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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Economic Mastitis control essential Veterinarians dealing with An effective anti-mastitis pro- chines are often not fully W prices mastitis Ji dairy herds would be wise to take a short course in milking machines, an in a herd of 30 animals could net a farmer another by those operating them. If tire vacuum is not properly adjusted, it can introduce on the disease Dahl, part osrier of into the cow's teats Dr. John Dahl of herd, said milking the cattle prices to the Wise., told a seminar on of the year are expected to tis control in Calgary that checking the machines is an important part of treating from full-fed or better those of last year. The Alberta department of infected herd and a thorough knowledge of their workings is but steers still marketing economist, Roy Hurnanen, reports that good feeder steers aver- "It is not unethical for a at Edmonton for the erinarian to do this because a farmer manages registered less four months of 1970, and ten the manufacturer's bulls properly, he because ot the method relatively strong slaugh- and dealer don't know as them when they are The roasts were cattle prices will keep feed- (about the disease) as an 14 months old and in aluminum foil prices firm. perienced of highly acceptable qua be a moist heat feed grain situation is He cited the case of a said Dr. R. L. Cliplef cooking as opposed to expected to be similar to arian who solved a Canada Agriculture heat method of broiling of last year. While barley problem by cleaning the Research in an uncovered for this crop-year is tor a milking machine. It was a reservoir of staphlococci bacteria, one of many and taste panel judgments indicate that, while young bulls of 12 to 14 meat is more adaptable to broiling or dry heat method of cookery, he than during the last crop-year, the reduction in on-farm stocks at the end of the cause full feed from weaning showed up in the crop-year and anti- Dr. Dahl said he produced meat of results with elevator deliveries mastitis an economic problem rather than one of public health. "And if more dairy farmers would regard it in this manner, we'd probably be able to achieve better quality, meat from steers of similar age, breeding, and feeding practice was still preferred. He found that, although meat from bulls was leaner, it was slightly less tender, less juicy and less flavorful than scores for tenderness, juiciness, and flavor for the steaks containing more fat. The research at Brandon confirms that young bulls will produce meat of acceptable quality even though steer beef was preferred by a keep the supply-demand situation relatively balanced, Mr. Huranen says. He reports butcher cattle prices should be steady to stronger for the remainder of the year, and that they should average above year ago levels. 4-H steers. The taste panel had no panel, said Dr. average price of choice slaughter steers in Calgary in of 1970 was and additions The Canadian Council on evaluated was leaner or fatter, high or low in shearing index, or from bull or steer carcasses, but did prefer moves to November it was Mr. Hurnanen believes that it is reasonable to expect prices for the remainder of this year to Clubs has announced the addition of the following organizations as associate members of the Council The Canaoiar American Saddle Horse Breeders' Association and the Junior Farmers' Association of Ontario are now members of the council Membership in the Council now includes the 10 provincial organizations administering 4-H, the Canada Department of Agriculture, 45 national business corporations and 21 nonprofit fatter steer moat. Broiled steer steaks proved to be more tender, more juicy, to the taste panel. Tenderness of steaks was also measured utlizing a carefully calibrated mechanical shear test. Steer meat offered less resistance to shearing force and was thus recorded as more tender. There was essentially no df-ference in tenderness of roasts from steer and bull carcasses but steer roasts were preferred for juiciness. Dr. Cliplef said these Hay, secretary of the Alberta Hereford Association moved from Nanton to establish an office in Innisfail Sept. 1. Plans are progressing to build an office and sales arena complex at the test centre site. In the interval the business of the association, the sales company and the test centre will be conducted from the secretary's residence in Innisfail telephone 227-5246. The mailing address is Box to higher. Alberta cattle on feed estimates as of July 15, show very little change from last year. The over 800-pound weight category shows a decline in cattle on feed, despite the fact that Alberta marketings since July 15 have shown a sizable increase. The logical explanation is that finished cattle have been marketed at lighter weights. According to Mr. Hurnanen, average carcass weights this year have consistently been under 1970 levels. 