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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 23, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Paul Jackson Wheat and the law The item below, from The Ottawa Journal, puts a different light on the wheat payments issue. However it is not the ultimate word, not the final judgment. In plenty of time, the government asked the House of Commons to enact new legislation which would repeal the old. Whether the new was better than the old is in dispute. The two major opposition parties filibustered the new bill, ostensibly on the ground that it was a bad one but really (as they later implicitly admitted) to embarrass the government. The delay carried well into the new crop year, which under the old law required certain payments to be made. Still the government delayed, hoping to operate under the new bill rather than the old, but finally, embarrassed by criticism on the legality of its delay, it capitu- lated. The new bill, which was claimed to be much more beneficial to the farmers, was withdrawn. So in a sense it was a victory for the opposition parties, and a defeat for the government as well as the farmers. It was a triumph not of good law, but of questionable law supported by filibuster, of out-of-date law being kept alive for partisan purposes. Constitutional lawyers will doubtless rejoice with the Ottawa newspaper at the "triumph" of the law. Those who believe in keeping the law in step with the times will not be so happy. And the farmers, who were the real victims of this skirmish, will be even more distressed. The integrity of the law has been sustained. The credibility of Parliament has not. Nor has the viability of western agriculture. More than wheat ivas at issue The Ottawa Journal rpHE government was wrong from the start in the way it flouted the Temporary Wheat Reserves Act by refusing to pay farmers the money which the law decreed should be paid. The opposition did filibuster the legislation which was supposed to replace the reserves act. Some of the "improvements" proposed for the new bill, particularly by the NDP, would have been too costly and they were rightly rejected. But these are tilings the opposition parties have to answer for with the electorate. What the government has to answer for is more serious. It is the arrogance which caused it to put the comfortable conviction of its own rectitude above the law of the land. The denials that withholding the payments was not illegal were half-hearted evasions which even the government eventually abandoned. It was a case of political blackmail, the government saying to the opposition: "If you don't connive with us in law-breaking we will proclaim to the farmers you are hurting them." What effrontery to what is, after all, the highest court in the land! The precedents opened, had such a crude strategy worked, are frightening to contemplate. It would be an invitation for amy government to use its own discretion in deciding when to observe the law. Perhaps the farmers would be better off under the new bill. Certainly the intent of stabilizing incomes to avoid the wild fluctuations of boctm and bust crop years is good. The government can still come back with its legislation. But there can be no doubt that the country is better off and Parliament is better off; for having the supremacy of the rule of law re-asserted over any government with delusions of omnipotence. In forcing that, the opposition has performed a notable service. Weekend Meditation The faithfulness of God rpHE faithfulness of God is the con-tinuous theme of the Bible. Even the Book of Lamentations says that God's compassions never fail. The prophets never weary of telling the two-sided nature of God's faithfulness - his judgment and YU mercy. There is rio such thing as sinning and getting off. On the other hand there is no doubt as to God keeping his covenant and at the end vindicating his goodness and his love. "Many waters cannot quench love neither can the floods drown it," exults the song of Solomon. Peter says that God is a faithful creator. The Book of Hebrews says. "Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; for he is faithful that promised." The words of Paul are both a promise and a warning, "Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." This is a great faith for times of adversity and enables one to meet it with a victorious spirit. From his belief in the faithfulness of God, George Matheson wrote his great hymn, "Oh love that wilt not let me go." Countless other hymns have been inspired by the same reflection. Sometimes faith may get very thin indeed but one is heartened by reading John Bunyon's Pilgrim's Progress: "Then said Evangelist, pointing with his finger over a very wide field, 'Do you see yonder wicked gate?' The man said, 'No." Then said the other, 'Do you see yonder shining light?" He said, 'I think I do.' Then said Evangelist, 'Keep that light in thane eyes and go up directly thereto.' " This is what Chesterton said when he said that faith sometimes "hangs by a hair of the mercy of God." There is a story of a missionary in western Canada in the early days who had to cover a very large area and could only visit a district once in a long time. Once he called at a pioneer's home and found a little boy who was very ill. He tried to give the lad some assurance by getting him to repeat the Twenty-third Psalm, and told him that when he repeat-ed a word he should grasp one of his fingers like, 'the' was one, 'Lord' was the next, 'is' was the third, 'my' was the fourth, and 'shepherd' the fifth word, and he told the boy always to remember to hold