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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Oefobtr 51, 1772 THI IFfllfKIDOl HnMD _ 3 Book Reviews Israel's great defender and his cause The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY "Kban" liy Robert St. John Doubled ay, 511 He stands at the rostrum be- fore tlw UN Assembly to plead- no, lo state the case of his coun- try before the representatives of member nations. Around tho world, TV sets are tuned in. When he speaks, it is nol only a significant event in the inter- national political arena, il. is a aeslhetic demonstration of per- fection in the use and articula- tion of the English language. The meaning is clear, the mes- sage unadulterated, there aro no irrelevoncies. Tho passion pours forth with unmatched elo- quence. This is Abba Eban, at one lime Israel's ambassador to Washington and the UN, now her foreign minister. I don't know quite why, but It came as a shock to me, to learn that Ms real name is Aubrey Solomon. It's not the Solomon, it's Ihe Aubrey that rambles. His mother gave him the Abba name, but because it is customary in Hebrew' house- holds to have both a Jewish name, and an "everyday" name she was persuaded lo call him .Aubrey, even Ihough she point- ed out to her husband that she knew Iwo Aubreys who were "simply (His surname comes from his stepfather, Dr. Isaac Eban, a London physi- cian.) Eban's boyhood in London demonstrates an outstanding exception to the rule that all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. He lived in an at- mosphere of scholarship, with a family who knew the value of linguistics, people who regard- ed education as a necessity of life, not simply an adjunct of it. Aubrey pursued study with an avidity which would horrify modern educational psycholo- gists. He loved every minute of it. When he was finished his five day week at St. Olave's school in London, he used to take a bus to his maternal grandfather Sacks' house, there to spend the next two days studying Hebrew, language and history a paltern which end- ed only Hlh Sack's death. The old man had accomplished his mission lo creale an excep- tional Hebrew scholar in his grar.dson. Then came the years at Cam- bridge where the young, man specialized in oriental langu- ages, and become widely known for his brilliant debating ability in the Cambridge Union, and where he took up action parti- cipation In the Zionist cause. He graduated from Cambridge, with three firsts, a close to un- attainable academic goal. Tlie First World War inter- vened and after a frustrating period of waiting around Au- brey was sent for basic mili- tary training, and then to Cairo, as an intelligence officer. (By this time he could speak French, German, Hebrew and Arabic He found basic training a terrible bore, but it gave him plenty of time to write his experience lo his fam- ily. He had, he said, become "the butt of brigadiers, the scapegoat of colonels and tha terror of (he troops." Report- ing on liis batman, Private Nightingale, he wrote: "When I asked him if he ever sang in Bcrkely Square he merely replied: 'No sir. I live in the Wolver- hampion area. Will there be anything The years in Cairo afforded Books in brief "The Bizarre And The Bloody" by C. E. Maine (SG.7S clolh. S2.GO napor. pages, George J. McLcod Ltd.I. 'PHIS is a collection of slag gering crimes committed mainly in the 19th and 20th cen- turies. The most repulsive of the collection is the story of the Sawney Beane family, a group of Scottish highway robbers who plundered and murdered travellers for several decades and managed to escape detec- tion hy eating their victims. This is the only gruesome crime recounted in the book. The others deal mainly with outrageous frauds nnd thefts. On the whole, it can be called an entertaining piece of work, especially for the student of crime. RON CALDWELL, liim the opportunity lo come into first contact with Jewish soldiers. It also fortified his intention of pursuing the Zion- ist cause as a life's work, al- though there were a number of academic and diplomatic op- portunities open lo him. His intelligence work brought him into close conlacl with the great Jewish leaders, the ar- chilecls of Ihe stale of Weizmann, Ben Gurion and many others. On certain occas- ions, he became in fact their spokesman. They could hardly have found a better one. This enormous book deals not only with Eban Ihe man and his credo; it delves into the background of the explosive' politics and history which led lip to the birth of the slate of Israel. The reader is taken into the private councils, the conver- sations, the louchy situations, into the decision making back- ground corridors, into intimate association with the men and women involved. Tlie crucial moments of history, when war and peace hung in Ihe balance are described in dramatic, often agonizing detail. There are moments of triumph, moments of terrible defeat, times of un- certainty, of frantic aclion, of delicate diplomatic