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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD WwInMdiy, October 23, 1974 IMIOUIAI.S What price nationalism? The possibility that a Canadian businessman may buy the Prince of Wales Hotel in Waterton Lakes Park raises again the question of how much the Canadian taxpayer is willing to pay to indulge in a fit of nationalism. The Prince of Wales has the reputation of being a money loser in the American owned chain of hotels in Glacier and Waterton Parks. If a Canadian businessman wishes to put his own money into the hotel and to gamble that he can do better with it, singly, than the Americans can, running it as part of a chain, that is his own business. But if there is to be federal or, more likely, provincial money involved in the purchase, then it becomes the business of every Canadian taxpayer. A province which has already purchased an airline can be presumed to be vulnerable to pressure from nationalists to invest in a hotel. Irrespec- tive of this particular economic risk, is it wise for a province to invest in an in- dustry which traditionally provides low- paying jobs at a time when unemploy- ment in that province is at a record low, when workers are hard to find and when demands are already being made to im- port labor for that industry? The attacks on the Prince of Wales once again point out that nationalism is based as much on sheer emotion as on rational attitudes. (The silly scenario in last week's Weekend Magazine is another example.) It is always im- pressive when a dean of environmental studies makes anti-American statements, but even deans of en- vironmental studies have their emotional outbursts and all the available evidence indicates that this may have been one of them. Many of the charges against the hotel, including a lack of promotional material for Southern Alberta, are not a reflection of ownership at all since they are true of the entire park. It would be a mistake to let emotion overcome sound business sense in this matter, at least if the taxpayer is involved. The most rational approach is to ask what benefits would accrue to Canadians from Canadian ownership. The hotel already employs Canadians, or Canadian residents, from the manager on down. Its guests pay in Canadian dollars or the equivalent, to the disgruntlement of a few Americans who dislike having their money discounted. There is already a strong Canadian atmosphere in the hotel. In spite of Mr. Perks' contentions, guests are treated alike, whether they are Japanese, Europeans, Chinese, Canadian or American, and this is as it should be in a resort hotel. Even in the matter of the gift shop, which Mr. Perks deplored apparently in absentia, the stock is similar to that of the Canadian-owned shops in the town, which eliminates the factor of ownership. It is quite possible that the only "benefit" which would accrue to Canadians from a change in ownership would be the opportunity to pay the bills. RUSSELL BAKER Purging the stag language WASHINGTON Everybody at some time has probably felt blood pressure rise and pulse pound when loaded words have been used to diminish him. The laborer who is call- ed "a the poor white who is called the black man who is called the intellectual who is called "an the liberal who is called "a bleeding the policeman who is called "a pig" all these and many others are pain- fully aware how brutally the English language can be used to humiliate them. In such instances, words become weapons. Their victims see English as an enemy to be disarmed and, so, when they acquire political muscle one of their first goals commonly is to the language. This is what feminists are now struggling to 'do in their assault on the heavily masculine freight that has been built into English from the time of the Angles, the Saxons and the Normans. When sensible adults are called the "'weaker or "the they are apt to feel at least mildly ridiculed, and possibly assaulted. Hearing men refer to "the little "the better "the ball and or "a sweet young thing" may make them suspect they are being crushed in a velvet vise. Not surprisingly, then, the feminist movement is heavily engaged in a language purge. It is not easy once they get beyond putting the taboo on "weaker "ball and chain." "sweet young thing" and similar cliches which were ready for retirement anyhow, for masculine primacy is deeply entrenched in English. Some of the difficulties are illustrated in McGraw-Hill's "guideline for equal treat- ment of the sexes in McGraw-Hill book com- pany publications." an admirable analysis of how firmly modern English confines women to the masculine mentality. The author. Timothy Yohn. describes the mental trap very persuasively but is less successful in suggesting now to break out. The most awkward problem arises with all those words that are compounds of "man." Yohn tackles "congressman" and suggests "member of Congress" as a better alter- native. His "businessman" becomes "business executive" or "business manager." His "fireman" is a "fire his "mailman" a "mail his "salesman" a "sales representative." "salesperson" or "sales his "in- surance man" an "insurance his "statesman" a "leader" or "public ser- his chairman, a "presiding the "co- ordinator" or his "cameraman" a "camera operator" and his "foreman" a "supervisor." In almost every case the alternative for the "sexist" word to be purged is either a longer word or a combination of words. Instead of we have verbosity. It is a dilemma which feminists will have no trouble resolving, but whether it is a good idea to en- courage more windiness in an age when most of us already talk like politicians on television is arguable. One of feminism's goals, presumably, is to establish woman's right, too, to speak in words of one syllable. It will be a pity if everybody has forgotten how by the time equality is finally attained. The trouble with most of Yohn's "nonsex- ist" alternatives although "fire fighter" isn't bad that they abolish "man" only to bring on a Latin-root substitute, and Latin- root words tend to be not only pompous but also vague and long-winded. "Sales "business ex- "camera operators" and "supervisors" sound suspiciously like salesmen, businessmen, chairmen, cameramen and foremen who are giving themselves airs, in the manner of those bureaucrats who in- variably prefer to "utilize" things instead of just using them. Feminists with a classic turn of mind might even object that the "-or" endings on "moderator" and "co-ordinator" smack heavily of the masculine "-or" ending common on Latin nouns and are, thus, merely "sexist" words concealed in a toga. Ideally, someone would invent brand new words that are devoid of gender implication in their job descriptions without weighing the language down like lead settling into swamp water. A scouring of the dictionaries might even turn up some good old words that would serve. Yohn suggests one when, in cautioning against "language that assumes all readers are male." he rules out "you and your wife" and suggests, instead, "you and your spouse." The trouble with "spouse" is that nobody but a lawyer can say it with a straight face. It belongs to W. C. Fields and dry wits in .sawdust saloons, and in the plural who could resist saying, "you and your Why not "you and your Mr. Yohn? "Mate" has the strength of one unequivocal syllable. It also has sex in it, without gender, and that's what we are looking for, isn't it? frfy'- Letters Mid-east mood changes By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator TEL AVIV, Israel The philosopher Heraclitus, who lived north of here on the Asia Minor coast, realized years ago that one can, never step into the same river twice because the water changes. This is the case with the latest round of American efforts to produce an Arab-Israeli peace settlement. President Ford intends to follow the same Middle East policy as President Nixon, and Prime Minister Rabin pursues the line laid down by the redoubtable Golda Meir; but the river of time has changed. Because of economic dif- ficulties, the excruciating energy crisis and inflation, and because of a decidedly more dove like public opinion, the United States no longer represents quite the force in these parts that it did a year ago when, in the after- math of the Yom Kippur war, it seized the diplomatic in- itiative from a bewildered Soviet Union. By way of contrast, Moscow has refurbished its regional position in the wake of the Greek Turkish split on Cyprus and Arab oil pressures on the vulnerable West. Once again it has armed Syria to the teeth and is quietly trying to work its way back into Egyptian good graces. Moreover Israel, the dynamic little state whose future is the key to such im- mense world questions, has changed her assessments and policies more than she perhaps knows. One year after a bloody war that was in- conclusive except in reviving Arab and diminishing Israeli military confidence this country's mood is different. There is increased recogni- tion that earlier concepts of security frontiers must be altered. Inflation has warped the economy and raised defence costs just as a new generation of weapons is needed. The Israeli intelligence es- timates system is being drastically revised after dis- astrous errors. So there is more pessimism than in the euphoric period following the 1967 six-day war. This change in mood is reflected in diplomatic reality even if those involved firmly believe their policies are un- altered. Israel is more aware that even if she can win battles against her neighbors, she cannot cement enduring peace by such victories. Maximalist factions have lost ground. Unofficially, there is less talk about the im- mutable necessity of retaining Sharm-el-Sheikh at the tip of Sinai only of the need to in- sure iron clad guarantees that Israeli ships will be able to pass freely in and out of the Gulf of Aqaba. There is more of a tendency toward a piecemeal approach to mutual non belligerency with the Arabs even before final fron- tiers are fixed. The United States remains committed to a secure Israel. However, the definition is less influenced than before by am- Manipulating the statistics By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator "Sad case... endangered species, yon know." MONTREAL There is always some question about whether numbers mean what politicians