Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE ItTHBRIDGE HERMD Snturdav, Ditcher 21, 1972- Taxpayer pays for lengthy campaign By Maurice Western, Otla.wa co mmenlator (or FI' Piibicntions Clannish dynamite As Canadians weep over the sen- seless troubles in Northern Ireland, some of them are inclined to play with the same clannish dynainile here manfls made of him. The church is not a social club for the company of the com- fortable, but fi dynaiiiic, creative power for the fellowship of the concerned. The true church member is like Andrew drew his famous brother. Peter, into (.he discipleship, telling him, "We have found the Messiah." Andrew also found the boy with the five barley loaves and Iwu fishes and thus created the conditions for the miracle of feeding the Andrew found the Greeks looking for Jesus and brought them to him. Andrew was a con- veyor, not a mere container, of convic- tions. His name meant "brave" or "manly" and at the end he was crucified to a cross in the shape of an "X" that he might not die as his Lord had clone. When such passion possesses average men and women, then great events are pos- sible. As a Spanish scholar wrote, "Culture only survives when it receives a constant flow of vitality from those who practice it. TV. same thing is true of a church or a It is fascinating that in the reign of Queen Mary of among the list of martyrs who were hanged or burn- ed for their faith were thirteen weavers, four fullers, two tailors, seven farmers, six laborers, two butchers, two bricklay- ers, thirteen sawyers, and others ordin- ary or famous. There were some notable men and women martyred, but the signif- icant fact is that very bumble men and women had a profound faitb and loyalty. The early Christian church was built on them. As St. Paul said, "You see your railing, brethren, how thst not many wise mfn after Ihn llesh, n'jt. many mighty, not rnsny are oallr-d." Only with such a foundation of faithful men and women can the church become both a responsibto and a redemptive society. PRAYER: Make me sensitive, O God, to the voice of the Holy Spirit and re- sponsive tn your call, so that 1 miss not the moaning ami vocation of my life. F. S. M- Man, that's performance! .A prospective purchaser, guided by the wisdom of Con- sumer and Corporate Alfairs, would nol stand for such a dis- crepancy in estimates if he was in tlie market, let us say, for a new car. But Ihe political par- ties seem less and less disposed lo cost their programs; they merely loss them out and ex- pect consumers lo be duly thankful for the solicitude they express and for the scope c! llicir vision. In other words governments, and would-be governments, ap- pear increasingly less disposed to alterrpt what they are ob- viously not very good at doing. No firm that estimated like the Government could long endure. When eslimating occurs during an election campaign (if it: oc- factors enter into the ac- counting which make the price tags more than a little suspect. There, is always a require- ment lhal one consideralion balanced against anotlrer. When the Government decided to build a giant international air- port at Sic. Scholastique, It created a case of sorts for an- other giant internalional airport in the vicinity of Toronto. It bus since developed that air- ports lack the universal appeal that may originally have been anticipated; with the result that Messrs .Trudeau, Slanfield and Lewis are all currenlly at odds with leading supporters in the Toronto region about the future of Pickering. The point Is, nevertheless, that the piice ot one project (when we do have estimates) is bound to be misleading If there is a hidden cost in Uie form ot compensatory projects. If hun- drcds of millions are now being committed to waterfront devel- opmenl in U! doubtless a worthy project like dozens of others will there have to be a subsequent ac- counting with Montreal which is seldom lacking in nation-stir- ring visions such as the plans of Mayor Drapeau for the Oly- mpic Games? Many reformers are per- suaded that we ought lo have shorter election campaigns. The case is compelling. The longer the campaign, the heav- ier the bill that is ultimately presented to us. We are a coun- try of only 22 million. How, in our polilical circumslances, csn we afford both Toronto and Montreal? Mrs. Ghandi's decision on poverty cure imminent By Water Schwarz, Lonclo n Observer NEW DELHf Two Indians out of five still live in "abject poverty" by the government's own standards. And the num- ber below the poverty line about 270 million is as large today as it was 20 years ago. These are the kind of statis- tics usually put out by an op- position, but here the govern- ment itself publicizes the bad news. It is part of a fashion in self-criticism which Mrs. Indira Gandhi's government has de- liberately adopted. The figures on the poverty line came out in a paper put out by the planning commission recently. They were repeated in parliament by the planning minister. The "poor" were de- fined as people who consume toss than 37 rupees worth of goods per head per month. For a planning department that has been wrestling with poverty for two decades, these admissions are startling- ly frank. The minister went on to admil: "Available projec- tions suggest that if one has to rely on growth alone with- out directly tackling the prob- lems of unemployment and in- come distribution, it may take another 30 or 50 years for the poorer sections of the people to reach the minimum consump- tion level. It will he neither feasible or desirable to contem- plate a waiting period of any- where near such a duration." Failure to reduce the num- bers of the abysmally poor docs nol of course mean that. India has been slamMng still all these- years, ft has built an impres- sive industrial base, makes its own jet planes, tanks, cars, locomotives, bicycles, watches, radios and almost everything else. Alter centuries of famines and decades of massive food imports, a science-baser! "green revolution" on the land has made it virtually self-sullicicnt in Food. The trouble is the population, which keeps relentlessly ahead of progress. Almost rvery vil- tape in India has ils colorful family planning poster, show- ing s smiling mum ami dari and two happy children under the slogan: "Two is enough." But birth control has still to make an impact on a population of 5TX) million that grows by 000 every year. This tantali7ing gap between progress head counting is wither new nor peculiar to India. What makes Mrs. Gandhi and her ministers shout it from the housetops is a new deter- mination to do something about it. It was her youthful and rad- ical image which brought