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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 24, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta LCTHBHIMC. ALMKTA, 'iMUMMV. OCTOMft M; Every Citizen Interested in the Welfare of Western Canada should VOTE FOR SIMMONS ON MONDAY, OCTOBER 26 f antic etitkm THE TRADITIONAL ALLIES STAND r HAND IN HAND TO HOLD BACK COMPETING ORADS AND TO FASTEN THE TENTACLES OF THE OCTOPUS ON THE INDUS- TRY AND COMMERCE OF THE WESTERN COUNTRY. (Edmonton Bulletin.) The political situation in the West today bears- on its face all the evi- dences of a gigantic conspiracy be- tween the Parliamentary Opposition party and the Canadian Pacific Rail- Tray Company to throttle railway com- petition and fasten the monopoly of the C.P.R. on a broader range of Western country than it. ever held 'before. of the Canadian Northern did. In the language of Sir William Van Home, the development of Western Canada has heretofore been confined to enlarging the hopper and increas- ing the volume of grain to flow out. We must sow enlarge the. spout through which the grain flows out of the hopper. If that is done the hop- per may be still enlarged no man snows how much. If it is not done he hopper is already too large for the the grain block- ade which for ten years has been the annual problem of both, the west- era farmer and the C. P. R. The remedy for this, and the only remedy offering, is the construction of the eastern section of the National Trans continental. The Allies. For a quarter of a century the lead era of the Conservative party hav The C. P. R. on the Warpath. Just because the eastern Motion it the section which would break its monopoly by providing competition through to the sea, the eastern sec tion is the one to which the .C.P.R w? moat opposed, and against whicl Mood m alliance with the Cana-j d t dian Pacific Railway Company; an affiance by which legislative and ad- ministrative favors were traded for political support; in virtue of which the party worked in Parliament for the benefit of the company, and the company worked in the country for the benefit of the party. This al- liance has been continuously active, always aggressive. It extended and extends as far as the influence of the company reaches, and as far as the power of the party in Parliament eoald be safely exercised. Competition to the Sea. The people.-of Canada four years ago chartered the Dominion Govern- ment to arrange for the building of a railway system extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The main and essential purpose of that railway system is to break the monopoly o the C. P. R. in Western Canada ant estern crop. In substantiation of iat he quoted in a table of "cost of le eastern his estimate ol ie bond guarantee of the mountain ection, two thousand miles away this apparent hostility to the astern portion was no accident was made plain when he proceeded to tad and represent as the opinions f the London Economist paragraphs written from Ottawa by a correspond- nt openly asserted without denial to on the pay It is against that Mr. Borden ieada his followers n the eastern provinces today. In the towns and cities along the C. P. R. he inveighs against this work as a monument of Government extrava- reverse the policy of the Federal Gov- ernment however long the road might be delayed by so doing. Every argu- ment urged against the National Transcontinental on the ground of ex- penditure is equally an argument against, the Hudson's Bay road, for the Government is undertaking this, too, as a public-owned enterprise. Mr. Borden stands committed there- fore to opposition to the policy of spending public money in building the eastern section of the National Transcontinental and the Hudson's Bay Railway. It must be assumed, therefore, that if .given power he would abandon that policy if aban- donment were possible, and if aban- donment were not possible would go as far toward it as were possible by delaying the construction ofvthese roads. season, at least; Mr. Bordsn preaches Where the Public Would Get OK that we have not enough money to build one outlet without' starting another, while his candidates in Al- berta carry a flag calling for the sus- pension of .Federal construction. By a new stock the Canadian Pacific Company announce their in- tention of extending their system, either by the purchase of lines al- ready built or by the construction of new 'ones. Delay in building the eastern section would hamper the G. T. P. in constructing their branch line system by making them for a time merely a feeder for. the C.P; and thus enable the C.P.R. to extend their own system as suited'their con- venience or served their interests. roll of the C.P.R. the eastern section The C. P. R. Program. Meantime, what are the C. P. R. doing? First, their solicitor for Al- berta takes the field for the Opposi- tion, and captures the presidency of the Calgary Association. Then' he gance.. The Mail and Empire, his1 and innumerable other employees of most vigorous newspaper champion, openly assails it as a road through the "northern wilderness." Follow- ers listening to his language do not hesitate to construe it as an attack on the project as a project, and as implying a willingness to repudiate ;he company take the stump for Op- position candidates. 