say they mean. When the monthly un- employment and consumer price figures were released by Statistics Canada recently, the government's chief economic spokesman, Finance Minister John Turner, commented on them. Of the unemployment figures, he suggested that the jump in the jobless rate from 5.3 to 5.8 per cent was not real- ly significant because a lot of students had stayed in the labor force instead of going back to school. The reason this statement is misleading is that the numbers Mr. Turner is talking about are "seasonally ad- justed." The sole purpose of "seasonally adjusting" numbers is to smooth oat the effects of lumps and bumps which arise because of something that happens on a regular, or seasonal, basis. "Seasonal adjustment" is simply an averaging process which smooths irregularities in the "raw" data so that the underlying trend of the numbers may be more easily discerned. Consequently, one cannot say of a seasonally ad- justed series that a sharp rise or fall is because of something that happens on a regular or seasonal, basis. The real question is whether the seasonal factor used by Statistics Canada to smooth the lumps is accurate. On that score. Statistics Canada will say only this: This is the second year in which they have noticed a sharp rise in unemployment between August and September. The seasonal ad- justment pattern StatCan uses is programmed to take ac- count of unusual numbers, and to correct them retroactively. Thus, last year, the orig- inal August and September figures, were 5.5 and 6.0 per cent uiiempluviiittnl respec- tively, and at the end of 1973 these numbers were revised to 5.4 and 5.9 per cent. StatCan says the same thing may happen again this year, but they are not yet prepared to say there is a permanent change in the behavior of the labor force. Commenting on the con- sumer price index, which rose six tenths of one per cent between August and September a time when it normally falls Mr. Tomer said Canada's economy is the strongest hi the world and that CIC beliefs The Committee for an Independent Canada is a non- partisan movement of Canadians from all walks of life and all political per- suasions. Our objective is to vigorously promote policies to ensure Canada's survival as an national entity. We believe: Canada's present situation as an economic satellite is urgent and dangerous. foreign ownership costs us money and jobs. Canadians have suf- fered not only from branch plant economy but branch plant mentality. that land sales to foreigners must stop. our children must have enriched Canadian studies programs. Canadian trade union movements should be en- couraged. that plans for the Mackenzie Valley Energy Corridor must be halted until Canada has a national energy policy which meets Canadian requirements. governments have held back on strong legislation because Canadians have failed to demonstrate their concern adequately. as Canadians learn the facts they will join others to insist Canada take charge of her own future. We would like to have Dr. Kotkas as a member, however, we do believe in a United Canada with ail provinces having equal rights (see Dr. Kotkas' letter, Oct. MARION DORMAAR Sec., CIC (Leth. Chapter) Represents immigrants? bilious Israeli interpretations. And the Israelis are in- creasingly aware of the overriding need to adjust their future to harmonious relations with their Arab neighbors. They see a growing gap between the attitude of their own older generation of belligerent pioneers and its children, who are less ada- mant and even less "European" in their outlook. These changes in mood on the Arab side as well as the Israeli side may soon be reflected. After all. the most religious Arab leader. King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, is now talking of Israel as a state that exists and of regaining for the Arabs only east Jerusalem, not the entire city. That may imply little to Israelis. Yet, in fact, it represents a considerable shift in position. And though Israel remains adamant about not ceding an inch of the Holy City, she now quietly dis- cusses getting quaranteed supplies of Sinai oil when that peninsula reverts to Egypt. The new phase of negotiating may be assumed to be based on the old prin- ciples and policies the accepted tenets of Nixon and Mrs. Meir and the power relationships that prevailed before the Yom Kippur war and gradrupled world oil prices. In fact, it isn't. The river of Heraclitus flows through the same bank.; but the water it contain? in- different. I write as a member of the Lethbridge constituency to ask Mr. Ken Hurlburt whether he is, or is not, pleased to represent immigrants of this constituency? The immigrant to Canada has, I might remind him, every right to be here, having satisfied government regulations for entry .'If an im- migrant can get elected to Parliament then I believe it must be recognized as an achievement, and not a sad day for Canada. Amongst Canada's first and its subsequent immigrants several worthy ones made it to top positions both within and out of the government and have contributed to our melting pot society! Mr. Hurlburt must surely know he has certain respon- sibilities to