onto the fourth finger particularly knowing that the Lord was his shepherd. It was two years before the missionary got back to that home and the boy had died on a dark winter night. The mother told the missionary, "we found him in the morning with his hands outside the coverlet, his left hand clasping round the fourth finger of the right." It is only when one has this personal element in faith that it makes a vital difference. What a difference! In the tragedies and sorrows of life it is indeed hard to believe hi divine providence. It certainly needs a long range view. Yet the book in the Bible that is most full of tribulations, the Book of the Revelation, is also the book which is most hopeful and finishes with the greatest triumph. It is most interesting also that the optimists have been more often right in history and the pessimists wrong. Slavery was abolished. Tuberculosis and other diseases are overcome. Gradually a world order of law and government emerges, however dimly, from the chaos of nationalism. This is a very wicked world, full of tragic situations such as unemployment, poverty, and war. Finally however a man must decide whether life is a tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury, signifying nothing or whether as Whittier put it, "In the maddening maze of things And tossed by storm and flood, To one fixed trust my spirit clings, I know that God is good." Not everyone can say as Paul did, that Christ makes his life a constant pageant of triumph through all his troubles. Not everyone can say as Stanley Jones did, that his faith meant for him three things, "Victory! Victory! Victory!" But as one looks at the cross and sees the love of God revealed there, a great assurance comes that God is present in all the struggle and tragedy of the world. It brings a peace with it and a great joy such as came to that marvelous medical missionary in his African jungle, Albert Schweitzer who wrote, "I could not but feel with a sympathy full of regret all the pain that I saw around me, not only that of men, but that of the whole creation. From this community of suffering I have never tried to withdraw myself. It has seemed to me a matter of course, that we should all take our share of the burden of pain which lies upon the world." It is out of this soil that the spirit of faith springs. Prayer: Grant to us Oh God the royalty of a heart set free from selfish desires, and filled with a serenity which comes from living close to thee and in service to our fellow men. F. S. M. Private eye By Dong Walker I was delighted to discover that Inspector Ralph Michelson has a sense of humor. I get a chuckle every time I think about him purloining reporter Jim May-bie's typewriter in retaliation for the theft of the case for his glasses. My chuckling is tempered somewhat however, by the horrible thought that Ralph might now experience the same fate I was subjected to in an encounter with Jim. It was unnerving for me to be watched at the corner of the door, over the office partition, in the back shop . . .everywhere, all the time. To have our new police chief followed by a private eye could prove embarrassing. Rehabilitation outside prison walls /TTTAWA - Frank Howard the rugged NDP member for Skeena, has got the bit in his mouth again about Canadian penal reform and prisoner rehabilitation and is riding hard in a virtual one-man campaign to get something done about it - or, as he says himself - the lack of it. Hard on the heels of Solicitor-General Jean-Pierre Goy-er's Parliamentary report on what the government is doing to help prisoners once they arrive inside a Canadian penitentiary, Mr. Howard has come out and said that inside a prison is the last and least likely place to start trying to rehabilitate someone who has run afoul of the law. The place to do the rehabilitating is outside the prison walls, says the British Columbia MP. He suggests that if Canadian society really wants to rehabilitate convicts rather than sentence them to a term behind walls they should be sentenced to a good dose of family life. Says Mr. Howard: "Surely, if we made a real attempt, we could find families who would be willing to take in offenders. We would find people who would be willing to give someone love, affection and understanding within a family structure. It would be a means of saving an individual from the agony of prison life, from a system under which he or she could otherwise end up serving a life sentence by bits and pieces?" Mr. Howard believes that fully half of Canada's more than 7,000 federal prisoners could be paroled immediately back into society. He doesn't mean we should just open the prison doors and throw 50 per cent of the inmates out on the street. But he does mean that by a careful selective process about half of our prisoners could be sent back into society, if possible, into a family-life type of environment. And, he says, to keep future numbers down, people convicted in future should be given the chance of a year or two in a family life environment rather thaa prison. But who would take so many people? Easy, says Mr. Howard, many of the one in twenty of us who have already had a taste of prison. Besides these people, who Mr. Goyer says number almost one million, many public spirited people would also pitch in if they knew the score. In economic terms alone the score is mighty. Including the capital cost of prisons, upkeep of prisoners and welfare payments to their families, it costs about $35,000 a year to keep one person in jaU. By cutting the prison system in half the Canadian taxpayer would save, if it was possible to get the Letters to the editor Teachers