Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 23, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
liillililiii uw uncut! UTH6RIDGE RESEARCH STATION Nitrogen Fertilizer In Fall A. G. SMITH, Agronomist Fall application of nitrogen fertilizer on stubble and grass- land is a common practice in southern Alberta. This practice, however, is not universally accepted. In some climates much of the applied nitrogen is leached or denitri- fied before it can be used by the crop the following spring. Leaching and denitrificarion are not excessive in southern Al- berta because soil -tempera- tures are low and precipitation is light from late fall to early spring. If nitrogen is to be available to plants it must be in the am- monium or nitrate form. Nitro- gen is in one or both of these forms in such inorganic ferti- lizers as anhydrous ammonia, ammonium nitrate, and ammo- nium sulphate, which are usual- ly applied in the fall. Nitrogen in the ammonium form is held on the surface of soil particles and is non-leach- able. Where soil temperatures exceed 50 degrees this form of nitrogen is quickly converted by bacteria to the nitrate form. When soil temperatures are lower than 50 degrees, as they are in southern Alberta during the late fall, winter, and early spring, this conversion is very slow. Nitrate nitrogen is leach- able .and its movement in the soil corresponds closely with that of the soil moisture. Results of experiments con- ducted in southern Alberta in- dicate that the downward movement of nitrate nitrogen is slow and that it does not leach below the root zone in clay or loam soils. In sandy soils some of the nitrate nitrogen applied in the fall was leached down past the root zone. Therefore, in sandy soils only an ammo- nium form of nitrogen .tenths er should be applied in the fall if loss by leaching is to be avoided. Denitrifieation of nitrates only occurs in soils that are poorly aerated.as a result of waterlogging or excessive irri- SLIM PICKENS Despite the of grasses in the field, this horse chose the more prickly approach. This method of weed extermination could revolutionize the herbicide industry. The major advantage of ap- plying nitrogen in the fall is that time, labor, and fertiliz- ers then are usually more available than early in the sea- son. Furthermore, the problem of storing the fertilizer during the winter is avoided. October Is Cheese Month A. O. ASPESLET, Dairy Specialist, Alberta Department of Agriculture October is designated as cheese month throughout Can- I ada. 4-H Club 'Bulletin Board COWLEY-LUNDBRECK On Tuesday, October 13th a meeting was iield at the home of A. Hankin of Cowley, at a new 4-H Club was formed for the Cowley and Lundbreck district. Milo Bar- fuss, Regional Specialist for the 4-H from the department of Youth and Bob Lyons, district agriculturist, at Pincher Creek, aided the young enthusiasts. It was decided that joint ac- tivities of beef and sewing be taught for this year. Since sev era! of the new members were under 12 years a pse-wee club was formed. These young mem- bers will be -included in discus- sion and visual participation. The following were nomi- nated for positions for the coming year: club leader Mrs. Alex Rankin, assistant leader (Beef) Hubert De- linte, assistant leader (cloth- ing) Mrs. Stewart Douglas, president Nancy Crayford, Calendar Of Farm Events October 26 30 Province-wide Unifarm Sponsored "See Alberta" Tour October 27 Olds Farriers Course Begins (Applications and registration direct to Registrar, Olds Agricul- tural and Vocational College) 31 Brooks Farm and Community Leadership Workshop 4 5 Winnipeg United Grain Growers Con- vention 5 6 Edmonton Annual Feed Industry' Con- ference 12 13 Vulcan Seminar Goal Setting for Couples 13 21 Toronto Royal Agricultural Winter Fair 16 20 Edmonton Association of Municipal Districts Annual Convention 18 Edmonton Alberta Turkey Assoc. Annual Meeting 18 20 Edmonton Alberta Poultry Industry Conference 19 20 Brooks Alberta Potato Commission and Alberta Potato Growers Assoc. Annual Meet- ing and Potato Harvest Ball 19 Lethbridge Hereford Show 20 Lethbridge Angus Show 20 Lethbridge Twentieth Annaul Fall Leih- bridge Cattle Sale Exhibition Pavilion 23 27 Banff Annual Stockman's Short Course 25 27 Ottawa Agricultural Congress on Task Force Recommendations October 30 November November November November November November November November November November November November November PORTABLE AC GENERATORS EC1500 Quite inexpensive ye powerful oufput Very light weight of only 37 kg (82 Ib.) Simple design for Iroublefree long life Perfect for any lightin purpose Fuse for safety in case of overloads FARM PRICE 299 .00 REBUIILT BRIGGS