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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIOOE HERALD Wtdnvtdiy, Octobtr 24. 1973 Weighed in the balance, found wanting A word to Canada West The Canada West Foundation, in un- veihng itself and its purposes to the public recently, announced that it hopes to be effective in presenting tne western viewpoint in areas of government, agriculture, business, industry and labor The field of higher education is another area in which the new foundation might have an effect There seems to exist in Canada an eastern academic establishment which holds that the universities of Toronto and McGill and the smaller scnools that shelter under the reputations of the big two are per se the best in Canada The assumption is made that, naturally, the best teachers want to obtain positions on the faculties of these institutions and, naturally, the cream of the student crop wants to be accepted by them This mandarin attitude, with its over- tones of Gilbert and Sullivan, is fallacious but self-perpetuating It ex- tends into the other areas of activity in which the Canada West Foundation has expressed an interest and may account, in part for the attitudes which led to its conception Most of the national policy-makers in government, business industry agriculture and labor are products of these eastern schools, where their at- titudes toward the various regions of Canada and Canadian institutions were no doubt formed To be sure, Toronto and McGill deserve their reputations both at home and abroad as being very good schools But they are not the only good Canadian universities They do not have the only good students and teachers and in some fields and some instances they do not have the best A member of the University of Lethbridge faculty who is internationally known is his field, as are a great many of the U of L faculty, returned not long ago from a national convention highly indig- nant at the arrogance of his eastern colleagues Asked if the quality of papers given at the convention offered any justifiable basis for such arrogance, he replied with an unequivocal "No Canada West can do the country a ser- vice if, in its business of providing western views on affairs of national in- terest it demonstrates a faith and reliance on the region's educational in- stitutions and thus points out to the east that it may have something to learn from the refreshing vitality of the west Women champions needed The stamp issued this year com- memorating the 100th anniversary of women s rights leader Nellie McClung is of special interest to Siberians es- pecially women Mrs McClung, elected to the Alberta legislature in 1918 was the first woman ever to sit in the Canadian legislature She became the spokesman for women throughout the province As an MLA she succeeded in improving laws affecting women s property rights and when she finally had the courts rule that women are legally "persons" she opened the way for women to sit in the Senate As early as 1912 she petitioned Manitoba Premier Sir Rodmond Roblm to support the temperance movement and grant rights to women and in 1916 that province became the first to give women a vote thanks to Nellie McClung Today more Nellie McClung's are needed to see that women are dealt with fairly A woman involved in divorce proceedings or testifying in a rape case finds herself addressing male lawyers jnd judges who understandably see the circumstances from a male s point of view The case of the Nanton rancher's wife (recently reported) who had worked "like a man" for 25 years and con- tributed money to help her husband build up a successful ranching busmees is a case in point In rejecting her claim to a full half-interest in her husband's ranch i trial justice claimed the woman had made onlv a normal contribution as a wife to the matrimonial regime She was awarded a monthly separation allowance instead The view that a woman doesn't make an economic contribution to a marriage unless she works at a profit-making job is deeply entrenched In the event her marriage breaks up her role as a housewife is considered valueless despite the fact she may have given the better part of her life to homemaking and in most cases is awarded custody of the children For these reasons it is gratifying to know Alberta women now have an active women s rights groups taking up their cause the recently formed Options for Women Council Believing that both marriage partners should have an equal share in all assets accruing during a marriage the former group is asking that the case of the Nanton woman be reopened and that the Supreme Court's decision reversed The legal committee of the local organization known as Women, in an ef- fort to see that women's best interests are served is preparing a brief to be presented to the justice department deal- ing with the procedure and structure of juvenile and family court Local women interested in these groups may obtain more information by telephoning Infor- mation Lethbridge 329-0636 Perhaps the writer of a recent letter to the editor is right in her claim that court decisions would be far different if a woman occupied the judicial bench Alberta needs more Nellie McClungs to- day to see that women's rights are protected ERIC NICOL Cod bless America Religious revival in our time, or new reasons for having faith in the existence of Howard Hughes Spiro Agnew told the American people that they should thank God for President Nixon To date there has been no comment from God except for a severe earthquake in Chile Also recently a Mormon leader denounced women s liberation as the work of the Devil This judgment comes as a relief to a lot of husbands who thought that the sulphur smell around the house was their own cooking Botii diiiiuunceiiieuls liidt Americans should express gratitude to the Lord for the blessing that occupies the White House and that Gloria Stemem is the handmaiden of Old Horny came from the States The U S has a special relationship with both God and the Devi! God is American by adoption and Satan is an illegal immigrant We in Canada cannot make the same person to-person call If we want to thank God it has to go by way of Buffalo For this reason it would strike us as odd to hear a Canadian politician tell us that we should thank God for Pierre Trudeau There may be a divinity that shapes our ends but Ottawa is in the middle Washington D C on the other hand, is the communications