manoeu- vres, of split second decisions. Here are recordings of private talks with Presidents De Gaulle, Eisenhower, Johnson, w i t h Prime Minister Harold Wilson, and a myriad of other world leaders. According to the dust jacket a good deal of "never before revealed" material is included. I am no authority on that which is known to the public and lhat which is not, but it is news to me, for instance, that before the 1956 war, Canada was ap- proached to supply F-86 fighter planes lo Israel, at the sugges- tion of John Foster Dulles, who did not want the U.S. to take sides in the Arab-Israeli dis- pule. Canada had agreed to do so but too lale in the game. The French decided to supply Mysleres, before authorities in this country had made up their minds about the Canadian built planes. In anolher incident he reports on Moscow's infuriated reac- tion to Israeli success in shoot- ing down Soviet-built Migs in retaliation against a Syrian raid on Israel's territory. The Krem- lin was so infuriated at the vic- tory of the French built Mir- ages over its own aircraft that it retaliated with a barrage of accusations against Israel. Elian's reply lo a Christian Science Monitor reporter wlio inquired if he were not worried that Israel might have offend- ed Moscoxv, was; 'If Ihe al- ternative is to gain Moscow's sympathy or survive I would prefer to survive, because if we survive we can go on to work for Moscow's sympathy, but if we do not survive Ihen Mos- cow's sympathy ceases to have any but obituary interest." II is imposiblc to give any- thing more than a fleeting im- prossion of the extent and scope of this very long, very care- fully documented volume which deals not only with a brilliant man and his career, but with the history of Israel long before it became a slate. The writer is a journalist with extensive experience in the Middle East, on admirer of Abba Eban to a fault, since he has been unable to prevent him- self from indulging in a glut of excerpts from the witty inci- sive speeches. St. John is in- trigued with every detail of Eban's life, both on and off the podium, at embassy cocktail parlies, in cabinet meetings, in (axis, in aircraft, at home with his wife Suzy. St. John is rigiit here agonizing with iiim in a h'ero worshipping kind of spir- itual affinity. Obviously the book is not im- partial. Objectivity is not Mr. St. John's long suit, particular- ly when it comes to the Arabs. At no point, does he admit that they have cause for This prejudice accepted, "Eban" is an important, pro- vocative and highly readable documentary of Israel and its best known defender. JANE HUCKVALE Strategy of terror Marxism lias A built-in ideology of vio- lence and terror. Anyone who deludes him- self into thinking Hint cither Ilussia or China or any other Marxist has aban- doned this stralcgy is living in a fool's paradise. This faith did nol with Ihc Com- munists. Tlie Tsars held il just as strongly, Ivan Ihc Terrible no less lhan Stalin. Nor is it confined to Communism. Robespierre and Saint-Jusle maintained thai violence was the temporary expedient and absolute- ly essential to the good society, just as did Karl Marx. It is not peculiarly Rus- sian. The Communist Daily Worker looked on the horror of Ihe Hungarian revolution of 1936 and reported, "There were Gestapo-like torture chambers with whip3 and gallows and instruments for crushing people's Unite. There were tiny punishment cells. There were piles of let- ters from abroad, intercepted for censor- ship. There were prostitutes retained as- police spies and agents-provacaleurs." The mystical violence of Hitler's Germany fascinated with horror ttie whole world. And surely the violence in Vietnam per- petrated by American bombing that turns a once lovely country into a huge bomb crater is no less ghastly. But the mass of American people do not believe in violence and the majority of Am- erican people do subscribe lo some clhical slandards. There is a great deal of differ- ence in Americans doing something against Iheir standards and Communists doing something in conformily will) theirs. Every Communist believes that, since his first duty is to his pally, all action must be judged by the way it affects the party and whether it effects I lie parly and so Ihe crilerion of right action must be whether it helps or hinders the cause of the revol- ution. As Engels put it, "We reject every attempt to impose on us any moral dogma whatever as an eternal, ultimate, and forever immutable moral law on the text lhat tlie moral world has its perm- anent principles which trascend history ABBA EBAN AND ROBERT ST. JOHN -Phoio by Phoio-Emka, tid. Struggle between nature and technology "Surfacing" hy Margaret At wood (McClelland and Stewart, S6.95, 102 The locale is backwood Que- bec where the slogans QUE- BEC LIBRE and BUVEZ COCA COLA GLACE lie juxtaposed in perpetual Four young English-speaking Canadians in- trude briefly upon this herma- phrodite culture the name- and her friends, an apparently