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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALO-Monday, October On the eve of the first anniversary Brother wind, sister sun On the North Frisian island oi Sylt. near Denmark, an international group ot scientists has constructed a prototype windmill generator capable of supplying five families with electricity, including heating Its generating costs are com- petitive with fossil fuels. This successful attempt to revive the windmill, after many others have failed, is due to improved rotor design and the use of two rotors which rotate in opposite directions with the generator mounted on the axis between them The leader of the group, which includes two Swiss engineers, a French electronics expert and a West German aerodynamics specialist, expects even- tual production and sale of the windmill and feels that as the world's supply of oil diminishes it will prove practical, es- pecially in remote areas or developing countries Meanwhile, halfway around the world, the Japanese have initiated The New- Clean Energy Technology Development Program, which they hope will provide the nation with a pollution-free source of adequate energy the year 2.000 The first goal of "The Sunshine Pro- as it is known, is to produce a practical solar generating plant of 10.000 kilowatts capacity by 1985 and a full- scale plant in the two million kw class by 1990 The Japanese also hope to have a kw plant using geothermal energy by 1985 and volcanic generators capable of producing 300.000 kilowatts by 1990. Synthetic gas to be produced from coal is looked on as a stop-gap measure. These seemingly unrelated instances are evidence that around the world, on an individual and a national level, society is recognizing the position of mankind vis- a-vis his resources The windmill was built by men whose motivation was idealistic and who worked on the project without pay The Sunshine Project, on the other hand, stems from the fact that Japan has an almost crippling dependence on foreign sources of energy. The cost of their project is estimated at billion. It has, in the past, been a common, comfortable assumption that nuclear power could and would be used when other energy sources dried up Increasingly, it is becoming evident that the problems ot disposing of radioactive wastes are formidable, to say the least, and frightening, to say it frankly The optimum solution, one which would create a state of equilibrium on this planet, would be the use of renewable sources of energy. In Southern Alberta the most noticeable renewable sources are the wind and the sun. but they are used only to a very small extent. This province has benefitted tremen- dously from the geographical and geological happenstance of being situated on top of large deposits of oil. gas and coal. They have made it one of the richest provinces in Canada and a pioneer in many areas of social welfare It would be immensely appropriate for Alberta to allocate some of its income from these fuels to research on other sources of energy. The first step would involve educating the public to the need for such a long look ahead while there is still time to be rational about resources The second step would be to sponsor specific research projects within the province which could lay the foundation for future planning. If wind and sun are to be the fuels of the future. Alberta will still be uncom- monly blessed. The unliterary prairie The Canada Council has just announc- ed over a quarter of a million dollars in grants to arts and literary periodicals and associations It has become a prairie ritual to analyse such awards to see how much is being spent in Ontario and Quebec and how much is left for the rest of Canada Of the in announced grants, eight Montreal publications will get The largest single award is 000 to Vie des arts. Eleven Toronto publications will receive of which the largest grant is This goes to Saturday Night for feature ar- ticles on artists, writers and cultural in- stitutions in Canada. Four periodicals in British Columbia will receive A first-time grant of goes to The Canadian Fiction Magazine in Prince George. Alberta's one recipient, the Seven Persons Repository, Seven Persons, also has a first-time grant of There are no grants to Manitoba or Saskatchewan. The martitimes fare no better Grants go to two publications in Fredericton, and that's all. This distribution will reinforce dark thoughts about the parochial arrogance of the eastern establishment in cultural, academic and other matters. However, it may simply reflect the pattern of applications for such grants. The Canadian Periodical Publishers Association will receive for its current operations and to help finance a meeting in Toronto next May for magazine publishers from across Canada. The association has just been formed to find ways of strengthening Canada's magazine industry As a suggestion, publishers might con- centrate on straight-forward, infor- mative prose and put aside their addic- tion to sophisticated style, which fre- quently disguises the fact that a writer has nothing to say. ERIC NICOL The sextet of assured mail Like the ripple from a rock thrown into a steno pool. Canada's new postal code has reached the west coast British Columbia is V The NDP provincial government is studying this, to determine whether it is an obscene gesture, by a fed Liberal agency A V may be widely in- terpreted, from the Winston Churchill V for Victory to the Al Eagleson V for Up Your Samovar British Columbians must now catch up with the rest of Canada that has memorized its six- figure code of alternating numerals and letters Postal officials tell us that we should have no difficulty "If you can read vegetable soup, you'll be at home with the new code." The six figures are supposed to enable the post office to pinpoint an address right down to a specific block This puts a heap of onus on the sender, to make sure that the specific block is somewhere near where he wants the letter to go For people like me this means that the main investment of time when writing a letter will be in addressing the envelope In the past I have been pretty casual about this, my mind already occupied with how good the stamp will taste Mr. George Martin Bloor Street (the house with the funny win- dows) Toronto That's-the kind of designation with which I have leaned heavily on the postman's relishing a challenge. I'm afraid that with the new postal code the postman will become spoiled Simply because my letter has been