and trustees acting irresponsibly It is unfortunate that at a time when our youngsters are openly questioning the values and sanity of our present society, that two apparently responsible organizations, namely the Alberta Teachers' Association and the Alberta School Trustees' Association, are acting in such an irresponsible manner during the current salary negotiations. Is it any wonder that the people who will suffer most as a result of this irrational and irresponsible be- havior (the students) are rapidly losing respect for both our intelligence and values? Or is it that with our usual arrogance and stupidity that we question not only their intelligence, but also that of their parents and the general public? Look at the facts that have been presented to the public by both sides in the current dispute. If we are to believe what we read and hear, the major stumbling block to agreement has been a consultation clause, whereby teachers would be given the opportunity to advise and comment on decisions which would affect their working conditions. Rubbish! On the one hand, as far as the teaching profession is concerned, such a clause would not be worth the paper it is written on, as it would only give them the right to express their views, would hardly affect the which trus- Parents should set up standby units I think a lot of us are getting a little uneasy about the rumbling and rumoring of teachers threatening strike action. Unless teachers settle down and do their work, or leave teaching if they don't like it, we are going to have an impossible situation on our hands. In the meantime our children must put up with these disgruntled, dissatisfied people while as taxpayers we are in no position to give in to anymore money demands. Fifteen years ago when centralizations were small and some one-room schools -were still in operation, 57 teachers handled 1,270 students in the County of Forty Mile. After giving in to teacher demands, centralizing schools and improving teaching facilities we now find that it takes 83 teachers to teach 1,400 students, an increase in staff of 28 compared with an increase in enrolment of 130. While I don't have the amount spent for teachers in 1956, in 1960 the 76 teachers received some $340,000. Ten years later this amount was more than doubled. There probably has never been a time when as much money has been spent on education-or a time when people were more dissatisfied with the quality of education. Students are being made so completely dependent on the system that it takes forever before they are finished with school and can go to work . . . I have often thought back to my humble experiences as a school teacher. This was during the post-war teacher shortage when young people-some without any high school at all -were hired to supervise correspondence courses. I was assigned to a one-room school near the Cypress Hills. I remember that first day at Pie- gan so well. The lessons had not arrived, there wasn't a book in the school, the school had been closed for a time, it was dirty, the windows were broken, there was plenty of evidence that birds had been its former occupants. I didn't faint or scream or run to the nearest phone to call the Foremost School Division for help. The students and I helped ourselves. We simply cleaned up the place and found things to do until the supplies did arrive. I get a little sick about the attitude our teachers have about sports when I think of all the fun I had with those kids, learning to skate, getting on skis for the first time and putting on dances in the old school house. Cleaning up after the dances was my job too, sometimes with the help of the students and others in the district, and sometimes not . . . While as parents we know that something is drastically wrong, we are doing nothing about it. We should organize too and set up a standby unit so that when the teachers walk out of our schools we walk in and teach the kids the way we think they should be taught! MORE THAN WILLING PARENT. Maleb. Local hockey picture An re: editorial in your paper the hockey "business' drew my attention and I would like to raise a few more points, with the hope that other readers with similar or other points will make their views known. It is a well known fact by now that neither Mr. Munro nor his cohort Mr. Chapman saw fit to include any of our local boys in the Lethbridge Sugar Kings. Apparently our boys are either not good enough to play for Mr. Munro, or it is his policy to lure 16-year-old boys away from their home town so that he can control them better where parents can't keep an eye on their sons, much less watch them play for "recreation." So They Say We Latins are not dependent because we are poor. On the contrary, we are poor because we are dependent. - Marcelo Quiroga Santa Cruz, Bolivian ex-minister of mines on relations with the U.S. The Lethbridge boys may not be good enough (not even one?) but apparently our ice facilities are quite all right for Mr. Munro's team to practise and play on. It seems to me that these facilities were put up with the Lethbridge taxpayers' money for the use of their children. I realize that the professionals pay for their ice time, but these arenas were not built necessarily to make money, and if the use of these facilities for practising by the Sugar Kings (two hours every day) is going to cut down on the available ice time for our local children, we should maybe give Mr. Munro (or for that matter the coach and the other three partners in Lethbridge in this business enterprise) a choice of either replacing the team with at least a 75 per cent Lethbridge content, or to get out