happy couple David and Anna. The narrator is seeking her father, an eccentric botanist, Miss Margaret Alwood, whose latest novel Is review- oil here, along with P. K. Page, another prominent Canadian writer, will be reading hcr poetry on Octo- ber 26 at 8 p.m. in room E- ttHi at Ihc University of Lcth- bridge. The reading is open In tlin public anil is sponsor- ed hy trie English depart- ment. who has mysteriously disap- peared. Then the intricate and painful process that is Surfac- ing begins. Tlie two couples are collec- tively engaged upon an excur- sion into their own hearts o( darkness, though only the nar- rator seems to combine the full consciousness of this with the courage to press on however horrifying the disco verics about herself may be. A sense of some nibbling paranoia per- meates the novel, and Ihe nar- rator's frequently dreamlike, impressionistic prose fuses rcai horrors witto imagined ones, so that, for example tho discovery of a senselessly kill- ed heron becomes a haunting vision of the death force that is technology. Above all, images of the precariousness and con- tingency of human life prevail. As Miss Alwood suggesls in her poem Spring in the Igloo, "we are drifting-into a tepid ocean- on a shrinking piece of win- ter with ice the only thing between us and disaster." Tlie loving couples rapidly take up the weapons of deceit and cruelty against each other, with a rabidness reminiscent of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? But it is not only the war be- tween the sexes lhat concerns Atwood; at times, all of nature appears eager to shame or de- stroy the four refugees from tlie city. The isolation of Ihe wilderness herds the four peo- ple into continual close contact, rubbing away the veneer of fel- lowship until the nerve endings show. The narrator fears that this wilderness has driven her father to suicide, or worse still, to a madness that makes him the hunter and her party the hunted. As in Miss Atwood's first novel, The Edible Woman, there is a sense of some im- balance within man lhat is moving to coiTcct itself in ways only dimly understood hy (he narrator. In The Edible Wom- an. Marian McAlpin makes the horrifying discovery that her body, tired of being only one more consumer in r meaning- less round of consumerism, be- Boozy exorcism in New York City "Ppoplc At Home" by Gar- rlh Adamson (G. R. Welch Company, Limited, 48 pages, This book appears to have a novel approach lo make young- slr.rs interested in history. Tlie, book tells Ihc story of people from the Dark Ages in England to quite recent modern times. Food, furniture and other house equipment, inventions, social conditions, etc. are described ml drawn in a witty, tongue- in-cheek maner. The humor- ous text (large hand-print) is p! limes a hit difficult lo deci- pher and could be spaced out a little more. GERTA PATSON "The Grpal Canadian Nov. d" by Harry J. Boyle (Douli- Icilay; TIE'S FIFTY, he comes from Toronto, he's a successful advertising man, financially in- dependent, married with two children and he's well advanced in alcoholism. His name is Shane Donovan, and Ihe week he spends in New York is seven days of crisis, a walershed in his life well, watershed is hardly the word whisky shed would he more appropriate. Shane has won the Hiram Al- drcd Award, a distinguished honor in the advertising world and when he finally arrives in the big cily. already the worse for wear after a bout with the booze in Toronlo, he is put up in a luxurious suite in the Presi- dent Hotel- He is given all the honors women, liquor, par- tics. Nothing really satisfies. Something is eating Into Shane's soul, while alcohol destroys his body. tc really wants lo do, what he feels sure he can do, is to write a novel, The Great Canadian Novel, a book which will tell what il is really like to be. a Canadian, how he feels about his country, what disting- uishes the Canadian psyche from Ihe American. He's got something to say the trouble is that he has lost confidence in his ability lo say it. Tlie only time it comes out is during moments just before lotal in- ebriation scl.s in and when he wakes from the whisky debauch be can't remember what it was. Shane has lost confidence in himself, he tlocsn'l love his wife any Iflngcr if be ever really did. He's middle-aged and he Is hung up on a fear that youth is taking over, that the middle- aged and tho old -no longer count. He has a feeling loo that his Canadinnism is not under- stood, lhat his American friends are just a little patronizing to lire man from Nonsuch, Sask., who made it in big time Toronlo which alter all is not. tha same as big time New York City. "From Sault St. Marie. Sioux City, or Saskatchewan." he lells a New York girl friend, Cana- dians are "all from (he boon- docks. We're all private draft- ees in an army of frustration. Each of us has a secret dream inside and we can't seem to get it out." Shane's story ends where it Iwgan, in a small Mexican (own. where he's spent many