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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 23, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH( UTHBRIDGt HERALD Friday, Odobtr 23, 1970 Taken Too Literally Most Canadians have agreed with the government's action in invoking the War Measures Act. The situa- tion in Quebec required drastic and immediate .measures. A few NDP members voted against the action and have suffered some villification as a consequence. But their stand may be viewed with much greater sympathy if there are more incidents such as those connected with umversity newspapers printing the FLQ manifesto. The chief objection to the govern- ment's recourse to the War Measures Act was that it might unnecessarily restrict the people's rights and free- doms. It was contended that the act was top harsh to cope with the in- surrection of a few hundred people in one part of the country. Assurances were given that the full scope of the Act would not be ap- plied. Only the powers required to Blaming The Universities Some resentment toward universi- ties has been noted by Dr. L. A. Thorssen chairman of the Alberta Universities Commission. He does not believe it is as marked in this province as in some other parts of Canada but apparently the backlash is sufficient to cause him concern. There is always some anti-intellec- tualism in existence but the present antagonism seems to be rooted in something more significant than the old "know-nothingism." It probably springs from a feeling that there is a culture being nourished in the uni- versities that is a threat to what has come to be cherished by a great many people. No doubt an element in the uni- versities has actively fomented the ferment that is so upsetting to some people and perhaps it is the very nature of institutions of learning to feed the fires of change.But today's ferment is not attributable initially or exclusively to the intelligensia in- side or outside the universities. They have provided some of the articula- tion for radicalism; they have not created the restlessness and rootless- ness that have made people recep- tive to it. The causes of the are many, not the least of them being the way that technology has altered human aspirations and mode of living. All over the world there is a similar kind of upheaval taking place and very few have not been swept up in it to some degree. Even those who appear to be conformed to previously established ways of thinking and living are likely to be found to be transformed fundamen- tally by the world in which they live. It is very foolish to blame the uni- versities for the breakup of an old order in which good things are in danger of being destroyed along with the bad. But it is understandable. Scapegoating is a familiar and per- sistent human activity. Now that higher education takes such a healthy bite from the taxpayers the univerisites are inevitable candidates for the scapegoat role. Secret Of Cienfuegos If the Soviets were attempting to build a submarine base in Cienfuegos harbor in Cuba, they have apparently given up the idea. On September 25 there were reports that a tug, a sub- marine tender and two barges cap- able of servicing nuclear submarines were_spptted in the area. There were also indications that a barracks was under construction on shore. The re- ports were denied, but Washington issued a stern warning to Moscow. Then, as far as the general public knew, nothing happened, giving rise to all kinds of speculation in went has still not been disclosed to the public. The Russians have issued an official denial of any intention of building a military base in Cuba, and it is now believed that a secret un- derstanding between the two govern- ments has been reached whereby the Russians would remove any equip- ment they had, or might have had, in Cienfuegos. The Cienfuegos affair created un- easiness in the U.S. naturally. About the only interpretation one can put on it is that the Soviets are con- the press. On October 10, according tinuing their policy of needling at to "reliablae the ships in U.S. weak spots. After all, the Rus- question were observed leaving Cien- fuegos, although precisely where they sians could hardly have expected to get away with it undetected. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON Every time an old building is torn down in this coun- try, and a new buHding goes up, the ground floor becomes a bank. The reason for this is that banks are the only ones who can afford the rent for the ground floor of the new buildings going up. Besides, when a bank loans someone money to build a new building it usually takes an option for the street- floor facilities. Most people don't think there is any- thing wrong with, this and they accept it as part of the American free enterprise system. But there is a. small group people in this country who are fighting for Bank Birth Control. This is how Huddlestone Hubbard, the BBC's chairman, explained it: "Whenever you see an old building torn Hubbard said, "you usually see a candy store, a dry cleaner, a delicatessen and possibly a florist torn down with it. These shops are all replaced in the new "What you're saying then, Mr. Hubbard, is that every time a bank goes up, some- thing in all of us dies." "Exactly. One of the reasons kids are getting in so much trouble these days is that there are no candy stores to