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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 23, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, October 23, 1012 THE LETITiminGE DAILY IIKKAL1) A. few clays before tho sale the C. P. R. put up huge fonts for the accommodation of Iho mm, v investors wlio would come iu from outside ioints Re- established n, tents and shacks prepared to-Provule for the people IVorn the distrid, 'The pleasant hustle of preparatio: TI layers worked like 1 rojans and hinshe, herr task m the evening two hours before the trail, cnmo in with its load of over 300 passer? Day' of were present. Lots to the value ot MdO.OOO were sold. Day following Ihe sale a time of work that lusted until after winter set in Suildi iS alrc- moved into position on the Jots bought by the owners, tho mnvov tar-i-in ii.o i... ___ i ,P taking levels with a view to grading and sidewalks. Not much over a year ago there was nothing to distinguish Sec. 13, TWIJ. 3G, Range 11, of the 4th 51., from any surrounding section of raw prairie land. In June, 1911, the C. P. R. announced this as the site of the first divi- sional point east of Lacombe. Tile wide advertisement of the railway company and the knowledge already spread abroad of the fertile country that lay round about, resulted in a. phenomenal sale lots on tlie 27th day of September, 1911. On the nrst day.of 41 ay, 1512, Coronation incorporated as a town with property having au assessed value of over So rapid had been its development that it had often been called "the wonder town of the West" this rapid growth was not ttt all of the mushroom order. Over 70 business places had been, set going, all of them substantial and all without exception, being carried en by enterprising of wide experience in their various callingB, and best of all, men who know bow to adapt themselves to tho environment of a town in the making. Strangers coming to Coronation for the ilrst Wine open their eyes in at .the busy streets, the rows of business places and dwellings stretching eist, wast and north. Sidewalks extend to all the principal Darts of the town. A big anil beautifully finished and furnished hotel and several restaurants, cater to the wants of the many visitors to tlie town'. Th'e Anglicans and Methodists have erected two line ciiurches A mov- ing picture theatre In a hall of a size and equipment not often 'found in -i town twice the size of Coronation, and several pool rooms, supply pleasure seekers. School Is at present carried in a building rented for that purpose -teachers, all grades taught. Telephone connection has been made and an electric lighting and water system is a project well under way for next spring. A school is also being built on the block given as a site for this purpose by the C. P. R., and another centrally located site given for municipal buildings, and yet another piece of ground for a public park The Board of Trade, .jaretul to neglect no smallest detail that will add to appearance of their town, have already ordered trees for setting out In tie spring along some of tlie streets, as well as surrounding these donated In the matter of two of tlie real necessities of and fuel- Coronation Is amply and cheaply supplied. A rock-bored well of 400 feet Restaurants The gangs of steel sale great crowds Buildings already put up were pio1ession.il mover with his up-to-date tackle and the skid of poles drawn by oxen, were both at work: Other build- resoumlod 1 rom early morning until night.. In 10 days the first business Street was well outlined and an eno-ineer was went on, every week added some change, some improvement and changes and'improvements are still going on. depth gives an unlimited supply of water to nil residents of the town, irad important western railway making Coronation object'point it. projected lines. As a divisional 4-junction point, Coronation will undoubtedly become an important distributing centre. SO it beside this there are a number of drilled wells belonging to private parties, where any amount of water can be pumped. Tlie supply is both pure and abundant, doing away with any necessity for the dangerous surface weels and removing risk of infection from any diseases arising from contaminated water. Public sanitation is also looked after in u most efficient manner. Fuel is obtained chiefly from beds of lignite coal of a good quality found in the near neighborhood, which may lie bought very cheaply. Wood for fuel, fence posts and even buildings, is taken from the poplar and willow-clad coulees of tho Battle Jiiver, and nearer still, from the Nose Hill, rising nine or ten miies to tlie north-east. The trail from Coronation enters the Nose Hill at the end of Father Lacombe's "Hunger made famous to all readers of .Miss Katherfne Hughes' biography ot tiiat dauntless pioneer mis- sionary. Indeed, the whole country round about Coronation was onca a great feeding ground of the buffalo, and tlie hunting ground and home of the plain Crees, many of whose graves are to be found, all lilled with the treas- ures they buried with their dead. Down in tlie railway yards the C. P. R. are doing their part toward mak- ing this an important town. The company