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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Norman Webster Canada's Recognition Of China r1 ANTON It was at the breakfast table that I first got the news. "Did you hear that China and Canada have es- tablished diplomatic asked a late arrival in the din- ing room of the Tung Fang ho- tel. I didn't spill ,my tea. In the past year unimpeachable sources have told me on far too many occasions that Canada and China had just recognized each other or were on the point of doing so. Ho hum. This time, though, it was dif- ferent, for when I left the din- ing room there none other than the Deputy Director of the Department of Information of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of Chi- na to confirm the news. He smiled, shook my hand and al- lowed it was "ben hao" (very I should note that the Deputy Director and I do not meet reg- ularly after breakfast. Indeed, our contacts are few and the information flow between us of the very thinnest. He is, however, leading a group tour arranged for Pe- king's foreign correspondents to Canton, Shanghai and Nan- king. The tour took almost ev- ery foreign correspondent from the capital about is hours be- fore the Canada China an- nouncement. The terms of recognition are something of a victory for Ca- nadian patience over the long period of negotiation. Peking very much wanted an explicit Canadian declaration that .it had sovereignty over the Na- tionalist Chinese ruled island of Taiwan. Canada stood firm on its po- sition that it had no thought of a two China policy, that it wished to recognize Peking as the only legal government of China, but that Taiwan was a matter for the Chinese them- selves to settle. The commun- ique's statement that Canada took note of Peking's position on Taiwan was a sensible ac- knowledgement of the strength of this country's feelings on the matter. One explanation for China's decision to accept the Taiwan compromise at this time is the coming debate on admission of Peking to the United Nations. China has lately expressed re- newed interest in "the restora- tion of its lawful rights" in the world body. Canada's promised vote for Peking, and its possible influ- ence on others, could prove to be of some importance. Diplo- mats doing their arithmetic on the annual Albanian resolution to admit Peking say the vote may be surprisingly close. A positive vote would not mean Peking's automatic entry into the UN. The interlocked complexities of the "important question" resolution, what to do with Taiwan and Peking's terms for admission would still have to be dealt with. But it would be a moral victory of sorts for China. .The last western nation to es- tablish diplomatic relations with Peking was France, in January, 1964. By coincidence, the French foreign minister of that time, Maurice Couve de Mur- ville, Is currently travelling in China. Colin Legum Standing Up To The Bully Nations TUSAKA Looking down at the scene of the opening of the third summit conference of non-aligned nations it was diffi- cult at first to see what gave a semblance of cohesion to the 62 nations of the Third World who assembled around the vast circular table in the superb, golden yellow carpeted hall built from scratch by the Yugo- slavs in 120 days. At one extreme of the politi- cal spectrum were Liberia, Ethi- opia, Laos, Malaysia, Lesotho, Swaziland; at the other ex- treme, Cuba, Syria, Iraq, Libya and South Yemen. Here were many of the na- tions of the divided Arab world. Fully half (including Cuba) have close relations with Israel while many are among Israel's most bitter foes. Some, like Malaysia and Singapore, look to Britain for defence alli- ances; to others like Ceylon and Libya this is a deadly sin. What then gave meaning t o an international assembly of this kind? It was left to Zambian Presi- dent, Kenneth Kaunda, who opened the conference in the name of Almighty God more pleasing to the black-robed Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus and the intensely religious" Em- peror of Ethiopia than perhaps to the white-suited Yugoslav. Marshal Tito to explain why this particular cross-section of the international community should feel themselves to have some common links. Despite the reduction of ten- sions and the creation of a "tripolar he said, there still remained the danger of weak nations being bullied by the more powerful ones. There was still "the hydra of military invasions of one country by an- nearer at home was Zambian concern about the re- gimes of South Africa, Ehodesia and Portugal. On a different level were threats of economic strangulation as a political in- strument for furthering the aims of the strong at the expense of the weak nations. The objectives of non-align- ment, said Zambia's president, are intended to give effect to the weaker nations' desire for freedom, independence and peace, and to make themselves less vulnerable to outside pres- sures and less susceptible to international bullying. There is, therefore, he continued, nothing irrational about the policies