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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Thurify, October il, 1971 Joseph Kraft Mission accomplished Although the future of the Amchitka underground atomic blast is still in doubt, with the proposed date being juggled around, the Greenpeace mis- sion returned to its home port in Vancouver. The 12-man crew has made its point against nuclear testing even though it's an obvious one. Can- nikin, if it is carried out, will be a disgrace to humanity. It could en- danger not only the island site, but ocean and wildlife in the general area for thousands of miles. The Greenpeace mission, which has been supported by millions of Cana- dians, in thought if not by action, brought home to the hierarchy in the United States the objections Canada, Japan, and many other countries have to the continuation of nuclear tests particularly of the monu- mental size planned for Amchitka. The mission also pointed up the utter contradiction governments ex- pose both in their politics and admini- stration. At a time when the world is becoming conscious at last of the lim- itations of natural resources, the con- dition of the environment and the encouragement of everyone to be- c o m e involved in ecological pro- grams, the world's leading power in- sists on following a line inconsistent with what il preaches. If the test is carried out despite international pro- tests, the U.S. will hit a new low in popularity rating. A sentimental journey? In the guise of a sentimental jour- ney to the land of his ancestors, U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew, stopped off in Athens after the big bash in Teheran Mr. Agnew's father emigrated to the U.S. 75 years ago. Finding the family name Anagnosto- poulos a tongue twister for Ameri- cans, he changed it. Whether Mr. Agnew sought a hero's welcome is debatable. But he got one, complete with cavalcade and Greece's highest award, the Grand Cross of George 1. In a flight of Spiroian oratory the vice-president told his hosts that the U.S. and Greece are joined together in a de- fensive alliance "based on the spirit we inherited from your ancestors and mine the right of men to seek their own destiny and pride." One can only hope that when Mr. Agnew had his private talk with Greek Premier George Papadopoulos about NATO affairs, he reminded the premier forcefully that Americans, and most citizens of NATO countries really believe in the right of men to seek their own destiny. Mr. Papa- dopoulos has got quite a few such men, and some women too, in jail be- cause they defended these rights. Vice presidential platitudes and emotional oratory meaning exactly nothing isn't going to get them re- leased either. A fragmented school system From the Journal of Canadian Studies rpHE obstinate refusal of the Conserva- tive government of Ontario to com- mit itself to public support for the sep- arate school system at the secondary level is deeply ironic from at least two points of view. One does not require professional cre- dentials to the field of education to rec- ognize that something has gone very wrong with the public systems of education on this continent: the frustration and dis- couragement of many of the best and most sensitive among both students and teach- ers, the atmosphere of tension within many of our high schools these are indica- tions of some genuine inadequacy in the assumptions and structure of the public system. The school system is characterized (or perhaps caricatured) by huge, character- less institutions) in which tired and dispirited teachers are faced by bored, frightened, and rebellious students. This state of things is the fault neither of the teacher nor of the students. It is the in- evitable result of a system which can per- mit neither genuinely spontaneous expe- rience nor the inculcation of received tra- dition. What is to be done? Is the solution to this state of things a return to a rigidly structured and didactically "academic" system? Or is it, on the contrary, a total commitment on the part of the system to radically unstructured "free" experience? The answer to both of these questions is an emphatic: no. These types of monolithic "solutions" are exactly what has brought us to our present state of frustration. The question we must bring ourselves to face is not whether the system needs to be re- formed, and if so in what way, hut whether the "system" is necessary at all. The simple fact is that the education system does not work because it is a sys- tem. The more an educational system be- comes systematized, the less it becomes educational. Large institutions, centralized administration, unified and uniform cur- ricula are simply incapable of serving an infinite diversity of individual personality and cultural background. If the diverse needs of real people and of real communi- ties are to be served, the present cen- tralized system must be per- haps fragmented is a better or- der to reflect that diversity. Educational reform in Canada should be- gin in two directions. First of all, within the public system to the degree that it could still be called a should be radically decentralized to give individual schools the power to develop distinctive characters and programs. Let some of them be highly structured Institutions and let some of them have no structure at all; let some of them have all the traditional kinds of evaluations, re- wards, and incentives and let some of them have no objective standards of measure- ment or promotion; let some of them offer intensively academic programs and let some of them offer the opportunity for "creative" self-expression. Let there be every kind of educational institution the mind can conceive, and this is, of course, the crucial individual students and their parents