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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LCTHBRIDQE HERALD TiMMtay, October EDITORIALS Surveying the nuclear scene Canada woos France and Europe Today's nuclear scene has so many ramifications that it is hard to keep track of them all. Although it has gone almost unnoticed, U.S. President Gerald Ford and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger are having trouble with two agreements reached in the waning days of the Nixon presidency which were based on the need for a good image for the beleaguered president. The offer of nuclear reactors to Egypt and Israel, which played a part in the ceasefire arrangement, has now been restricted by the U.S. demand that both countries place all their atomic in- stallations under international inspec- tion. Israel is reluctant to do this, since it has already developed a reactor of its own and does not see why it should place it under such restrictions. .The agreement signed in Moscow by Nixon shortly before his forced resigna- tion limited underground testing to 150 kiloton explosions unless for "peaceful" purposes. Most experts feel that the limit of 150 kilotons, 10 times the force of the Hiroshima bomb, is too high, The Americans and the Russians are now dis- cussing changes to this agreement, as well as discussions on the subject of ex- plosions for "peaceful" purposes, a term which has both semantic and diplomatic drawbacks. How does one differentiate, for instance, between an explosion for peaceful purposes.and one for military purposes and how can one nation criticize another for a "peaceful" explo- sion if it indulges in the same? Then there are the problems raised by differing assessments of nuclear strength mainly in regard to the two super powers. Stockholm's Inter-., national Peace Research Institute says American nuclear power is five times that of the Soviet Union. This is based on an analysis of quality rather than quan- tity. American missiles are far superior to Russian ones in accuracy according to the institute, having a variation from target centre of one-fifth to one-half mile, depending on the type..The Soviet missiles have an accuracy of one to two miles. If the missiles are pin pointed on cities this differential makes little difference strategically, but if they are pin pointed at the opposing country's missile silos, as the U.S. is planning to do with its land based missiles, the U.S. THE CASSEROLE Every time a prisoner escapes from a jail or penitentiary there's an of course a report, to establish how the prisoner escaped, and why, so that any questions that arise can be answered effectively. The reasons for escape are many and varied, but none has surpassed in sheer reasonableness the one offered by Saskatchewan's social ser- vices minister, in reply to a legislative ques- tion after a recent two man break. "The causes of the one attempted escape and the The New York Times news service reports that chemists attending the Third Biennial Conference on Chemical Education have appropriately celebrated the two hundredth anniversary of the discovery of And rightly so. Wouldn't it have been awful if no one bad discovered the stuff? ART BUCHWALD A letter to President Ford Dear Mr. President, I'm having a helluva time. I watched you on television the other night while waiting to see the World Series, and your message really got to me. Ever since I heard you tell us that the best way to fight inflation was not to spend money and not to waste anything, I've been trying to follow your advice with very questionable results. For example, the next morning I went down to the supermarket and bought some soup bones. I made the mistake of telling the butcher I wasn't going to buy any steak until the price came down. That evening I received a visit from two members of the cattleman's association who said they had heard about what I said in the supermarket, and they wanted me to know that they were having the worst year in their history and if I didn't give a damn about the food industry in this country, they wouldn't give a damn about me. I explained to them that you had said the only way to fight infla- tion was to live within my budget and you know what they did? They shot two steers in the bead onjny front lawn. It cost me 189.50 to have the carcasses carted away. The next day I had a call from an automobile dealer who told me the new models bad just arrived at the showroom and advised me to come down right away. I told him that, because of your plea hi Kansas City, I decided to forgo the luxury of a 1975 car un- til the economy was straightened out. An hour later three officers of the United Auto Workers Union broke into my office and asked me what I thought I was doing. I told them the car I owned was perfectly satisfac- tory, and I really didn't need a new car. Well, yon should have beard what they said, Mr. President. They accused me of creating un- employment in the most important industry in America and shouted that if everyone thought the way I did we would have the greatest depression in the history oJ the country. I tried to calm them down by pointing out that