Mrs. Gandhi victory against the re- actionary bosses ot her own Congress Party three years ago. She won on the slogan "Garibi hatao" (abolish pov- Now that the war with Pakistan is also out of the way. nothing is ostensibly left to stand between promise and ful- filment. But the obstacles are still as daunting as ever. Ironically, in the months since India's vic- tory over Pakistan, people have become worse off instead of better. The war itself, the ref- ugees from Bangladesh and a poor monsoon this year have combined to set off a wave of unprecedented which hits the poor more than anyone else. Mrs, Gandhi has adopted a new fashion in development ec- onomics which questions the value of relying on the growth of the national product she calls it! and stresses the importance of providing help where it is needed among tlie urban poor and in the villages. Food and jobs rather than France plays peace talk role By C. L. Snlzberger, New York Times commentator PARIS The French role in seeking to accommodate and even facilitate peace in Indo- china has been consistently in- visible, discreet and sometimes effective. Neither this role nor its objectives are understood by many Americans. The princi- pal goal is to end a savage war between France's greatest ally and the North Vietnamese, whom France respects, having both administered them and been defeated by them. The ultimale aim is to establish a neutralized area in which French influence can insure that western interests are not wholly discarded because of a power vacuum exposed to China and Russia. Apart from serving as host lo the stalemated official peace negotiations, France has play- ed an intermittent but occasion- ally important part behind the scenes. The successive chiefs of the Quai Dorsay Asian de- partment, Etienne now ambassador to Peking, and Henri Fromcnt-Meurice. are careful professional diplomats and by no moans anti Ameri- can although they have often disagreed with Washington pol- icy. Throughout the Paris talks they gave advice to both sides, when asked, anrl transmitted messages with maximum ob- jectivity. Moreover, a vital un- official role was played hy an- other Frenchman, Jean Saint- eny who was responsible for helping start the secret parleys between Henry A. Kissinger and Due Tim, the Hanoi politburo member. Because Kaintcny signed the lirst accord between France and Ho Chi Mini] io 1946, many Americans including Bobby Kennedy and ambassador Av- crcll Harriman elicited his opin- ions In their search for peace. Richard Nixon came to know him for advice on how lo deal with Nortl. Vietnam. During one of the French- man's frequent visits to Wash- ington, Kissinger asked if he thought it possible to bold sec- ret negotiations parallel lo the stalemated formal talks. Sain- teny agreed to transmit a let- ter from Nixon to Ho Chi Minn proposing such contacts. When Sainteny returned to Paris in July, I960, he discreetly nass- ci1 this message to Xuan Thuy, head of the North Vietnamese Delegation, for transmission to Hanoi. A positive response came back. On Aug. 4. Sainteny offered his apartmen! as a site for Ihe first Kissinger meeting with the Communists. The French are deeply eager for peace but have no illusions that agreement will be easy. The two crucial obstacles, for Paris, are Hanoi's and Wash- ington's military reluctance (ft stop fighting. As France sees it, North Viet- nam has Iwcn geared to a war- lime economy for so long that. it. (pels "installs dans la guorre'' and almost afrsiri to fane the immense problems of returning to a peacetime economy. This remains true despite Hanoi's acknow- ledged error in launching (ho 1972 offensive which, despite great cost, has failed to achieve principal objectives. Likewise, many French seem persuaded the Pentagon also wants to keep war going. While civilian Washington rec- ognizes the need of peace perhaps even more than Hanoi does there is a belief here that Vietnam has become for the U.S. military what Spain, during its civil war, was for Hie Germans: an admirable laboratory In which lo test new weapons and tactics. Some Frenchmen, indeed, suspect the recent bombing of Iheir mission in Hanoi was de- liberately mounted by Ameri- can officers determined not to the "laboratory" and therefore ready to sabotage peace, This Is ugly speculation and Is by no means widespread. Moreover, it is already evident that Paris Is not going lo per- mil either its pride or its official anger about the bombing lo dis- turb relations with the U.S. or to block the painfully slow ad- vance in the direction of settle- ment. Visible irritation at the bombing incident will not be al- lowed to hinder Invis- ible role. growth In the GNP are now the slogans for the fifth five-year plan, Amid fierce controversy the strategy is being worked out. Objectives have already been formulated: a new dose of land redistribution to pro- vide viable holdings for the small farmer; crash employ- ment schemes In villages to help the landless; rationaliza- tion of grain distribution to cut out profiteers and ease bottle- necks; harnessing of industry lo produce more essential goods for the masses and fewer lux- uries. Each plan has Its or at least skeptics who that India's vast bureaucracy is too cumbersome and too cor- rupt lo allow grandoUfe reforms to make much impact. Perhaps the most damaging criticism of the new approach is that unless the cake gets larger, no amount of sharing it out afresh can be of much help. Helping the poor cannot be done without money, and money can only be generated by growth. Already a two-year halt in industrial growth has slowed down whole economy. So we are back to growth again and Mis. Gandhi is now torn between the conflict- ing advice of the free enter- prisers on the right and the na- lionalizers on the left on how to make factories produce more. Should she curb tlie big busi- ness bouses or allow them greater freedom? "II. doe.sn'l mallor ss long she decides on a course and slicks to il." saitian economist, exasperated by the dithering. Judging hy the number of con- ferences on economic policy she has been holding, it looks a.t It she is on the verge of a deci- sion. If she can score as de- cisively against poverty as she did against Pakistan she will indeed have made history. The Letlibridcje Herald 501 Vth St. LethbrUlgc, Alherla LETHBfUDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1DM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Oau Mall Registration No 0012 Member of Ths Canadian Press anrl Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau cf circuraMont CLEO W, MOWERS, Edilor nntJ Publisher THOMAS H. 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