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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - October 21, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta MISERS HELP THE KAISER BUY VICTORY BONDS! VOLUME XI. LHTHBHIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, OCTOBKK 21, 1018 m/mber 2r>n GERMAN REPLY RECEIVED; WOULD EVACUATE; PROMISE NO MORE TORPEDOING OF PASSENGER VESSELS Germans Attempt To Justify Course; Peace a Phantom LONDON, Oct. 21.-(By the Associated Press)-The German reply to President Wilson's note, the text of which was received here todliy by wireless, says Germany hopes the United States will approve of no demand whlcrf will be Irreconcilable with the honor of the German people and with the opening of the way to a peace of justice. WOULD EVACUATE INVADED TERRITORIES The German government suggests to President Wilson that an opportunity be. brought about for the -fixing of details of evacuation of occupied territories, Germany protests against the references of President Wilson to Illegal and Inhuman acts, Denial is made that the German navy purposely destroyed lifeboats with passengers. The German government proposes that the facts be cleared up by neutral commissions. CEASES TORPEDOING PAS8ENGER SHIPS Germany has dispatched orders to submarine commanders precluding the torpedoing of passenger ships. PROVIDE FOR POPULAR GOVERNMENT Announcement Is made of a fundamental change in the German constitution providing for representation of the people in the decisions concerning peace and war, and it is said the present government has been formed In complete accordance therewith. DEFENDS DEVASTATION DURING RETREAT Germany claims the sanction of International law for carrying out destruction of property during retreats and says her troops are under strict Instructions to spare private property and care for the populations to the best of their ability. Where transgressions occurred, the note says, the guilty are being punished*. Mayor Hardie Springs a Surprise; Suggests Change to Government by a City Manager Mayor Hardie, in the preface to the auditor's report for 1917, which is now on the press, springs something of a surprise on the public when he advocates a change in the form of government from the straight commission form, now in effect, to "the managerial form of city government as they have It In Dayton, Ohio, or on lines approaching It." No bint had ever been given by the mayor that he was in favor of one-man control. Time and again on the platform he has let it be known that he believed that the present form of commission government, which Lethbrldg" has had since the beginning of 1614, could not bt Improved upon, but it is evident that he has changed his mind. Tin' reasons loading to 11]'s Text of the German Reply London, Oct. 21.-The. text of the German note, as received by wireless, is follows:  Evacuation "In tccepling tli� proposal for an ovaeuatlon of occupied territories, the Gorman government ha* started from ihr assumption that the procedure of thin evacuation ami of tho conditions of an armistice, should tin loft to tho military advisor* and that tho actual ntandnrd of power on both aidca In tho field has to form Hip banls for arrangements safeguarding tho guaranteeing this standard.'' mbItaShiT in latest list of casualties Ottawa. Oct. L'l.-Today's casualty Jlst Included tho following western Canadians and officers; Infantry-Killed in Action: Lieut. (V 1.'Giles, M.M., Toronto; flergt. A. F. Hank', Calgary; It. Wise, Calgary; II .(5. Litchfield. Calgary; \V. II. Mc-Cullock. llellovue. Alta.; A. Dugot, Yonreo. Alta.; Sorgt. A. Roes, Vancouver; J. Turnhull. Calgary;' C. Raker. Mosside. Alta.; C. \V. Weldon. Strathconn. Alta.; J. 4. MeGowun, Troehu. Alta.; 11. S. Peters, Calgary; )'. \V. Robert*. RaUonburg, Alta.; I). . Ross, Androssan, Alta.; .1. L. Jarvis, Cnlgury: L. Dummaroll, lid-moiaoii: W. 0. Cool, Calgary; Corp. C. V. Ilroadbont. Louvltt. Alta.; 11. H. RothweU, Cru'nbrook. U.C.; J. W. lies-cott, Twin Butte, Altu.; r. CJ. ThoniaB, Calgary; L. H. l'holui), llolhorn, Aha.; LioiU. K. K. HoucliBtte, Ottawa; Corp. A. Ollvor, Gnrrlngton, Altu.. Died of Wounds: 11. ft. Groff, Edmonton; .1. McLean, Calgary. Accidentally Killed: Llout. G. Trot-tor, Ireland. Died: J. Brown. Oyen, Alta.; \V. TJarUott. Sufflold, Alta.; W. J. John-non. Calgary; H. Stoole. 51 undine, Altu.; N. Dixon. Kdinonton; J. ti. Metcalfe, AtlltthHHCH, Altu. Repatriated: Copt. H. K. McKes-Boclt, Toronto. Missing: C. K. Hradloy, Kast Calgary. Fixing the Details "Tho (;orman government xugg^sts to thn president, that an upportiinliv should bo brought about for fixing ihe details. It trusts that the president of tho United States will approve of no demand which would be Irri-ooiieli-lable with the honor of the German people and with opening :i nay to a pence of Justice." Devastation ef Property "The Herman government protests against too reproach of Illegal and in-human aojU made agulum the Gcrinuu land and aea forces and thereby against thn German people, For the covering of u retreat destructions will always bo necessary ami tiioy arc car rled out Insofar as Is permitted under international law. Gorman troop* are under the most strict Instructions to spo/n private property and lo exercise care for the population to tho best of their ability. Where, transgression occurred In spite of thn order, the guilty aro holug punished." Sinking Lifeboats "Tho �Gorman government further denies that tho German navy In sinking shipB has evur purposely destroy-' ed lifeboats with their passengers. The German government proposes with regard to all those charges that the fact be cleared up by neutral commissions." A "Stop" Order "In ardor to avoid anything Hint might hamper thn work of peace, the German government has caused orders to be dispatched to all submarine commander* precluding the torpedoing ol passenger ships, 'Without, however, for promotional reasons, being able to guarantee that these order* will reach every single submarine at sea before Its return.