'They are cam- paigning today in support of Mr, Borden and his policy of delay. Then comes the news that a survey Competition Denied. Mr. Borden preaches a crusade for the delay if not for the abandonmen of the eastern section of the Nationa Transcontinental and the Hudson's Bay preaches it at a time when the C.P.R. are girding themselves for a campaign of railwa t requires but a moment's reflection o show-the patron the railway companies where he would get oft in he game fixed up for him by the allies. Suppose Mr. Borden returned' power and his policy-of delay en- breed until the C.P.R. had extend- ed its lines wherever it seemed pro- fitable to extend them. What then tion of the. competing linos? ..For years, when the people of the West being b'y the the- people- of Canada they "gave ihe- 'company 25 milliori 'ior taking1 the: road, and .25 "million- dollars for taking the "1 and; There is an unpleasant analogy'' be- tween .the civcumstance's of 1S73 and thofe of ''1906- Now, asrtherj; wtjiave a Liberal Government 'buHdrng a Government-owned railway V: outlet from ths western country.'to the At- lantic. Now, as then, .have an Opposition leader calling upon the cried out for new railways, they were country to "cull a halt" onjaccount party of have been traversing the north country, run- or handicap the project if he attains lines for prospective roads to continue to exert, as they have exert ed, and do their utmost en deavor. If they could prevent th eastern section being built there no reason to suppose they would par- ticularly object to the building of the western system, for the western sys- tem would then be only a feeder and distributor for the C.P.R. through line. But the eastern section pro- misrs not only to handle the traffic generated along the new lines, but will bid as well for the traffic which heretofore the C.P.R. has had at its mercy. The eastern section is the solution of the mono- poly feature; hence against the east- em section the C-P.R. has most rea- son to wage war. Mr. Borden on the Same Trail. Now it is against the eastern section that Mr. Borden wages war. It was power. Consistent Hostility. All this is in perfect accord with the policy Mr. Borden has pursued from the first. A year ago he pre- sumed to lay down a policy for the Opposition. It professed to deal with all the outstanding matters of public import. But none of its planks reference to the National Transcontin- ental or pledged its completion, early or late. In expression of that plat- form Mr. Borden spoke from the At- lantic to the Paqfic, but his speeches did not better his platform in so far as the new road was concerned. For all the platform or the speeches said or implied, the inference is logical and necessary that Mr. Borden enter- tains toward the eastern section an aversion constant and fundamental that if given control he would not complete the road as it was begun, a lo give (o the industry STK! commerce fagainsi ttns tie nia innowrra it would ur 11 lorcoa in he Peace River country. Simultan- eously the Calgary Herald and. the Journal wake up and dis- cover that the primary and pressing need of this country is 1 network of railway lines running north and south to the main line of the C.P.R. Next, the C.P.R. directors vote an issue of new stock amounting to fifty million dollars, to be used as the directors think necessary. Then Sir Thos. Shaughnessy comes up to Edmonton over the line of the C.N.R. Sir Thomas does not usual- ly travel over other roads except on business, and stranger things have happened than that the fifty millions or part of them should used for the purchase of the Canadian North- ern Railway. extension throughout the West...The C.P.R. say in effect that they starting to reach out for the business of the western country by net-working it with feeders to their main line r. Borden says in effect that we hould delay construction of the Gov- ernment-owned competitors of the C. R. until the company have accom- plished their purpose, and establish- ed themselves throughout the settled and settling portions of the entire western country. Mr. Borden preaches delay in railway building when the C.P.R. are voting millions to extend their railway system. He tails upon the country to hold back from build- ing competing railways when to hold back means to give the C.P.R. a free hand in the construction of 'tnes which would minimize the benefits oi the competing if it did not even give Mr. Borden a pretext for aban don ing these altogether. The Beautiful Coincidence. Now observe how beautifully th policy of Mr. Borden and the inter m nir coiiiCiuc. told-that their traffic would not pay interest on one railway, let alone on two. They, would be told the same if the C. P. R. monopoly extended throughout the whole western coun- try. The means which for decades to prevent that corporation showing a favorable earning power to the public would be used to do so again. Stifled by monopoly the traf- fic of the country would fail, as it formerly failed, to pay dividends on wattr, and the fact that it failed would be cast up to the western peo- jle as ample reason for abandoning the projects for "enlarging the spout. Thus the monopoly from which the country