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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - October 22, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Victory Looms Bright! Prepare By Saving Every Surplus Dollar. tferaH VOLUME XT. LETHBHIDGE, ALBERTA,.; TUESDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1918 NUMBER 264 GERMANS ARE TRIfING TO GAIN TIME GERMAN REPLY SHOWS NO SINCERE DESIRE FOR PEACE BRITISH NEAR E British Advance Lines Towards Tournai and Valenciennes -German Retreat Will* Shorten Their Line and Consolidate Their Forces-Will Have Million Available. BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN BELGIUM, Oct. 22.- (Reuters-Strong French forces attacked this morning on the centre of/the allied front in Belgium and are reported to be making excellent progress In the direction of Ghent. French troops hold a front of about 10 miles along the Lys canal directly west of Ghent. Monday It was reported the French had forced a crossing of the Lys canal at Nestle, seven miles west of Ghent, and established n bridgehead. LONDON, Oct. 22.-The British have advanced their line to the west bank of the Caillon river and have captured the western part of the village of Thiant, five miles south of Valenciennes, it is announced officially. The British, after sharp fiohting, have advanced to within less than a mile of Tournai. THE GERMAN ARMY POWER WITH THE FRENCH. ARMY IN FLANDERS AND BELGIUM. Oct. 21.-The retreat of the Germans to the line of the Meuse, If such a retreat can be accomplished successfully, will, without taking aecount of prisoners they may still lose in the operation, enable thsm to economize about one-third of the total forces in line, according to the best information obtainable as to the strength and disposition of the German forces over the entire front. The retreat will ohorten the line about 70 miles, whether it be prolonged from the frontier in France to Antwerp by way of Brussels, or to the Holland frontier along the line of the Meuse In Belgium. _ The Germans are supposed to have about 30 divisions In reserve. With the release of troops from the shortened line, their reserves would be more than doubled, less the losses sustained In the meantime. Besides these reserves behind the front, It It supposed that the 1920 contingent remains, while the number of wounded actually able for Immediate servioe on the new line is estimated at about 150,000. The forces the enemy wauld be able to call upon for operation after the retreat would, on this basis, approach, if not exceed, a million men. The number Is susceptible to important variations, depending upon the eventual extension of Operations to parts of the front now Inactive, where the line is held by only"a thin covering of troops. VIOLENT OUTBREAK FRENCH PROGRESS Paris, Oct. 22. - Further progress was made last night by the French on the Serre front, the war office announces. The French reached the railway northeast of Assls-sur-Serre and also the St. Jacques farm, northwest of Chalan-dry. -Preparing to Evacuate Brussels. Amsterdam, Oct. 22.-Gorman forces In Brussels nro working incessantly to rnmovo wur material from that city, according to the Kosenduel correspondent of tun Haudelshlad. Ho Buys (lint many regiments of German troops nro leaving the city and that there is much excitement among the people there. On the other hand, Antwerp is very mini and has not been affected by recent events. The some newspaper's correspondent at Boermond says that hundreds of refugees from northorn Franco are arriving thoro. TIipbo people, who are of al) ages, have boon free for three, �weoks. They were given only two hours' notice ^to collect their belongings by German oflicors at Donal/Cam-briil and other cities In the war zone. Resistance Stiffens British Headquarters in France, Oct. 21.-U Is the genera: Impression that tho roslstniic.o of tho enemy every-�whoro Is stiffening. Apparently the rapidity of tho British drive In inlanders find northern France has ea'used the enemy to realize that the allied forces are approaching tho fatherland at a ratn which, If not chocked, might before long find their long rango guns pitching shells across tho llhluo, Therefore tho ononiy Is pulling himself together with a view to delaying to the utmost the allied advance'. The British attacked this morning �aat ot Courtrai and niiulo progress. Vest ot Tournai, tho enemy had grouped a great doal of artillery which tho Jlrltish guns are heavily engaging, for tho purpose of clearing the entry to the town for the infantry, The civilian population of Flanders continues to ho liberated at tho rate of tens of thousands dally, now that the Germans Imvo ceased to drive out the civilian occupants of the places they evacuated. Arrangements .'or inln-Istoring to the needs of theso long-suffering, people nro being admirably worked out by tho armlos ongagod. Captured Big Gun London-, Oct* 22. - Allied forces which, have swept tho Germans out of Belgian Flanders captured tho big J5-lnch cannon with which the Gor-nana have been bombarding Dunkirk during the post year. The gun, was ajndaniaget), according to an official statement Issued by tho wur offlco. Tho statement reads. "The group. of armies commanded t>y the King of Belgium has maintained its pressure ulong tho whole I txaul. lu their hurried retreat before tho Belgian army the Germans were forced to abandon all thoir coust defense guns, ot which a number wore intact. Tho big 38-cent|metre gun at Hagenhoom, which was fired up to tho last minute on the city of Dunkirk, was also captured undamaged. "French detachments which crossed the Lys have repulsed a violent counter-attack and succeeded in improving their brldgehouds east of tho river. ' "Tho second British army is on the bank of the ISscaut from Baillouil to Helchin. In spite of enemy resistance It' has advanced moro than 1,30u metres between the Escaut and tho Lys." .............. OPEN TEMPORARY HOSPITAL WESLEY HALL FOR "FLU" Provides Good Accommodation -Mask Order Now in Efl cel. Increased measures to combat tho Influenza epidemic wero in cfloct in Lothbridgo today. A temporary hospital, chiefly for outside cases, was fitted up in Wosloy hall today, under tho direction of M.H.O. DeVeher, at provincial government oxponse. This hospital will huvo accommodation for 25 beds, half of which will bo reserved for outside patients sent in by tho govt, authorities, und the other half for local patients who cannot possibly ho taken care ot at home. H is the desire to keep as many patients ut their own homos as possible. The temporary hospital Is In chargo of Miss Cook, of the Nursing Mission, with Miss l)awdon as dietitian, and prominent local ladles assisting lu tho nursing. Tho hospital well equipped. The Situation Today The situation today lias not improved any. There were 23 new cases reported yesterday, and. the reports for today are not yet in. Tue>ro are no deaths. , Tho mask order Is In full effect on the trains today, and tho nouthbound train this morning was a curious sight with its masked passengers and crew. The hopo is that with stridor measures now In effect, tho epidemic will soon be effectually checked. Paris, Oct. 22.-(Havas).-Violent demonstrations have occurred In Jassy, the temporary capital of Rumania, according to advices received here. A mob broke Into the office of the Isallor Gazette, the government organ, and the printing plant was demolished. SPEAK TO REICHSTAG Berne, Oct. 21. - (Havas). - Prince Maximilian, the German imperial chancellor, will speak at a plenary meeting of the relchs-tag on Tuesday, according to Berlin advices. Debate on general policies will follow. It is expected that it will last two or three days. INAL F HOBOES Basel, Oct. 21.-Cardinal Hart-mann, archbishop of Cologne, has issued a pastoral letter, in which he says dark hours have come for Germany, threatened by an enemy superior in numbers and shaken to the foundations of the state by internal conditions. He calls upon his people to'offer public prayers. Deep discontent is spreading everywhere among the German people, the .cardinal writes, and they do not only give expressions to their state of mind by what they say, but write disheartening -tetters to the men at the front, impairing their courage and power of resistance. The cardinal invites all Catholics to rally around the emperor. In all Protestant churches of Prussia, public prayers have been ordered for the protection of Germany from the misfortunes which threaten her. New York, Oct. 22.-The hoboes of America, otherwise the "Itinerant Workers' union" will signature their participation in the war by raising In the Bowery tomorrow, to the accompaniment of music and bands and speeches by members of the mayor's committee on national defense, a service flag carrying 30,000 stars. According to Jeff Davis, erstwhile king of the hoboes, this will forever removeTihe stigma attached to the name "hobo." "When that flag is raised," he said, "it will be the proudest moment of my life; although I have had a good ma*)|r proud moments lately, bavin*- sold $2,580,000 worth of Liberty bonds,, collected $2.0C0,003 for the Red Cross and recruited 25,000 men for the navy. The flag will be hung at the end of the Manhattan bridge. Some wanted it hung In 'Frisco and some in New Orleans, but I stuck to the Bowery. It is the hobces' home, the last place they see before they sail away and the first place they see when they come back, those that do come back." HUN REPLY MERELY 10 TIME, IS FEELING: THE NOTE t London Newspapers View Hun Reply WitE-Impatience and Distrust, E IN CASUALTY LIST Ottawa, Oct. 22.-Today's casualty list contains the names of the following western men and officers: Infantry-Killed In Action: Lieut. .1, S. Kaumo, Windsor, Ont.; Lieut. C. 1). Nlcol, D.C.M., M.M., Scotland; Lt. II. S. Wilson, Montreal; Lieut. W. L. Algie, Toronto; Lieut. A. is. Hoe, Lng-land. Killed at Sea: Capt. K. It. Milne, D. CM., Ireland. Died of Wounds, Lieut. H. K. Brown. MX'., Oakvi'.le. Ont.; Lieut. S. L. Loptson, MX'.. M.M., Kdmonton; Major ,T. D. Simpson, MX'., Toronto. Wounded: S. G. Stephens, Loth-bridge; W. 15. Tonrand. Beaver Mines, Alta.; S. Hrown, Many-berries. Altu. Officialdom Views Note With Suspicion-Press Comment Openly Denunciatory of Germany's Evasion of Real Points of Wilson Demands. THE WEATHER High..................... Low ...................... Forecast: Fair and cold. LONDON. Oct. 22.-It has been learned by Renter's Limited that the view held in authoritative quarters regarding the situation arising out of the German reply to President Wilson's note are as follows: "The Germans assume that the president only demanded the evacuation of occupied territory and the Germans are still proceeding on that assumption. But that is not so, and this point should be made quite clear." Freedom of the seas, as understood by the Germans, cannot be accepted by Great Britain at all. There are various other naval questions requiring elucidation. Other points which have not yet been touched upon include questions of indemnities and reparations. NO GENUINE DESIRE FOR PEACE PARIS, Oct. 22.-The German reply to President Wilson was received here too late for the afternoon papers, but was eagerly discussed in official circles and In parliament. Among deputies of all shades of i opinion, the impression was, first of all, that the reply betrayed more �:, than previous communications, the state of depression and the demoralization of the German people as a result of the allies' victory. As a whole, the note is found to be equivocal and tortuous and plat-itudinously phrased as to leave the door open for all sorts of quibbling. Nowhere is there a reply of genuine desire to accept the only way In which peace can be concluded, according to expressions of opinion here. On the contrary, all that Is apparent is the urgent desire of the German general staff to get an armistice at any price In order to re-organize Its reserves of men and material. Therefore, It is generally believed that the reply is not likely to be considered at Washington. Enormous Total of Levies on Belgium and France-Men Deported. London, Oct. 22.-(Heater's).-Router's has received from an official, liel-glan source the following account of some of tho items which flguro on Germany's bill in Germany. All amounts aro given in pounds sterling: Local contributions and fines levied by Germany on Melgiuin in 1914, �8,000,000; war contributions from November, 1!>!4, to October, ID] (5, �118,400,000; war contributions seven months tu May, 1!>17, �14,000,000; for one year to May. 101S, �S,800,000; for June to October for the cur-ront year .Clfi.OOO.OOO. Raw materials* and machinery taken by tho Gor-mans wero reckoned by them to January, 19ir>, at �80,000,000; damage to Deeomhor, lill-i, estimatod by tho Nord Deutsche Allgomeino Zoltung at �200,000,000, making a grand total ot �381,200,000. The ahovo does not Include material destruction or requisitions since January, 1915, which alono must he reeH-onod at sovoral hundred millions storllng. Moroovor, during tho winter ot 191C, 1,700,000 working mon woro deported to Germany ,tho wholo of whoso future production is totally lost to their country. London, Oct. -Newspapers almost without exception view the German reply to President Wilson with impatience and distrust. "Germany still impenitent/' is the caption or the editorial of tho Chronicle, which dismisses tho reply as obviously in�c-> coptable. Tho Graphic is more optimistic and it says: "Verbally the Germans aro getting slightly nearer the point of vlow upon which the allies mean to insist." "The nigger in tho wood pile," In tho German reply, according to the Express, "is the desire for an armis-tlco based on an elaborate estimate of the rival forces as they are today." This, the newspaper says, is a "dls-ingenious twist of tho Wilson conditions," and continues: "Wo dare not consent to a suspension of hostilities unless wo can obtain in October tho terms wo shall dictate before July to an enemy who Is broken and beaten to his knees.'1 Tho Daily Telegraph says: "Germany's one desire is to 'go on talking.' " The newspaper points out the danger ot this procedure and declares: "It is time that an end bo put to negotiations, which, so long as Germany is In her present mood, cnu lead to no good. Wo have no other alternative than to press on with the war with tho utmost of our powers and beware ot being beguiled Into a discus-Hlon of details obviously raised to falsify tho main issues." "It is no reply at all," says tho Daily Mail. "Diplomacy has seldom had to deal with such a purlle und Incoherent missive^ The allied peoples will dismiss this collection of Imbecilities, knowing that only military action and not negotiations, will secure tho ocaco thoy want." BULLETINS HITS RAILWAYS HARD Montreal, Oct. 22.-Blizzards, ice, storms and zero weather last winter did not do as much damage as the Spanish influenza is doing to impair service in Canada. An official of the Canadian Pacific war board said: "Wo are asking the government to authorize the temporary release of soldiers now in Canada who have pre. vlously been railwaynien. They are needed by the railways." CAN BURN STRAW Ottawa, Oct. 22.-Owing to the increased supplies Of feed In the west, tho order prohibiting tho burning of straw in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta has been rescinded. AUSTRIA TO REPLY SOON lierno, Oct. 22.-The Austrian propaganda services send the following announcement from Vienna: "The Austro-Hungarlnu government will reply vory soon to President Wilson's note, moro so as tho president hns not replied to tho question concerning conditions on which negotiations aro possible." Ottawa, Oct, 21.-Sir Charloa Fltz-Patrick has resigned the chief justiceship of the supreme court of Canada and has been appointed lieutenant-governor tor Quebec, in succession to tho late Sir P.EJ. Le Diane, Tho vacancy In the chief justiceship has been filled by the appointment of Sir Louis Davles.  This wllj necessitate an early appointment to tiro bench ot the supreme court to fill tho vacancy created by the promotion of Sir Louis to the chief Juuticoship. ' Will Not Burn or Devastate Country Through Which They Are Retreating. Rome, Oct. 22.-An appeal was made to Princo .Maximilian, the Gor-maii Imperial chancellor, by the Holy See, asking that the Oermans refrain from devastating and burning thoso portions of Belgium through which they are retreating, according to t\io OBservatoro .Romano, the semi-official Vatican organ. A reply was received on OCt. 13, giving assurances that categorical instructions have been issued by the Gorman general staff that {localities should bo preserved and ro-spected In every- way., possible. Later the pupal nuncio at Munich was informed that Lille and other placos wUbba the operations bad beon spared as far as passible by the German armies, TOWNS BURNING With tho American Army Northwest of Verdun, Oct. 22.-Tho towns of Drioullos and Clory-le-Polit, along the western hank of tho Meuse anil north of tho American line, were reported to be burning today. Thero was littlo fighting activity during tho forenoon. The Germans bombardod tho American left with mustard and other gas shells. DRAFT AGREEMENT WITH ITALY NOW Ottawu, Oct. 22�-Uy order-ln-coun-cil, approvod today, (ho Canadian government afiproves a druft military ser-vlco convention with Italy submitted by tho secretary of state for the colonies. The proposod convention - slackers' treaties, as they aro,commonly known-is one of four, the others bolng with the governments o[ Franco, Belgium and Greece. LIFEBOATS A! SEA Loudon, Uim. .2.-With reference to the paragraph in the German note denying that the German navy in sinking ships has ever purposely, destroyed lifeboats with their passengers, it is pointed out in govuritinent circles that many cases could bo quoted In reply to this denial. Two recent cases are tho Llandovery Castle, the Canadian hospital ship sunk In the Atlantic, and tho French steamer Lydlanna, sunk off the north const of Spain on July Hi. Tho Llandovery Custlc wit* torpedoed mid sunk oft' the Irish const on tho night of June 27, while, returning to Halifax with wounded aboard. The vessel carried 2f>s souls, Including 14 female nurses and only 24 of thoso on hoard woro saved. The Gorman submarine made no effort to aid the survivors and even tried to sink at least one of the lifeboats. \fttr the Lydlanna hud been torpe- KEEP OUT OF CANADA Washington, Oct, 22.-All printed matter out by, or in tho interest of the Industrial Workers of tho World has boen barred from the Canadian malls, Postmaster-General Burleson notified postmasters not to accept such matter destined for Canada. NO ARMISTICE IN SIGHT Washington, Oct. 22.-Information as to the probable attitude of tho president on the German note covered a 'wide-range, though it did not differ ou the great point that immediate peace is hot at hand and that, however sincere the German overtures may be, uo armistice will be agreed to oxcept upon, conditions of surrender that will destroy forvor tho power of tho kaiser's war machine for barm, Paris Comment Paris. Oct. 22.-The Figaro says that the men who combined to write the reply have "translated the anguish, disarray and powerless anger of the peoplo In whose name they pretend to speak." "The German note is a typical document," suys the Matin. "In it aro expressed the sentiments of a barbarous people who failed in a foray. Thero is not a word in the note which re-\-eats that stoical strcugth of which France and other nations have so often given proof in misfortune. Never-thnless, by a remnant of that living trickery in the Teuton, our adver-stary seeks still to deceive himself by lulling himself against all evidence and hopes, by one doesn't know what crazy Illusion, to succeed in deluding Wilson by euphlsms and equivocations." To Divide Allies Tho Journal says tho note seeks to divide the allies and seeks also to draw from President Wilson u formal declaration that "nothing will bn asked contrary to tho honor of tho German people, but what uu avowal ot defeat it is." Col. de Thomusson, In the Petit Jour, mil says: "The note is proof that the German high command considers the situation of its armies most grave, but not yet desperate." "The German government is ugalu dnod two whale bouts and a raft wore trying to quibble." says L'Hommo Li-lowered. The submarine rammed both bero. "Still, while humiliating itself, boats, cutting them in two. After sev- it does not admit Us defeat, but ono eral fruitless attempts, the submarine ,feols it Is ut the end of its resistance."' siM-ceeded in sinking tho raft and ills-1 Marcel Cuchin. writing in Humanito. appeared without helping the survlv-1 says: "On evory point tho German ors. Nine men of the crow of 42 wore government clearly shows an effort picked up Inter, having clung to wreck- at conciliation.' Good sense and rea-ago for more ihim a day. Tho second son dictate that we do not porelst In engineer of tho vessel reported that talking ot traps and tricks. We said, tho crew of tho suhmurino had laugh- a f�w days ago that the conversation* ed at him when ho accused thorn of began on Oct. �, would ho continued, dollborately trying to kill all on board We may observo that a now stop to. ! tho steamer. ward a just poaco has boon mado this I -�' day." Just to the World, New York. Oct. 22.-Tho Os'ew York Times says; The terms ot peaco will bo just to the rest of the world, how-| ovor harsh Germany and German peo-: plo may deem them to be. lt remains i for them not to choose the terms, but td accept whatever terms may be Inv I pqsed. The armies of Marshal Fooh. will give theni no respite until thoy come to that conclusion." Received In Washington Washington: Oct. 22.-The official text of tho German latest note to President Wilson was .received by cable today at the Swiss legation. Frederlk Oederlln, the Swiss charge, arranged to deliver it to Secretary of State Lansing as soon a* it could ba decided. E Tho news-was received in the city today of the death in action of Bombardier Albert. Duniol Shipman,' a well-known local man. Ho enlisted in 1315 with the 39th battery under tho la'to Major Stafford, and wont overseas with them. His wife is at present residing in England. Bomb. Shipman wu� formerly employed with tho street railway maintenance department, ' havtug Joined that department on the installation of the street railway system In 1912. /.--- Indications were that no announce* ,ment ot a decision by the president ENEMY ALIENS IN.ENGLAND |could bo expected before tomorrow. London, Oct. 33.-In the house of Secretary Lanalng was with him until commons, Bouar Law stated that u near midnight last night discussing tna government committee ha,d carefully wireless version, but there now mutt considered the question-of preventing be further conferences and It Is a�� .onomy aliens Interned in England from stimod that there will be .exchange* | remaining bere after the-war. I with-the allied capital*. � � x 'f 2825 403613857? 16877183 38 13063734 7008 ;