monlhs getting out what is in- side. This is a romarkahlc book, boih in concept and in atmo- sphere, .Mr- Boyle riepicls Ihe business life of New York as few American authors have been able lo do, perhaps be- cause he is on the outsitte look- ing in. You may dcspi.sc (bis protagonist for his weakness, hut you won't be able to put the Great Canadian Novel down once you've picked it up. I couldn't anyway. It's gutsy, en- tertaining, nnd if could put you off your liquor lor quite- awhile. JANE E. JiUCKVALE and the difference Iwtwccn nalioas." Lenin saiu, "We reject all morality derived from non-human and non-class concepts. We say, morality is what serves to destroy the old exploiting sociely and to unite tha toilera around the proletariat which i.s creating a new Communist society." I. N. Stein- berg records in "Gcvvalt und Terror in der Revolution" that Lenin once asked him, "Uo you really believe that we can be vic- torious without the crudest revolutionary Steinberg replied, "Then why An we bother with a Commissariat of Justice? Let's call it frankly the Commissariat for Social Extermination and be dona with Lenin agreed. "Well, put, that's exact- Iv what it should be. but we can't say that." Well, would be exterminated hy Stalin and Stalin by lu's frightened hench- men. The victims of Stalin's purges would be arbitrarily chosen and forced to plead guilty to Ihe most absurd charges of treason and sabotage because Stalin was steeped in the conviction that terror alone would ensure the security of his rule. Mikita Khrushchev held lhat "mass ar- rests of party, Soviet, economic and mil- itary workers caused tremendous harm lo our country and to the cause of socialist but his own faith in terror exhibited in tlie suppression of ths Hungarians and thai of his successors in the subscquenl Chechoslovakian struggle for freedom. Tlie Cliinese use of lerror and violence would differ from that of Russia, but il would be as deadly, oppressive, and rulhlessly cruel. As Joseph Pelerson, in "The Great records, tha killings of the landlords intimidated every- one and made the country aware that the harshest would be used against any enemies of the state. There need be no surprise now at tha fiendish tortures practised on Jews in Russia or the members of the Christian Church. Communism was created in terror and can survive only with terror and tha idea that there can be good or bad terror end justifies the Is sheer hypocrisy. Reading through the garbage By Margaret Lockhurst gins to reject food, until Mar- ian faces the spectre of starva- tion in a world of plenty. It is only after tlie protagonist frees herself from this artificial world that she is able lo re- new the natural cycle of the body. Tlie act of liberation, sig- nificantly, takes the form of re- fusing the comfortable marr- iage proposed by a fledgling lawver who regards Marian as The narrator of Surfacing faces a more profound dilem- ma. She must not only turn from her lover Joe lo painful solitude and self-appraisal; she must ritualislically and at great risk purge herself of all the festering wounds of her own past as an automation in a technological society. The peace that existed between her- self and nature has been brok- en by an abortion and Ihe death of her potential child of nature. The complex and fascinating fashion in which the narrator comes to realize hev guilt and cnnact her expiation forms the main thrust of the novel, but Surfacing is memorable for a number of other strengths. One of these has to be Ihc incisive intelligence of Atwood's prose, as IWs brief sample indicates: The garden was full in sun- hpht and steaming hoi, moist as a greenhouse. We knelt down and began to pull at the weeds; they resisted, holding on o- taking chimps of soil ovil with (hem or breaking (heir stems, leaving their roots in the earth In regener- ate: dug for Ihe feet in Ihe warm dirl, mv hands Green with weed blood. Gradually Ihe vegetables emerged, pal- lid nnd stunled most of them, all till strangled. We raked the weeds into piles bc- Iwrori (ho rows where (hey wilted, dying slowly; later I hoy would Iw burned, like witches, to keep them from reappearing. Hut perhaps the most import- ant virtue of Surfacing is that il vhidly dramatizes the strug- gle between nature and tech- nology, while showing the van- ton destruction of nature results from the hatred of pelf. The machine is running amok in Iho garden: we have met the enemy, and he is us. GUAM' MCMILLAN Dcpt. of English, U of I> One of the interesting facets of my work at The Herald was browsing through other newspapers. It seems lhat a part of news- papers' policy is to exchange papers, and each day our library received copies of papers from major cities across the coun- try Ottawa, Toronto Winnipeg, Saska- toon, Edmonlon, Calgary, Vancouver and Victoria. We also received copies of small dailies from nearby larger towns as well as farm ajid agricultural papers. I could have spent all day every day going through a huge pile of