has erected a line station with adequate accommodation for travellers and for shipping. A bored well .150 feet deep pumping over 100 gallons a minute, nineteen side, tracks in the yards, and an ice house with a capacity of 500 tons for the use of its line and crews, are some of the smaller improvements, the best to date being an 6-stnll roundhouse costing which is just being completed. In the matter of railways, Coronation is being well served. The following unes liave been, or win be, constructed: Lacombe westerly. Moose Jaw easterly. Swift Current southwesterly. Sedgewick northerly. Camrose northwesterly. These lines are taken from the official railway map, Coronation being a divisional and terminal centre. When the railway plans are completed it will be possible to travel direct from Chicago, St. Paul and Moose Jaw- to Edmonton by way ol Coronation. There is also a possibility of another The time for establishing a, town like Coronation was opportune. The great increase in immigration to farm lands for many miles around created a demand for many things, a-ad the farmers who must come from CO and 70 .miles south and east were glad' to reach a market where they could buy and sell, with a shortening of ISO miles in the trails they must travel to and fro. Two chartered banks have branches doing large businesses. Trade had a stimulus from the start, and even though smaller towns may rise up along the railway extensions, yet tho bulk ot trade will no doubt come to tho larger centre. A live and energetic Board of Trade also helps to keep growing. Tho latest result of their efforts Is the building of an elevator of large capacity, which will be ready to handle the grain of this season. TheJBoard of Trade was organized the night after the sale of lots with a roll of 33 members, the number having been satisfactorily increased since, and each member feels that in striving to serve; Coronation's best Interests they are not only helping themselves personally, but they are helping to expand the home of their own town of which they will have every reason to feel proud. Coronation is also fortunate in having been surrounded ao widely by fertile farming lands. About acres are under cultivation in the immed- iate vicinity. Farm lands are yet obtainable within eaay distances and upon reasonable terms. The soil is fertile, the climate good, and above all. there is sufficient rainfall for agriculture. Mixed farming is being taken up by many of the experienced farmers of the district, and others are preparing to follow" their lead, the fanning population betng'aa progressive as any to be Jound in the West. Many farmers are adding to the value of their lands by setting out shelter belts and pla-ntations of trees. The crops of this season have been generally excellent. Wheat has yielded in many places 35 and 38 bushels to the acre; oats are yielding aa, high as IIS and 120 bushels on summer fallowed land, while on newly culti- vated ground the yield is from GO to 70 bushels and over. TWO GREATEST FACTORS IN MODERN FARMING Premier Sif ton Emphasize Scientific Farming and Good Roads Scientific farming and good roads irere mentioned as the two great fac tors in agriculture by Premier Sifton In hie short address before the large gathering; of Congress delegates in the JlRJosUc Theatre this mom Ing. The premier arrived during the mid- 'dlo of the session and was at once in- troduced to the meeting: by Chairman 'A, McOwen, and he extended a hearty welcome to Alberta tc the Congress delegates from the nations of the He said It was a great thing 15 for a new country to have 'this gath- ering of eminent agriculturists and fanners frOin all parts to give their experiences in the pursuit of scienti- fic agriculture, lie mentioned also the necessity of good roads. He mention.] ed the exhibit of dry-farmed products as being the, greatest that could pos sibly nave be-en gathered -together. He expressed the hope that the work of successful 7505 miles north of bridge, as It was arnuud the city. The other three feature addresses of the session in the Majestic this morning were those given by Dr. Cornell: Prof. Hopkins, of the Illinois State agricultural college on soil fertility, and by L. A. Boykin, of the United States department, of Toads, on good roads. Dr. Bailey pointed out that while the ancients had discovered the heav- ens, they were only now beginning the discovery of tlie soil. The great problem, he saki, was how to preserve the fertility of the soil, and those farmers in the ue'iv conn- must take care that bistcry did 10 repeat itself in allowing Uie fmility of tlie soil to decrease. He penned out the great use of machinery on the 'arm, not only as a means of power md of more extensive cutivution. but is a means of centreing the interests if the farmer on the farm. Cue of th> rrer.t problems today was the manner n which the farms were being (lepop. lated to populate the cities, and all the Dry-Farming Congress, much as bo disliked the name of "dry-farm- in? would go on and prosper until that acmo of success was reached, where the farmer would take his place I in his real position as -llio real ruler of tlie iand. He spoke also of (he duful development