of non-alignment. In one striking passage Kaun- da said that the critics of non- alignment, both in the western and eastern countries, would probably continue to feel that they were pursuing a policy in which weak'countries are able to play off one power against the other; but on the contrary it is not the non-aligned who are at playing off one big power against the other it is the power states which are try- ing to divide the smaller na- tions. It is they who "assume the right to subvert any nation whom they decide is aligned to the opposing bloc, capital- izing on any differences in their internal policies and poli- tical development." Kaunda continued that to the non-aligned "unity in diver- sity" is an important character- istic. Despite their differing political and economic systems they share a respect for each others' independence and sov- ereignty. What they strive for is a common front, to create an atmosphere of independent be- havior in international affairs as well as real freedom in their respective countries without outside interference. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Prices effective Thurs., Fri., Sat., Oct. 22, 23, 24. FflWI I W L BOILING CUT UP Chuck or Round Bone Roast T 59c Cross Rib Roast RED OR IM BRAND lb 89c Side Bacon BYTHEPIECE lb 69c Cottage Roll SMOKED CRYOVAC lb 99c Prime Rib Roast RED OR BIUE BRAND Ib 95c Rib Steaks lb 99c FREEZER SPECIALS SIDES OF BEEF 225 Tra8e 59c HINDS OF BEEF notol25lb over08e lb 73c FRONTS OF BEEF lloto'25Ib overaaelb 49c RED OR BLUE BRAND BHF CUT AND WRAPPED FOR YOUR FREEER KRAFT CANADIAN CHEESE SLICES 16-oz. pkg. 79" JELLO POWDERS >f 00 1 "W All flavors 3-oz. pkg. for SLUE BONNET COLORED 3-lb. pkg. MARGARINE PREM SKIM MILK POWDER JAM LUNCHEON MEAT 12-ei. fin SEVEN FARMS 3-lb. pkg. MALKIN'S PLUM...............48-oz. -tin Fresh Roasted Peanuts 2 Mild Cheddar Cheese..... FRESH FALL PRODUCE VALUES 4.15 59 4.35 89 79c APPLES B.C. Mclntosh, Canada Fancy 511 .00 Mexican Fancy Valencia: Florida Pink Oranges Grapefruit Pears B'c D Aniou Head Lettuce cc Canada Cee Grade California Canada No. 1 4 9 2 2 for for 59' .00 Ibs. Ibs. 33' GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 708 3rd Avenue South GROCERIES 327-5434, 327-5491 MIATS 327-1112 OPEN THUK5DAY TILL 9 P.M. PHONE AND SAVI FREE DELIVERY Besides Britain and France, western counties with diploma- tic missions in Peking are Swe- den, Norway, Denmark, Fin- land, Switzerland, The Nether- lands and Cuba. Canada and Cuba are the only two repre- sentatives of the Americas. Some observers believe the Canada China recognition may break a diplomatic logjam. It- aly, which has a trade office in Peking, is currently negotiating with China in Paris and hopes to win recognition terms simi- lar to Canada's. Belgium is in- terested, as.is Austria, which like Italy has a trade office in the Chinese capital. It ,is likely that an advance party of Canadians will travel to Peking soon and go to work on the multitude of housekeep- ing matters that must be dealt with before a Canadian ambas- sador arrives. He should be there well within the six months spoken of in the recognition communique. By coincidence or perhapi not a probable future mem- ber of the embassy is currently' in Peking. He is Robert God- son, from the Canadian Govern- ment Trade Office in Hong Kong. He and two members of the Canadian Wheat Board ara negotiating a new grain con- tract with China.. The Canadian embassy, at least initially, will likely be lo- cated in a nine story office and apartment building in the diplomatic area known as San Li Tun. San Li Tun is in the north- east part of Peking and is the newer of two diplomatic areas, most members of foreign mis- sions live and work in these two areas. A few missions are still lo- cated downtown, but it is likely that in a few more years they will join the others at San Li Tun and Wai Chiao Ta Lou, the older area. The ambassador will probably live initially in the building with the offices in one of the suites built large for the entertaining he will have to do. Cocktail and dinner parties are staples of Peking's working and social dip- lomatic life, and an ambassa- dor must bring a clear head and good digestion with him. Canadians should find a more relaxed atmosphere in Peking than has prevailed for the past four years. China is stressing that it has friends all over the world, and has of late been more friendly towards the rep- resentatives of those friends in its capital. Visits to Chinese institutions and trips to a few important ci- ties have again become possible. Theforeign correspondents' group trip, the first in years, provides one example. Besides the usual post recog- nition honeymoon period, Cana- dians have something else going for them here the memory of Norman Bethune, the Canadian doctor who died in 1939 while treating Chinese Communist sol- diers during the war against Japan. It is no small thing to be a countryman of Pai Chu En (the Chinese characters for Be- thune) in a land where he is one of the major heroes, im- mortalized in an e s s a y by Chairman Mao