everyone in this country had to bite the bullet but they were so in- furiated, they threw a chair through my win- dow, which cost me 956 to replace. Well, I got home that night and had a visit from Richard Kaltenborn who works in a children's clothing store. Richard had just been laid off from .the store because no one was buying clothing. Ever since your message, they haven't sold two pairs of jeans. The store told Richard if peo- ple started buying again, he would be rehired. The reason he came to see me is that he was strapped for cash and asked if I could loan him MOO. I bad no choice but to loan him the money since we hadn't bought children's clothing ourselves, and I felt responsible for Richard's unemployment Just as Richard left I received a call from Mr. Rumstead who owns the local theater. He wanted to know if I was coming down to see "The Great Gatsby" that night I said no, we weren't because we were fighting inflation. "That does be said. "I'm closing the theater for good." Because the kids have no movie theater to go to any more, they're now hanging around the bouse with their friends, and it has cost me for beer and pretzels alone. Of course, we're not going to go near a store for Christmas, as that is really throwing money down the drain. Somehow the newspaper I work for found oat about it, and I got a call from the advertising department The man said if we're not going to buy anything for Christmas, they're not going to get advertising and they won't be able to pay me for the column. Ill be very frank with yon, Mr. President this could put me in a class with my friend Kaltenborn. But Otis is neither here nor there. What I'm really writing to yon about is, could I please have my WIN flag to fly over my boose, because I want everybody to know bow easy it is to fight inflation? Economically yours, A. B. By Paul Hellyer, Toronto Sun commentator gains an immediate and noticeable superiority. If anyone in Lethbridge thinks this doesn't concern him, that he has no im- mediate interest in targets and accuracy rates, it should be pointed out that "your friendly neighborhood to borrow a phrase from the Economist, can be seen from the highway not far south of the border. This brings to mind a cartoon of-a few years back showing a man in his living room in front of a picture window, saying to his wife, poised to throw a vase at him, '.'For god's sake, Ethel, don't The Swedish analysis of American superiority is getting an oblique assist from the U.S. Congress in a study prepared for thetuse of a House subcom- mittee. The report states that the Congress is getting a one sided view oi the arms' race from the Pentagon and recommends strengthening the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, which was emasculated (if that term can still be used) by the Nixon ad- ministration, so that legislators and the public will have something besides the views of the defence establishment as a basis for policy making. Meanwhile, Canada is continuing to hawk its nuclear reactors abroad with no public accounting of the nature of the safeguards. In this situation, general assurances from cabinet members are insulting, to say the least, and the matter should be probed in Parliament. The Nuclear Non proliferation Treaty will have its first and most important five year review next spring. Neither France nor China has signed the treaty. Other countries which have hot signed but which are considered to have nuclear armament potential are: Spain, India, Israel, South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Portugal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Algeria, Chile, Saudi Arabia and North Ifyrea. Countries which have signed but not ratified the treaty are: Japan, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Turkey, Colombia, Egypt, Indonesia, South Korea, Libya and Venezuela. It is apparent that something must be done to include these nations in the trea- ty and also to tighten up its provisions. The examples set by the present nuclear powers, both in arms limitation and in the use and sale of nuclear reactors, is critical in reaching, this goal. OTTAWA The prime minister's visit to Paris and Brussels could have con- siderable significance for Canada. It is the first of two visits the second is planned for after Christmas design- ed to put a little glue back into Canada's relations with Europe. The close working relationship and under- standing that existed prior to -1967 has become unstuck. The decision to visit Paris first is deliberate. Relations were a bit strained before General de Gaulle's explosive "VIVRE LE QUEBEC to the centennial throng in front of Montreal's city ball, they became im- possible afterwards. So a Canadian prime minister's visit to the French capital was but of the question while de Gaulle was alive and most un- likely with Pompidou, his lieutenant. With the election of Giscard d'Estaing the door has finally opened. This is not to say that the change in attitude was abrupt. Relations have been improv- .ing slowly but perceptibly for many months. This is in large measure due to the excellent work of Canada's ambassador to France, Leo Cadieux. This