centre for messages to Heaven as well as the hot line in the opposite direction The president of the United States never concludes an address to the people without mentioning that he has done what he is doing with the help of God In fact God would have appeared before the Senate's Watergate committee if somebody could have figured out a way of serving the subpoena Quite different is the situation in Canada, where the prime minister rarely speaks of support from the Creator possibly because it is an American subsidiary When Mr Trudeau wishes to involve a supernatural power, he calls on the Canada Development Corporation The only political party in Canada that has claimed to be directly plugged in to God is Social Cieuu Suited Creuii enjoyed some success in Alberta and British Columbia God s country but failed to hack it in On- tario where God runs into stiff competition from the almighty dollar The Mormon leader who credited the Devil with women's lib is a former member of the Social Credit cabinet in Alberta He has mov- ed to the U S for a clear view of the Prince of Darkness to get the feel of the infernal Because God is a U S institution American women's liberation needs the help of the Devil to destroy traditional family values Canadian women's lib requires no such assistance Here family life is going to Hell under its own power What distinguishes us Canadians from our large neighbor to the south is our reticence in referring to religious matters in public A lot of Canadians won't even mention the name of the Supreme Being unless they are standing alone in the rough of a golf course And as for blaming the Devil for women s lib, a man never says it in mixed company A decent reserve thank goodness By Anthony Lewis, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON During his few minutes as acting at-" torney general, William Ruckelshaus had a telephone call from the White House chief of staff, Gen Alexander Haig Haig conveyed Presi- dent Nixon's order to fire Archibald Cox as special Watergate prosecutor Ruckelshaus, like Elliot Richardson, refused Then Haig said "Your commander-in-chief has given you an order There it was, naked the belief that the president reigns and rules, that loyalty runs to his person rather" than to law and institutions It is precisely the concept of power against which Americans rebelled in 1776, and that they designed the constitution to bar forever in this country It is in fact a form of power that no English monarch has exer- cised since George III Haig's military phrase was significant in another sense also Over this extraordinary weekend Washington had the smell of an attempted coup d'etat Like the plotters in a novel, Nixon and his men in- voked threats abroad They skillfully enlisted political elders enfeebled by years of subservience They tried to cut out the judges, the lawyers the con- stitutionalists They sent the police to seal the dangerous files Cox's assistant, Henry Ruth, caught the feeling when he said "Maybe it isn't 'seven days in May but it is one day in October But short of a real military coup the attempt has failed Most important, the issue fac- ing this country has been made so clear that no one with eyes to see can avoid it any longer That issue is the legitimacy of this president The American system gives enormous presumptive weight to the legitimacy of any president and rightly so Fix- ed presidential terms and orderly succession have been anchors of stability in our tur- bulent history But the Framers of the constitution did not stake all on the Ex- ecutive, they did not make him absolute or immovable In the end, they rested their faith on law By his acts of the last few days, Richard Nixon has made manifest his contempt for law and for the very tripartite structure of our Government that he so often invokes He has sought to teach Americans the lesson that the great among us may choose whether and how to obey the law He has broken a solemn promise made to the United States Senate the Spoiling glory day I owe it to my readers who have suffered through a long polf season, to report that I finally got under 90 one day with a 41 on the Front nine and a 47 on the back nine This victory couldn t be savored to the full nowcver because one of my golfing cronies wasn t around at the finish Fern Bouchard By Doug Walker "My gun, 0 trusty PQ's independence in name only By Rob Bull, Herald Quebec commentator only had time for nine holes that day Also Jim Rac took a little of the edge off by wondering why I couldn't have played better on the previous day when he and I had taken on Stan Sproule and John Banfield at the Country Club and had been soundly beaten MONTREAL Everybody knew that behind the current Quebec election would be the arguments for separatism or confederation, the political sovereignty and economic association of the Parti Quebecois versus the decentralized federalism favored by the Quebec Liberals What they did not know was the bizarre form the debate would take Quebecers are now watching the governing party attack a model budget proposed by an opposition par ty It all started some time ago when the Parti Quebecois promised to produce its pseudo-budget for "year one of independence With the start of the election campaign bits and pieces of it started to appear in a fashion termed by Premier Robert Bourassa "a fiscal strip-tease The pseudo-budget a 500- page document, was released with the usual PQ flair last week with reporters studying it behind closed doors before meeting with the PQ shadow cabinet to discuss it Like any good pseudo- budget, the PQ document promised a surplus, in this case a massive one of 5 million by ending the duplica- tion of jobs performed by both the federal and provincial governments, and would cut down on defence spending because a free Quebec would only have an army The bulk of the PQ government's spending would go to social programs Taxes on those earning less than pei family would not rise The reaction of Vincent Prince, an editorial writer in La Presse, was typical of that of most of the province's media Mr Prince was impressed by the technical know-how displayed by those who made the budget, a team of some of the brightest economists and most experienced civil ser- vants in the province But he noted that It was bas- ed on the most optimistic forecasts, the presumption that there would be no slow- down in the Quebec economy and the belief that Canada would willingly