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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Food for the world's poor in peril GENEVA The two major humanitarian enterprises of the United Nations are suffer ing severely from the com- bination of rapidly rising food prices and dollar devaluation. The World Food Program (WFP) has seen its aid resources cut almost in half by heavy increases in the price of cereals and, for the first time in its 10-year history, no new projects are envisaged. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has suffered chiefly from dollar devaluation which is leading to a 10 to 20 per cent reduction in funds available for projects already under way or agreed, unless contributions are increased, and any contemplated new projects, of course, are also in jeopardy. Addressing the 24-nation governing body of the World Food Program in Rome earlier this month, Dr. Fran- cisco Aquino, the executive director, said: "In recent weeks I have had to make a number of hard, and to me regrettable, decisions which By Max Wilde, London Observer commentator will adversely affect the lives of thousands of people in developing countries, and in some countries seriously im- pede development." The World Food Program has spent more than million during the last 10 years on mainly surplus food for economic and social development projects, often as part payment of wages, or as an incentive to voluntary work. In addition, it has provided supplementary diets to improve nutrition vulnerable groups of people, and fodder to stimulate animal protein production. It has sent food to the drought- stricken Sahelian zone of West Africa. It needs tons of food to meet its current and agreed projects, as well as emergency operations, to the end of 1974. It is estimated, however, that only tons are likely to be forthcoming. In terms of money, it is clear that the target figure of million required in pledges for 1975-6, which was established last April, is inadequate and that at least ed to finance the program's activities as planned. Dr. Aquino said top priority will be given to projects in the 25 least developed countries, and to countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Nicaragua, which have suf- fered recent disasters. UNICEF, whose European headquarters have been mov- ed from Paris to Geneva this year, is for the time being in a somewhat better position because it does not normally provide food or food products, but handles and transports special foods given without charge by governments or non-governmental aid agen- cies. Even the special food mixtures provided by UNICEF as a supplement to inadequate diets, especially of women and children in developing countries, such as CSM (corn-soy-milk) and the high protein K-Mix-2 and Superamine are, for the most part, still provided free (CSM by the U.S. government) or produced in factories which have been established with UNICEF help, such as the Superamine factories in Algeria, Egypt and Turkey. K- Mix-2 and PKFM (Post- Kwashiorkor Food Mix) are protein products designed to treat kwashiorkor, a disease mainly of children caused by protein deficiency. likely to be in the nature of a 10 to 20 per cent reduction in funds available for projects already under way or agreed, unless contributions are increased to offset the im- balance. It is ironic, that a proposal for the adequate long-term production and orderly dis- tribution of foodstuffs, inter- national co-ordinated, was put forward as long ago as 1946 by the famous Scottish nutritionist, Lord Boyd Orr, who was the first director- general of the UN Food and Agricultural Organization. He envisaged an international fund which would buy foods when plentiful and sell them in times of scarcity within a fairly narrow price margin, thus ensuring a guaranteed market for producers and ade- quate supplies at reasonable prices for consumers Nothing ever came of it. The situation today is much more acute because there are many more mouths to feed. The odious organization man Book Reviews Child evangelist 1973 by NEA, Inc.' don't like this begging at the table particular- ly, when you get to eat meat and I UNICEF's role is primarily to help countries to produce such special foods and to es- tablish supplementary feeding centres and long-term nutri- tion programs. Lebanon, Iran and India are three more countries in which UNICEF has pioneered this type of aid. It buys its supplies all over the world, wherever the price is most favorable and in bulk, at the best prevailing rates. The fund has its own vast storage facilities in Copenhagen. But, where supplies other than foods and food-mixes are concerned textbooks, health supplies medicines, agricultural machinery, drill- ing equipment to bring clean water to villages, etc. the price rises due to the drastically reduced value of the U.S. dollar affect those quantities which are purchas- ed with dollars. Contributions to UNICEF by governments being also expressed in dollar terms, the effect upon the fund's programs of the pre- sent currency turbulence is "Marjoe" by Steven S. Gaines (Fitzhenry Whiteside Limited, 238 After reading this account of Marjoe the "Miracle Child" one is tempted to ask if his mother might have studied at the throne of the flam- buoyant evangelist Amy Sem- ple Macpherson. Marjoe (a name derived from a combination of the Biblical Mary and Joseph) was raised from birth to be the special "gift of God" his mother claimed him to be. She had, through marriage and pregnancy, been denied the opportunity to continue her pursuits on the evangelistic sawdust trail and decided she should experience her fulfilment through her son. Before the boy could properly say "Mama" he was being forced to tackle "Glory" and By the time he was four he had been trained to memorize six-minute mother-made ser- mons and to deliver them, complete with baton-twirling and other theatrical trim- mings drilled into him by his mother. He was ordained into the ministry and had perform- ed a wedding ceremony before his fifth birthday. With his father as agent and business manager and mother as his demanding coach, Mar- joe travelled hither and yon across America preaching hell and damnation to all who would