4-H news from southern Mueller, Bonny Stanko, treasurer; Nim Sugimoto of the Leth-bridge Coaldale 4-H Club Black, secretary; Treasa Garber, treasurer; Coutts International 4-H Light Horse Club held its Hruska, club reporter; Diane Templeton, Calvin Mill- assisted in the re Kana, club Achievement Night phoning committee; Robert of the Wrentham 4-H Thompson and at 7 p.m. in the junior 4-H cuncil rep- Elections for the coming year were held recently with positions filled. Elected are in charge of recreation for the first half and Rox-anne Flexhaug and Janice Centre. Fred Furlong began the evening by giving the 4-H pledge. Reverend Marg Manlier, Sherry Hmska and Myrna Reid, junior leaders; and Jo- was Danny Jozso, for the second said grace and the Hruska, Joey Kaval and dent, Kenny Hirsche, are 16 members, and guests sat down Dyck, entertainment Charlene Moreland, nine new members very enjoyable turkey Jim Hubek, club 6 will be the weigh-in Susan Mackenzie and meetings will be held the meal, Debbie for all calves at George Vivian and fourth master of ceremonies, ranch. The next Members of the each month, starting at the head table is set for Nov. 10. board are Mrs. Ann and ending at 9 p.m. guests. Robert Cool REPORTER Mrs. Nellie Nilsson, Carl Hoping Madge represented Hruska and Ken River Beef Club with Leaders of the beef club talk on the goals George Edwards and beef reorganizational meeting Jozsa. Mrs. Jean Moreland guest speaker, the Claresholm 4-H Beef lead the light horse Del Bonita Beef then gave a very was held Oct. 14 in the with Mrs. Nellie Nilsson, Sewing Club held talk. Lesley Franks Building in Clares- Mrs. Kathryn Bossert will award night and with a talk on the ie clothing Oct. of the horse club elected for this year A meeting will be held club winners past include: Glen Aim, presi- first Monday of each month marks, second year were awarded Duncan Fleming, vice- 7 p.m. in the Wrentham books: Myrna trail horse Nancy Gray, secre- CLUB Hillmer, Judy 2 year old halter BUI Hart, treasurer; and Lorraine Furlong; reining Jean Mackintosh, club ausan winners Jan western pleasure and Garth Wesley, Pam Bowen, Furlong; general representative. The re organizational Lesley Franks; club will meet the first ing of the Short Grass 4-H club awards went speaking Brace of each month at Club was held Oct. 6 at Henry, grand book Lesley in the Claresholm Provin- Hoping Community Joanne Henry, L a v o n Building. Ralph Lee, club leader, Morgan Strate, will be held Nov. 6 ed as chairman and Henry, Donna and showmanship 9 a.m. at Geroge Lane's. Wesley as secretary. The of gain; Jim new members are wel- executive elected is: Powesland, Doran to attend. Dixson, president; Gene Fauth, vice president; Sharon Wesley, secretary; Debbie Cal-der, treasurer; and Debbie Lee, club reporter The club will meet the first Wednesday of each month at the community centre, with weigh-in day Oct. 30 at Ross's Ranch. If membres can't make this date another weighing-in Donna Jorgensen, and Joy Walburger, best first year feeders. Record books, Jim Newton, Doran Perry, Donna Jorgensen; Judging, Jim Newton, Doran Perry and tied for third, Myrna Rasmussen and Loarnie Henry, D a r r e 1 Koskewich, Wade Henry, Cindy Rasmus-sen, Patsy Secretan, Ruth The reorganizational meeting of the Lethbridge-Coaldale 4-H Beef Club was held Sept. 14 in the Coaldale United Church hall. The meeting was called to order and the pledge led by Niomi Sugtmoto and Carol REPORTER Loma Jean Mackintosh. GRANUM The Willow Creek 4-H Light Horse Club will hold its reorganizational meeting on Saturday p.m. in the Anglican Church Hall, hi Claresholm. Anyone interested, aged 10 to 21 years, is. welcome to join the will be held Nov. 6. Insurance this year remains at CLUB REPORTER-Debbic Dale Jorgensen. Public speaking, Donna Jorgensen; breeder of champion calf, Jack Lowe; Top Ten Placings, Jim Newton, Myrna Rasmussen, Terry of officers was held, with Bcv Hranac elected president; Karen Brecka, vice-president; Pat Boulton, secretary; Rick Hranac, club reporter; Darrell Osmond, Cheryl Pee-wee's aged 8 and 9 will also be accepted. We would like to see the parents at the meetings to help support the club. Robinson, Dave New Chris Sugimoto, and REPORTER. The first meeting of the Strate, Doran Owen, lunch Wesley. ing Nimble Needles was brought to order with the singing of O'Canada and the reading of the pledge. Election of officers saw Debbie Lee elected president; Cindy Rasmussen. Efficiency, Doran Perry, Dale Jorgensen, and Jim Newton. Myrna Rasmussen was awarded the trip to Club Week next Boulton, Connie Hazuda, Sandra Bohner, and Gail Price; recreation committee; Nim Sugimoto, club leader; and Don Boulton, Helen Vaselcnak, Mary Hranac and Barbara Bond, assistant The regular monthly meeting of the Baron-Noble Grain and Garden Club was held at the Groten home Sept. 14. Regular business was conducted and re- club will get calves were given. REQUIRE: TRUCK Mclntyre Ranch. Insurance fees will remain the same with the old executive to plan Atkinson reported on the Garden Achievement Day held Sept. 2. Miss Elizabeth and Milo Fleming For ntqht shift we need a icencftd and night CLUB the judges and gave the much encourage- heavy duty truck technician. Usual company The club members put and good working lot of work into the project reorganizational are to he commended. the Readymeade 4-H Grain Achievement Day Apply was called to order scheduled for Saturday at 2 GUY PELOQUIN, Servlc. at the Readymeade School. Total membership this in the Noble Central School auditorium. The Moss- Cor 6th Ave. and 6th St. S. Phone 19, with five new 4-H Grain Club has indi- of the new they will attend also. Tlio __ _ Elwin Miller, is invited to come and f 1 f T f f Mr. nnd Mrs. Bill the displays. Our club is A 1 V 1 J 1 J Elwin Miller, John privileged to have Pro- George Templeton, winners in Intermediale Wendy Miller, Junior Rod Row Plots. Hank Korthius, REPORTER Gwen Miller, Mclntoih JAPANESE CHAROLA1S RANCH The Soda Charo- lais Ranch, main office in Komagatake Kayabegun Hok- kaido, has ranches at Komagatake, Nishiyama, Santai, Yakumo and Okushiri and is one of the largest in Japan. It runs about 400 head of pure-bred charolais cattle and has exproted to Formosa, Korea, the Philippines, mainland China and the U.S. It Is hoped to include Canada on the export market for the ranches world-famous cliarolals cattle. This pictures one of the ranches beneath one of the vulcano mountains which cover 80 per cent of the land of Japan. Land conditions dictate the methods of raising beef cattle in Japan. Rapeseed sprayed with Lannate not affected for human consumption Housewives who use rape- seed oil for cooking and baking have shown some concern about the residual toxicity of Lannate, the chemical used in Western Canada this summer to control the outbreak of Ber- tha Army Worms in rapeseed crops. Many inquiries have reached the Alberta department of agri- culture and to allay fears that rapeseed or its end products might have been affected, the director of the provincial plant industry division, has issued a release which deals with this subject. The release points out that Lannate was licensed in Can- IETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION Genetics in pest control DR, RUBY I. LARSON, Cytogeneticist Built-in resistance or immu- nity provides an ideal way of controlling pests and diseases of field crops. It has several advantages. It is simple. The farmer need only sow seed of a resistant variety to achieve control. It is reliable as long as the pest does not mutate or adapt to the resistant variety. It eliminates the cost of appli- cation of pesticides and no toxic substances are added to the environment. When the re- sistance is not sufficient in it- self, special cultural methods may also be desirable. Through cytogenetie studies at the Lethbridge Research Sta- tion we are lerning more about how to produce built-in resist- ance. Some wheat varieties are resistant to the wheat stem sawfly but suspectible to com mon root rot. There are others susceptible to sawfly but resist- ant to common root rot. We substituted pairs of chromo- somes, one pair at a time, be- tween these sorts of varieties. Then we tested the substitution lines for resistance to sawfly and to root rot. We found that the main gene for root rot re- sistance is on a chromosome that does not affect sawfly re- sistance. The breeders will be able to breed a sawfly-resist- ant variety less susceptible to root rot than those presently grown. Comparisons were made of the numbers and proportions of different micnmrganisms in the soil around1 the roots of dif- ferent lines. We discovered that the chromosome that controls root rot also affects other soil organisms. We believe that the differences caused by the sub- stitution of this chromosome may be related in some way to the extent of root-rot infec- tion. Chromosomes from other species arc also bcinj substi- tuted into wheat to control dis- eases. Among the chromosomes of tall wheatgrass are two that, when substituted into wheat by a breeding method, give resistance to wheat streak mosaic and to the mite that carries the virus that causes the disease. Since these chromosomes change other characteristics, the plant can- not be used directly as a wheat variety. The parti of wheat- grass chromosomes with genes for resistance will have to be transferred to wheat chromo- somes by irradiation to produce a satisfactory resistant wheat variety. Cytogenetic research has long range goals. Practical re- sults cannot be expected imme- diately. But each new hit of knowledge represents progress on the way to controlling some pests and diseases without the expense, trouble, and danger of applying pesticides. ada for vegetable crops about two years ago but for rapeseed only this year. Because this chemical breaks down very rapidly, tomatoes that have been sprayed with Lannate can be eaten the next day and only a day or two is required before cabbage is safe to eat. Lannate breaks down into carbon dioxide, ammonia and water which are all compo- nents of the environment and, therefore, not harmful. Be- cause tills breakdown is caused when the chemical comes in contact with water, it has a very short residual life in the soil and it presents no threat to the ground water supply. This short residual life of the chemical means that it will have disintegrated between the time that rapeseed crops were sprayed and the time they are harvested. Lannate would not be present in the rapeseed oil because it does not dissolve in fat or oil as is the case with the chlorinated hydrocarbons such as DDT. Surveys carried out by the Canadian Wildlife service in both Alberta and Saskatchewan have not shown any detrimen- tal effects to wildlife in either province that can be attributed to the use of Lannate. MEN NEEDED In this area to train as LIVESTOCK BUYERS LEARN TO BUY CATTLE, HOGS AND SHEEP sale feed lots ind ranches, Wa preler to train men 21 lo 55 with livestock experience. For local Interview, write ege, phone, address end background lo: NATIONAL MEAT PACKERS TRAINING BOX Dept. A6'4 Denver, Colorado 80201 QUANTITY BUYER located in South West Alberta WILL PAY CASH FOR FEED BARLEY and OATS PHONE 269-6987 IN CALGARY ANYTIME ALBERTA LIKES IT ON THE LIGHT SIDE. FEATHERS DISTILLED, AGED AND BOTTLED IN BOND UNDER SUPERVISION OF THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT Your assurance ol quality by RK TILFORD ;