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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 22, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Victory Looms Briglit! Prepafe By Saving Every Surplus Dollar^ / VOLUME XT. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, ^TUESDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1918 NUMBER 264 _ TO GAIN TIME GERMAN REPLY SHOWS NO SINCERE DESIRE FOR PEACE BRITISH NEAR 1 VALENCIENNES; ES EO British Advance Lines Towards Tournai and Valenciennes -German Retreat Will� Shorten Their Line and Consolidate Their Forces-Will Have Million Available. BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN BELGIUM, Oct. 22.-(Reuter's)- Strong French forces attacked this morning on the centre ofHhe allied front in Belgium and are reported to be making excellent progress In the direction of Ghent. French troops hold a front of about 10 miles along the Lys canal directly west of Ghent. Monday it was reported the French had forced a crossing of the Uys canal at NeRtle, seven miles west of Ghent, and established a bridgehead. LONDON, Oct. 22.^The British have advanced their line to the west bank of the Caillon river and have captured the western part of the village of Thiant, five miles south of Valenciennes, it is announced officially. The-Brltlsh, after sharp fighting, have advanced to within less than a mile of Tournai. THE GERMAN ARMY POWER WITH THE FRENCH. ARMY IN FLANDERS ANb BELGIUM, Oct. 21.-The retreat of the Germans to the line of the MeMS�/Jf-such a retreat can be accomplished successfully, will, .wlttt^utfaKlttg aitcount of prisoners they itmy still lose in the operation,; enable tham to economize about on^-third of the totar forces in line, accor-dlng to the bast information obtainalile as to the strength and diaposltion of the German forces over the entire front. The retreat will ahorten the line ab9Ut;70 miles, whether it be pro1eno�(i from the frontier in FraHce to Antwerp by Vrjliy oif Brussals, or to the along the line of the Meuae li{''Bi�l9.Iuni. The-Genil*ria are supposed to have abo6t 30'dlvlMtthtk-in reserve. With ttie reltiise of troo^ from, the. shortened Hhe; ihali;: ^iierves would be mere t'han dAufaled, feia tHirliliH|-'ittlli|aiNiH^h:^^ Besides these reserves behind the froiit, it tk-SU^Ikii ,toM the 1920 contingent remains, while the number of wounded actually able for immei|iate service on the new line Is estimated at about 150,000. . ' the forces the enemy wauld be able to call upon for operation after the retreat v^ould, on this basis, approach, if not exceed^ a^Knillion men. The number is susceptible to important variations, depenidlirig upon the eventual extension of tTperations to parts of the front now inactive, where the line is held by only"a thin ^overing of troops. FRENCH PROGRESS Paris, Oct. 22. - Further progress was made last night by the French- on the Serre front, the war office announces.^The French reached the railway northeast of Assis-sur-Serre and also the St. Jacques farm, northwest of Chalan-dry, -Preparing to Evacuate Brussels. Amsterdam, Oct. 22.-German lorces 1)1 Brussels are- working iiicessantly to removo war material from that city, Bccordlne to the Roaendael correspondent of the Handelsblad. He says that many regiments of German troops are leaving the city and that there ia much excitement among the people there. On the other hand, Antwerp is very calm and has not been affected by recent events. The some newspaper's correspondent at Boermond sa.vs that hundreds of refugees from northern France are arriving there. These people, who are of all ages, have been tree for thro weeks.' They- were given only two hours' notice^to collect their belongings by German officers at Douai,/Cam-bral and other cities in the war zone. Resistance Stiffens British Headquarters in France, Oct. Sl.-It Is the genera-. Impression that the resistance of the enemy overy-where is stiffening. Apparently the rapidity of the British dri�'e In Flanders and nortliem Prance has ea\iseil the enemy to realize that the allied forces are approaching the fatherland at a rata which, if not -checked, might before loxig find their long range guns j)itching shells across the Rhine. Therefore, the enemy is pulling him-eelf together with a view to delaying to the utmost the allied advance'. The British attacked this niorning east of Courtrai and made progress. "West of Tournai, the enemy had grouped a great deal of artillery which the British guns are heavily engaging, for the purpose of clearing the entry to tJie town for the infantry. The civilian population of Flanders noutinue.s to be liberated at the rate of tens of thousands dally, now that the Germans have ceased to drive out the civilian occupants of ithe places they evacu.nted. Arrangements for niin-istering to the needs of these long-suf-feringt people iiro being admirably \vorIcea out by the armies engaged. Captured Big Gun Londot*, Oct 22. - Allied farces which have swept the Germans out of Belgian Flanders captured the big 15-lnch cannon with which tlie Ger-in^ns have been bombarding Dunkirk during the past year. The gutv was Vndamagecr, according to an official �tateinent issued by the- war office. The statement reads. ^"The group of armies commanded l)y the King of Belgium has maintain-#>d its pressure along the whole I txont. la tlielr liurrled retreat l)etore the Belgian army the Germans were forced to abandon all th�lr coast defense guns, of which a number were intact. The big 38-centere were 29 new cases reported yepterdax and.the reports for today are not yet in. There are no-deaths. ,  The mask order isiin full effect on the trains tod'ay, and'the vouthbound train this morning was a curious sight with its masked pasaettgers and crew. The hope Is that, with stricter mei^B-ures now in effect, the epidemic will soon be effectually ohecked. Paris, Oct. 22.-(Havas).-Vio-lerit demonstrations have occurred in Jassy, the temporary capital of Rumania, according to advices received here. A mob broke into the office of the Issiior Gazette, the government organ, and the printing plant was demolished. SPEAK TO REICHSTAG Berne, Oct. 21. - (Havas>. - Prince Maximilian, the German imperial chancellor, will speak at a plenary meeting of the reichs-tag on Tuesday, according to Berlin advices. Debate on general policies will follow. It is expected that it will last two or three days. OARK PICTURE OF GERMAN SIIUAIN Basel, Oct. 21.-Cardinal Hart-mann, archbishop of Cologne, has issued a pastoral letter, 'n_.which he says dark hours have come for Germany, threatened by an enemy superior in numbers and shaken to the foundations of the state by internal conditions. He cali^ upon his people to'offer public prayers. Deep discontent is spreading everywhere among the German people, the .cardinal writes, and they do not only give expressions to thelrsjtate of mind by what they sayr but write disheartening ^tetters to the men at the front, impairing their courage and power of resistance. The cardinal invites all Catholics to rally around the emperor. In all Protestant churches of Prussia, public prayers have been ordered for the protection of Germany from the misfortunes which threaten her. HOBOES New York, Oct. 22.-The hoboes of America, otherwise the "Itinerant Workers' union" will signal-lize their participation in the war by raising in' the Bowery tomorrow, to the accompaniment of music and banda and speeches by members of the mayor's committee on national'defense, a service flag carrying M,000 stars. According te^Jaff Davis, erstwhile king ofVjjm hoboes, this will forever remo'virthe stigma attached to the name "hobo," - "When that nag is raised," he said, "it will biirthe proudest moment of my li^j^although I have had a,goodapers View Hun Reply Witli##patiiKiice and Distrust. N REPLY MEREiy OU GAIN TIME, IS FEEL BETRAYS DEPRESSION IN GER LETIiBIH MAN N C�iy IIST Ottawa, Oct. 22.-Today's casualty list contains the names of the following western men and officers: Infantry-Killed in Action: Lieut. J. S. Raumo, Windsor, Ont.; Lieut. C. D. Nicol,'D.C.M., M.M., Scotland; Lt. H. S. Wilson, Montreal; Lieut. W. L. Algie, Toronto; Lieut. A. B. Roe, England, Killed at Sea: Capt. E. R. Milne, D. CM., Ireland. Died of Wounds. Lieut. R. B. Brown, M.C., Oakville, Ont.; Lieut. S. L. Loptson, M.C., M.M., Edmonton; Major J. D. Simpson, M.C., Toronto. Wounded: S. G. Stephens, Lethbridge; W. B. Tourand, Beaver Mines, Alta.; S. Brown, Manyberries, Alta. THE WEATHER High ......55 Low............... 23 Forecast: Fair and cold. Officialdom Views Note With Suspicion-Press Comment Openly Denunciatory of Germany's Evasion of Real Points of Wilson Demands. Enormous Total of Levies on Belgium and France-Men Deported. London, Oct. 2L'.-(Reuter's).-Renter's has received from an official, Belgian source the following account of some of the items which figure- on! Germany's bill in Germany. All f amounts are given in pounds sterling: '� Local contributions and fines levied by Germany on Helgium In 1914,1 �8,000,000; war contributions from' November, 1914, to October, 1916, �.18,400,000; war contributions seven months to May, iai7, �14,000,000; tor one year to May, 1918, �8,800,000; for June ti) October for the current year �15,000,000. ^ Raw materials and machinery takeh by the Germans were reckoned by them to January, 1915, at �80,000,000; damage to December, 1914, estimated by the Nord Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung at �200,000,000, making a grand total of �384,200;000. The above does not include material destruction or requisitions since January, 1915, which alone must be reckoned at several hundred millions sterling. Moreover, during the winter of 1916, 1,750,000 working men were deported to Germany ,the whole of whose future production is totally lost to their couuti-y. FITZPATRICKIW London, Oct. 22.-Newspapers almost without exception view the German reply to President Wilson with impatience arid distrust.' "Germany still Impenitent," is the caption of the editorial of the Chronicle, which dismisses tlie reply as obviously inac-ceptable. The Graphic is more optimistic and it says: "Verbally the Germans are getting slightly nearer the point of view upon which the allies mean to insist." '"The nigger in the wood pile." in the .German reply, according to the Express,, "is the desire for an armistice based on an elaborate estimate of the rival forces as they are today." This, the newspaper says, is a "dis-ingenlous twist of the Wilson conditions," and continues: "'We dare not consent to a suspension of hostilities unless we can obtain in October the terms we shall dictate before July to an enemy who is broken and beaten to his knees." The Daily Telegraph says: "Germany's one desire is to 'go on talking.' " The newspaper points out the danger of this procedure and declares: "It Is time that an end be put to negotiations, which, so long as Germany Is In her present mood, can lead to no good. We have no other alternative than to press on with the war with the utmost of our powers and he-ware of being beguiled Into a discussion of details obviously raised to falsify the main Issues." "It,i? no reply at all," says the Dally Mail. "Diplomacy has seldom had to deal with such a purlle arid incoherent missive. The allied:, peoples will disnilsB this collection of imbecilities, knowing that only military action and not negotiations, will secure tho peace they want." PRomol NOTTOJESTROY Will Not Burn or Devastate Country ThrouKh Which . They Are Retrititing. BULLETINS Ottawa, Oct. 21.-Sir Charles Fltz-Patrick has resigned the chief Justiceship of the supreme court of Canada and has been appointed 'lieuteiiant-governor tor Quebec, in succession to Jthe late Sir P.B. Jje Blanc. The vacancy in the chief justiceship has been filled by the appointment of Sir Libuisj Davles.' . This wlU necessitate an early appointment to tire bench of the suprenVe court to fill tho vacancy created by the promotion of Sir Louis to the chief Justiceship. � Rome, Oct. 22.-An ; appeal was made to Prince Maximilian, the "German Imperial chancellor, by the Holy See, asking that tho Germans refrain from devastating and burning those portions of Belgium thirough which they are retreating, aotjording to t\is Osservatore Romano, tfi^ semi-official vatldan �rgan. A reply was received on Oct. 13, giving assurances that categorical instructions have been issued by the German g^n^ral staff that localities- ebould be preserved and respected Jn every- wai..p088lble. I^ter the paipal nuncio at M&nicb was Inforped that.LUle and other places witiiln the EOfio>a� operatlbhB ttaa been scared as far as possible by the Ger-A>�n armies. HITS RAILWAYS HARD Montreal, Oct. 22.-Blizzards, ice, storms and zero weather last winter did not do as much damage as the Spanish influenza is doing to impair service in Canada. An official of the Canadian Pacific war board said: "We are asking the government to I authorize the temporary release of [soldiers now in Canada who have previously been raihvaymen. They are needed by the railways." CAN BURN STRAW- Ottawa, Oct. 22.-Owing to the increased supplies of feed in the west, -the order prohibitffig th^ l)urning of straw in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta has been rescinded. AUSTRIA TO REPLY SOON Berne, Oct. 22.-The Austrian propaganda services send the following announcement from Vienna: "The Austro-Hungarian government will reply very soon to President Wilson's note, more so as the president has not replied to the question concerning conditions on which negotiations are possible." TOWNS BURNING With the American Army Northwest of Verdun, Oct. 23.-The towns of Brieulles and Clery-le-Petit, along the western hank of the Meuse and north oi: the American line, were I'o-ported to be burning today. There was little fighting activity during the forenoon. The Germans bombarded the American left ' with mustard and 'other gas shells. DRAFT AGREEMENT WITH ITALY NOW Ottawa, Oct. 22i-By order-ln-coun-I cil, approved today, the Caaiadian gov-1 emment a'p'proves a draft military ser-, vice convention with Italy submitted by the secretary of state for the colonies. The proposed convention - slaiikers' treaties, as they arc commonly known-is one of four, tlie others being with the governments of France, Belgium and Greece. KEEP OUT OF CANADA Washington, Oct.. 22.-All printed , matter out by, or in the interest of . the Industrial Workers of the World ihns been-barred from the Canadian ' mails. PoStmaster-Gencral Burleson notified postmasters not to accept such matter destined for Canada. LONDON, Oct. 22.-it i^as been learned by Reuter's Limited that the view held in authoritative quarters regarding the situation arising/out of the German reply to President Wilson's note are as foiiows: "The Germans assume that the president only demanded the evacuation of occupied territory and the Germans are still proceeding on that assumption. But that is not so, and this point should be made quite clear." Freedom of the seas, as understood by the Germans, cannojt be ac, cepted by Great Britain at all. There are various other naval questlonsi requiring elucidation. Other points which have not yet been touched upon include question* of indemnities and reparations. NO GENUINE DESIRE FOR PEACE PARIS, Oct. 22.-The German reply to President Wilson waa received here too late for the afternoon papers, but waa eagerly discussed in , official circles and in parliament. Among deputies of alt shades of J' opinion, the impressioit was, first of all, that the reply betrayed more y , than previous communications, the state of depression and the demorfil-ization of the German people as a result of the allies' victory. As a whole, the note is found to be equivocal and tortuous and plat* itudinously phrased as to leave the door open for all sorts of quibbling. Nowhere is there a reply of genuine desire to accept the bnly way in which peace can be concltided, according to expressions of opinion here. On the contrary, all that |s apparent is the urgent desjre of the . German general staff to get an armistice at any price in order to re-jargan-ize its reserves of hieh and.hia'tisHftl) Therefore, it is gcneraHy believed that the reply is not Ukily to ;be,;e6tJ�(dera escbuge* with :the allied cafttals; - 38 07 4?7523 75252794 ;