listen. His early meetings attracted crowds of people who were easily per- suaded by the curly-headed wonder to part with their love gifts for the "cause" But adolescence set in and the novelty of child evangelism wore off: the crowds diminished; the offerings became meagre. The years following were sad and chaotic ones for the family. Marjoe, now about 30, seems to have risen above most of the miserable and tragic events of his early life and is once again "on making his way as a commen- dably good actor. Steven Gainer, 26. who has written Marjoe's story, must also be his friend and admirer for he rather obviously sym- pathizes with him and perhaps is a bit ruthless in his judg- ment of the mother. The book does little to con- vince the reader that an evangelistic mission can be a sincere and valid vehicle for witnessing to the Christian gospel. Indeed it probably does an unwarranted disser- vice to some very dedicated and honest men whose ministry is with crowds. ELSPETH WALKER Books in brief The organization man loves "efficiency." He likes to see human affairs run in a systematic way, with the utmost economy and the least friction. For him. the ideal society is a vast, smoothly-running engine, or a laboratory in which scientific method enables the leaders to predict outcomes with as much certainty as possible. Within the engine of society, as he sees it, a mass- consensus, adapted to technical innovations and to evolving should be the deter- mining lever, and the hum of well-oiled "progress" is music to his Midas ears. The laboratory image represents for him ex- perimentation and control. His tidy mind hungers for mastery of the future, and his narrow soul detests the non-conformist. For the organization man, planning is delightful, especially the planning of other peoples' lives. Routine is his comfort and hope; mathematically worked-out systems his joy. Management techniques enthrall him. and methods of manipulating human beings through such techniques give him a sense of power for which he is often ready to sacrifice even his own freedom. His herb is the technocrat, a potentate who is more than an organization man, for the technocrat en- joys the prestige of expertness and the political wielding of many organization men below him. The family is a small kingdom which claims an autonomy of its own. The organization man and the technocrat regard the family as antiquated. Moreover, they resent its autonomy, its independence and self- sufficiency, its constant threat to centralized power, its (from their point of view) sheer inefficiency. The small business and farm, from the organization man's point of view, is hopelessly inefficient. The small school is the same. But what irks the organization man the most is diversity in education. Schooling is an extension of the parents' natural right to ensure the education of their children. It is not a right of the state, a device to "socialize" the child. It should be as varied and free as human conviction, provided only that it is not a means of destroying other peoples' freedom. Separate schools should be normal, not a luxury No one has the right to interfere with the schools of any religion or philosophy adhered to by parents who have a perfect right to have their children taught as they think fit. Organization men hate separate schools By Peter Hunt, local writer because they do not fit into the neat pattern, because they are not part of the well-oiled machine, because they assert values foreign to the organization man's engineering soul. The Prusianized social welfarist is part of the organization man's heritage; he thinks that somehow he and his like should have control of all human beings, removing what he sees as divisive effort and conflicting stan- dards. Moreover, the organization man has an accountant's imagination. One of his main criteria is monetary expense, and so bigness and uniformity, especially in buildings, seems to him essential. The notion of many scattered schools, of out-of-the-way in- stitutions and of non-conformist systems is inseparable, in his mind, from waste. He thinks of the economies of consolidation, and weeps for the taxpayer. He weeps for himself, for what could he not do with all that money? How practical it would be to bring everyone into one, monolithic system and eliminate separate expense! But the organization man is blind. He builds -mammoth schools and appoints ad- ministrators and integrates the school bureaucracy with the vast machine of the technocracy, all in the name of efficiency; yet the results of all his efforts, while congenial to the entrepreneur and politician, are, in terms of educational value, a colossal failure. But this is not the whole his myopia. For the very criterion of financial ef- ficiency is negated in the inflated costs which always accompany anti-human, centralist organizations. Costs proliferate in big systems, but genuine quality is ignored. It does not really cost a great deal to have a great school except in effort and dedication Prposals to integrate separate schools are against real progress. The real need is to en- courage as much spontaneous endeavor and freedom as possible. We need more separate schools and less monolithic organization. The mammoth school building is no more valid for human welfare than giant condominiums and mass-assembly production plants. But the fundamental point in resisting the bully- ing and blandishments of the organization man is the need for a philosophical or religious foundation in formal education. We must not allow the dull futility of mere techniques and unexamined ends to be impos- ed by that dessicated dunce, the "efficient" organization man. A lot of people have been drinking your whisky. Ple people jn this photograph can stop production at Tradition s distillery. And not even the President can budge them. "The North Woods" by Percy Knauth and the Editors of Time-Life Books, (Little, Brown and Co. Ltd., 284 Once more it's the photography in these Time- Life books concerning the wilderness that immediately leaps to the fore. Superb color pictures of trees, lakes, animals, et al, enhance the knowledgeable and in- teresting text. The North Woods, ranging from Northern Minnesota and including