papers, reading conflicting editorial opinions, local political situations, not to mention ads, and in housewifely fashion comparing prices here, there and everywhere. Naturally Lethbridge always came out favorably, as did The Herald. Some papers in the bigger cities are reg- ular tomes and their sheer size is a chal- lenge to the reader to dig in. They some- how lose the chatly hominess of smaller papers which can include, as docs Hie Herald, news items from the surrounding district, contributed by on-lhe-spol corres- pondents. But of course real bomincss is only es- tablished in the dailies of towns In tha and up to population range. Here, more space can be given over to anniversary celebrations, who is visiting whom, and how Smith's barn burned down last week. These human interest events help build and hold a community spirit, but alas, the larger the newspaper the less space for these items. In a large Toronlo paper, even the mayor's silver anniversary could very well be relegated to the back pages, if recorded at all. At present, my daily reading is confined to the two major Winnipeg dailies and Tlie Herald which I still receive. But I con- fess I must have left my interest in Canadian affairs back at my desk in The Herald for I seem now, as a recalci- trant housewife, to do most of my news- paper reading while wrapping the garbage. Now that's not as bad as it sounds. Inas- much as statistics quote, that each family disposes several pounds of garbage a day I still find myself reading quite a bit o! news which catches my eye before bun- dling the parcel up. Last week for example I noted, through drippy potato peelings that chuck steak was (en cenls cheaper in Lethbridge than made a mental note of tha local price white wrapping salad leavings the day before in the Free Press. I also saw In a Tribune stacked with soup bones that an old and distinguished friend of the family was on a speaking en- gagement in town. Then I noted that the date was some ten days previous and I had long since missed him. Either we'd betler throw out more garbage or I'd bet- ter read the papers more thorouglily at tha time if I'm not going to miss out on what's going on. When I really find disfavor with any and all newspapers however is when I mis- takenly pitch something out and have lo go rooting through the garbage cans, care- fully unrolling every malociorus package and sorting through unappetizing messes. "Where's that address Mike gave me last my husband asked yesterday, "you know, the one I left on the fridge." "I thought you'd put it in the address book." I replied with a sinking feeling, "if you didn't I guess I Uirevv it So it was out to the garbage in search of a smeary square of paper hardly larger lhan a postage stamp. But it was not all for nolhing you'll be glad lo know. Afler unrolling only three parcels f Vacated ths missing address wrapped up in a Herald, and on a closer inspection, which I'd miss- ed earlier, I saw that the weather was just n> crummy there as it has been here. And after all the ragging I'd taken before leav- ing siiimy Alberta on Winnipeg's lousy weather I felt some satisfaction in decid- in that Lolhbridge weather can be just as garbaey as Winnipeg's. Oh, oh. it's snowing betler lake thai back! Gadget boom wastes energy 'THE growing energy crisis in the nation is focusing attention on the (rend in America to waste energy with power-con- suming gadgets, tools and devices. Concerned citizens are pointing out lhat we could very well get along witiioul many electric conveniences. For instance. I hey say, why do we have to have an electric vacuum comh that collects loose hair as it coifs shaggy dogs. Or why is an electric telescope tube and pump required to wash the outside of second-slory windows from the convenience and safely of the ground? And. then there is Ihe eleclric fish siller which automatically releases each day the correct daily mtion of fish food Into Iho The Great Falls Tritnno cleclricaly oxygenated and filtered aquar- ium. Ingenious new- devices aro put on the market each day lo delight Americans. That's a sign of creative and inventive minds but the trend is alarming because Americans are consuming more and more energy each year. Per capita, Americans 22 times more coal-equivalent of energy than do the Chinese. More than one-half of the lotal energy consumed in the whole world is used in the United States. If Americans are worried about the energy crisis, they can do something about il; they can U5c their muscles more and save valuable electricity. Stray gene By Dong Walker If Elspclh wonders why she is afflicted birthday glfi. When with sons possessed of a perverse sense of humor, she might consider Ihc possibilily of a stray grnc passed en in her side of Ihe house. ilecently sha sent hcr sister Evelyn a Uie bos arrived in Sardis. cousin Neil examined it and haz- arded (he guess thai il was "fonp or flpn pouxier." That's worse than anything our boys have been able to toss up to their motheri ;