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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHDRIDGE HERALD Friday, October 22, 1971 Bruce Hutchison Congratulations, Willy! Trudeau admirer admits he is puzzled To Chancellor Willy Brandt of West Germany goes the Nobel Peace Prize for 1971, a coveted award richly deserved by the recipi- ent, known affectionately abroad simply as "Willy." The choice was unanimous, and part of the citation notes that he has achieved "eminent results In creating preconditions for peace in Europe." Although the kinks have not been ironed out in the Berlin agreement which must be ratified by the Bunde- stag, there is expectation that this will take place soon. The Ger- man chancellor fought hard to achieve it, risking political suicide in his own country by many who op- posed it. Before his attempts at de- tente with the Russians, West Berlin was an East-West pawn, a city which could not be given up by the Allies without disastrous results, and could only be defended at terrible risk of all-out war. The agreement makes Berlin as "safe as treaties can make it." De- spite the fact that the Wall remains, one of the greatest stumbling blocks to European peace has almost been removed. Most of the credit for this must go to the ingenuity, hard work and great courage of Willy Brandt, the first active head of government in 50 years to be so honored. Take heart, Joey! TUST one year ago Prime Minister Trudeau was at the dizzy apex of his power. Having dealt boldiy with cer- tain events in Quebec, he en- joyed perhaps more public es- teem tiian any of his predeces- sors had ever known. To the great majority of Canadians (despite the bitter dissent of a minority) he looked like a com- bination of Macdonald and Laurier, o reven of Galahad and Deus ex Machina. But a year later we are ask- ed, in a new book, to believe that the whole Trudeau legend was spurious from the begin- ning, that the victory of 1968 was a conjurer's trick, that the man himself is a combination of Mephistopheles and Mickey Mouse. Somewhere in between these two absurdities lies the truth. It is very hard to come by, but the Canadian people's judgment of it, not long from now, will largely decide the nation's fu- ture for some years ahead. The prime minister, in fact, is him- self the central issue of our poli- tics, comprehending and often blurring all others. In his book, Walter Stewart reluctantly predicts that Mr. Trudeau will win the next election almost as easily as he won the last one. This prospect makes the author de- spair of the voters' intelligence, but he does his best to warn them against their infatuation with a glamorous phoney, a charming fraud. While I happen to think that Mr. Stewart's electoral predic- tion is quite wrong and that his hysterical attack on Mr. Tru- deau is likely to help more than it injures him, my opinion and the author's don't matter. The only important consideration is what the people think of Mr. Trudeau a year after his great- est triumph and what they will think on election day. Living on the outer western fringe of the nation, of course, I don't know what the people think of him but I cannot doubt, surely no one can doubt, that their thoughts have been radi- cally revised in this past year of anti-climax. Mr. Trudeau, as he doubtless would agree pri- vately, is in the deepest trou- ble. That wouldn't matter much either, if we were not all in trouble with him. Unfortu- nately we are. In the past year many things have gone wrong, many accept- ed premises of our national life have been denied, and the gov- ernment's whole program (along with the tortured strate- gy of the opposition) has be- come a shambles. Why, we must ask, in the easy wisdom of hindsight, has all this hap- pened? The reasons are various and complicated an interna- tional monetary crisis, for ex- ample but in Canada a larger question is posed and I believe that it underlies all the others. When Mr. Trudcau marched to office in 1868, like a young emperor returning to Rome af- ter conquering the barbarians, a glittering cliche marched with him. It was said b: many inno- cent spectators, including this reporter, that the nation's mental climate and life view must have changed basically or it would not have embraced a man of Mr. Trudeau's unlikely char- acter, the image of youth eter- nal. His triumph did not cause but merely reflected and em- bodies a fundamental transfor- mation of the Canadian spirit. Was this really true or only a passing spasm of euphoria and hero worship? Has the na- tion changed as much as we assumed? Or is the old Cana- dian Adam, with all his old vices, still among us? The people of Ontario apparently do not believe in following political trends. Unlike the voters in most of tiie oilier provinces they did not opt for change and have "returned the incumbent government. lead of Alberta. But that notion could be as abruptly shattered as was the supposed swing to the NDP following victories in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Whatever may be the explanation This result should put a crimp in for the strong showing of the Con- the notion that there is an irresist- servatives in Ontario, it must be par- able urge abroad to