of Lethbridge. Of course the only way we can achieve either goal is to stay away in droves from the Lethbridge Sugar Kings games. HOCKEY-PARENT. Lethbridge. tees' final decisions. So why insist on it? On the other hand, as far as the trustees are concerned it would not, as I have just indicated, affect their ultimate decisions. So why fear it? Clarifying these questions, it would appear that the ATA fears an erosion of existing teachers' working conditions, and that the ASTA fears it would give the teachers a foot in the door as far as further encroachments on their decision making function is concerned. Is there an answer to this dilemma? Yes, a rather simple one. Within the present negotiating framework settle the salary grid and allied financial clauses, with a contractual provision that all existing local working conditions remain in force unless renegotiated on an area basis by mutual agreement. There is a precedent for this course of action. In fact it would be compatible with a comparable proviso which exists in the legislation of our neighboring province of Saskatchewan. Or is it that the parents, teachers and trustees of this province are simply pawns in an executive power game, with the students as the sacrifical goats, and in fact the real issues have not been publicized? R. E. COPE PRINCIPAL, MATTHEW HALTON HIGH SCHOOL. Pincher Creek. money back we've spent on capital equipment, about $122,-500,000 a year. Even if we don't count capital equipment costs and welfare costs we have a figure of $10,400 a year just to board and room a convict; By paroling half of our prisoners we'd save $35 million a year even "n those figures. Obviously, says the NDP member, the system we now have isn't rehabilitating anyone. A good 80 per cent of our prisoners are in jail for a second, third, fourth and fifth tune round. "As someone who has a keen personal interest in our penitentiary system I can tell you that a con may rehabilitate himself. Obviously some do. But it is in spite of the system not because of it," he stresses. Take the general rehabilitation process. A judge will often sentence a person to penitentiary because he believes person can find psychiatric help. Says the B.C. MP:"The judge who does this is completely ignorant of the situation in penitentiaries. In fact, they are the last place in which a the man will get psychiatric help. There are psychiatrists attached to the penal system. And if an inmate is lucky he might be able to get a ten-minute interview with a psychiatrist once a month. A pretty hopeless situation." Others will sentence a person to a penitentiary in order that the inmate can learn a trade there and come out with better prospects. Well, says Mr. Howard, he may learn how to make licence plates or sew up mail-bags. But the only place he can practice these trades is inside a penitentiary. Not to worry though. Under our present system he's liable to get back inside soon - indulging in his new trade again. What's needed immediately is an official government policy on the subject. The Criminal Code must be amended to give judges some leeway in the alternatives to prison terms. Next, the government could undertake a massive advertising campaign in the media to find people who'll accept an offender or an ex-con young or old into their homes for a set period of time. "And I'm not talking only about young people and first offenders. I think we should also be looking at the older person who has maybe done one, two or three terms in prison and now wants to make a break with his past and build a new life in a new environment," says Mr. Howard. For these people and perhaps the first offenders too, Mr. Howard sees many benefits in having an ex-con who himself has made a break and built up a family life taking them in. While the professional social worker can't relate in many cases to these people, someone who has been through the system and worked his way back into society can. He can, from firsthand experience, give advice on how to do and avoid the pitfalls so many people now released from jail tumble in. Really, all that may be needed to get a major overhaul of our penal reform and rehabilitation concepts is public demand and pressure for such a move. For until the public agitates for action, we rarely get it. And, says Mr. Howard, the reason people don't agitate is that they don't see how changing the concept affects them. That's why the B.C. member constantly drums into his speeches that everyone of our 7,000-odd inmates is costing us taxpayers an average of $35,-000 a year. A full-blown advertising cam-paing telling us to "Take A Convict Into Our Homes' may seem wild even by today's free and easy standards to many of us. But. in both social and economic terms, says Mr. Howard, it could well be the most significant and successful move in penology reform ever. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through The Herald 1911 - The coal strike is entering its seventh month. From indications, it seems that a settlement will not likely be reached in the near future. 1921-The Ex-Emperor Karl in Budapest has been reported assassinated. War clouds again hang over Europe. 1931 -The Macleod Ladies' Hospital Aid Society celebrated its 25th anniversary as an organization recently. 1941. - The temperature in Blairmore went up to 102 in the sun yesterday. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905  1954, !>y Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Wall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press ana tne Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation* CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;