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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta The lethbridge Herald Fourth Section Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, October 25, 1S72 Pages 39-50 Poll indicates public favors death penalty Gas chamber may return to California a' By CHARLES FOLEY London Observer Service LOS ANGELES Californian voters appear likely to put Uw gas chamber back into business when (hey go to the polls on November 7. More than one million citizens signed a peti- tion earlier this summer to put the Issue of capital punishment before the people on the Nov- ember ballot; and, if the latest polls are correct, an overwhel- ming majority is in favor of restoration. It is probably that the leeling in California reflects public senliinent throughout most of America. The U.S, Supreme Court's move to outlaw capital punislunent last Jime almost certainly ran contrary to the popular will. Now a Mervin Field California Poll indicates that the death penalty is favor- ed by 66 per cent of the public, with 24 per cent in opposition and 10 per cent undecided. Back n 19G5, when moves to ban the :enalty were getting under vay, tl ic figures were 51 per cent in favor and 35 per cent against. COINS FATAl Baby, the star performer ot the La Ronde aquarium in Montreal, has died after swallowing three pennies thrown into his pool by a visitor. In his last days he became so weak his friends had 1o hold him up with their flippers to save him from drowning- ic lies canipaig st drug's What has caused hundreds of thousands of people to change their minds? A murder rate lhat increased by 155 per cent in the past decade, for one tiling. More rapes, muggings and robberies. Skyjackings and their attendant publicity (Los Angeles Police chief Ed Davis has suggested public hangings at And horrifying mass murders such as those committed by Charles Manson and his "tribe." There is, too, a growing reali- zation of the fact that the aver- age usually earns his Freedom on parole in less than 10 years. However, strong the belief of Californians in rehabi- litation may be, no one wants to meet Charles Manson on a dark night. A powerful coali- tion of conservative forces has been liammering these points v.lth renewed force ever since the state's Supreme court ruled last February that the death penalty violated the Con- stitution's ban on "cruel and unusual pumslunent." From Governor Ronald Rea- gan downwards, state legisla- ors and law enforcement offi- cers arc declaring their anger and dismay at the outlawing of the penally, and their deter-1 rnination lo reinstate it- Chief j Davis is "ready to lead a na- tionwide campaign1' to that end. The California Correctional Offi- cers' Association is right lund him: ami so, by and large, is the Press. An editorial in the Santa Monica Evening Outlook is typical: "People are sick and tired of seeing hardened crim- inals, convicted of premeditat- ed murders of the most horrible ki nd, esc ape pay in g the ulti- mate H the death penally deters tho commission first to support the initiative dlive to put Proposition 17, which calls for the restoralion of all capital punishment stat- Governor Reagan says he faiU to see how the death penalty can be considered "unusual" when juries continued to imposa it almost up to the day of Sup- utcs, on the ballot. Mr. Rea-lremo Court's decision. As for its the Governor has "personally agonized'1 over the issue and "understands the I ho of a single such crime worth re-estahh'slung." is gan's argument is the familiar one that the threat of the death penally deters crime. Instead of ambiguous statis- humanistic instincts" of tics, he offers the tale of an [abolitionists; but he prefers to Oakland, California shopkeep- speak for the victims. "Who cr "who wrote to me of a roi> j weeps for who burst into liis store and had him down on the floor, a knife to his throat." As he struggled the shopkeeper cried out: "Kiil me then, but you will go to the gas The roblwr hesitated, pondered, and newspaper strikes another res- onant note when it grumbles that tiie state Supreme Court "arrogantly stripped the peo- ple of their right to establish, through their elected represen- tatives, the degree of punish- ment to be inflicted for differ- ent crimes." This is very much the view of Governor Reagan who, with his wife Nancy, was one of the The opposition, represented by the Coalition to End the- Death Penalty which includes the American Civil Liberties Union and other organizations can, of course, produce an equal number of examples prov- ing exactly the opposite. "Gov- ernir Reagan and all fV.her self-proclaimed 'Friends of the _____ Victim' (read 'Friends of the Californian man with several j Gas Chamber') should look murders to lus name, in [again at lite facts." says psy- T h e I dropped the knife. Another oft-repeated Reagan story tells how innocent lives may lie saved by the death penalty. A the United States and Canada, was sentenced to die in a Ca- nadian jail. Then Canada abol- ished the death penalty. The man escaped from prison, where he was serving a life sentence, and returned to Cali- fornia, he killed again. chiatrisl Dr. Alan Kringel.' "The FBI's statistics show that in 18G9 the three states with the lowest homicide rales had all abolished the death penalty, while 12 of the 13 stales with the highest rates had retained the penalty." By LAJOS LEDEUER London Observer Service I-ONDOX An intensive drive has berum in T.ussia to try to curb alco- holism and an even graver so- ly alarmed about the steep in- Changes have alzo teen made crease in drug-taking, particu- in the criminal codes of a num- larly among children of senior her of Soviet republics, giving Communist Party and Govern- them power to order treatment ment officials and of the pri- for up (o two years. The new vileged managerial class. law also introduces much lourfh- The Supreme Soviet has just c- sentences: offenders now- issued a decree providing for i risk paying larger fines, los- Problem in England cial problem drug addic- tion. New anti-drug legislation ____ _ has been introduced by the So- 1 the