take a fling with ticularly gratifying to Premier Wit- something different. Premier Joey Ham Davis. He went to the people Smallwood whom some observers having had little time to project his say is lighting for his political own image as a leader, and facing can perhaps take heart as he faces f _ ..fa the election in Newfoundland. Those who are especially discern- ing about trends may be able to find spirited opposition from both the Lib- erals and NDP, and was given a vote of confidence. If a new trend is emerging, maybe a move toward the Conservatives in it is toward retaining governments Canada. The last two elections, after with a long record in office In that all have resulted in Conservative case, Joey Smallwood. can take even victories with Ontario following the more heart. Palme replies The Swedish embassy in Moscow has come in for a round of bitter the prize in a country other than Stockholm, the Moscow embassy felt criticism in the press recently be- it could not do so in this case.' cause of its refusal to present the Nobel prize for literature to the win- ner, Russian author Alexander Solz- henitzyn, in the embassy quarters in Moscow. Solzhenitzyn had declined the invitation to go to Stockholm for the ceremonies because he was On the advice of Mr. Gunnar Jar- ring, Swedish ambassador to Mos- cow, it refused to do so because, says Mr. Palme, the embassy "could not comply with the ceremonial suggest- ed by the representative of Sozhen- itsyn's publisher, who wished such afraid that he would not be given a forms as would have purposely repre- re entry visa to his homeland, but s e n t e d a political manifestation he is said to have been very anxious against the government in the coun- to have a presentation ceremony anyway on Swedish territory in the Soviet Union. Permission was denied, and the re- sultant furore has prompted interna- tional recriminations to the point where Sweden's Premier Olof Palme try where the embassy was accredit- ed." Exactly what form the ceremonial was to take is not outlined, but pre- sumably some sort of demonstra- tion by restless Russian intellectuals was envisaged. If this is the case Mr. "Hey, look we must be getting near has made a public reply. Mr. Palme Jarring was quite right in refusing' points out that the Swedish govern- Embassies should not become deep-" ment has nothing to do with the ly involved in the politics of host Letters to the editor choice of Nobel recipients, and al- though its embassies, have on one or two occasions, acted on behalf of the Nobel foundation, and presented countries. They are links between governments, especially between those where ideologies and opinions are sharply divergent. ERIC NICOL Cheer softly for Kosygin belief is that it is better to be paranoid than to have no social in- terests at all. This is why 1 am wondering what are Canadian cities, to collect nothing about defences except Bobby Orr's tips to pee- wees. So I think it's a safe bet that one pur- the real reasons for Soviet leader Kosygin's of Mr. Kosygin's visit to Canada is to i. shore up the morale of all those Russian consular officials, Aeroflot employees and vodka salesmen who have nothing to do but their jobs. "Buck up, I hear him telling them. "We're sending out a beautiful blonde agent posing as a chess grand mistress. Believe me, she has all the moves." The other main purpose of Mr. Kosy- gin's visit to Canada (and the reason he is bringing his own hammer and sickle) is to drive a wedge between Canada and China, and to reap the benefit of U.S.-Canadian discord. Driving and reaping will take up most of the Russian leader's free time. In this regard he has already achieved part of his purpose. President Nixon having re- visit to Canada. Has anybody asked him? I doubt it. If I know let no one doubt that we have been the invitation extended to Mr. Kosygin was a bread-and-butter letter occasioned by Mr. Trudeau's visit to Russia: "Margaret and I had a groovy time staying with you. If you and Mrs. Kosygin and the kids are passing through Ottawa, be sure to give us a call. We can always put a couple of extra cots in the Senate, if you bring the sleeping bags Something like that. But we may be sure that the party chairman has a stronger motive for touring Canada than to equal- ize the balance of free grub and souvenir model tractors. to this regard we should recall that Britain recently expelled from the country scheduled the Amchitka nuclear test to 105 Russians said to be engaged in espionage. Now, that is a heck of a lot of spies. It is 'hard to say whether Russia is trying to obtain secret information or stimulate the travel industry. If Soviet agents are operating in these numbers it is cheaper to organize charter avoid wiping out Vancouver while Mr. Kosygin is on the premises. The west-coast part of his visit is going to be one of those parties that don't be- come a real blast until the guest of honor has left. Having examined nil these reasons for nights. Friends of Scotland, Moscow-Lon- his visit with a reasonable amount of path- ,._.. ologicnl suspicion, how should we greet Mr. Kosygin? It is not terribly likely that he will drop in on your Tupperware party but just in case-do we cheer, applaud politely, or make