hang around any more. When they tear down a delicatessen, the tangy smells of potato corned beef and dill pickles are lost forever. Unless you're trying to make a loan, no one ever salivates in a bank." "It's true" I said. "The situation is more crucial than any- one Hubbard said. "At the rate they're tearing down consumer stores and replacing them with banks, we estimate that in 10 years it will be impossible to buy a loaf of bread in the country. What good is it to get 7 per cent on your mon- ey, if you starve to "Then what you're saying is that it isn't a question of not taking it with you. Robert Stephens Absent Guests At The UN's Birthday deal with the FLQ threat in Quebec would be enforced. It is absurd to suggest that the printing of the FLQ manifesto in the Umversity of Lethbridge's student newspaper has insurrectionist impli- cations and constitutes a threat to Canada requiring the action of the law. That is taking the regulations too literally and in a way surely not intended by the government. Advocacy of the FLQ objectives is not implied in the mere printing of the manifesto. It lias been widely published across Canada recently be- cause Canadians are anxious to know what this group is. The document is now an essential part of Canadian history and when treated objectively in that way does not warrant sup- pression. Canadian unity and understanding will not be served by the literal ap- plication of the War Measures Act where no real FLQ threat exists. TVEW YORK The 10-day special "summit" session of the United Nations General Assembly to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the found- ing of the world organization is proving to be a less glamorous affair than had been planned. The commemorative session, which winds up tomorrow United Nations Day will not compare in either personal dra- ma or political excitement with the famous session of 1960 which brought most of the world's most important states- men together, including Khru- shchev, Eisenhower, Harold MacmiUan, Fidel Castro, and1 the then "Big Five" neutralist leaders, Nehru, Tito, Nasser, Nkrumah and Sukarno. Nor will this session provide the occasion, as had been hoped, for "Big Four" talks on East-West relations at summit level whether between Am- erica, Russia, France and Brit- ain or between tlie Big Four of the West America, Britain, France and West Germany. It had been hoped that some 70 out of the 126 members of the UN would send their Heads of State or heads of Govern- ment to attend this com- memorative session and so mark tteir -support for the con- tinued existence and future de- velopment, of the organization. Now it looks as if not more than 30 will do so, the remaind- er being represented by their Foreign Ministers or special envoys. President Nixon will address the Assembly today and so will British Premier Edward Heath, who is spend- ing a week here. But Russia and France will be represented only by their Foreign Minis- ters and politically the high- light of the session itself apart from diplomatic meet- togs outside the United Na- tions will be the special meeting of the Security Coun- cil at which each member of the Council will be represented by its Foreign Minister. The downgrading of the: com- memorative session began with the refusal of French President Georges Pompidou to attend, thus blocking a Big Four sum- mit of either East and West or West alone. In his attitude Pompidou was in part follow- ing the example of General de Gaulle who stayed away in 1960 from involvement in the affairs of an organization he dismiss- ed contemptuously as "ce ma- chin" thing" or "that what do you call Pompidou was also probably registering his own personal refusal to visit New York again so soon after his official visit to the United States. He and his wife were the target of hostile demonstrations in New York because of France's pol- icy towards Israel. But a kind of summit might have been possible, with France represented by Prime Minister Chaban-Delmas, until Russia decided that she would not after all send Prune Min- ister Alexei Kosygin to repre- sent her. Mr. K o s y g i n't attendance was called off by Moscow after signs that the moment was not propitious for useful talks with President Nixon. The United States blamed Russia for hold- ing up the American peace initiative in the Middle East by alleged cheating on the Suez Canal ceasefire agreement. Is- rael had refused to go on with talks with Egypt and Jordan through the United Nations me- diator, Doctor Gunnar Jarring, until the anti-aircraft missiles claimed to have been intro- duced illegally into the cease- fire zone by Egypt and the Rus- sians were withdrawn. President Nixon let it be Letters To The Editor Girl Guides Warrant Community Support I should be glad if you would allow me to reply to Mr. Wil- sons article "If you ask me" in the Oct. 17th edition of the pa- per. I can only speak if or the Girl Guides of Canada as this is tha group I am associated with as Division Commissioner. Mr. Wilson's argument is that the girls should raise all the funds they need themselves and that the United Appeal money should not be used to buy badges and send them to camp. Every Guide Company and Brownie Pack in town is fully self supporting. By selling cookies and Girl Guide calen- dars to friends and 'neighbors (not by collect- ing rags and coat-hangers, by holding teas and bake