has been partly freed, and from which it will be absolutely freed when the now projected lines are completed, would again be enthron- ed, and with authority as broad as the settled area of the western coun- try. of the expense of the undertaking, and handing put very equivocal clarations as uThis intentions should he get into power...The Government of UTS was defeated, and we been paying for their deltat ever A Lesson From History. That Mr. Borden would eventually complete the eastern section may be true, but the point is: How would it be completed? Would the people own it when it was completed? And i not the people, who then? More than thirty years ago the Gov- ernment of Canada began to build a transcontinental railway owned" by assistance of railway competition in of the handicap and disadvan- tages of railway monopoly. The Monopoly Breaker. In this puroose the important sec- tion of the National Transcontinental ts the eastern section. Unless that section is built the building of the western system could introduce com- peiition between western points, but H would no more establish wholesome competition between the West and tike outside world than the building them today. With the western posi- tion ho had and has comparatively little fault to find. With the, eastern section he has every fault to find. It was against this section that he dilatory manner that the primary purpose of its construction would be practically defeated. To Hold u-i the launched his attack in the House Hudson Bay Road, three months ago. The ground he The Hudson Bay took was that the expense of it was other scheme for more than the country could bear. That the oxpenso. was more than need be or should be he. did not try to establish, but stood simply on tho principle that the country could not afford to "enlarge the spout" for tho tion of the Grand Trunk Pacific were abandoned or delayed C.P.R. mono- poly would continue to rule supreme so far as the through traffic of the western country is concerned; Mr. Borden is preaching throughout the Railway is an- j length and breadth of the Eastern "enlarging the And to this Mr. Borden has shown little more friendship than to- provinces that we cannot afford to build this road, and that we should "call a to use hia own words ward the National Transcontinental.' H the building of the Hudson's Bay It had no place in his platform. It received no mention in his speeches. His party in Alberta are pledged to vond were abandoned or delayed the C.P.R. would bo freed from another Railway Competition at Stake. Never wat> the transportation prob- lem in the West in a more critical position than it is today. For years the country has been struggling to free itself from the toils of railway monopoly. Some measure of success has been attained, and the. complete liberation of commerce and in- uuslry is in sight. At this moment Mr Bnrrfcn railing on us to stay our at this moment comes also the octopus with a pro- gram for railway extension which would make them the masters of the traffic of the country and the dictat- ors of its taxes.. .Ntver did the policy of a political party better serve the ends of a corporation. Never in the long history of their disgrace- ful servitude did the leaders of the Conservative party in Parliament toil more valiantly or more openly for the ascendancy of their powerful the people. The road is completed today, has been completed for a gen- eration. But that road does not be- long to the people of Canada. It ia the. property of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. How ia this? Just thirty years ago tho Government which was building the public-owned road was driven from power by the cry that the enter- feated in the public that the outrage of thirty years ago would not be repeated? Nothing but the equivocal, very equi- vocal, declaration of a leader who falsified his calculations to prove enterprise a hundred millions mere costly .than his own figures warrant- ed, and who read as the opinions of a foremost financial journal the par- tisan babblings of a C.P.R. hireling. The Logic Situation. The logic of the situation is that should Mr. Borden obtain power the West may I. Tho suspension, or practical suspension of work on the eastern section of the National Transcontin- ental; thereby producing a necessary and protracted delay in the extension of the western system. 2.. The delay.of the Hudson's Bay Railway. 3. Tho rapid extension of the C.P- R. system throughout the settled por- tions of the whole West. 4. The from the Gov- ernment that the West had all tho railways it-needed, and that the east- prise was too costly, and would bank- Conservative them. The new Government gave inc. completed nipt the country. A Government succeeded ern section and the Hudson's Bay road were to be abandoned; 5.-.With the alternative announce- ment that the eastern section gone the way of the former public- owned railway, which fell into tho same hands, end had become a part of the C.P.R. system. competing outlet, for a part of the ally million A CABLE SERVICE Toronto, Ont., Oct. North- ?T> interview? here dcclsrci nn-n ni creftt amhiiions is V> see an adequate cable, news service lars' worth of property brought Canada and England. CSAS. ALEXANDER MAGRATH W. C. SIMMONS X ;