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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Thursday, October The forgotten pedestrian A small publication that specializes in the problems and possibilities of the downtown areas of cities insists that the person who walks into the downtown area is today's forgotten person. The point is made that planners tend to con- centrate on parking problems, streets and transit systems and ignore the walkers. Studies of two North American cities showed that about one fourth of the people who shopped in the downtown area came on foot. The downtown walking population is going to increase if the prediction of a Columbia University professor is ac- curate. He foresees a change in the trend which has sent people to the suburbs to live and predicts that more people and jobs will be moving back to the central city. To some small extent (after all. it is a small this is reflected in Lethbridge. Woodwards and the new provincial building will bring jobs into downtown Lethbridge. The new senior citizens complex to be built next to the library and the hotel and apartment buildings which are a part of the Woodwards development will add to the population of walkers in the central city. When the new bridge is completed, presumably many more students will be walking into town. It's not too early for Lethbridge to look at its downtown facilities from the point of view of the walking population. There should be adequate places for walkers to rest, something a bit more aesthetic than a bench at a bus stop. Some, at least, should be sheltered. There should be ade- quate restroom facilities. If it is assum- ed that the new mall will provide enough of these amenities, then it should be recognized that the mall will also get most of the business. Pedestrian traffic and vehicular traf- fic do not mix. Perhaps it's time to think about a scramble system at the main in- teresections downtown. The present system of lights was not designed to aid pedestrians. If university officials aren't already planning one, it is time to think about a foot and bicycle trail from the campus to the west end of the new bridge, before a dozen informal paths begin to show up along the west bank of the river when the bridge is built. By making downtown Lethbridge hospitable to walkers and thus encourag- ing more pedestrian traffic, local planners will help cut down on vehicular pollution and congestion, while en- couraging use of downtown facilities. It's good business, good health, and a small start on dealing with the energy crisis. Restoring the balance Man's abuse of his environment is not always the result of wantonness and wilfulness. Sometimes it is a conse- quence of inadvertence and ignorance. It is always distressing no matter how. it comes about. One of the commonest ways in which man has adversely affected the environ- ment has been by introducing animals and plants from their natural habitats to new terrain. Because these species lack natural enemies in their transplanted state they frequently flourish and become pests. Among the creatures that have overrun their host situations are rabbits in Australia, angry African bees in Brazil, and starlings in North America. Australian rangeland seems to have had more than its share of problems with such imported species. The rabbit appears to be under control now since the introduction of the myxomatosis virus and the prickly pear, which once threatened to spread over the whole countryside, has subsided since the appearance of cacti-dwelling cater- pillars from North America. Cattle, brought to Australia 150 years ago. have created a peculiar problem which has had ranchers worried. Cows produce about 10 ''pats'' of manure a day which harden and kill the grass. In other parts of the world native beetles disperse cattle manure but there are none in Australia. Biologists have brought dung beetles from Africa to deal with the problem and the results have been very encouraging. The tiny beetles tunnel up beneath the pats, separate them into pinhead-sized balls and roll them into their shafts. Besides clearing the land, this enriches the soil. Another benefit is the elimina- tion of the bush fly and the buffalo fly which breed in fresh manure. While this matter of manure is not one that has caused much worry among readers of this paper, the business of restoring the balance of nature where man has upset it should be of great in- terest and concern. The importance of the work done by scientists in univer- sities and research stations here and elsewhere deserves occasional attention and appreciation. AuBrittania The London Observer recently reported a series of sabotage raids which put 35 juggernauts out of action. On the Golan Heights? No. On the east bank of the Suez Canal? No. In the heart of London on a Friday night. It was the first major operation in a campaign called Stop the Juggernauts. The goal of the campaign is to keep the huge lorries off the highways and to force freight traffic to go by rail. An act giving local control over heavy lorry traffic was passed in July but the deadline for drawing up restrictions is three years away. The Observer knew so much about the operation (it was carried out by seven men and one woman who met in a north London flat at p.m. to lay plans and then split into three groups to carry out the raids) that it is likely the raiders issued press credentials to reporters to cover the action. Ammunition consisted of aerosol cans of spray paint to spray the windshields and hand drills for puncturing tires. It had been found that tampering with the