sales, they can afford to buy their own badges and all tha books and equipment they need. They can even help less fortunate members to pay their fees and camp costs, what's more, by special efforts at Christmas they raise money to send to such groups as the Cup of Milk Fund. Now as to the money we ac- tually receive from the United Appeal Last year we got These are public funds and are handled as such. Our books are audited regularly and are available for inspection by au- thorized people at any time. These funds are spent on ad- ministration and, training. You can't have leaders and never get in touch with them or offer them training material. Every new group is given to start them off until they can earn for themselves. Leaders' uniforms with dress, hat and belt cost around each; and how many husbands do you know prepared to fork out for a uniform for his wife? So Division funds buy uniform and handbooks for the leaders. Street Planners Mess Things Up There was a time when we prided ourselves on the magni- ficent vista of our fine streets and the convenience of being able to drive to any address as long as you knew it. What a joy it was to return to such cities after the crooked streets of older cities. Credit For Cribbing By Don Oakley, NEA Service HIGH SCHOOL Latin teach- friend's work-but he must ac- knowledge the source he copied from. The student who actually Now the argument is that it does the work receives 100 per is safer for children. But that cent of Mrs. Shannon s assign- building with a beautiful glass, aluminum, I''s a. question of staying alive while you wall-to-wall carpeted money-factory. IlavB il" T said- "Now from an esthetic viewpoint, a bank looks better than a dry cleaner, a candy store, a delicatessen and a florist. But from a practical point of view, it's a sheer'disaster. If you want a newspaper, a candy bar or a chocolate milk shake, you can't get it at a bank. Nor can you run out to a bank for a pound of Swiss Cheese and a six-pack of beer when you have guests coming over. "A bank is great if you want to buy a car, but it's useless if you Want to have your dress cleaned. "And while a bank might buy flowers to give itself a human image, it doesn't sell any when you want to make up with your wife." "Something like Hubbard agreed. "We're trying to get the public to wake up to the fact that it's better to have a store that sells screwdrivers than a bank that gives away alarm clocks." "What's the "A government decree that a bank has to supply the same services of the stores it tore down on the same property. If it's a bakery, they have to sell cake; if it's a photography shop, they have to develop film; and if it's a dry-goods store, they have to sell warm underwear. If they pro- vide the services of the stores they tore down, then we'll let them do a little i lending on the side." (Toronto Telegram News Service) er in Jonesboro, Ark., has devised a new approach to the age-old problem of one student copying or cribbing the work of another, something that has been going on since Latin- speaking Roman schoolboys straggled with Greek verbs. In the class of Mrs. Edith Shannon, any student who for some reason is unable to pre- pare his own homework may submit a careful copy of a So They Say If South Africa wants to op- press the black people within Us boundaries by force of arms and also to attack neighboring black States, I wish lo make it very clear that we do not even require threepence worth of gunpowder for that John Vorster, South African Prime Minister. And then we got fat headed and let these planners mess things up. They said conve- nience would have to give way for progress the real idea be- ing to get, in twelve houses where ten would otherwise go. So they made it inconvenient and even seem to be able to make newer developments even more inconvenient. But the utilities do not cost less and it docs not require less mate- rial. If we were to ask all mem- bers of the guide movement to cover all these costs, they would never do anything but raise funds, and this is not the object of the movement. The Government of Canada thinks well enough of the Guiding movement that it gives a grant towards administration costs at the national level. The Provin- cial Government assists with administration costs at the pro- vincial level. We do not feel that we are out of line in ask- ing the community for help at the local level. If Mr. Wilson would like to see last year's financial state- ment, he may do so; and I'd be delighted to show him the annual activity reports as they start to come in November. Finally, I think if Mr. Wilson will check, he will find that the door to door canvassers who bug him so much are none of them from United Appeal agen- cies. ELIZABETH C. HALL. Lethbridge. known that he regarded Rus- sia's alleged duplicity as coat- ing serious doubt on Russian good faith in general and BO on the value of any negotiations with Moscow. With Kosygin's withdrawal, other countries, including other Communist bloc nations, down- grade their missions, A signifi- cant exception was Romania, which has sent her President and strong-mar Nicolae Ceaw- sescu as a demonstration of her continued independence from Moscow in certain fields of foreign policy and of her interest in the United Nation. The final blow was the deci- sion of Pierre Trudeau, the Ca- nadian Prime Minister, who had been invited