Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
42-THE LETHBRIOOE HERALD Wednesday. October 24, 197S Favor impeaching Nixon NEW YORK (AP) Forty- four per cent of Americans questioned since Satur- day night in a scientific poll say they favor impeaching President Nixon. NBC News said here. NBC said the poll, con- ducted for the network by the Oliver Quayle organization, showed 43 per cent of nearly persons contacted oppos- ed impeachment, and 13 per cent were undecided. The poll was initiated after Nixon fired Archibald Cox, the special Watergate prosecutor. It showed 75 per cent of those questioned opposed to that ac- tion, the network said. It said 16 per cent agreed with the fir- ing of Cox, and nine per cent were undecided. NBC said that 48 per cent of those questioned since Satur- day night believe Nixon should step aside "and let someone else run the country." while 43 per cent said he should not resign and nine per cent were undecided. __________ Humans are still best. New computer programs are be- ing designed to help us make the right decisions at the right time. In Weekend Magazine this Saturday, writer Norman Hartley explores the theories of good and bad decision making in corporate and academic fields. He also explains how we can make better decisions than computers IN YOUR LETHBRIDGE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE An eighth wonder of world Queen Elizabeth II (left) speaks to the guests seated before the Sydney Opera House, the sailing ship-design building which cost million to build, during opening ceremonies for the complex in Sydney, Australia. Sears Save Our own Perma-Prest" Dobbie pattern dress shirt shows up handsomely in a long point collar. With 3-day sharp savings! Reg. A great mixer lor patterned suns Dobbie tone on-tone a subtle change in weave really perks up your shirt wardrobe polyester cotton 1-button cuff style Delicious fall shadings of melon green maize blue .vhite or Ian long point fashion collar Neck 'J i IJ 'S IS -6 16 i 17 1 4 Wide Tie m polyester tastefully with this shirt Reg. S5.00 Each S2.99 this is V'.tis -a t TO'JN or MnnOy best value Charge it today... take it home today with year Sears all-purpose account. Available from coast to coast m Canada through all Simpsons-Soars stores, this very special offer is tho sincerost effort Simpsons-Sears can make to brmq you merchandise that combines (me quality with iho lowcsl possible' price at Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantee satisfaction or money refunded and free delivery Ltd. Store Hours: Open daily a.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday a.m. to p.m. Centre Village Mall. Telephone 328-9231 Fewer hangings now in leading hanging area By JERRY TOYE PRETORIA, South Africa (Reuter) The recent hanging of 10 black men, nine of them murderers and the other a rapist, would at one time have passed almost unnoticed in a country which has ranked among the world's leading nations for ex- ecutions. But the fact that their executions in two batches of five Sept 15 and 25 was reported in the newspapers with details of their crimes was perhaps an indication not only that there are fewer executions these days but also of slowly increasing public concern. The hangings brought to 33 the number of people executed so far this year all of them black. This compares with a total of 46 the year before, 76 in 1971 and 19 in 1968. At the same time, more people initially sentenced to death have been granted reprieves 18 so far this year com- pared with a total of 12 in 1972 SENTENCE MANDATORY The law requires judges to impose the ultimate penalty in murder cases where there have been no extenuating circum- stances. For rape, child-stealing and armed robbery with aggravating circumstances, the death penalty is available to a judge but not mandatory. It is the mandatory sentence which is most widely criticized. When the next parliamentary session begins in February, the Opposition United Party intends continuing its campaign to repeal the compulsory sentence. The General Bar Council, which represents almost all ad- vocates in the country, has called for the automatic right of appeal for anyone sentenced to death. At present, the defendant requires the leave of the judge who tried and sentenced him before he can appeal Justice Joseph Ludorf added weight to the argument when he said- "The automatic right of appeal for death sentences would give great comfort to judges when they were obliged to pass a sentence." DEFENDS HANGING The present hanging laws have an active champion in eminent criminologist J. J. Labuschange, who says: "There is no proper alternative to capital punishment. Without hanging, South Africa cannot effectively combat murder, robbery, rape, treason, sabotage and terrorism." On the other side of the fence, an editorial in the Johannesburg Star earlier this year said: "The death sentence is barbaric and primitive and the grotesque gallows ritual that goes with it mocks a supposedly civilized age In 1971. Prof. Barend Van Niekerk of the University of Natal formed a society for the abolition of the death penalty He takes the view that "it is only when whites are hanged that whites are really made aware of the death penalty The last white man to be hanged was Franciscus Vontsteen, executed in October last year for the murder of the husband of his mistress. The efforts of his lawyers and his family to have him spared made headlines and crammed the letters columns for days before his death. FEW PROTESTS HEARD Two weeks before Vontsteen's death, six black men were hanged with scarcely a public murmur Because there are more blacks than whites in South Africa and because a higher percentage of non-whites appear in court on murder charges, it is not unexpected that more blacks than whites are hanged. But Van Niekerk analysed figures for the period 1946-66, and found that during that period there were 288 whites convicted of rape on black women, and 844 non-whites convicted of raping whites. None of the whites was sentenced to death but 121 of the blacks were. Only three whites were hanged during the period, all for raping white women The ratio of convictions for murder during the period was seven non-whites to one white but the comparable figure for persons held in prison under sentence of death was more than 50 non-whites to one white. Van Niekerk concedes that there are other factors to be con- sidered when comparing crime figures for the various race groups in South Africa. One of them must be that crime is rife in some of the huge African townships, which average between 70 and 80 murders a month. Farmers need 'decent return' WINNIPEG (CP) Recent increases in the cost of food were necessary to give farmers a decent return for their labors after five years of depressed prices and frustra- tion throughout rural Canada, Otto Lang says. The minister responsible for the Canadian wheat board, also said it would be tragic if workers in non-agricultural sectors of the economy try to cancel out these increases with wage increases of their own "If they do, they would soon cancel out with increased costs the improvement for farmers which has occurred." Farmers will likely receive a record billion to billion for their crops this year, a figure twice as high as last year, Mr. Lang told the opening session of a world grain seminar. "There is a new spirit of confidence and optimism spreading through rural com- munities. Farmers have cash in their pockets and are beginning to spend more." At the same time, however, Mr. Lang said farmers re- main nervous and uncertain about the future following five years of low financial returns. Mr. Lang predicted increas- ed international production of grains by the end of the decade and a rebuilding of in- ventories now at their lowest levels in years. FORESEES NEW PEAKS "We can also foresee supplies of grain reaching some new peaks from time to time with new pressures for low prices and at least one major downturn in prices before 1980." Products such as soybeans are likely to play an increas- ing role in meeting world pro- tein needs, he said, and the Canadian government is working with the provinces and industry with plans to es- tablish a protein, oil and starch pilot plant in Saskatoon in the near future. "I am confident farmers can produce adequate basic food supplies over the long- term if they continue to receive fair and stable returns from the he said. "There may not be enough food in some of the forms peo- ple would prefer, but prices and flexibility in consumer re- sponse to prices are likely to resolve this problem." To achieve the objectives of feeding the world's population and providing farmers with economic security, Mr. Lang emphasized the need for inter- national co-operation among the major food-producing nations. He specifically referred to the latest round of trade negotiations which began last month in Tokyo and expressed hope that they will pave the way for increased food production through freer trade. WELCOMES SUGGESTION The minister also welcomed the recent suggestion from U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger for an international conference on security of food supplies and a United Nations call for international action in the same area. "The question of adequate grain inventories is of major concern to he said. "We have for a number of years carried over at our own expense approximately 40 per cent of the total world wheat inventory."