choose the kind of school within the public system which they wish to attend. Secondly, reform should be directed out- side the public system as well. The state should actively encourage the establish- ment of parallel institutions. Let us give people the freedom to establish any kind of school for which they feel there is a need and for which they can find a clientele: boarding schools, free schools, ballet schools, French schools, Summerhills anything at all and let the state adopt a posture not of grudging tolerance but of active assistance. And finally, the state should encourage the development of forms of education that have nothing to do with schools at all, that is "incidental education." For there is no evidence to prove that schools are the best places for people to learn and much fc suggest that they are not. Many people who cannot learn in a school environment can do so in one in which learning is di- rectly related to the practical activity of society. The central point is the need for diver- sdty. We must begin to provide a multiple ity of educational experiences and to re- store to individual students and their fam- ilies the power and the responsibility of choice. In this way, perhaps, we shall be able to offer a variety of programs which correspond to the various needs and abili- ties of both students and teachers instead of forcing them all into one destructive mould. It is clear that if we are to diversify and to fragment UK educational system in the manner which seems necessary, the ob- vious place to begin is with renewed sup- port for the one parallel structure to which we have an historic, century-old commitment, that is the Catholic separate schools. In refusing to make this commitment, the Ontario government implicitly opposes itself to diversity and affirms its support for bigness, centralization, and uniformity. this is the first does so at a time when responsible educational thinking is moving rapidly in the other di- rection. We are slowly beginning to realize on this continent that, in educational affairs, we are in the grip of a tyrannous liberal- ism. There is nothing wrong with liberal- ism of course, but there is everything wrong with tyranny. It should be and will be resisted in the name of reverence for individual, cultural, and social diversity, a diversity without which we can have ne- ither excellence nor freedom. It is just a little sad, and more than a little ironic, that tte character of this tyranny and the po- tential of diversity should go unrecognized by a government which calls itself Con- servative. Goodbye pie By Doug Walker had a terriHc surprise for Sunday dinner at our house Elspcth served pie! She made it herself. The last time we had pic is lost in Uie dim recesses of memory. It was a magnificent pie: raisin cream, topped with meringue and bottomed with witei. All my MulUag About it, however, is likely to go for nought of Paul. Paul fished out all the didn't like Uie looks of them in the cream. He ate the cream and left Uie wafer base with the comment that it reminded him of sand. Back we go to ice cream and canned fniitl Political settlement has to be the goal CAIGON The most de- pressing thing about a re- turn visit to Vietnam and it is very depressing is the progress being made. For it is progress as usual. It is progress Vietnam-style. Which is to say that it is fu- rious advance towards an infi- nitely receding goal. The most striking signs of improvement arc in everyday life. The Saigon garbage is now being picked up. The streets which used to be piled high with rubbish are now cleaner than at any time I can remem- ber in the past decade. Traffic flows much more smoothly, maybe because of the American withdrawal. A currency devaluation has pow- erfully restricted Uie black market. The Indian National Bank, as the illegal currency dealings used to be called be- cause of the predominance of Hindu dealers, is virtually out of business. In the countryside, tractors and trucks and fertilizer and new varities of rice all bear witness to an agriculture that is coming back maybe even thriving. For the first time since 1963, when Ngo Dinh Niem still ruled, there is now no need to import rice into Vietnam. Next year a record rice harvest is expected. The rich crop is by itself a testimony to the growth of se- curity in the country. And there are many other signs of, military progress. The U Minn in the southern part of the country has been a stronghold in insurgency since the Second World War. It was there back in the late 1950s that what became the Vietcong mounted its revolt against the Diem regime. And even very recently the region has been a source of manpower and raw material for the Communists. But in the past year, govern- ment troops have gone into U Minh. Much of the population has been relocated in ways that facilitate government surveil- lance and protection. And though the Communists have counterattacked, the govern- ment forces seem to be holding their own. Then there was the presiden- tial election of Oct. 3. As an exercise in population control it was a performance few govern- ments anywhere could rival. The turn out and the heavy vote for President Mgueyn Van Thiou show that he has built a working administrative mar chine. He is giving South Viet- pro fhi BEil'S WORLD IB 117! tr HU. ht Tre got news for you, Frederick. I don't WANT know haw to understand the 'gold crisis'." "It's of the biggest men on campus this year! He went to Europe for the summer and set a new record for nam probably the most effec- tvie government it has had since the time of President Diem. But the condition of all this irogress is that President _'hieu has become an Asian strong man. He and a small clique rule flu's country through the security apparatus. He does not have broad-based