his constituency which ought to prevent him from making derogatory remarks which I am sure do not reflect the thinking of the members of the Lethbridge constituency who elected him to be their member of Parliament. I am left wonder- ing whether he can indeed be approached for help since I have been here only a mere eight years though am now a Canadian citizen. (MRS.) CANICE M. P. VERLINDEN Lethbridge "Dismal performance In reply to the editorial (The Herald Oct. 19) published and pertaining to the MP Ken Hurlburt, I can only say that the editorial itself is a "dismal performance." Pertaining to the first im- plied accusation I am sure our worthy member is in a much better position to evaluate the performance of the other MP than the persons composing the editorial. The second insinuation that members of the teaching profession were under attack is just a clouding of the real issue; teachers are intelligent, well trained, and show it by actions, and exam- ple before the public. And the smoke screen thrown up that he was attack- ing someone who is an im- migrant is ridiculous. Any im- migrant knows far better than we do the benefits enjoyed in Canada, therefore should not be involved in activities that bring unrest to the country, and should be thankful. Is it that we are getting to the place that one cannot call a spade a spade, and that peo- ple of conviction and courage in public office are going to be intimidated by public media that shows itself also on the side of dissention and unrest' If such should become a general situation then it is in- deed a "sad day." A CONCERNED READER Iron Springs Canada would do better than any other industrialized country. Indeed he suggested that we weren't as badly off as the Americans, for example, they with their 13-14 per cent inflation rate and we with only 12 per cent The reason this is a mis- leading statement is that Canada has chosen to keep domestic oil prices well below the world price. In fact, Canada has chosen to keep domestic prices of a number of basic commodities below world prices. As a result, inflation should be lower in this country than it is in countries which have taken the fall burden of the price hikes. if. as and when Canada lets domestic prices rise to world levels, we can expect more inflation than in the countries which have already made the adjustment to current world prices. One can forgive our pohticans for wanting to put the best light on things. But one cannot in all conscience assess Canada's price perfor- mance only in relation to ear ability to do as well as the average in other countries. Both political credibility and correct economic policy responses depend on all of os knowing the facts. From Hansard Mr. Ken Hurlburt (Oct. Mr. Speaker, once again I am speaking to hon. friends on my left, especially my friend from Nickel Belt, Ontario. I think my friend from Nickel Belt should get down at his bed at night and thank God he lives in this country. He is a man who came from Guyana 14 or 15 years ago, who taught school in this country and has contributed absolutely nothing to it; but he has kept unions and workers riled up and now he is a member of Parliament. I tell you, Mr. Speaker, it is a sad day for Canada. Mr. John Rodriguez (Oct. Mr. Speaker, just before the close of the sitting yesterday the hon. member for Lethbridge made remarks which I feel should never have been allowed to be uttered without challenge It is my understanding that it is not per- missible for hon. members to cast aspersions on the character and integrity of members of this House. I would ignore the petty insult to myself personally, but I cannot ignore the gross insult to my constituents and to every Canadian born outside this country. Nor can I ignore the insinuation, offensive to every teacher in this country, that as a member of the teaching profes- sion one makes no useful contribution to our economy and society I submit that personal insults about one's background and personal contribution to this country should never be permitted Mr. Ken Hurlburt: Mr. Speaker I think if hon. members refer to my comments of yesterday they will find I said that the hon. member for Nickel Belt came to this country from Guyana some 14 years ago; he was educated here and makes his living here. I think be should be thankful that he lives in a country such as Canada, and he should not continue to get union organizations riled up in order to be elected. Mr. Stanley Knowtes: Mr Speaker 1 feel I should, as a matter of privilege, object to the sugges- tion that because a member of this House was born in Guyana or anywhere else outside of Canada, it is, to quote the hon. member, a sad day for Canada that he has become a member of Parliament. The lethbrtdge Herald SWTIhSt S LWhWOfle. LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprtetors and PuMWhers Second dm Man Registration NO 0012 OLKO MOWERS. and PtfWWhw DON H P1LUNG OOTM1O R DORAVI Managing wn.es AdwertWng Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER edrwrtal Pajre Editor General Manager ROBERT M FEMTON OrrwflaHem Manager KENNETH E. 8ARNETT Susrnecs Manager THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;