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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta y, October SS, 1977 TUB LETHMIDOI HtRAlD S3 Big Hole largest crater ever made by man Kimherley still reigns as diamond capital of the world By EVKLYN OLDHAM KIMBERLEY (CP) There ore newer and more profitable diamond minos in operation today in Africa than those around this small South African city but Kimberley is stilt known as the city of dia- monds. It was here more than 100 years ago that diggers found some of the precious stones on local farms. Until then India had been the fabJwl land of diamonds. Roustabouts and adventur- ers arrived from al! over the world and the pipe from which (hey eventually took 14.5 million carats of dra- in onds is no longer mined. Half-full of green water, the Big Hole, as it is known here, is tli e 1 arge st crater ever made by man. It is a mile around and feet deep. At today's average value of unmounted diamonds, ranging from about to a carat, the Ilig Hole yielded billion worth of the stones, making millionaires out of Cecil Rhodes, Ernest Oppenhetmer and lesser- known A carat is only 1-142 of an ounce but skilful cutters are able to make a single carat look like a sparkling rock. RUN BY DE BEERS The Big Hole now is a dead mine but newer and smaller digs are still going on around Kimberley. Some of the wooden man- sions, the Kimberley Club and a few of the old hotels and stores of the boom days re- gain. On the outskirts are the hills of mine tailings and 1'ie Ugut communities where the native people !.vc. At the civic centre !s a mon- ument to the diamond diggers holding a huge dia- mond sieve in the centre of a among the sculptures in the art gallery is a statue of a prospector on a donkey. Oeril Rhodes consolidated all of the small diamond com- panies into IJe Beers Consoli- dated Mines, named after a lonnl farm where the crystal- lized mineral was found. head office of the or- ganization is still in Kimber- ley and controls 90 per cent of the world supply of diamonds In what has been called the "neatest, tightest industrial monopoly the world has ever known." The block-long build- ing exudes an old-fashioned Victorian charm with its row of pillars and long balcony shading the sidewalk. VAST HISTORIC Beside the Big Hole is an- other Kimberley short street of old buildings from (he pioneer days, among them the Barney Barnato Boxing Academy. Ba'rnalo also was a millionaire. Car- riages, a hearse, a fire wagon anc'i other wagons are housed under one roof. A prlva te rai Iway coach used by early wealthy dia- mond men sits on a track be- side the Big Hole, resplendent with leather upholstery, wood panelling, crystal lamps and crystal decanters on silver trays. A man in front of the Dig- ger's Hcst Bar said of Kim- berley: "All around here is Boer War siege of Kimberley lasted 150 days. This is Davi d Livingstone country, the land of Rhodes antl The second biggest diamond mine operating in South Af- rica today, after the Premier at Pretoria, is Fincham, 120 miles from Kimberley. The five-hour return trip is made in a school bus with hard scats that bumps along the road in lOQ-dugrcG heat past thorn, gum and century trees, hills of tailings, red ant hills, springbok leaping off into distant hushes, ranches with their wind mills, sheep, goats and cattle wirie horns. MADE Sfi MILLION The F i n c h a in mine, an open-pit operation, was dis- covered by a prospector look- ing for ash pslos. Wh en tie found garnets, usually asso- ciated with diamonds, he began to look for the pipe of kimberlite iti which diamonds are found. The pipe is a cone-shaped volcanic vent that goes deep into the earth and diamonds HFC the mineral carbon that has been crystallized in the pipe under intense licyt and pressure. Fincham sold his find to De Beers in KfBl for -I'i million rand (about iG million) and the mine went into production in 19G5. A diamond mine is neither glamorous nor exotic. Nor is the process fo extract the pre- cious tons of rocks, washing (he s ton PS and finally trapping the dia- moruV; in greaso. Less than three pounds of diamonds most of industrial recovered at Fin- cham from tons of ore a day. It often takes experienced cutters weeks, sometimes months, to decide how to exit a large stone. Although dia- monds are the hardest min- eral known, they can shatter easily. The largest diamond ever found was the Cullinan taken from (he Premier mine In 1D05. It weighed carats was the size of n man's fist. It took nine months to cut it into nine large stones and 96 smaller ones. The two largest are the Star of Africa and Cullinan II which are among the crown jewels of England and today shine in the Tower of London. JOINING FLEET The destroyer Athaoaskan arrives in Halifax to the Cana- dian navy's Atlantic fleet. The new million helicopter-carrying vessel is the sec- ond of four new Tribal class destroyers 1o be delivered to the navy. Black leaders concentrating on big negro representation By ROD WASHINGTON CC P) With Negro support for Sena- tor George McGovern almost a foregone conclusion, black political lenders are concen- trating much of their elec- tion-yea r cf fort on greater Negro representation in Con- gress. The 13 incumbent hlack rep- Democrats expected to be re- elected antl four new such candidates are given a good chance for seats in the 43S- peat House of Representa- tives. A fifth Democrat and four black Republican candidates are given little or no chance. In all there are 23 Negro contenders in 12 slates, in- cludinR Massachusetts where Senator the only hlack Republican in seen as a certain winner. Since Hie presidency of Fra nkl in D. RCOFCVC 11 t li e Democratic party re- chived an estimator! 