and STRATTON and WISCONSIN MOTORS WITH GUARANTEE from 3 to 9 Horsepower We also SERVICE qnd REBUILD all types of AIR COOLED MOTORS 817 3rd AVENUE SOUTH MOWER PHONE 327-2669 vice-president Heather Bur- ies, secretary Donna White treasurer Glen Douglas, club reporter Donna Murphy. The next meeting will be belc Nov. S at the Stewart Douglas home. Others interested and wishing to join are urged to attend. BELLA DEL BON1TA The reorganization meeting of the Del Bonita Sew and Sew Clothing 4-H'Club was held re- cently. The new executive includes: Betty Seeretan, president; Bev- erly Robinson, vice-president; Myrna Rasmussen, secretary; Sharon Robinson, treasurer; Beverly Robin son, historian; CeciliaHelgeson, reporter; Cindy Rasmussen, Janice asko, program committee; rainne Leishman, Connie Hil: mer, lunch committee; Mrs. Gail Stephen, leader; Mrs. Helen Newton, co-leader; Mrs. Shirley Saunders, Mrs. Sylvia Leishman, Mrs. Pearl Kelasko, Mrs. Dorothy Weiss, advisory board. Meetings will be held on the first and third Saturdays of ev- ery month. New members are welcome until October 31. MYHNA HASMUSSEN. READYMADE The Readymade 4-H beef club held its re-organization meeting Oct. 7 at the Ready- made School with 21 members present. The new members Include Harry Korthius, John Lohues, Tom. Walker, JoAnne d Sherry Hruska. The election of officers were s follows: president, Robert Stanko; vice-president, Wendy Wilier; secretary, Sherry Hrus- ca: treasurer, GWen Miller; juiiior 4-H council representa- tive, Syd Manlier; club report- er, Bonny entertain- ment Margaret Mantler, Carrol Dyck, and Hank Korthius; and phoning committee, Myrna Reid and Dorothy Kaval. A weigh-in day was set for Nov. 7, calves weighing under 550 pounds. BONNY STANKO-reporter GLENWOOD I The Glenwood 4-H Light Horse Club will hold its opening meeting October 26, in the Glenwood Lions Hall. Anyone interested in being a member or leader is urged to attend. Last jear the club consisted of a section for riding horses, and a section for foals. How- the club had only a few pee-wee members attending. Any parents Interested in hav- ing their child in 4-H is also in- vited to attend. Last year's members and leaders would like to express their thanks to those who made the "Achievement Day" a suc- cess, especially the. judge, Bill Favcillc. In the coming year, the club lopes to have more members more activities for these new members. JANET MEDLEY-reporter. Canadians eat approxinate 10 pounds of cheese per .perso per year, and rank twelfth fc all cheese producing countries France, which ranks first, ea 25 pounds per capita. Canadians should eat mor cheese. Too many people think of cheese only in terms of cheese sandwich, macaroni an cheese, or apple pie wil cheese. Few Canadian foods .can be used in such a varie of ways, and few are as nutr tious and inexpensive. There no end to the variety of dishes we can have from soup to dessert, for breakfas lunch, or dinner. When one examines the dail nutritional requirements, v find that a one inch cube cheddar cheese supplies th following: 7.1 per cent of th protein, 19.3 per cent of the cal ories, 5.6 per cent of the vit min A and 5.3 per cent of ,th vitamin B-2. In pioneer ,days, cheas making in Canada was a usefi means of storing milk whic, was not required immediate! The first cheese factory in Ca ada began operation in Ontari 1864. Ever since, the cheese in dustry has earned a reputation for high quality cheese. The main cheese produced Canada is Canadian Hard Chetl dar. However, there are profc ably one hundred varieties cheese now available.. Generally, cheese may be classified into hard and to varieties depending mainly on the amount of moisture left i the curd. Cheeses may idso be classified according to th< method of ripening. One of Hi most famous ripening agents the bacteria which makes th AALBORG AKVAVIT AALBORG DRY (wsiiive md icy coM I right not of thcl II icfogcrnor-witfi I supper ot I CMWpa. ft B also good codaa'ds. isiilloikil AKVAVIT AALBOUG "eyes" in .Swiss cheese; and another is ths mold which is responsible for the blue veins in Roquefort. Cheese may be stored suc- cessfuly in the family refrig- erator provided it is in a mois- ture proof wrap. Sometimes, one finds mold on cheddar cheese. This does not spoil the cheese if only on the surface. One method to slow up the mold growth on cheddar cheese is to wipe' the exterior before storage with dampened with vinegar. cloth Grain Stores Stocks of the six principal grains in at store Thunder Bay terminals at September 23rd totalled bushels, in- cluding 25.8 million bushels of wheat. Wday, Octobtr JJ, 1970 THi liTHSRIDOl HHALO 19 Public To Become More Informed On Pesticides By