quiet, amiable, but effective former minister of national defence has been exactly the right man in the right place to supervise the reconstruction. Although the process has been slow and difficult, the results, in total, have 'been spec- tacular. It isn't expected that any new trade agreements or protocols will be signed in Paris. Our tiny trade with France has been growing at the rate of 30 per cent a year but it is still small in absolute terms. An attempt will be made to make the French more aware of the high technology products we have to offer in the hope that they will buy more. At present, their major purchases from us are wood pulp and copper with ships and boats running a poor third. Our biggest import from France, as you might guess, is wine followed Closely by book's and periodicals. Many other inter-related problems will be discussed. These include oil, the Middle East, commodity prices, inflation and the international monetary mess. The French have always been reluctant to discuss emigration although they are well aware of Canada's desire to obtain 'I heard this guy was informal bat this is a bit much...'.' Rockefeller's gifts not harmless one successful he said, in evident seriousness, "were dissatisfaction at being incarcerated." By Carl T. Rowan, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON A lot more than "harmless generosity" is involved in Nelson A. Rockefeller's gifts of almost million to public officials and other associates. At the very least, those huge cash gifts and "loans" that later were "forgiven" com- promised public officials to the point where a special loyalty to 'Rockefeller could easily take precedence over a loyalty to the public interest on controversial issues. The former New York LETTER Naming bridge route We have been hearing rumors that the unique title of "University Drive" is to be applied to the 6th Avenue ex- tension Unking east and west Lethbridge. Presumably the present University Drive will connect therewith to provide a direct route to that establish- ment of learning. This would fall into the same category as naming the Exhibition Pavilion toe Lethbridge Ex- hibition Pavilion. It seems to me that the best way to pick a title would be to start an argument. This is somewhat like throwing a stone into a puddle of dirty water. The instigator not only creates ripples but he is bound to get splashed but good. Sberan's original coal mine site was reasonably close to the road in question. Why not call it Nicholas Sheran Drive? Coyote Henry used to live with a couple of half-wild dogs in a cave dug into the side of a coulee in that locality. How about Coyote Henry Coach Road? Calgary has a Blackfoot Trail, a Sarcee Trail, and a Crowchild Trail. Lethbridge could have a Blood Trail, a Peigan Trail, or a Red Crow Trail. Then, of course, there is always a possibility for such titles Coalbanks Drive, River Park' Way, Cactus Turn- pike, Rattlesnake Route, or Powerhouse Road. I'm sure someone with greater perspicacity than I can come up with a distinctive title for this new thoroughfare without having to revert to such overworked captions as University, Scenic, Bridgeview, Whoop-Up, or Chinook. A. P. B. Lethbridge "I decided to serve an tonight, so we're having meal governor creates serious doubts about his fitness to be vice-president (or president) of the United States when he acts as though he is too myopic, or the public too gullible, to see the corrupting effects of his gifts. Rockefeller offers the total- ly unacceptable excuse that the recipients of his generosi- ty were all his subordinates anyhow, so there could be no conflict of interest. Just the opposite is true. The public interest is properly protected only where subordinates are free to dis- agree with the top man, and are assumed willing to resign in public protest if they feel the leader is pursuing policies that are seriously inimical to the public welfare. William J. Ronan was loan- ed by Rockefeller when Ronan was head of New York's Metropolitan Trans- portation Authority. The loan was turned into a "gift" dur- ing a two-week period when Ronan was not on the public payroll. How delicate! Is anybody foolish enough to believe that Ronan could accept that kind of money from Rockefeller without putting Rockefeller's well- being ahead of most everybody else's? Ronan was in fact involved in some cozy official manoeuvres that were of great political benefit to 'Rockefeller. There is a smell of "payoff" that does not vanish easily. Rockefeller offers another explanation for his gifts: he wanted to keep in pablic employment persons who otherwise would not have made the financial sacrifice. But there is no evidence whatever that the beneficiaries of Rockefeller's largesse were of such tional quality that they were indispensable. There were probably people who could have done Ronan's job as well as be. The public is better off "losing" the services of peo- ple who can do tte public's business only if they are sub- sidized by private wealth especially if UK public is not toW that "Official X is able to serve yon because of financial assistance from Gov. Rockefeller." The Senate rules committee