that was taking place in tile northwest, of tile way in nhich the map of the country was be- ing pushed backward, and that agricul- ture was being proven to >be just as nd us tries should be encouraged which centred the interest ot tho far- of cropping always lost its activity and it was necessary to add other mat ler. Mr. Boykin spoke very strongly am eloquently on the matter of good roads. He said that the strangest p of the campaign for good roads was tlie opposition of the farmer. This was because the improvement 01 roads meant taxation in some form Good roads, however, he sai'd, was a purely business proposition, that cverj dollar paid in such taxes was an in- vestment. Mr. Eoykiu told something of the work being done by the United States tovornmeut in improvement of road that last had been available for expenditure on the roads and that national highways were be- ug built. H0 said gcod roads were most vital to the farmer, as lie conld not drive out of his yard to haul his n-heat to market, to take his children to school, or to pay a social call with- out travelling ovsr the public high- way. He pointed out that statute labor accomplished very said that this system should be abolished. lABOUT MOISTURE NEEDED Actual Tests as to Quan- tity Required for Pound Drv latter A most interesting paper was sub- mitted at the session held at the-Meth- odist Church, by Professor C. C. Thorn, of the State College of Washington. ihowed tlie results n order to ascertain of experiment; amount of NEW COMET IN EASTERN SKY Geneva, N.Y., Oct. Dr. William R. Brocks, director of Smith Obs-er- vatory, and professor of astronomy at Hohart college, discovered a comet mer where they lived. He o'clock this morning in tlie tlie return of the-country blacksmith eastern sky. Its position right shop as a nwims towards tho end of j ascension 10 hours 37 minutes 20 sec- making the use of tools on the farm onds, dccllnnlion south 1 degree S more extensive. minutes. The comet is in constella- rater necessary to produce one pound f dry matter, with regard to plants to farming. The minimum re- quired was -by potatoes, being ifiTlb. of water for producing one pound of dry matter, and the maximum, ciirios- ly enough, by wheat, which was The surprise caused by the fact re- corded by wheat led to the Investigat- ing of the fat-tors in the case. These amount of the inorganic matter cesary for building up of the plant present In the soli. Wheat, for in- stance, requires a large amount of phosphate. Where its solution is small, a larger quantity of water is re- quired. The richer the soil in ele- ments of plant food, the less 'water the plant will use in creating dry matter. Consequently, fertile soils require a less amount of water than others. The bearing of these experiments is very important to dry-farming areas it was sho'wn that wheat on summer fallow took 341ib. of water to produce one pound of dry matter, while wheat in continuous cropping required BlSlb. This was a proof that the amount of moisture needed de- pended on tho strength of the solution of inorganic matter. In common lan- guage, it was a case of more skimmed milk being needed than good milk in tile feeding of a calf. Choice of Farm Crops Professor Bracken, of the Saskat- chewan College of Agriculture, con- tributed a paper based on the finding of the Indian Head agricultural sta- tion as to crops suitable for th-a nor.tli west. Brome grass and 'western rye were found to be very favorable, and for dairy feed the greatest soiling crop is a mixture of peas and oats. L. A. Newman, secretary of the Ca nadian Seed Growers' association, ex j plained the methods of the associa- tion for ensuring the supply of pure seed. P. C. Nunuick; of the Dominion Com- mission of Conservation, detailed tho scope of the different committees, and tho session was brought to a close by an eloquent address from Dean Bailey, of Cornell University, on education on the lines of creating efficiency' by using the affairs of life for training At Royal Victoria 'Hospital, Mont- real, the surgeons succeeded in main- taining life In a dying man for 10 1-2 COMPLAINT ABOUT CAR SHORTAGE Davidson, Bask., Oct. special meeting of the Davidson Board of Trade was held to consider the seri- ous car shortage, only fifteen cars be- ing distributed among the five ele- vators all last week, and the situation, is getting serious every day. To ease the situation each elevator needs a car a. day. Montreal Over Crowded gnnneuve, Oct. 22. Although many scores of flats have been erect- of late and many more are in course of construction, scarce a "To Let" notice can In town. So great is the demand for homes that us soon as a new building1 js begun, prospective tenants seize the oppor- tunity of making a selection from the blue print plans; and one Mon- treal gentleman has been waiting for hours by forcing oxygen into the lungs, a fiat for six months. Dr. Bailey concluded his address by tion with sextans with moderate east- a 'bright little bit. of verse of wan! motion and visible through small his own writing on tho kinship oi Che telescopes. This is the mud, an ode to the fertility of the Soil Fertility Prof. Hopkins' address on soil fer- tility was