fuel system took too long. So efficient were the raiders that a lorry had its tires drilled by one group and its windshield sprayed by another while the driver slept in the cab. Seventy-seven tires were punctured and all the raiders had returned to base safely shortly after midnight. Scotland Yard, which has made no arrests, expects another sortie soon; the Liberal party is upset because some of its younger members seem to be involv- ed in the campaign; and the rest of the English-speaking world is saying to itself, "Yes, there'll always be an England." Letters "Just thought of something....If we double the price and cut if off, we'll be losing twice as much....." Nixon's deceptive choice By James Reston, New York Times commentator The one thing you have to say for Richard Nixon is that he knows when he is licked. Almost everything he always said he would never do compromise with Moscow, recognize Peking, accept deficit financing, or be un- faithful to his promises he has done. And he has done it again by releasing the Watergate tapes, which he said he would never release. It was a clever move. He has retreated from one mess to another, but he has gained time. It will take weeks to get the tapes down on paper and to get a new team to take over the prosecution at the justice department, but meanwhile, he has got nd of Archibald Cox, the "independent" prosecutor, which was probably his objective, and he has postponed though he has not avoided a critical battle with both the courts and the Congress. The president, was in terri- ble trouble before he switched and agreed to let the tapes go to the courts. He judged Archibald Cox well enough. He gave Cox a dishonorable order he knew Cox wouldn't accept, and he was right. So Cox, for the moment, is going home. But the president, misjudg- ed Attorney General Richard- son, and deputy attorney General Ruckelshaus. He appealed to Richardson to concentrate on the Middle East crisis, and stay on even if Cox disappeared. He even had Richardson's old friend Henry Kissinger appeal to Richardson to stress the foreign crisis and avoid a resignation, but Richardson didn't agree. The White House didn't even give Richardson time to respond to the president's order to fire special prosecutor Cox. Gen. Alex- ander Haig called Richardson at seven o'clock last Saturday night and told him the presi- dent was sending him a message, which seemed to call for an answer from Richardson, but while the at- torney general was trying to draft a reply, the White House put out its announcement that Cox was fired. Then the White House turn- ed to Ruckelshaus to fire Cox, and Haig not only told him this was an order from "the com- mander in chief" but appealed to him on patriotic grounds to carry out the order. Ruckelshaus, according to his associates, replied that patriotism was not the same as obedience, that in his mind it was sometimes the op- posite, and that he would not comply. So he was fired. Meanwhile, Richardson appealed to the president's aides and lawyers to consider what the reaction would be in Congress and in the country if they fired Cox for carrying out the independent prosecution he was promised by the presi- dent and the attorney general, but his appeals were rejected, even after he implied that he would have to resign if they insisted. It is interesting and signifi- cant that during those critical five days when Richardson was negotiating with the White House staff, and warn- ing them not to fire Cox or force his own resignation, the president never discussed the problem personally with his own attorney general, until the very end when it was clear that the president was deter- mined to get rid of Cox. Only then, when Richardson said he would resign if Cox was fired, did the president agree to see him, and even then, he let him go and later ordered him to dismiss Cox. It was a typical, bid. and desperate Nixon play, but this time it didn't work. Public reaction went against the president. Cox, Richardson and Ruckelshaus went on television and stated their A Westerner looks at China today By David C. McDonald, Herald special correspondent Mr. David C. McDonald, Edmonton lawyer and writer, was accredited as a special correspondent of The Herald during Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's recent trip to China, fn a series of three ar- ticles, beginning today, he reports his impressions in the form of answers to typical questions asked about China. "I suppose you're going to write a book about China said the young cor- respondent of Agence France- Presse. We were settling into our seats on one of the several press buses accompanying Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau on one of his sightseeing jaunts. There was a whiff of sar- casm in his voice. For he was a permanent correspondent and had no doubt had previous experience with self-styled in- stant experts on China. "Not after only seven I replied. "Well, you wouldn't be the firs'." he snapped, thus ending our exchange. r do not know whom he was referring to When Mr. Trudeau. Jacques Hebert and three other friends went to China in I960, they stayed a month, and the Hebert- Trudeau book resulted. In 1972 the Harvard economist John Kenneth Galbraith and his colleague Wassily Leontieth (last week's Nobel Prize winner) spent 14 days in China and Galbraith wrote A China Passage. Both are good books. But I had only seven days, in the euphoric atmosphere of a state visit. And I am no economist like Galbraith, whose qualifications give him such a keen insight. I am just a lawyer, accredited by The Lethbridge Herald as a