Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Food from oil possible OTTAWA (CP) Canada's oil deposits may ultimately be more valuable as food for man and animals than energy for machines, an internationally-known biochemical engineer suggests Dr. Murray Moo-Young of the Universi- ty of Waterloo told the Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference that the world's present protein needs can be met by using 17 per cent of world oil production to produce synthetic protein using scientific methods now being developed. Or Moo-Young said in the conference's annual award lecture that countries such as Canada with plentiful oil supplies might consider developing this protein-producing technology. The protein can be produced synthetical- ly by hydrocarbon ac- tion of microbes such as bacteria, yeasts, molds and algae on the high molecular weight hydrocarbons found in oil The complex technology for producing these synthetic proteins is already es- tablished or is developing, and several countries including England, France, Italy, Russia and the United States have built plants to make microbial protein, mainly for use in animal feeds, he said. World shortages of protein are so acute that more than 50 per cent of industrial job openings for chemical engineers, as reported in a recent issue of Chemical Engineering Diary, were for food-related areas, he said. Using microbes, synthetic protein may be produced from the abundant carbon- component found in carbon dioxide and carbohydrates as well as hydrocarbons. The technology for producing synthetic proteins from carbon dioxide, present in air about .03 per cent by volume, still is de- veloping Protein production from car- bohydrates such as starches and cellulose still is experimental but protein has been produced from carbohydrate sugars such as molasses and waste sulphite liquor. Use of microbes to produce protein may be highly economical, Dr. Moo-Young suggested. The microbes produced protein times faster than cattle and times faster than poultry. Starving child A Bangladesh mother holds her starving child while she waits for food in a relief camp in Dacca. The camps were recently set up to feed landless peasants who have migrated to the capital in search of food. Sears Sears Next Monday you'll pay That's what these easy-cane men's sport- shirts are worth. Big selection! 6 favorite colors, 6 exciting checks. 3 days only. Take your pick' Comfortable nylon knit sport shirts in six popular colors Or colorful Dan River woven checks or plains They have long sleeves look great lor fall Why not buy them both and double your savings7 a-Nylon knit sport shirt with rounded collar button cuffs full plaquet. chest pocket square hem Sizes S M L XL Navy powder brown sand dk green black 33R 027 166 b-Dan River Malaya cloth of Perma-Prest Regular point collar 1 -button notch cuff bias plaquel and chest pockets S M. L XL Many different patterns and colors, including brown blue green tan navy black 33R 027 160 thisisSears best value WtdnMday, October 23, 1974 THE L2THBRIDQE 41 Ex-Sweet Grass border officer at lonely post NIGHTHAWK, Wash. (AP) At this isolated and awe- somely beautiful spot on the Canadian border, Warren Hood stands guard against tax cheats and smugglers. Hood is the United States Customs Service man and only resident at the border crossing point A visitor's first thought approaching the vehicle in- spection station is that whoever has the job was transferred as some sort of bureaucratic punishment. But Hood said he asked for the posting four years ago because he wanted "to get away from the rat race" and the Sweet Grass, Mont., border crossing. "I find this an interesting he said. "There are no two days alike because the people are different I enjoy talking to them Some people come through here and answer with a 'yes' and a 'no' and a 'yes.' But the next guy tells you where he has been, how many fish he has caught and what he thinks of Canada That, to me, is interesting Closes at 5p.m. The station is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m daily A Canadian customs officer, working out of his inspection station across the road, checks cars entering Canada while Hood checks those entering the United States. At the end of the working day they close and padlock the gate across the road, forcing traffic to detour back around through Oroville, Wash and Osoyoos, B C The Canadian guard drives to his home in Osoyoos like any other commuter, leaving Hood alone on the high prairie in the shadow of nearby mountains. Hood lives just a few feet away in a single storey frame house that he rents from the U S government, unfurnished, for a month. "Not everyone would want this job, nor is this a job for Hood said. "A lot of people couldn't stand this isolation I enjoy it. It's quiet. It's peaceful out here You en- joy the fresh air, you can hear the birds sing and see an oc- casional coyote." Traffic light Hood, 53, is a trim, slightly built U S Air Force veteran who could pass for someone 10 years younger On a typical summer week day. Hood said, 20 to 25 cars will pass through his border station A holiday weekend has brought as many as 68 and there have been two or three snowy winter days in four years when no one has driven through The hight traffic flow would be even lighter, Hood said, if everybody knew where they were going A good percentage of the prople think they're headed for OroviUe and accidentally get sidetracked through Nighthawk As he talked, a family of tourists from Louisiana travelling in a motor home drove up. The driver asked Hood where he had missed the turn to Oroville. Hood said that while he enjoys talking to the people, the vehicle inspections overwhelmingly routine. Occasionally he finds someone with marijuana but has never found any hard narcotics Checks most cars Two young men dressed in grubby clothes drove up in a sta- tion wagon Hood went through their car more thoroughly than the Louisiane family's vehicle. The youths would be Hood's last customers of the day and he had nothing but time He found no unauthorized belongings "You make an assessment about each car that comes through." Hood said, "I look for a quick picture based on the occupant, the vehicle and the contents and proceed from there" He said he just asks questions of about 30 per cent of those who pass through Hood works 11 straight days and is then off for three He usually goes to his vacation home near Spokane and the customs service sends a relief officer from Oroville. Hood wears a pistol but said he has only had to use it to shoot rattlesnakes. Drinking bouts change brain Swrrs can make Jo bring you merchandise tmc qwalfly wfTh Jhe Icwesl possaMf United Why Simpsons-Sears supports the United Way and our community. Simpsons-Sears Ltd. Store Hours: Open Daily a.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday a.m. to p.m. Centre Village Mall. Telephone 328-9231 VANCOUVER (CP) Drinking bouts cause changes in the brain similar to those which result from electric shock treatment, says a researcher at the University of British Columbia. Psychology professor John Pinel says repeated drinking episodes produce changes in the brain's activity which in- dicate a gradually increasing susceptibility to convulsions. Doctors know that withdrawal of alcohol from a long-term heavy drinker can result in epileptic convulsions and even death. But Mr. Pinel found even a single intoxicating dose measurably increases an in- dividual's susceptibility to seizures. Tne changes are cumulative and parallel the development of alcoholic dependence, he said. Mr. Pinel fed rats in- toxicating doses of alcohol, then noted on an elec- troencephalogram (EEC) their responses to mild electric shocks to the brain. He said his research in- dicates the alcohol had the same effect as the shocks. HAS HIGH DEATH RATE In 1971 and 1972 more people died in New York State than any other state in the United States, says the department of health, education and welfare; in 1971 and in 1972 Alcohol is an anti- convulsant but during the recovery period after alcohol is withdrawn, an individual is more susceptible to con- vulsions, he said. "We suspect that at least some of the symptoms of the common hangover are the subjective expression of an in- dividual's increased suscep- tibility to seizures following alcohol he said. Thus it seemed to be the withdrawal of alcohol more than its use that caused the brain changes. Mr. Pinel said it to measure increased suscep- tibility even when there are no physical symptoms, and it may be possible to identify in- dividuals likely to develop serious alcohol dependence. Even electric shocks too weak to produce any effect at first eventually pronoced con- vulsions if repeated at inter- vals of a few hours or days. The minimum shock necessary to produce con- vulsions became smaller and smaller, a phenomenon called kindling In a kindled rat the effect of even a single dose of alcohol is easily measured, said Mr. Pinel "In terms of the withdrawal syndrome, the epileptic re- sponse is exactly the same in animals as in he said Mr Pinel emphasized that there is more to alcoholism than physical dependence.