accept a negotiated monetary union with a free Quebec Bryce Macksey told a Montreal business luncheon that any democratic move to independence in Quebec would be based on the belief that a free Quebec would be better able to deal with slums pollution, housing shortages low wages and un- employment That s why the Quebec election is being fought on economic issues he said Although he did not say so presumably that is why federalists are arguing that a separate Quebec would have a disastrous effect on the Quebec economy thus hurting most the people in low-income groups that the PQ savs it wants to help The first argument can be summed up in thp question raised by Union Nationale leader Gabriel Loubier who asked, "What kind of money are they going to use monopoly money7" The Liberals including Mr Bourassa and thrpp other cabinet ministers seriously questioned whether a free Quebec would be allowed to continue using the Canadian dollar If it were they argue im- portant economic decisions affecting Quebec would still be made outside Quebec thus rendering anv independence illusory The PQ retorted that such questions would be settled between Ottawa and Quebec as equals which is not the case at present To the Liberal prediction that a new Quebec dollar would depreciate rapidly the PQ retorted that a Quebec dollar would float and find its true value reflecting the basic strength of the Quebec economy in relation to others The Liberals have also said that the PQ is making a major presumption in basing their income on an economy developing at the same rapid rate as the Quebec one has shown in the past two years Mr has said his es timate of the Quebec economy's growth seems realistic to him While various economists have spoken out in favor of and against the pseudo budget predicting everything from massive capital flights to no major economic change, there has been one note of moderation It comes from economist Eric Kierans a former provincial cabinet colleague of Rene Levesque and a former federal cabinet member as well who spoke on a noon-hour CBC radio program and amplified his remarks for two of the province's newspapers "Independence he said 'will affect the economic well-being of every man woman and child in Quebec regardless of the language they speak With separation a fact events will not go on as before and no one knows this better than the authors of the budget Private investment (ex- cluding housing) declined from 2 billions in 1966 to 9 Dimons in when separation was only a mild threat and not a fact It is only during the last two years that private investment in Quebec has passed its 1966 levels He notes that the PQ budget decs not propose to greatly alter the structure of cor- porate taxes thus throwing the burden for financing the social reforms on the private taxpayer A separate Quebec will be dependent, then, as much as or more than the province is at present, on big business, much of which is controlled from outside He also notes that Canadians now pay heavily for tariffs protecting Quebec's furniture and clothing in- dustries and asks if they would be as willing to do so for an independent Quebec "History will record that Quebec and Claude Castonguay (former provin- cial Liberal social affairs minister) forced this nation along new paths of social legislation and improved the quality of life for all Canadians "The Parti Quebecois budget shows that the new state will be independent in name only We in Quebec will be better off b> staying in Confederation and helping to force with our sister provinces new directions in a truly federal system DEBUTS WORLD promise to let the truth of Watergate be discovered and the law enforced It is impossible now to resist the inference that Nixon has been trying to conceal evidence of his own violations of the criminal law That would explain his dogged refusal to disgorge not only the White House tapes but much other documentary material and explain his fear of Archibald Cox Much that has happened in his last week was really designed to get rid of Cox So obsessive had that aim become in Nixon's mind that it was like the cry of Henry II about Thomas A Becket "who will free me from this turbulent priest9" Eventually someone was found to wield the dagger His name was Robert Bork, but it will count no more in history than the forgotten names of Becket's murderers Oct 20 was a frightening day in Washington But it was also profoundly encouraging to those who have maintained their faith in the American system during the horrors of the Nixon years For there were men who despite the most terrible pressures, followed the path of honor and the law No one who watched Archibald Cox could be altogether cynical again about the good that lies in the American cnaracter It was "Mr Smith goes to for real the almost naive decency, the sense of duty even in that ex- treme situation And then came the redeeming support of Elliot Richardson and William Ruckelshaus Nixon will try to meet the crisis now with one more ef- fort to rally the country behind his person The answer to that is that royahsm has no place in America and besides the king is dead We must look elsewhere for con- tinuity for legitimacy The struggle of the next few days and weeks will require many of us to give up comfor- table assumptions Govern- ment officials will have to think again about where their loyalties he The lawyers of this country will have to speak out Constitutional Conser- vatives above all Barry Goldwater will have to recognize that Nixon has betrayed them especially Today even Congress, which so often rolls on its back like a spaniel is beginning to face the necessity of im- peachment It need not come to that for the good of the country it should not Rather, before long someone in Richard Nixon's shrinking palace guard will surely tell him that he must listen as the country sends him the same cry that went across the floor of the House of Commons to Neville Chamberlain in 1940 'In the name of God go a 197} br NEA Inc "It's not so much a question of what happened, but whose PR people you believe Arab or The Lethbrtdge Herald 504 7th SI S Lethbridge Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954 by Hon W A BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers Association and the Audit Bureau ot Circulations CIEOW MOWERS Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Minaqer Editorial Page Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH ;