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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta U.S. beef men seek revenge I against Canada WASHINGTON (CP) A wide section of the United States livestock industry, in briefs prepared for filing before a special hearing today, calls for stiff and im- mediate retaliation against Canada for her meat- import restrictions. The briefs, terming Canadian import quotas "shocking" and were prepared for a public meeting called by the special trade negotiations office of the White House. The Ford administration, in calling for retaliatory quotas against Canada, announced earlier this month that if such retaliation is put into effect, it "would be for the purpose of obtaining the removal of import quotas imposed by Canada on beef, veal and live cattle for slaughter and to provide access for these items to the Canadian market on an equitable basis." The Canadian quotas, announced Aug. 2, affect im-, ports from all countries for one year. U.S. figures show exports to the U.S. from Canada last year were worth million to Canadian producers. The U.S. agriculture department has esti- mated that the Canadian quota will cut American ex- ports by million a year. The American Farm Bureau says in its submission that it proposes counter-quotas on Canada "reluctantly but with and says it was "shocked and dis- mayed by the actions taken by the Canadian government." 'Canada's best interest9 The American National Cattlemen's Association says "it would appear to be in Canada's best interest to maintain good trade relations with the United States... realizing that retaliation would clearly hurt their balance-of-payments situation." The American Meat Institute says "the Canadian quotas are but one of a series of restrictive measures employed by Canada to close their border to products of the U.S." The Central Livestock Association refers to "rigid, absolute and insurmountable restrictions currently enforced by other principal meat-importing countries and urges that the L.S. adopt similar policies. The National Livestock Feeders' Association an- nounces itself "strongly in favor of imposing restric- tions on certain livestock and meat products from Canada." It had been expected that briefs might be forthcom- ing from American consumer representatives and im- porters arguing against U.S. retaliation, but the deadline for filing passed without any such sub- missions. Neither is there expected to be representation from the Canadian government, which does not normally appear at public hearings called by U.S. agencies. However, in a brief, presented at the hearing, the Canadian Cattlemen's Association stoutly defended r their government's program of restnciSng ports. :JThe Canadian cattlemen 'said Ottav quotas and an import surcharge, i beef industry j ?The association laidj freeze in 1973, which cattjte ma then prompted a surgep U.S. cattiflnto Canada. The brief said that in the fourth cnjOrter of last 'about head of cattle flowed into Canada the U.S. "This rate of northward flow exceeded by four or five times the previous record rate of the brief said. 1975 personal Income tax exemptions boosted not restrictive9 The association said the lower prices in the U.S. forced a surge northward and left Canada to absorb many times more than its historical levelof imports at a time when the U.S. market was absorbing far less than usual. "In other words, Canada was doing more than her share to overcome the difficulties in the American market while the U.S. was doing less." The association said that 1973 cattle imports into Canada from the U.S. totalled head, or nearly eight per cent of the annual Canadian slaughter. Present Canadian import levels are not restrictive because they adhere to traditional import patterns rather than the grossly-inflated figures of 1973, the brief contended. The flood of imports in 1973 did not represent a nor- mal trade pattern but was the result of a sustained holdback in the U.S. due to the price control program there. The enormous import level shrank Canadian prices and hurt Canadian producers, the brief added. The association said import quotas and surcharges were taken as the minimum possible action to bolster the Canadian industry, not as a hard snot at U.S. producers. Gruenwald advocates South park expansion Herald LegtslaMre Banm EDMONTON More provincial park space on the Oldman River highlighted debate during private members' day at the legislature Thursday. Dick Gruenwald