is absolutely right to reopen hearings on Rockefeller's con- firmation as vice-president. For. the evidence made public far leaves little doubt that Rockefeller made improper uses of his vast wealth. Whether the Congress will find the impropriety of suf- ficient gravity to deny confir- mation is the only thing in question.' I suspect Rockefeller was aware at the time-he made some of those gifts and "loans" that he was doing something improper. But if he had doubts there, he surely could have had no 'doubts about the sleaziness of his brother's financing an effort to smear Arthur J. Goldberg when Goldberg ran against Rockefeller for governor in 1970. Even when it is used cleanly, Rockefeller's great personal wealth is regarded by many unfair advan- tage in a political campaign. It becomes sinister when used in a dirty way. Rockefeller's brother, Laurance, put up to finance a cheap, derogatory, biography of Goldberg which was thrown together in a month by natcnet-for-hire writer Victor Lasky. For more than two years this country has struggled to cleanse itself of this kind of dirty business. The Congress has passed a campaign ivfoiui law that scans to promise a new level of morality in politics. It is hard to see how Congress can remain faithful to that promise and still con- firm Rockefeller. more immigrants from France and the French- speaking part of Belgium. The visit to the French capital is not for the purpose of investigating specific new proposals but to create a climate of understanding and co-operation which will allow normal diplomatic channels to work more effectively. There will be a stop at Brussels after Paris: It is primarily a courtesy call but important in view of the large increase in capital investments in Canada. In ad- dition it will provide two bonus opportunities. Formal talks with the European Economic Community will be followed by a courtesy, call to NATO headquarters and a brief exchange with the NATO council. Canada has submitted a proposal -for a special relationship with the Euro- pean Economic Community. This follows an invitation ex- tended last April by the EEC. The exact nature of the Cana- dian response is not known but it is circumscribed by the necessity of conforming to the rules of the General Agree- ment on Trade and Tariff. Although the Canadian plan which is described as could become a model for association between the European community and other countries, government doubt will lead to the wider concept Of an Atlantic community encom- passing Europe, the United States, Canada and Japan. While the importance of the Canadian proposal should not be overestimated, the oppor- tunity available for increased trade with the European com- munity should not be un- derestimated. The two miss- ing ingredients seem to be a positive climate of co- operation on the one hand and a more dynamic Canadian sales effort on the other. The climate for. Canadians in Europe has not been good. A government spokesman in- dicated at a private briefing that the purpose of the two trips was "to put back into equilibrium our relationships with Western Europe." When asked when the disequilibrium occurred, he stated that it was sometime after the war more specifically when the intensity of American invest- ment increased. More important from the European standpoint was Canada's 'apparent "turning of the back" in 1969-70. We uni- laterally- reduced the strength of our NATO forces and pulled our brigade group (little pocket army) out of the front line. This action on our part reduced us from 'first class to second class citizens in the eyes, of many Europeans, especially the Germans. One Scandinavian defence minister put it bluntly when he said "Canada can no longer be considered as a trusted ally." That is strong it represents the at- titude of many responsible and powerful Europeans. Now Canada has decided to emphasize the third option of its policy released by Mitchell Sharp when he was secretary of state for external affairs, i.e. a re-emphasis of our ties with Western Europe. It is not anti-Americanism but a pragmatic effort not to put all of our eggs in one basket The opportunity for significantly increased trade with Europe is'there but it will require evidence of renewed interest and reliability on our part followed by some vigorous, enthusiastic selling by our entrepreneurs. The prime minister's-chat with the NATO council will give htm the opportunity to re- assure our allies of Canada's continued interest and loyalty. His task will be made a bit more difficult by the fresh an- nouncement of additional reduction in the strength of our armed forces. This is hardly consistent with a com- mitment to continued effec- tive presence in Europe. The task won't be easy but the stakes are high. That is the reason the trip is of greater than passing significance to all Canadians. The Lrthbridge Herald 7lhSLS.CelHbrtdge. Alberto LETHBRIDGE HERM.OCO. LTD. ProprMort end Pi Second Man RegMrMon No. 0012 OLEO MOWERS. EMor and PUMMwr OOMH. PIUUNQ OONMJD R. OORAM Qcnerail ROY F. MILES AdfWDttng Msragw DOUGLAS K WALKER Editor ROBERT M. FEMTON THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;