an obscene gesture? I cannot ndvisc you on this. I can only remind you of the courtesies required by hospitality, and the effective range of So- viet ICBM. LIKE-liurrali. don return, mystery box lunch included. It seems reasonable to assume that the U.S.S.R. h a s a comparable number of agents stationed in Canada, just in case we develop something worth keeping sec- ret. It has now been some years since Canada hns designed anything like the Concorde supersonic jetliner, or even hot pants. It must be fnistrating for Russian spies, milling around in Ottawa and other (Vancouver Province Features) As one of the members for the teachers' negotiating teams in southern Alberta, I am fairly well acquainted with the pre- sent dispute between teachers and board. I find it rather disturbing that the representatives for the school boards in this dispute have chosen to use the press as a medium through which to gain public support with infor- mation that is often misleading and at times totally false. I wish to take this opportunity to present the situation as it is: 1. The major issue in this dispute is the attempt by the board's representative to nego- tiate a contract that would eliminate or reduce benefits that we have gained over the last thirty years of collective bargaining. They are benefits in the areas of sick leave, in- surance contributions, course payments, pro rata (the method used in determining pay when we cannot reach work due to inclement weather and sabbatical leave. 2. We have requested a con- sultation clause in our contract, which would mean that we would at least be consulted whenever decisions affecting our working conditions were being made. This has been mis- construed into a demand by teachers to take over the man- agement of the school system. Nothing could be further from the truth. Hopefully, no reader can be led to believe that a re- quest to be consulted is a de- mand to be the manager. 3. It has been suggested by the representatives of (he trus- tees that we are deliberately Parents guilty If you, worried parents, are truly concerned about your chil- dren and you know who arc peddling drugs then you are more guilty in not reporting this to our local RCMP. If they do not take action then you report that to RCMP Headquarters, Regina. Bow Island is no more porno- graphic than anywhere else. NOT SO WORRIED. Bow Island. 'Crux' of the teacher-trustee dispute attempting to break down zone bargaining. We do not believe zone bargaining is in the in- terests of local autonomy and local flexibility, and, in turn, not in the interest of education. We have made our objections clear both to the trustees and to the government. However, to suggest that we are attempting to break down the legal rights of boards by our actions at the bargaining table is totally un- founded and unrealistic. 4. The claim has been made that the boards were forced into the regionals by the domino ef- fect that resulted as soon as one local made a good settlement. However, from my experience the opposite happened with at least equal frequency. One of our locals would jump into an undesirable agreement and it would set the trend for future settlements for us. I wish to conclude with the observation that few issues are simply black or white, and so it is with this dispute. Boards feel that benefits brought into con- tracts under the pressure of teacher shortages of the past are no longer needed to attract and maintain teachers with the present surplus. Armed with a new school act, which weakened "the position of the teacher, and combined with a teacher sur- plus, the boards feel now is the time to make cutbacks in teach- er benefits. We, as teachers, under pres- sures of inflation and increas- ing costs, are like any other working group. To us it is in- conceivable to turn back the clock. This is the crux of the present dispute. MORGAN JOHNSON. Pincher Creek. Students prefer teachers to tapes In reference to the letter sub- mitted by M. E. Spencer, Octo- ber 12, 1971. We strongly disagree with his views on education. We need teachers. We could benefit more from teachers than we could from tapes. How could a tape be questioned on any sub- ject? There would be many questions left unanswered in our minds. Could a tape dem- onstrate how to solve a difficult math problem? Could it show us how to conduct a difficult science experiment? Where would we get help on these things? Our parents probably wouldn't know the answers. Math and science have ad- vanced a lot further since they last went to school. Be- sides how many parents would give the time to see that every student is listening intently to the tape. Another point made was that we are in school to learn and not to think for ourselves. Part of learning is to think for our- selves or at least try! IP we don't learn this now, how would we be able to get jobs and hold them in the future? For exam- ple, let's say we worked on a newspaper staff nnd the editor asks for a story wilh an ori- ginal idea. If we had gone through school with Mr. Spencer's method we would find it impossible! The renson? We could not think. What's left to do? Close up tho newspaper business just because people can't think for themselves? Also, who could tell which tape