habitants of this 20-square-mile British dependency. And an appropriate time for expressing their resentment Letters To The Editor and their view that it is high time to sever the British con- nection was the fortnight before the arrival of the Prince of Wales. The stated reason for Prince Charles's visit was the celebra- tion of the 350th anniversary of Bermuda's House of Assembly (Parliament) which is claimed by some to be the oldest in the Western Hemisphere. The point is however, ac- cording to some Bermudian Ne- groes, that the possession of a Parlaiment based until recently on limited franchise is not syn- onymous with democracy; and it is a fact that no appreciable. constitutional advances aimed1 at ending, or at any rate mod- ifying, white oligarchic rule were made till universal adult suffrage was introduced at the May 1968 elections. The feeling of the militant Negroes in Hamilton, Bermu- da's pretty-as-a-picture toy cap- ital, is that Prince Charles's visit might just as well com- memorate 350 years of oli- garchy. They point to the fact, for example, that there was no such thing as a political party in Bermuda until the formation in 1963 of the Progressive Labor Party at least one of whose members, Mr. Frederick Wade, Citizens Have A Responsibility Responsible Albertans should at once follow the examples of Premier Harry Strom and Op- position Leader Peter Lougheed by declarations of support for the actions of the Governments of Canada and Quebec in regard to the FLQ. Unless these expressions of support, are forthcoming on a massive scale, by individuals and organizations of every type, through telephone calls, letters and by telegrams to all elected representatives as well as to the two governments, the beleaguered prime minister and premier will not know of the overwhelming support they have for the necessary ac- tions they have had to take under agonizing circum- stances. Failure of responsible people to meet such reasonable obli- gations during a crisis tor de- mocracy will create a very false impression of support for the stance of such discredited people as David Lewis, Robert Slanficld, Tommy Douglas, Gerald Baldwin, John Diefen- Qualities Of Manhood I agree with Ray Goodall that behavior such as that manifested by the FLQ is all we can expect from our present society. Instead of being taught to value the thoughts and feelings of others as much as they own, our children are being taught to grab for what they can get as soon as they are old enough to watch television. "Why should 1 care? Nobody else Ihey say. Their cynicism is awful to behold. It is on a basis such as this that a democracy is built shaky democracy! Consideration, compass i o n, and the elimination of harmful competition, are what the 'hip- pic types' arc searching for. llavc we any right to condemn Ilicm because they may be going about things in the wrouK way? Do you "leach" qualities like truth, beauty, compassion, rev- erence for life (all or do you have to live them? It seems much easier to learn bullying, hate, vandalism, de- struction, complete disregard for life forms, including our own, and the belief that boys must drink themselves sense- less and drive lethal machines recklessly to prove they are "men." The true qualities of man- hood strength of character, integrily, humility, gentleness and respect seem Ip have got lost on the production line somewhere, (f speak literally as well as Think about it when your child Rols a razor bUric in his apple on Halloween. ANDIIUA ASIITON Burdelt. baker and (hose associated with them in harassment of the Government of Canada in a time of greatest difficulty. Whatever the motivations of these individuals whether they were merely incompre- hensibly out of touch with con- temporary times, incapable of understanding the true situa- tion, or seeking political ad- vantage they have clearly demonstrated that they are un- qualified for the positions they hold. That they should be told, now and at the next election. Responsible people must also demand that the laws Of the land be maintained and en- forced locally. We must insist that those expressing support for or sympathy for the and those who advocate any other illegal or violent acts and means as methods to seek or promote social or legislative changes he dealt with in the strictest manner provided for by law, including the War Measures Act when it is in force. Of course, we must equally insist that every provi- sion of democracy be exorcised (within the law) to ensure that fairness and justice are main- tained in dealing with those taken into custody. Responsible citizens always have a responsibility to support their government. That obliga- tion is greatest in times of crisis. Let there lie an over- whelming affirmation of sup- port for our governments. C. F. BENTLEY, Professor of Soil Science, University of Alberta. has been allegedly associated with the present disturbances and whose leader is 42-year-old London trained barrister Mrs. Lois Brown-Evans. It was not until the following year that a second party was formed, the United Bermuda Parly led by old Bermuda hand Sir Henry Tucker, which won 30 of the 40 House seats in One of the main platforms of the PLP at these elections was complete independence from Britain. The elections were preceded by several weeks of rioting and violence similar to those pre- ceding Prince Charles's visit. A strict curfew was imposed, British soldiers were flown in and a Royal Navy frigate was tied up at the Front Street berthing area. Then, in July 1969, a further scare was created by the stag- ing in Bermuda of an interna- tional Black Power conference. Once again strict security mea- sures were taken. One of the conference organizers, E w a r t Brown, said categorically that Bermuda must have a Black government. The other side of the picture is shown by the fact that Ber- muda is in many ways as plea- sant a place to live in far the K'igroes as it is for the Whites. There is no unemployment and average weekly pay is about S45 (Bermudian dollars are the same as U.S. which is considerably more than obtained in several European countries. About 90 per cent of the pop- ulation .own refrigerators and there is a 100 per cent literacy rate. The standard of living is, in short, high. Sir Henry Tucker, In whose Cabinet there are four Negroes, has said that independence for Bermuda is a myth and he may well be right if the islands want to continue as a tourist and tax haven which attracts some visitors a year, the great majority from North America. It is questionable if the tour- ists, who spend millions of dol- lars annually, would flock in if Black Power took over. According to One UBP lead- er, discontent in Bermuda has been caused by "unco-prdinated mobs incited by actions and statementr both here and abroad." It was certainly true in tire 1968 eruption that only a very small proportion of the local Negro population were activists and it is almost certainly true this time that the majority do not support the violence. (Written for The Herald ami The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH TUB HERALD 1920 Lcthbridge -riding voted "dry" while the city voted "wet" in the recent ref- erendum to decide whether the province wants the importation of liquor from adjoining prov- inces. tablet is to be placed at Garnescliffe, the historic house that was for many years the home of Canada's -first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonakl. IMO Informed quarters re- ported the Empress of Britain had been attacked by German combat planes north of Ireland and was sinking after the crew had abandoned her. Canada Airlines carried a record passen- gers in September- and pas- sengcr miles for the first three quarters of 1950 have risen some 15 per cent over last year. The Lethkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member ol Tho Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Associallon and the Audit Bureau of Circulalions CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager jUE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERAtO SERVES THE SOUTH" ;