govern- ment, and he is not going to liave one. Indeed, all the present talk of Saigon emphasizes that the president is going to destroy his chief opponent, Vice-Presi- dent and Ah- Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky. The campaign to hu- miliate Marshal Ky is already under way. The other day one government minister, making sport of the vice president's volubility, referred to him as "Martha Mitchell with wings. The failure to broaden the base of the regime is bad not because it is undemocratic. Democracy is just not in the cards for Vietnam. But a broader regime would include figures and forces in contact with the other side. It could negotiate a political settlement. But as long as General Thieu is running a military regime there is no chance of political settlement. Without a political settle- ment, however, even the mili- tary progress is useless. Recent battles show that the troops of South Vietnam are still no match for the armies of the North. Their desertion rate is high and tends to rise when- ever combat looms. When the Americans eventually go, the Communist forces can pick the government army to pieces. And all the other achievements mil go with it. Thus, progress which does not lead to a settlement is really no progress at all. It only puts off the day of reck- oning. It only prolongs the agony. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Paul Whitelaw Utopian hopes of Quebec-based Social Credit party TVfONTREAL Real Caou- ette's hopes for the Soc- creds in me next federal elec- tion appear to be as Utopian as his party's frequently vague economic theories. Mr. Caouette promised follow- ing his re-election as party chief at a recent leadership conven- tion in Hull, Que., that the Creditistes would soon regain national political prominence. "I have been assured by dele- gates of Manitoba, Saskatchew- an, Alberta and British Colum- bia to have candidates in all he told reporters at a news conference. He also said that he expected to increase Sowed representa- tion from Quebec in the House of Commons, and field candi- dates in Ontario and the Man- times. However, it seems unlikely that Mr. Caouette will be able to significantly extend his pow- er base beyond the province of Quebec. Social Credit has been an ex- clusively Quebec-based federal political movement since 1968, when 13 Creditistes were elect- ed to tile House of Commons al! from Quebec. The regionalization of the party had been underway since 1963 when the fiery Mr. Caou- ette split from national leader Robert Thompson to form the Ralliement des Creditistes. The recent Socred convention in Hull, the predominantly French-speaking city across Uie Ottawa river from the nation's capital, had been officially call- ed to choose a party leader. However, the security of Mr. Caouettc's job was never in doubt. In fact, lie is known to have asked Fernand one of the leadership candidates who works at party headquar- ters in run. The re- quest had been made after the president of the provincial Creditiste organization m Que- bec, Phil Cbssette, decided to enter the race. Mr. Caouette apparently felt that Mr. Hour- ret would draw some of the attention from Mr. Cossettc, who posed a threat to Mr. Caouette's prestige by question- ing his fiery oratorical style and belief that Socred mone- tary reform would solve even unrelated problems. Mr. Caouette also privately welcomed the candidacy of the fourth man in the race, Dr. James McGillivray of Colling- Wood, Ont. The presence of an English Canadian among Uie leadership candidates was in line with the party's quest for renewed importance as a na- tional poliUcal force. But, even more important than the leadership the eyes of most Socred the to present a new, revitalized image to the utfco during d coast-to-coast television cover- age. "It was worth a million Mr. Caouette said of the CBC broadcasts after the convention had ended. But, it is questionable how effective the Creditistes were in convincing viewers Uiey are a viable alternative to the older parties. Certainly, the Social Credit- ers tried hard. Their gathering had all the trimmings and some of the hoopla that have marked the Liberal, Tory and NDP leadership conventions. Letters to the editor But, everything seemed as one observer put it. It seemed sometiiras as if the convention had been order- ed out of a department store catalogue by rural people who wanted to imitate then- city cousins. It was impossible to hide the fact that Social Credit is a rural based party with fears and aspirations that have little in common with the urban, mid- dle class in 1971. Committees were set up at the convention to discuss some Thirty-five years wasted The refusal of the Southern Alberta School Authorities As- sociation to negotiate meaning- fully with the teachers in this region demonstrates an atti- tude which is harmful to all those concerned with education. In the past year teachers have learned with dismay that the education of children is not Uie prime concern of the boards involved; rather, it is a secon- dary one. The prime concern of Ihese boards seems to be one of power, power to play indis- criminately with the h'ves and fortunes of both children and teachers. Such an attitude has resulted only in bitterness and resentment on the part of teachr ers and confusion in the mind of the public. Teachers have always recog- nized that the directions and objectives of education are the concern of the parents and their representatives, the boards, but teachers also know that it is their job, and their special knowledge of the processes of education which result in the attainment of these directions and objectives. When boards, through their power-plays, at- tempt to frighten and intimi- date, to destroy student-teacher relationships by