must be used? Social Stud- ies can't be taught that way. Neither can science! These sub- jects are forever changing. The teachers educated to teach a certain field, do know what is the best way to present the ma- terial to their classes. The teachers are paid to teach the child so let them present the material the way they see it will benefit the students. George Low, Julius Jogerson, Mark Handsaeme, Faith K. Ta- keda, Betty Smella, Roberta 'Crazy Capers' Cady, Jim Shendruk, Margaret Steinke, Karen Giesbrecht, Klass de L., Marcella Bakkcr, S. Macdonald, Karen J., Sonya Schrage, Marvin Dueck, Joanne Hueska, Gwen, Doreen Thies- sen, Larisa Weber, Doics R. GRADE 9 STUDENTS, R. I. BAKER SCHOOL, COALDALE. That question sounds too ab- stract and theoretical for the grimy business of politics but it is not. On the contrary, it is the decisive practical question facing Mr. Trudeau after his year of failure and misery. To be sure, he will not ask it in public. He will continue to ask different questions, most of them irrelevant, and to utter his whimsical obliquities, most of them concealing his thoughts and confusing his enemies. Yet he must know that his original reach for a Just Society (that fatal catchword) far exceeded his grasp, that the nation was neither prepared for such a sud- den leap forward nor able to make it as he had hoped. He has found, I suspect, that the Canadian breed is not com- posed of intellectuals, idealists and philosophers like himself but is incurably bourgeois, mid- dle-c lass and comparatively conservative (in no partisan sense of the Perhaps he never believed otherwise in his heart and was 'always a skeptical prag- matist, as he claimed, but his policies, such as they were, sacanoa to be based on the vision of. a new, imaginary, idealistic Canada which, in the autumn of 1971, looks more dubious than ever. For what, after all, are most of the Canadian people thinking about now? They are not think- ing about any abstraction ot political theory, any of the sub- tle logic in Mr. Trudeau's books, if they have even read them. No, they are thinking of jobs, prices, wages and mun- dane fc -diing their own households and purses not because Canadians are less idealistic than other peoples but because they are less idealistic, radical and Utopian that Mr. Trudeau, or -at least his brave promises, assumed. That is why the economic, bread-and-butter issues now dominate our politics and will decide the next election. That is why Mr. Trudeau's personality alone will not win the election as it won in 1968, and why he must have an understandable policy as well. At this writing he has none none, that is to say, which begins to grapple with the nation's economic problems or to put enough but- ter on its bread. Here we encounter a queer paradox in this most paradox- ical man. If he meant anything in 1968 he meant that the state would manage the economy for the public good and, with abundant wealth thus available, would distribute it with a new justice. Yet when the economy fails to perform as expected what has the trained economist, reformer and daring manager actually done? For all the twists and turns of superficial policy, he had done nothing fundamen- tal, nothing. As one of his remote admir- ers I admit complete surprise at his failure to do something when he has the chance and, indeed, the necessity. The need to impose some form of con- trols on the inflated, crapulous economy seems so obvious that I simply cannot understand ths timidity of a man who, only a year ago, acted so courageous- in Quebec. And, watching events in Washington, where a president has acted courageous- ly in economic affairs, I am even more surprised and, as a Canadian, humiliated, to find Richard Nixon suddenly looking better than Pierre Trudeau. Is Mr. Stewart right then? Is there no substance behind the facade, no secret within the smiling sphinx of Ottawa? I doubt it, but the next few weeks should give us the answer. They should also tell us wheth- er Mr. Tnideau is capable of winning his second election or deserves to win it. (Herald Special Service) Looking backward They published my Through The Herald 1911 Reciprocity was de- feated at the election held yes- terday. w. S. Middlcboro, K. C-, ex-MP and chief govern- ment whip since 1918, who has represented North Grey in tho House of Commons since 1908, has announced his retirement from the political arena. 19.11-The Rotary Club, Nurs- ing Mission, and Salvation Army were delighted with the results of their old clothes drive. Members of the organi- zations said they felt they had collected more clothes than at any previous drive. 19-11 The Diamond Jubilee of St. Paul's Indian School was held this week. The school opened in 1880 for the Blood In- dians and was established by the Church Mission Society of London, England. The Lethbtidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN socond Class Mall Registration No. out! ol Tho Canadian Press mo Canadian Dally Association and the Audit Bureau ol itloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher BTHOMAS H. ADAMS, General Msntincr Edrtor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Mannscr Editorial Pano Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;