rejected by the automated scanner, it is an outcast. Something to throw at the snarly dog. The postman finds he has a hole in his gumboot? guess what he uses to improvise an inner sole Henceforth we must keep a file of personal correspondence to have a record of our friends' postal code The addressing of Christmas cards becomes a bigger drag than the Yule log Lovers who tear up billets doux in a rage they later regret must winnow the contents of the wastebasket for confetti that bears the sextet from Assured Mail. Postal authorities invite us to memorize the postal code by coining little phrases, or by working them up into songs For example, V4B 2B1 is unforgettable as Verna Fore Bears To Be Won Far be it from this corner to put the knock on any stimulus to creative writing in Canada The art of letter writing having pack- ed it up, so far as concerns what goes inside the envelope. Lord Chesterfield can live it up with his postal code Better to have composed a little ditty to remember your code than never to have sung at all More arguable is whether it is a Good Thing to have 22 million people going around muttering imperishables like "Bob Ate Sam. Not Benign We already have more than sufficient evidence to show that The Conspiracy of the Machines the computer being the Mr Big of the junta depends on reducing human beings to babblers of gibberish Against this hazard we measure the advan- tage of mail accelerated in delivery, as com- pared with such older methods as the note carried in the bosom of milady's confidante. The time saved may be as much as 15 minutes. Postal officials boast that the new code puts Canada streets ahead of other countries, including the U S whose code is caught with its zip down. Well, nobody wants to deprive our team of a rare moment of triumph If their freaky-looking mail vans are any in- dication, they need assurance. Happy landings. P.O He's got her taped By Doug Walker By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Parliament in a matter of days will mark the anniversary of the return of the least happy minority government and House of Commons in our political history The policy of the ad- ministration, in the now fashionable Ottawa phrase, is to "tough it out" There is an obvious implication that the government has only to en- dure and inflation, sooner or later, will run its course. To endure, however, it must also "tough out" its association with the New Democrats a political relationship highly embarrassing to both parties and bound to deepen the inter- nal divisions, of both. But inflation is not the only threat to the economy and to the government It was con- sidered last year a good deal less dangerous than un- employment. Concern over this threat led to Bryce Mackasey's costly unemploy- ment insurance scheme which became ironically, a major election issue and one most damaging to the government The Liberals drew some consolation recently from cost-of-living siaiistics suggesting that inflation was advancing at a somewhat slower rate. On the other hand, the sudden spurt in the wholesale index is an ominous development. Even the bank economists, who report in glowing terms about business spending, predict a continua- tion of shortages, with a lengthening list of goods in scarce supply: wool, plastics, steel, cotton, copper, newsprint, lumber, electricity and, of course, oil now more than ever endangered by the war in the Middle East. Last week John Turner add- ed his own items to this tally, referring to shortages of skill- ed and even unskilled labor in various parts of the country. Nevertheless, any apparent check to rising living costs is helpful. The minister of finance did a bit more for Liberal morale with his an- nouncement of the government's first venture in tax indexing an obvious borrowing from Robert Stan- field. The difficulty is that the government, trying grimly to "tough out" inflation, has "You'll see! A brand new postal code and they'll still complain about the service..." Unfortunate side effect of equal rights By Tom Wicker, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Another one of those crime commis- sion reports appeared last week, this one by a federally financed group of local and state criminal justice of- ficials. To the surprise of no one who has studied the matter even cursorily, it recommended that fewer peo- ple be sent to prison, and for shorter terms, and that state and local governments stop building these human warehouses, most of which are inhumane, expensive and factories of crime But even as that is coming to be a nearly universal professional view, the political climate is hardening against such sensible action; Massachusetts fires a correc- tions commissioner who wanted to move to a com- munity program, New York sets up a whole range of harsh, mandatory prison sentences for drug and other offenders, and about billion worth of new prison and jail facilities are being planned or built around the country. And whether or not there is such an across-the-board tendency to send more men to prison, more women may be going there for quite a different set of reasons That, at least, is the view of Carolyn A Handy, a staff worker in the women's rights program of the U.S commission on civil rights. Such public concern as there is about prisons and prisoners has been con- centrated mostly on the men behind bars, for two good reasons It is almost always male prisoners who riot and take hostages and catch momentary headlines. Besides, most inmates are males, their ratio to women in the federal prison system is about 30 to 1, and there probably are not many more than women in federal, state and local prisons and jails In Miss Handy's view, the equal rights movement will have the side effect of making women "more equal" before judges, juries and prosecutors in tne pasi, there has been a tendency in a male-dominated criminal justice system to go easy on most women offenders, par- ticularly since few of them were involved in violent crime. Now, Miss Handy believes, there is a visible trend toward equal penalties for equal crimes, with more and longer prison terms for women resulting. As the general role of women in society expands, moreover, it seems reasonable to Miss Handy to suppose that more women will run afoul of the law in a greater variety of ways than through prostitution and dis- orderly conduct, the most fre- quent "women's offenses" of the past Criminal offenses by women at least those reported are, in fact, on the rise already, with drug offenses a major factor. If these trends do put women in prison for longer terms, several unpleasant results can be anticipated. Since most women offenders are black, there will be more black women ex-inmates and that is probably about the most disadvantageous category anyone could be in, a triple-minority group. That, in its turn, probably will mean more recidivism among the greater numbers of women who will serve their terms and return to the community, with little or no hope of finding a decent job More women in prison means more children of women in prison; and since a high proportion of women suddenly been confronted with miserable news from the long- quiet unemployment front. Despite the real growth, referred to by Mr Turner, and the unwelcome stimulus of inflation, the seasonally ad- justed rate of unemployment has taken a rude jump characterized by the minister himself as "startling and dis- To make matters worse, the ghost of October. 