compulsory treatment of j ing their places on waiting lists viet authorities who arc deep-[ drug addicts in special clinics, i for housing and cars and can be imprisoned up to five years. The new addicts just as in the West are mostly young people, and authority sees the habit interfering with their ed- ucation and general upbringing i and tints endangering the j lure of Soviet society. Karl Marx was clearly wrong in his prediction "that crime, drunk- I emiess and oilier social evils would disappear in a Commun- society." i Indian hemp is widely used father when their next-door and is grown illicitly in counlry neighbors in Uganda were aress, often in maize patches, shot by soldiers. i As in the West, this other "The troops knocked at our [drugs are distributed by "pusti- door he said. crs." The magazine Krokodil By KEVIN DOYLE STRANDI SHALL, England (CP) "Asians? Put them 12 in a bag and drop them in the bloody said an Anglo- Irish publican. "You must extend your love to the Brilish. They have taken you said a re- nowned' Indian actor address- ing Asian refugees. "A couple of hundred years ago, we just shot cm, didn't didn't answer. Then we heard them go next door. They shot the man of the house dead antl seriously wounded his wife and child. We were too frightened lo help. The next has described how a tfi-year- boy was introduced to nar- cotics by a "pusher" called Fcdya who gave him a cigar- ette containing a trace of ana- e? No r e f u g e c problems then were said a sig- nal operator at Newmarket railway station. "They (Ihe Asians) deserve every bit o! help we can give them and more. They can do a hell of a lot for (his coun- try." said a part-time Suffolk social worker. These are a few of the pro- nouncements any visitor may hear on n fairly ordinary day around the main British reset- tlement canin for Asians ex- pelled from Uganda. At this abandoned air base near Newmarket, about 40 miles (rum Cambridge, nearly Asians, all holders of British passports, are waiting for somtoiy lo fin-t them jobs and pei-miinrnt homi'S. .iocs i: A siK-rial "f Ih" British gnvrrnwiil has been set lip lo do But jobs are liard to tome by and sala- ries arc low. FSerirtc-i, up lo Asians f'xpodcd fore (he exodus if. complete and mnny ncK'hhnr- hoods am unwilling I" make available scarce housing for "coloreds." Stranrtishall a e. I f is a model of cleanliness and order, Most families have small private living accom- modations in the red-brick buildings. Unmarried occu- pants sleep in'15-bcd dormito- ries. English cooks struggle with (he baffling mysteries of pre- paring Indian food ant! the British social rocurily service provides about S7.SO. a person each week in spending money. But ninny of the Asians here arc boird and restless. A large number say Ihey plan lo seek permission to move to Canada. I-'f.KU AI-TKIt HOOTING Take Ihc case of Maohikod Devlukie, 28. who fled with his wife, n small baby and Ills jsha, a substance derived, like day we fled lo England." [opium, from the poppy. Sen- Devlukie has been offered a S38-a-week job in a bank but he turned it down, "it's not lences of up to 15 years jail can be imposed on people selling drugs. As for a drink, Ihc mass media bombards the Russian public every day articles describing the cnovmous dam- age alcohol causes not only to enough money." He may take another job as a grocery clerk. lie argues: "I am a British citizen with a British passport and I shouldn't he expected to j to sovio industry Ir.kc just those jobs the Brit- ish natives don'l want." Asians in East Africa were piven Ihe choice of retaining their British citizenship or adopting that of the new na- tions which were formed there in the IHGOs when British rule was ended. Those now being expelled are persons who kept their British r-Jatus. Karjendi Kumar. ;i noted Indian actor, visited Slrandi- shall recently and urged the refugees to ''embrace the 1 fluenc-e Knglisli who in their kindness accepted you "This is smfi THivlukie. "We hnve every right to here and (rj lie treated as full citizens. It's not a question of being grate- ful or approaching tho English on bended kneo." ATTITUDES rOM-THT He is confuted by the con- flicHnp attitudes he meets. On Ihc one hand, he's been invilcrl out to tea hy several familifs living in the area. One nccirhy pub welcomes the Asians, even providing a free round of beer-at limes. But just down the road, an Irish named Vin- cent tells (fie Asians he has no room for them, even though his establishment is empty. Vincent, who was not forth- coming wlion nskod his sur- name, refuser' lo let n Cana- dian buy a ctri.ik for Dcvlukie. ''1 learner! how to handln Wops during seven yeans in South Africa, seo. They'll get no her-r from mo luif they'll Ret something else if I hey bother me No one en 1 led Vincent's bluff as ho towered, red-faced, over the bar. and the economy. A recent article in Solsmlisticheskaya tiirlustriya, one of (lie main viet industrial publications, re- ported thnt mare thfin half Ihe accidents at work were caused bv drunkenness and in some places the figuro was as high as por cont. Tlu1. priuv lhat Uie mrijo; ilv nf murders and other violent crimes were com- mitted by prxjpU? the in- of drink. It roferrcxl also tn Ihc; had t-ffecl (frink has on family lifiv It said thai Pro- vince drink caused half (he in 1971. Many children of alcohol- ics had to Ue rrl in M.c earn, r.f Ihe Of ]V, chilrh-en in di-stricl. l-r.d V-er-n mor- ally di si by their par- To drive l'ie pcint hmiic, Mns- I cow radio recently quoted a enlist who snirl: nmonft n j.-roiip of snowed that cent of them had to he relegated lo less skilled H remains lo bo whether the prose in campaign against (fnij; addiction nlc'ihnlism will lw more effcclive Ihnn the ones crindiK'k'ri liy Sinlin before Ihe war, by Khnishcficv in tlic lale and rvrn by the Tsars In the days (if their rule. Heavy diinking in is a centuries old national hnbit, which cannot be ornoiralcd, by i or rc-rrlucntion, is in Iho rcrr-nt campaign is (he admission that (he problem fxi.-.ts ar.fl the ef- fect it lias OLI the Soviet eco- nomy. 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