Tse-Tung him- self. A ceramics factory I visited near Canton yesterday provid- ed an illustration. There, in an exhibit case on the shelf with a collection of Chinese heroes and martyrs, was Dr. Bethune in op- erating smock and gloves. There was something else at the ceramics factory. As I was going in the door one of the interpreters on our trip pulled my sleeve and pointed to a slo- gan painted on the wall. .It consisted of nine very large red characters: "We are deter- minded to liberate Taiwan." It is one of the best known slo- gans hi China. The interpreter asked if I knew what it meant, and when I said yes he laughed, but not heartily, he wasn't joking. (Herald Peking Bureau) Ottob.r 21, 1970 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Chinese Pact Affirms Reality From The Ottawa Citizen RECOGNITION of the Peking regime as the legitimate government of China merely confirms a political reality. The Nationalist Chinese government in Taiwan exercises no authority on the main- land. Nor has it any hope of doing so.in the foreseeable future. For years, it has been pointless to deny this fact. The future of Taiwan remains in doubt. Sticking to the position it maintained throughout the Stockholm negotiations, Canada notes China's claim to Taiwan, but neither endorses nor challenges it. As long as the Taiwan government in- sists it is the legitimate Chinese regime, Canada cannot have diplomatic relations with it, though contacts can of course be kept. But if the Nationalists were to drop this claim, the situation is altered. That.is unlikely to happen while Chiang Kai-shek, the Nationalist leader, is alive. But as more countries follow the Canadian and before it, the French formula, the Nationalists will find themselves in- creasingly isolated. They may eventually decide to call it a day, and assert sov- ereignty over Taiwan alone. Canada will have to decide then whether to exchange diplomatic missions with a territory to which China lays claim. Sines China's claim to Taiwan is based on sim- ple colonialism, our anti-colonial record should provide the answer. Busy As The Day Is Long From The Financial Post VJftHEN you are In opposition, noise and not numbers may be what counts. By this definition, the New Democrats In Ottawa have good reason for their claim that they have become the official opposi- tion party in the Commons. NDP House Leader Stanley Knowles cites as substantiating evidence these fig- ures from the last session. With only nine per cent of House mem- bers, his colleagues submitted 84 per cent of all motions for the production of papers, 41 per cent of all private bills and 37 per cent of all written questions. The Conservatives, by contrast, with 28 per cent of the members accounted for only 12 per cent of the motions for papers, 78 per cent of the private bills and 37 per cent of the written questions. Furthermore, says Knowles warming to his subject, NDP members were successful in adjourning the House for emergency de- bates eight times since the Trudeau Gov- ernment took over, while the Tories only managed it on four occasions. Then, taking a few rather large leaps, Knowles concluded that "the real choice in the near future for the Canadian electorate will be between the present government and the New Democratic Party." It is questionable whether ail those NDP motions for papers, written questions, pri- vate bills and manoeuvrings for emergency debate did as much for the public as for the publicizing of the movers. There is little precedent, moreover, for the idea that if many are a good thing, more must be better. Knowles, nevertheless, does put his fin- ger on an important point. As those who follow parliamentary affairs closely know, the 22 NDP members do indeed play a dis- proportionately large part in the affairs of the House. It is the NDP members as often as not who ask the most penetrating ques- tions in .the chamber and in the commit- tees. This is a well- and long-established1 fact The CCF before the NDP provided much of the most thoughtful debate in Ottawa. By its nature the party is a critic of the sys- tem and it attracts critics to its ranks. So far, the federal party has been con- sistently unable to switch from this nega- tive role to one sufficiently positive to at- tract the voters needed to get out of the electoral cellar. Those statistics in .short, don't necessarily prove that the NDP's time is coming. They just show where action is between elections. Conflicting Images From The Wall Street Journal QNE of the fond dreams of many stu- ALA wants to organize a network of "shr v dent leftists is to arouse "the work- dent strike support" committees. ers" and lead them in an assault on the established order. But most workers, so it seems, either aren't all that unhappy with the way things are or can't imagine themselves following lads and lasses whose nearest approach to sweaty toil has been in hammering togeth- er picket signs. There's no reason, however, why work- ers shouldn't mobilize the students, in the view of the Alliance for Labor Action, an innovative