70 per crnf of thr Kccro vn'n. Re- publican Picsident Hiclm1 d Nixon pot only a virtual hand- ful of blnck votes in and nothing lie done in his loir years in the VTIiite House is likely In icnnrove his stand- ing much with Negroes. Indeed, his stand on school busing, opposition to "work nuolns" to ensure propor- tional Ncpro employment in Rovernment and on govern- ment work contracts and other conlrnvftrsfa] issues has tended In alienate them even more f-om the Republican parly. In his enthusiasm (or a broarl mandrilr> from ninny segments of American soci- ety, Nixon has openly courted the Jewish, Mexican-Ameri- can and trades union vote, mntcKmcs taking a stance tliat put him in opposition In Negro interests. roVNTS ON NKCiKOKS On the other hand, Me- Govern has not been making a big, obvious play for Negro suppcr.i, apparently confident that he ean take it largely for granted on the basis of ihs life-long liberal stance on so- cial issues generally. And, of course, civil liberties are not the campaign issue they were in presidential elections of the recent past, when school inte- gration and big-city race riots inflamed the atmosphere. The Democrats tend to look on s cliool bus in g (o en sure greater racial balance in schools as a necessary evil, although many blacks as well as a ma.iorily of whites have expressed themselves against tbe forced transportation of young children out of their home neighborhoods. But Nixon and the Republi- can party platform have come ou I fou '-square agai nst bvi s- inp. Critics charge that tha president's stand was politi- cal! v ha Fed, in view of the findings of a number of polls that (lie majority of American oppose busing. One of the most prominent Macks in Congress is fiery Shirley Chisholm, Democrat from Brooklyn. N.Y., who earlier was one of more than a candidates for the payty presidential nomination. The only black woman ever to serve In (he House of Representatives, her re-election Nov. 7 is taken for granted. TWO LIKELY TO WIN There is a good chance she wJll be joined by two other black Brailh- waile. Burke. 39, a California sUte assemblyman w'nn gaitied national television ex- posure presiding over much nf the Democratic national con- vention in .Inly, and Barbara Jordan, 3fif a lawyer and Texas state senator running in a heavily Democratic district. Much of the black effort on McGovern's b e li a 1 f centres around a new organization of black union members ?e( up in reaction to tho AFL-CIO de- cision to remain neutral this time rather than give its tra- ditional support to the Demo- cratic nominee. Initially the group, estab- lished at a recent meeting of Negro union members in Chicago, will concentrate on registering black voters and petting out the vote for Mc- Govern. After the election it plans En continue operating, recruiting new black union members and focusing on pe- culiar pvoblems of the black union member. There are only about two million Mock members of trade unions although total hlacks in the work force are estimated at 0.8 million. Blacks number about 20 mil- lion in a total U.S. population of more lhnn 200 million. "The AFLrCIO decision did not irlo the negative impact that Nixon lias on the poor, especially the black poor." said William Lucy, an official of the Ameri- can Federation of State, County and Municipal Km- ployces who is spokesman for th? new group. "There is no way black un- ionists are going to remain neutral in this election." Blinded girl gels 8190.000 (Renter) An 18- year-old girl blinded six years ago in a school accident, was awarded yesterday the highest damages fiver mndc a woman in Britain for personal Merry tlamp. wly aftos vt i of opofiitimis in Britain, Spain and the United States, has regained limited vision in eye, will receive -more than a.s a result of the judg- ment by Ihe High Court, She lost her sight in Tin ex- plosion in her school chemistry laboratory and the school ,id- milled linbilily. bul contested the amount of damages. LOADS OF GOODIES AT GREAT SAVINGS YOUR LOCAL INDEPENDENT GROCER 642 13th Street North Phone 328-5742 WE RESERVE THE RIGHT TO UMIT QUANTITIES Prices in Effect October 26th, 27th, 23th Mayfair Foods Meats. Canada Choice Canada Good "We invite you to try our meats The Best In Town" "We will cut our meats to suit your requirements" CANADA GRADE A T-BONE STEAK CANADA GRADE A SIRLOIN STEAK BROWN AND SERVE PORK CHOPS FRESH GROUND BEEF BURNS PACKAGED WIENERS BEEF LIVER Ib. Apples California Choke Ib. bog tor Halloween Can. No. 1 Ib. P Vine Ripened Can. No. 1 Ib. 29 California Can. No. 1 Ib. 23 laundry Detergent King Siie Alberta Fine Granulated fflror Pepsi Cola Chocolate Bars Cavalier Peas 10 Ib. bag 4.1 Rowntrees bars Choice 14 oz. tin 61 Mayfair Foods Dairy and Frozen Products OrOltge JuiCe SWeS Frozen 6 Hn 6 1 Raspberries D.inor Cream Pies FarmHOUse....i2oz.PkB. 2 for 1 Cheese Slices TOP voiu.... s OI, PkS. 2 1 Margarine hr Cheddar Cheese Armstrong MM.........ib. Veiveeta Cheese PkB. Apple Juice tin 39c Corn Green Glanl 12 tin 4 for 1.00 Mac. Dinners 7 1.00 SOUp Heinz Mushroom 10 01. tin 5 for 1.00 Jelly Powder s... Pk9.8 for 1.00 COlfee lop Valu Vac. Pock 1 Ib. tin 1.00 Orange Pouch RilB.N.shi.no. pk9. 4 for 79c CherrieS Berrylnnd Sing.........14 01. tin 3 CCIKe mlX Duncan Hinei Angel food "7C Buns Jom.........................8-, 49c Rnisin Bread 4i00v., 1.00 jOOp Colgote Bcauly; or Pink......... pkg. 3 "JVC Detergent Mir. ,iq. Pok......2_J4 OI. jus. 79c Perfex Plastic 64 01. jug Euo Kleenex Flat Fold; 49C YOUR LOCAL INDEPENDENT GROCER MIHAL foods t 642 Street North Lethbridge Phone 328-5742 FREE CITY DELIVERY ON LARGE ORDERS STORE HOURS; Won.. Tues., Wed., Sot. a.m. till p.m. Thursday ond Friday o.m. to P.r ;