Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
munuay, WCIODVI ft, i nc ic I noniUUC 'Federal land purchase will create speculation9 Spirited Maroons claiming independence in the Caribbean Dance gear A bush head-dress, once used for camouflage by 18th century guerrilla fighters, is worn in a Maroon dance. OTTAWA Land specula- tion will result from the Cana- dian government's announce- ment that it is going to purchase big areas of land to try and stabilize prices and put "speculators" out of business, was a warning voic- ed in the Commons last week William Teron. president of Central Mortgage and Hous- ing Corporation announced in Toronto Thursday that CMHC is committed to corrective ac- tion and will continue to introduce new measures until land costs are effectively stabilized. In the Commons Friday John Harney (NDP-Scar- borough West) asked what Urban Affairs Minister Ron Basford was going to do to forestall the land speculation that will ensue from Mr. Teron's announcement Mr Teron made his an- nouncement of government in- tentions in a speech to builders, developers, bankers and investment dealers at a forum in Toronto He said: "If we are forced to move now, we will with provinces and tracts of land that can be developed immediately." Mr. Harney found it strange that the CMHC president would make such an an- nouncement to buy large tracts of land to stabilize prices and put speculators out of business, to a forum of those "elements in our com- munity moved involved in put- ting up land prices He asked Mr. Basford: "What mechanisms does the minister's department or CMHC propose to put into effect to forestall the specula- tion that will certainly ensue from the Mr Basford said Mr Teron was referring to provisions in the budget for national housing. Mr Harney said that in view of the fact that the presi- dent of CMHC claimed the proposed land assembly program was a short term measure to alleviate the "critical housing he wondered what the long term planning of the depart- ment was for restraining urban growth He expressed surprise that Mr. Teron had "candidly admitted" there was a severe housing shor- tage MAZDA ROTARY Car Import the Year Again! Well, what are you waiting for? By ROBIN WRIGHT Christian Science Monitor COCKPIT COUNTRY. Jamaica In Canada it's the French in Spain it s the Bas- ques, in Nigeria it's the Biafrans And in Jamaica it's the Maroons Yes. even in this Caribbean paradise there's a spirited group of residents claiming independence Locked in the legend-mysterious Blue Mountains is the independent Cockpit Country of the Maroons a little known nation established in 1738 by the British after a long guerrilla war between the red- coats and the proud mountain people So proud are these people of their national individuality, in fact, that until recently a special visa was required to enter their territory Anyone could get into Jamaica but you had to have a Maroon visa to enter the wild interior the mountain reserve in St Elizabeth Parish Originally West Africans transported to the island by the Spanish to serve as slaves, the Maroons were freed when the British chased the Spanish from Jamaica in the 17th century Determined not to be cnsalved again they launched a series of raids on plantations, freeing other slaves and liberating arms and supplies to protect their mountain home FEARED BY FARMERS So threatening were the small bands of raiders that local farmers used to team up in twos to ride outside their homes, one facing front and the other facing the rear to keep watch for Maroon snipers This habit is responsible for the Maroon nation nickname. "Land of the the Look Behind The British finallv tired of the guerilla nuisances and granted the Maroons a charter in 1738, thus creating Jamaica's "country within a country After all these years of general assimila- tion and development, the Maroons still maintain their independence although the government has disputed then claim since the British made the entire island indepen- dent in 1962 The mam dispute centers on whether Maroons should pay income taxes As residents ol Cockpit Country, their treaty en- sures land and tax freedom, as assimilated residents of Jamaica, they would obviously pay taxes to the Kingston government OWN GOVERNMENT But in the meantime they do have their own government system to support It is centered around the election ol their "colonel or loader and other administrative officers This system has enforced their laws so well that there hasn't been a murder in more than 100 and crime is almost non-existent Basically most Maroons have continued the simple mountain farming life of their ancestors one oriented to self-sufficiency and not heavy trade Paper money and coins ai o rarely passed in the area Most of the early Maroon customs remain intact, too The three-hour traditional dance, for example, executed on Independence Day. election dav and at other celebrations is still performed Based on reconstruction of the guerilla warfare of their national heroes, it is still danced under the "spirit-inhabited" mango tree in full bush and leaf headdresses ROUGH ACCESS Access to the mountain reserve to share in the festivities or even just to tour the countryside now is possible although it s not an easy trip Two hours from Montego Bay, the journey by car or minibus is often steep and rough but always scenic Besides Accompong the capital, the other Maroon villages worth visiting are Retuement Quickstep and the most famous. Me No Sen'. You No Come Although the name sounds visitor- discouraging. Maroons welcome visitors, even though sometimes camera shy Check with the local tourist board office once on the island for specifics and additional infor- mation Warning signal The abeng (cow horn) is blown by a Maroon man, recalling the traditional warn- ing signal of 18th century guerrilla fighters. Schreyer seeks immediate tax-sharing realignment WINNIPEG (CP) Premier Ed Schreyer of Manitoba has urged an im- mediate realignment of the federal provincial tax- sharing system, to enable the provinces to meet the respon- sibilities they have to municipalities. He suggested the federal government initiate a system of capital financing channels, allowing the provinces to borrow money that they in turn could use to help capital financing of municipal governments Speaking last week to the Western Conference of the Municipal Finance Officers' Association, Mr Schreyer said necessary lax ad- justments will require major reforms of the income tax structure He said the Manitoba govci nment has placed a high priority on creating a more viable municipal structure, through expanded revenue sharing and consideration of new revenue sources But much depends on federal provincial relations Aid Io m u nicip a I governments, direct or in- direct, accounts for 52 per cent of Manitoba's total an- nual expenditures The province in many areas has taken over the cost of health and social services and sewer and water facilities Mr Schreyer said municipalities arc faced with reconciling rising costs of operation and a relatively slow growth rate of property (ax. The NDP government was working to shift the municipal lax burden, bung- ing il closer to the abihty-lo- pay principle Complete Car We know how much you depend on your car The last thing you want to think about is having work done on your car. It's an inconvenience and worst of all is the question of the job being done properly. We know how you feel and we've done something about it. It's called Complete Car Care. We ve been thoroughly trained by Imperial Oil. With exacting stan- dards of automotive repairs to live up to. You get a qualified mechanic to work on your car. He s got all the modern equipment and a well stocked inventory of parts right on the premises. And when the service work is done, it's backed by our written guarantee against defects in materials and workmanship. For 90 days or miles. That s what you expect and that s what you get, wherever you see the Complete Car Care sign. After all, we can't run a business on broken promises.