special correspondent so that I may seize this rare oppor- tunity to have a peek at China. So no book. All I can provide the reader is a few mis- cellaneous observations. Here they are, in the form of answers to typical questions I have been asked since my return. Q. What is your impression of China? A iTo myself, silently: That's like asking "What do you think of "What is your opinion of Well, here I suppose that what struck me after several days was that in y totalitarian society there must he a terrible potential for caution, restraint and lack of imagination in the derision- making process. Each major or even minor policy decision is ultimately subject to review at a higher level, and a superior-level reversal of a decision may be feared because it may mean dis- grace: in China it may mean condemnation as a "revisionist." demotion and exclusion from the ad- ministrative hierarchy (which may mean exiie to manual No one told me that these results could flow from a "mistake." No one told me that this fear exists. No one told me that the result is un- due caution or restraint, or a lack of imagination in making policy decisions. But that is what my sixth sense tells me whenever I visit a totalitarian country. I have always had the same feeling in Spain. The feeling is heightened in degree when the totalitarian country in ques- tion is, like China and unlike Spain, permeated by a catechism which purports to govern every aspect of daily- life. Even the visitor soon finds himself anticipating answers to questions in terms of the thought of Chairman Mao. It does not require much im- agination to realize how con- stricting it must be to have to govern one's every act, one's every decision, in terms of specified doctrine. No, that's not quite it. Rather the real restraint must lie in having to govern one's every act, one's every decision, in terms of what someone else may decide is the correct interpretation and application of some specified doctrine. The flowering of Liberty and that of creative thought that produced must of what we consider best in Western society came with the Renaissance. It did not emerge where the Inquisition or Puritanism held sway. There is no sign of an Inquisi- tion in China today, but it is a very Puritanical country, in the sense that each citizen is an arbiter of his fellows, a judge of his neighbor's con- science. How careful one would have to be in such a society! Q. But do the people seem to be happy? A. Yes. And the mass of the people have good reason to be. For almost 25 years China has had internal order, and for almost 20 years it has had ex- ternal peace, after a century of neither. With such peace and order, almost any govern- ment might have been able to produce a better standard of living. But it .is the Com- munist government which has in fact done so. Moreover, it is the Com- munist government that has eliminated the rural landlords, natural disasters like floods and pestilence, and the loan sharks who benefited from the previous regular natural disasters. It is Mao who has liberated Chinese women, provided universal primary education and in- troduced and maintained the novelty of an army which serves rather than loots the people. These are the things which undoubtedly make the Chinese people "happy" and proud. For they are a proud people, and an able and efficient peo- ple who, given continued peace and order, will by the year 2000 build one of the great industrial nations of the world. But according to our tradition, is more than satisfaction with material progress. The "happiness' I see in China is not the hap- piness that I would recognize in a country in which the human mind is free to create. Q. Well, can a country like China, with a history of mis- ery for its common people, af- ford the luxury of liberty? A. Chairman Mao says that it cannot. He says that the only proper line of thought is that which serves the mass of the people. Any other thinking is "revisionist." I do not know the answer. The comparison is often made with India, where there is political and creative liber- ty, but economic and managerial disorder and little sign of material progress benefitting the mass of the people at least at the pace of China. Yet I love the varie- ty of humanity that is India, the vitality of its pluralistic society. A Communist regime could sweep all that away in India, in the interests of material progress. But what a loss to mankind there would be at the same time. I wish there were some way of achieving the sense of un- iversal dedication to the well being of society as a whole, which one detects as the strength of Maoism, while at the same time maintaining political and cultural traditions and liberties. Alas, no prophet has shown us that way. Speech challenged arguments, all of them, and particularly Richardson, with devastating effect. Accordingly, the president was confronted with precisely the power struggle he had sought to avoid. The Congress was proceeding toward im- peachment proceedings in the House. The unions were demanding his dismissal from the presidency. More impor- tant, the old Republican es- tablishment, led by the leaders of the bar. were denouncing the dismissal of Cox and the resignation of Richardson, and the in- dications were that judge Sirica was going to hold the president in contempt of court. Facing all this, and the prospect that the controversy would go back into the streets if he defied the courts and the Congress, the president agreed to hand over the tapes. This will avoid the clash for a time but not for long. For once he has admitted the tapes to evidence in