unit set up by the United Auto Workers and Teamsters last year. .As Mr. Carlson reported to the press recently, the What can students do to help strikers? Well says the ALA, they can collect money or babysit with strikers' children, among other things. Now there just may be a conflict be- tween me image the unions have of stu- dents and1 the image students have of themselves. Maybe some students will be interested in the union Idea but we sus- pect there are many who are going to be insulted to find that the unions think they would be more effective as sitters than as soldiers. School Breakdown From The Christira Science Monitor don't know what eduea- because voters four times refused to pass a tion should do" reads a headline in school tax levy. a national newspaper. "Missouri district to close its reads the headline in another paper. "Survey calls U.S. formal class rooms a story in The Chrisitan Science Monitor reveals. These are but three of a steadily grow- ing number of reports facts, figures and judgments which tell us that the crisis over education in the United States is already critical and becoming more so with each passing semester. And when one considers that the United States was once almost unique in its love for and dedication to education, one can grasp how urgent is the present challenge to (a) restore public con- fidence in the schools and (b) make them adequately interesting to young minds. In the opinion of one educator, the loss of public confidence stems "from the stub- born unwillingness, or more probably, the tragic inability of educators to articulate a simple, compelling, and clearly under- stood rationale for education." Certainly, some such failure on the educa- tors' part must lie in part behind .the events in the Hazelwood district of subur- ban St. Louis, where all public schools, serving children, will soon shut down Equally certain is the fact that the finan- cial crisis in which an ever-growing num- ber of school districts find themselves comes from a broad backlash against the attitudes of young people, scheol adminis- trators and intellectuals, all three of whom are widely looked upon as trouble-makers, as permissive, and as downright un-Ameri- can. This is a tragic situation. It can only deepen and embitter whatever gaps and rifts already exist within American soci- ety. If there are two absolute, unavoidable facts of modern life, they are that the young must be well educated and that every child has a right to this formal pre- paration for a constructive and happy adulthood. Voting down school funds (as distin- guished from needless school frills) is self- defeating, cruel, and stupid. But so is the attitude of far too many school adminis- trations which have neglected to maintain order. So too is the failure of educational theoreticians to come up with an ade- quately broad scale with pedagogical meth- ods in tune with today's jet-speed tension- ridden life. Facts On Canada's Coal Exports 'Crazy Capers' like to see a man who knows his place! rpHEEE has been considerable criticism recently that Canada is squandering her heritage of natural resources, endan- gering future generations and contributing to destruction of the physical environment. Informed Canadian coal men disagree with most of this criticism and hold that it is largely based on misinformation and mis- understanding of UK facts. For example, development of Western coal fields by U.S. capital for export to Japan is said to be a sell-out of Canadian resources, "economic colonialism" and contrary to sound national development. The fact is that, if it were not for the demands of the now Japanese market and the vital flow of U.S. develop- ment capital, Canadian coal would, stay in the ground without benefit to anyone. Do- mestic demand for coal remains a drop in the bucket. Canadian coal production by 1962 had declined to slightly more than 5 million tons a year. Thanks to new mar- kets and working capital this has risen to better than 11 million tons. Those same in- centives are expected to bring Canadian From Canada-Japan Trade Council coal production to 26 million tons by 1973. Federal authorities estimate Canada's known coal reserves at 100 billion tons- exclusive of what may be found later in UK Arctic regions. Knowledgeable coal men regard a production rate of one-ten thous- andth of known reserves to be a legitimate expenditure of a natural resource to help maintain one of the world's highest stan- dards of living. As to present and future Canadian needs, they point out that the chief stumbling block here is not sale of too much Canadian coal abroad but rather the cost and difficulty of transportation from the site of production to the area of use. Canada's greatest concentration of coal lies West of the eastern border of Saskatch- ewan while the area of greatest population and demand for energy lies more than miles away in Central Canada. They give no credit to the theory we are mortgaging our future for quick cash today. They be- lieve Canada will have coal as long as it is in demand domestically. ;