to give the opening speech, not to attend, though admittedly the Quebec kidnapping crisis was a good reason for him to stay at home. The Canadian Minister for Ex- ternal Affairs, 'Mitchell Sharp, who deputized ably for him, also pointed out some of the reasons why this downgrading is itself symbolic of the decline in prestige of the United Na- tions itself. Mr. Sharp saw this decline as part of a world un- easiness and dissatisfaction, "a broad crisis of confidence be- tween the peoples of the world and the institutions which serve them." Nevertheless, the United Na- tions has this week been per- forming, at least in part, its functions of being a forum of international opinion and "diplomatic workshop of the Some visiting -Western leaders such as Mr. Heath may be made more forcibly aware than perhaps they were before of the real strength of feeling among the majority of nations of the world about, for exam- ple, racial discrimination and the policies of apartheid in South Africa and Rhodesia. They may perhaps understand a little better why the African and Asian countries especially would regard the resumption of British arms deliveries to South Africa despite a Se- curity .Council arms embargo- as a stab in the back for the United Nations as well as an encouragement to an inhuman system of government. There will be many bilateral talks between the visiting min- isters and especially between the Soviet Foreign Minister, Andrei Gromyko, and the Am- erican Secretary of State, Wil- liam Rogers. Despite the pres- ent gulf of suspicion both the Americans and Russians ap- pear anxious to save the Am- erican peace initiative in the Middle East from foundering altogether and to get talks re- sumed between Egypt, Jor- dan and Israel. The return to New York of Dr. Jarring from his post as Swedish1 Ambassa- dor in Moscow is a mildly t corn-aging sign but the Ameri- cans and Russians have still to find some way out of the dis- pute over the missile violations W h i c h the Russians have denied before Israel will start As the Congo crisis hung over the 1960 summit session, and the centre of the drama was Khrushchev's diplomatic duel with1 Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, so this time the Middle East and the failure of the United Nations to act effectively in Southern Africa are the dominant issues here. But this time the Secretary- General is not at the centre of the storm. U Thant is a more cautious and less creative man than his great predecessor. He helped to keep the organization together after tha strains to which Hamm-arskjold's diplo- macy had subjected it. But there are many who now be- lieve that more vigorous lead- ership is needed lo rescue the United Nations from its present bored and listless state. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD ed grade. The cribbcr gets 75 per cent of the same score. Let him who has never crib- bed from a classmate or copied an encyclopedia article word for word cast the first stone. Come to think of it, ninc- tenths of the stuff that rolls off the printing presses these days in what is called the "infor- mation explosion" is "cribbed" from the onc4enth that con- stitutes an original contribution to mankind's knowledge. 'Twas ever thus. Mrs. Shannon claims that her credit-sharing system has been "highly successful in develop- ing personal integrity" and has even motivated her students to do bettor work. If so, some of them may never master Latin Syntax, but they may be learning some- thing more important. could be done just as easily by inverting the usage of those U developments and still have convenient travel. I went to see some of the homes on display in Lakeview. Not one house on these writh- ing snake tracks could be lo- cated without instructions. Wouldn't it be possible to let some sane person replace Uiese meaningless names with num- bers? And for heaven's sake do not let these people touch future developments. Lakeview and such places could then be ad- vertized as tourist attractions for visitors who like unravel- ling mazes. They could drive round and round and when they find the lake they could tell us so we would know. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath, THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Lethbridge Northern fanners voted better than 15 to 1 in favor of the bond issue for the construction of the irrigation project. new radium find In Ontario may make Canada the leading producer of radioactive minerals. The only producing mine in the world is in the Bel- gian Congo. powers arc seek- ing to persuade France to de- clare .war on Britain with a promise of easy peace terms being used as bait. J950 Between six and sev- en inches of wet snow blanket- ed southern Alberta as UK first heavy snowstorm of the season hit this area- ISM Fleetwood School is marking its 50th anniversary. The history of (lie school has one unusual aspect in that it has had only two pricnipals since ths school was opened. They arc the late C. E. Bran- dow and the present principal, G. S. Lakie. The Letlibridge Herald Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN FlaS2 No. 001! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manaacr JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY ROY Editor KUT r. ArtlLbS DOUGLAS K WAI kFB Advertising Manager Editorlil Edflfr "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;