the courts, It will be hard for him to exclude other relevant documents, or to argue against another special prosecutor. He has got rid of Cox for the moment, but not of prosecution. He has saved his skin, but not his honor. Ironically, he chose to challenge in this latest of his political crises three men Cox, Richardson and Ruckelshaus who had become the most attractive and articulate symbols of ob- jectivity and probity in his ad- ministration. And in the process, he lost all three. This has shocked Washington more than anything since the Watergate burglary, and while he now has time to try to sort things out, he has affronted his own most loyal supporters and even his own cabinet, and raised the most serious questions about his moral authority to govern over the next three years. The reported speech (Herald, Oct. 19) made by Mr. Tim Firth to trustees of Southern Alberta schools can- not be left unchallenged. Are we to assume that the "top heavy" professional con- tent of school boards signifies a basis or corruption in the election to this office? Might it not be that this much maligned stratum of society is so particularly concerned with education that they offer time and service. I see no discrimination when the electoral list is so short of nominees and appears open to all comers. In more mature years Mr. Firth will find that those who should be involved in educa- tion and are quick to critcize tax increases, are busy with the pursuit of pleasure Not to mention those bland in- dividuals whose inspiration in life is gained from watching television or almost total im- mersion in the raz-mataz of commercial radio. Hypothetically, if for tax economy parents were asked to see that children could read before being entered for school the last parents to com- plain would be those in the professions, who value education. There are children who are unable to express themselves in simple speech on admission to school. It is always the taxpayer who is called upon to correct social errors. Not one person enjoys contributing to spiralling educational expenses. When the well is dry, which will be soon, another more frugal system of education based on fewer "fun things" and more hard work for its own sake, will be introduced. The competitive drive which Mr. Firth fears so greatly is here to stay, in education and in everyday life. That student who cannot be prepared for setback and failure must be pitied since life has a full store of these awaiting the greatest and the least of us. "Time waits for no man" and the taxpayer should not be expected to willingly support schools or universities that encourage the spending of un- limited years as a full-time student occupying a seat that others are waiting for. Can Mr. Firth justify a medical student taking a seat for 20 years in a university because of a desire to do his own thing, in his own time? Would his abilities not be better served elsewhere in a country short of skilled labor and artisans. It becomes increasingly evi- dent that in today's society those owning suburban homes, summer cottages (or trailers) smaller families etc. are not necessarily "white- collar" workers as suggested. School being a preparation for the world may harbor sex- ism, racism and indeed economic discrimination. This makes it so important that moral values be taught as a subject, from an early age. Since religious education has been discontinued the vacuum remains to be filled. Young people being very conscious of what is wrong with our society need guidelines quite desperately and if moral values are taught it will be ob- vious that others more mature in thought, are behind youth in its cause, P. M. L. Lethbridge No quick solutions As one of those slightly bruised, much abused, but always optimistic people known as an Alberta Liberal, I have over the past few months watched Robert Stanfield on TV and in the nation's press tell the Canadian people, again and again, that if he were to be given the reins of government, within a matter of onths he would solve all of Canada's very complex problems. Imagine my amazement in reading an arti- cle by Anthony Westell in which he writes: "As he draws closer to power and responsibility. Conservative leader Robert Stanfield is becoming more cautious in his analysis of current ills and his prescrip- tions for curing them But when I talked to Stanfield a few days ago, as he basked in the Gallup Poll which in- dicated that he would win an election this fall and become prime minister, he sounded BERRY'S WORLD remarkably like Pierre Trudeau discussing un- employment." Is it really possible that after all Mr. Stanfield's statements that he does not have the answers? I have visions of Mr. Stanfield wak- ing up in the middle of the night in a cold sweat after a horrible nightmare in which he found himself the prime minister, and had six months to solve all the nation's problems as he promised. If there were any quick solutions to the many problems with which we find outselves confronted in today's complex society, keeping in mind that Canada is not an island unto itself, surely the present Liberal government would implement them, if only to stay in power. JOHN L. (Jack) PICKETT Vice-President Liberal Party in Alberta. Edmonton I97J by NEA, Inc "Gas mileage stickers Bah! People who want to know about gas mileage shouldn't be buying The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954. by Hon. W.A BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS. Genoral Manner DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor HOY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;