parts of Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the Northwest Territories, is an area of lakes, rivers, forests and abundant wildlife. As the book states, it is an infinity of trees and water. The author explores each region of this immense breaking the book into seasons. All aspects of nature are covered and the book even features a section on the voyageurs, augmenting it with prints of original paintings of these early trappers and ex- plorers. And for bilingual souls, there's a French song included as well, "A la Claire Fontaine." A beautiful book to go with the rest of the series. GARRY ALLISON Preserve this landmark By Chris Stewart, Herald staff writer Preserving as a landmark the old canal gate on the irrigation ditch at Magrath is the dream of pioneer resident Miles E. Spencer of Cardston, member of a Mormon im- migrant family from Utah whose father helped build this important waterway. The canal gate, now located on private property, is one of the last remaining struc- tures on the 50-mile canal which winds its way west from the St Mary River bringing precious water to the arid southland. The head gate at Kimball, near Cardston, was demolished a year ago. Mr. Spencer believes landmarks of this kind should be treasured if for no other reason than that they demonstrate the tenaci- ty of the early settlers who brought irrigation to this then treeless plain where the average rainfall was merely 16 inches. They also tell an important story of the Alberta Railway and Irrigation Company which received Canadian government permission on May 3rd. 1899 to construct the canal from the river flowing from the north end of the Lower St. Mary Lake to the southern and eastern areas of Lethbridge and eventually easterly to Taber. Charles Alexander Magrath had come west with the first Dominion Land Survey party in 1878 to the frontier coal mining camp, opened by Sir Alexander T. Gait and his son later known as Lethbridge where Magrath presided as the first mayor in 1891. As land commissioner, playing a prominent role in in- troducing irrigation in the province and directing the building of this important southern canal, his only problem was where to find experienced personnel to dig the deep trench through the precipitous banks of clay and sandstone. He finally appealed to Morman church leaders who influenced members, experienced in irrigation, to move north from Utah and Idaho to do the gigantic job. Equipped with only horses, ploughs and slip scrapers they inched the canal west to irrigate a possible acres of land at a cost of over one million dollars. Another landmark left behind by the early settlers is the profusion of trees dis- tinguishing the area, viewed to advantage from a site on Highway No. 5 just west of Magrath, where Spencer believes a viewpoint should be constructed. Claiming the lights of Stirling, Raymond and Lethbridge appear from this rise as "diamond necklaces sparkl- ing in the night" he feels it is important that motorists be given the opportunity to pull over and reflect on the 'then and now' of this vast area Spencer points out that the U.S. govern- ment has erected a monument just west of Cutbank, Montana, honoring that state's irrigation settlers who, unlike the early Southern Albertans. didn't plant a tree in the region Spencer's dream has merit and should be acted upon. The government should be per- suaded to purchase the canal gate site on the irrigation ditch at Magrath and develop the adjoining scenic area into a provincial park with the canal gate as the focal point. Area residents should alert the proper authorities and support Miles Spencer in his bid to bring this dream to fruition. It is those who appreciate the past who can best save it for the future. It is no joke. There are 3 teams of people at Tradition's distillery and they have almost legendary power The power of taste. With it they can stop cases of whisky from ever reaching you. You see, we have spent a lot of time and money getting Tradition to taste the way it does. Smooth, mellow. As we say "so Canadian you can taste But making a great whisky once, is no great feat. Most Canadian distilleries make very good whisky. The problem is making great whisky, day after day. Bottle after bottle Sip after sip. Pity the single blender. schemey we think ,ts inhuman to give one man the responsibility of deciding on the maintenance of whisky, day after day. The food he eats his personality, his habits all contnoute in some ways to his perception of taste. And a certain taste is not something you can tap with a hammer. You can't see taste. You can't feel taste. You can only taste taste. And this is why Schenley has developed the 3-team method of whisky tasting. The First Second Team and the 1 raining leam. Not one drop of Schenley Tradition can reach you until it has passed the critical palates of our taste teams Not a drop. It does not matter if a production man howls about schedules. It does not matter if an execu- tive says through clenched teeth, "it's close If it isn't passed, it isn't Tradition. Pictured here are some of our First Team members as of March 15th, 1973. Each member has earned his position by recording consis- tently high averages in taste tests. But none is secure In the wings, members of the Second Team wait. And be- hind them, a team of rookies practice. The Training Team. All of this effort, is based on the fact that we believe Tradition is a great-tasting whisky And we'd like to keep it that way. Tin-, shiik) Ins passed the ti'sLs ol the Schenle> Tradition Taste Tennis and is iruar.mteed to rarrj the true Tradition tute Tasted approved, signed b> these people Hidden meanings No other Canadian whisky is signed as tasted and approved. Behind me .abe.0feaCh bottle of Schenley Tradition, you'll find the signatures of the two teams, who approved that particular blend of whisky It means you're about to enjoy Tradition. Not something close to it. We think you'll enjoy Schenley Tradition. Probably the most thoroughly taste-tested whisky in the country. Schenky Tradition. Tastcd.appmvsJ, signed AUDITION Courage is not a sudden act of the moment but a lifetime of clinging to principles and beliefs. Photo and text David Bly Herald reporter ;