JIM NEAVES JASPER, Alta. (CP) _ The Canadian Agricultural Chemi- cals Association has moved to increase its flow of informa- tion to the public about pesti- cides and set up machinery to police the industry itself. At the association's annual meeting, delegates representing 54 agricultural chemical manu- facturing firms, who produce 80 per cent of Canada's pesticides, voted to implement .plans for an information program to provide better liaison between the indus- try and the public. Jacques Chevelier, CACA ex- ecutive secretary, said the pro- gram probably would involve .he addition of one full-time technical information officer in the association's Montreal off- ice. There was no official confir- mation, but delegates said the program would require a 100- per-cent increase in the associa- tion's annual dues to member companies. An informed source said it is believed an outeide agency will be hired to establish the program. The association also drafted a committee. Mr. Chevelier said the asso- ciation wanted to create a cli- mate of "do it yourself rather than being told to do it" by government in cases in which a product should be withdrawn from the market. Association officials said draft code of ethics for the in- dustry has been completed and approved by the membership, but the measures require bylaw changes which would take two or three weeks to complete. "We would have the machin- ery available if one of our mem- bers showed too much self-inter- cede of ethics for pesticide est in his product and not the producers and will establish a interest of the public and we, as three-member ethics advisory an organization, would have something to_ say about Mr. Chevelier said. it is the sort of thing we never expect to have to use." He said the measure could in- volve a voluntary withdrawal of a product from the market. South Alberta Mfty Rival Tobacco Growing Areas BROOKS Southern Alberta las all the conditions neces- iary to rival the major tobacco- growing areas of Eastern Can- ada, plus a slight edge: abun- dant low-cost land. Tobacco needs warm weath- er and Alberta leads all of Can- ada in annual hours of sunshine. Tobacco needs water and the area has plenty. But plant scientist Thomas R. irahn is cautious when he talks about a multi-million-dollar ad- dition to the fertile fields of irri- gated southern Alberta. Unfortunately, the region has well wind. earned reputation for Last summer wind cut an in- ended 10 acre pilot project to our because it came at critical growth and maturity stages. "I'm confident tobacco can be ;rown here said Air. Krahn. But he quickly added there still are many prob- ems of planting and harvest to 2 overcome. If future tests succeed, farm- ers can look to a crop that will reduce between and 00 an acre better than many igh return crops they now grow. Imperial Tobacco initiated the test project because urban growth in Ontario and Quebec continues to absorb large Cattle Semen Exports Up Canadian exports of dairy and beef cattle semen showed a spectacular increase last year, reports the Canada de- partment of agriculture live- stock division. The upsurge according to the CDA was the result of an in- creasing demand in the United States for semen of the import- ed exotic breeds Charolab, Simmental, Limousin and Maine Anjou, and ah increased demand both in the United States and elsewhere for semen of other breeds, particu- larly the Holstein. Overall exports amounted to vials of semen, or more than seven times the ex- ported in 1968. In dollars, last year's shipments had a total price tag of approximately compared with about for the year before. amounts of prime tobacco-grow- ing land. Mr. Krahn said that finding the correct greenhouse seeding and transplanting times' for this area is only a matter of adjust- ment. And with modern farm techniques soil fertility can be adjusted to suit tobacco. And shelter belts of cotton- wood trees abound on the mil- lion acres of irrigated farmland in this south-central region. "I dont' think anyone will ad- vise going ahead with the crop until marketing is air a n g e Mr. Krahn said. "But the indus- try is definitely interested." "I think they will look at southern Alberta as the site to move in to as their present land difficulties become more acute. Mr. Krahn said tire intent at his project is to be able within a few years to draft a full set of recommendations on the crop. Travels Light A hippie was walking down the street carrying a cigar box. His friend said: "I didn't know you smoked cigars." Said the hippie: "I don't I'm moving." OUT THEY GO! WE MEAN BUSINESS! UNITED MOTORS CO. LTD. CORNER 3RD AVE., 3RD ST. S. 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