breaking down morale, and to force teachers into distasteful and meaning- less contracts with little or no provision for consultation or Ache for quiet After reading Marilyn An- derson's column on Thursday, October 14, I had a terrible ache to be back on that quiet, beautiful prairie alone, or with those I love on a clear, dark star spangled night. She's right, nowhere are you so alone and so close to your and so far away from those darn, noisy motorbikes, those darn smelly burning barrels, and this terrible rat-race called city life. PEACE AND PRAIRIE LOVEK Utbbrklgi. c o m m u n i cation, then the boards are no longer fulfilling a legitimate function. They are doing the whole community a disservice. In attempting to accomplish its aims the SASAA have offer- ed a contract asking teachers to abdicate all rights of cotv sultation regarding conditions of professional service. Such a concept would negate thirty- five years of teacher struggle for human rights. They say "Trust us, these conditions need not be written into a contract." But their words ring hollow as step by step they arbitrarily at- tempt to erode every establish- ed condition of service. The concept that employees have no say in their working conditions died in the early twentieth century. It is unfor- tunate that boards even attempt to reverse the march of human dignity and social progress. Few teachers will be foolish enough to return to a pre-ATA master-servant relationship in which lives are mined on the whim of a school board mem- ber or his relatives. MEL SPACKMAN. Raymond. 'Crazy Capers' of today's pressing issues, rang- ing from abortion to economic nationalism. To the surprise of many, thfi committee studying abortion laws called for a ref- erendum to establish govern- ment policy, rather than sup- porting the status quo. Another committee took a more predic- table position. It recommended that the CNR and CP Rail be amalgamated, while calling for restrictions on foreign owner- ship of Canadian businesses. However, at discussions of the committee studying the consti- tution, it was evident how far removed many Socred support- ers are from modern reality. Several Western delegates told this reporter it was futile to discuss whether or not Quebec should be allowed the right to self-determination, because the monetary reforms of a Socred government would end 'the Quebec problem.' "There'd be no more of them separatists if there was lots of noted one man. There has been a fundamen- tal change in Quebec society in the last dozen years, which leadership candidate Phil Cos- sette was trying to point out when he stressed that Socred economic policies would not solve all of society's problems. Quebec's nationalism is deeply rooted in the French-Canadian way of life. It was also evident at Hie convention that Social Credit is the most French-Canadian of Canada's political parties, de- spile a decision earlier this year to drop the name Rallie- ment des Creditistes because of its Quebec-only tone. A tremendous effort was made by Uie party to achieve a level of workable bilingualism at the convention, but the gathering was still predomin- antly French something that doesn't happen at any of the national gatherings of other political parties. It is question- able how the "frenchness" of the revitalized Socreds will he accepted by the type of voters to whom Mr. Oaouette hopes to appeal in the West, Ontario and the Maritimes. However, even if Mr. Ca- ouette doesn't lead his party to victory in ridings across the country in the next federal election, he is still a man who will play a tremendously im- portant role in the next federal election. The party led by Mr. Caou- ette is the only organized threat in Quebec to the government of Prime Minister Trudeau, for the Conservative party is a vir- tually non-existent force in Que- bec politics. The Tories won only four of Quebec's 74 federal seats in the 1968 general election, and two MP's defectsd earlier this year after public rows with the party over Canada's constitutional fu- ture. The Socreds have in excel- lent chance of retaining the 13 Quebec seats they hold in the House of Commons, and could very possibly increase then- representation because of the Conservatives' weakness. It is doubtful whether Social Credit candidates will receive the cross-Canada support Mr. Caouette predicted-after his re- cent leadership victory. But, one Uiing is certain: he will be an important man to watch on the hustings of Quebec, as he castigates the government with the verbal skill he honed as a used car dealer in Rouyn, Que., before he entered politics. (Herald Quebec Bureau) Looking backward Through The Herald 1311 Voters went to the polls today and elected W. A. Buchanan. The announcement was made in a special edition of the paper printed hi the eve- ning after the results were known. 1321 annual Vulcan school fair was a huge success. 9131 The chief subject for the next town council meeting in Slavery will be the question of operating the covered skat- ing rink for the coming win- ter. M. Olsen, inter- nationally known evangelist, is holding revival services in Lethbridge. The public is in- vited to come to the Pente- costal Tabernacle to hear the prophetic message. I must say, I'd never rea- lized there wore side tects to tod Uwer aiL The Lctlibtidgc Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, Dy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second USM Mall Registration No 0019 Mtmber of The Canadian Press ano me Canadian Daily Newipapor Publishers' Association and tha Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnacicr BALLA WILLIAM H JOE Managing Edito ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager Associate Editor DOUGLAS K, WALKER Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;