1972. is abroad again. Even with the lower jobless figures of 1973, the very high costs of un- employment insurance have risen instead of falling. It is now taken for granted that the plan will have to be revised to provide for higher con- tributions by the insured pop- ulation. Although others may be skeptical of opinion polls, there is no doubt that they are regarded with awe by practis- ing politicians The most re- cent findings indicate that the Conservatives, after their slump earlier this year, have now drawn even with the government in national es- teem. Unfortunately for Robert Stanfield. this apparent change of fortune does nothing to solve the parliamentary problem, for the Conser- vatives are alone in their desire for an election. Political adversity merely in- creases the mutual, if un- palatable, dependence of the Liberals and their unofficial New Democratic allies. There has been speculation that David Lewis is the unhappy prisoner of an apprehensive NDP caucus. Whether this is true or not, the Conservatives see no way in the immediate future of detaching him from his alliance with the government. There are many ironies in the present situation, in- cluding the fact that controls, now strongly urged by the Conservatives, are being resisted with almost ideological fervor by the political heirs of the CCF. A perhaps less obvious one is suggested by the Gallup poll. It is part of the New Democratic case that the par- ty, by supporting the government, has saved the country from an unnecessary election On the basis of pre- sent trends, however, it is offenders do not have stable equaiiy arguable that they families to rely upon, it may have saved one to ensure two mean a rising number of children for whom the state will have to find some means of caring. Since American society has not been notoriously generous about which would certainly be a curious result. While the Gallup findings are discouraging for the Liberals indicating that, such care, the cycle of anti- after a year of frenzied ac- social behavior might tivity they are back wnere into they began the poll does not suggest that Robert Stanfield could as yet achieve a parliamentary majority The therefore be extended another generation. But these are not con- siderations that receive much attention when the popular de- 4 mand is for puttiniTpeople in difficuUy remains what it prison and keeping them tnf. of the there. In fact, such little infor- Conservatives to make signifi- mation as is available suggests how self-defeating that is, perhaps more so in the case of women than of men. At a recent conference sponsored by the women's prison association in New cant headway in Quebec One Saturday morning when our milkman, Bob Balazs, arrived I was busy near the milk chute replacing a basement window that was broken weeks ago Elspeth had apparently left Bob a note which he read out loud It said, "Three owing from Thursday "I don't know what it I said, "It said Bob, "that she was on the phone But Mr. Stanfield inherits neither a strong Conservative party in Quebec nor the doubt- ful allies once to be found in the Union Nationale. The York City, for example, Mar- ground on which a Conser- nie Winston of the city's cor- vative party might be built rectional institution for women cited a statistical profile of 100 of its inmates in 1972. They were 75 per cent black, 16 per cent Puerto Rican and nine per cent white. Eighty-four per cent of the total had been drug addicted. In adolescence, 73 per cent had been separated from at least one parent, and 61 per cent had had to be removed govern the country with any from the family household, hope of success. If elections Eighteeen per cent had been was easily retained last Oc- tober by Real Caouette, who still apparently has a firm hold on those very rural con- stituencies to which Conser- vative leaders in the past have successfully appealed Thus the only party with a present interest in an election probably needs two if it is to in prison before age 16 for non-criminal behavior (such as The average family from which these in- mates had come had had a working parent, but at least five children and an income of under a year abject poverty, but not welfare, in three-quarters of the cases surveyed. This pattern of poverty and broken homes had repeated itself 61 per cent of the 100 women had children, but only 29 per cent had ever lived with those children. What could show more clearly the futili- ty of trying to substitute prisons for decent jobs and de- cent homes? are to be feared, Mr. Lewis can claim that he has given the national reprieve. But if the polls, which mesmerize the politicians, mean what they seem to mean, nothing has changed and the night- mare of 1957-58 must haunt the NDP as much as it ever did Some will still contend Mr Lewis has no choice but to contend that minority parliaments are virtuous. Re- cent experience underlines a different point they are very harrowing to most of the participants. This one certain- ly is the most harrowing in a now rather long record. It's nice to be on the same side for a The Uthbrukje Herald 504 7th SI S Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDQE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon W A BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member oi The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEOW MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS. General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Editor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K.WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;