*' Admit Autooracy "As a. fundamental condition for peace the president prescribes the destruction of every arbitrary power that can separately, secretly and of its own single choice disturb tho peace (Contlvuko �3N I'aob 5) > * * * * > ? ? � There le a great need for volunteer nurses. All qualified nurses and V; A. D.'s are now engaged with influenia cases In the city. There are homes where the entire family fa laid up. and no nurses available. It it to meet cases of that character that volunteer nurses are urgently required. By combatting the epidemic now and giving to the "existing cases the care and attention demanded, the apread of Influenxa can be checked. The need it urgent. Those who ,are willing to volunteer should communicate with Miss Tilley at the Nursing Mission or register at Wttley, Hall, where an emergsnoy hospital hat been established. The hours of registration for women volunteer* will be from 10 to 12 and from 2 to 6 at Wesley Hall. The Sir Alexander Gait Chapter war* responsible for the Initial organisation of the Flrtt Aid Classes |n Lfthurldge, which lattr grew to suoh a large extent and finally resulted *ln the establishment of the at. John's Ambulance Brigade, competed of V.A.O.'t, be worn by all on c. p. I trains New Order in Lieu of Qtinrniv tine-Health Officers Uidc on Trains Before you can ride on a C.P.R. train anywhere In the province, from now on. until the epidemic of Spanish Influenza is past, you must wear a mask. That is the latest order from the provincial health authorities, and applies to every train In the province. The order was received by Supt. MacKintosh of the Lethbridge division this morning. It requires that all passengers and train crew wear a mask of cheesecloth. The mask is made out of a piece of cheesecloth 1C inches by 8 inches, and folded to eight Inches to four inches. This must be placed over the nose and mouth, and worn all the time the passevger is on the train, whether in the day coach or the diner or sleeper. Supt. MacKintosh has arranged, with all the drug stores and also the Hudson's Bay Co. ta sell them in the city at 15 cents etch. The, new order requires that all cuspidors In the trains be removed, and In their place an old gasoline can filled with bichloride of mercury solution is placed as the only receptacle for expectoration. Health inspectors will travel on all trains, to aid the train crews in carrying out the new order, which ia put into effect In lieu of the drastic quarantine regulations enforoed on the city last week. I change In opinion arc imi forth in thn | preface to tho auditor's report as fol-I low?: j Points Out Weaknesses '� "While I do not wain to put myself; 'on record as ndvocatlng :i chnnge in' the present form of government. I do j want, to point out pom.' of its weaknesses and suggest what might l�; ! an improvement. I "There lias been no idea on the pari j of Fomr of our ctllz that the salaries paid our roniMii-?imi�r, ami U con-'-"nuenlly tho reaulf of a personal tni'lRe rather thun an antagonism of J ihf present form of roverrnnent. To any intellnctual citizen It unlit lie .il�nrd to think that Sii......1 per year l-i .in extravagant slim to pay. In fact It Is the best Investment the city lint, made up to dato t-st of Vicolgne, which would b:i a natural lino of defense. A visit to Douul shows that tlie city has not been destroyed, hut sacked. A hulf-heurted attempt was made to burn part of tlruuoplace, but as a whole the buildings are intact, including the wonderful old town hall, with Its superb middle-ago decorations and frescoes. Hut there the .hand of the Hun is evident, because historic pic-lures have, been removed from their frames. Its archive* and Hie file.-, of Its various business departments lie trampled on the floor. Kverything movable Is gone. In the catlKdtal the rich vestments Utter tho aisles and stripped lead from the roof lies m piles uwaltiug removal. A dean i>weep was made of the entire city. I'.ven those things not worth moving or too bulky liuve been trampled. Tho hall is perfect, but its contents liuve gone. TarK Oct. m Tho Paris newspaper* commenting on President Wilson's note to Austria, are unanimous In expressing the belief that the pre-Rldeut'n reply Is a refusul of the Austria-Hungarian proposal, hut Is clearly In conformity with tho principle of tho right of nationalities to self-determination and frustrates the attempt of Austrian diplomacy to escape from: Its present tdtuarion by a compromise with President Wilson's principles. Tho reply, die newspapers say, pronounces the death sentence on the Hapsburg dictators. Several ot the newspaper* invite tho various nationalities to rebuild on tho ruins of the crumbling state. The Tomps says: 'President Wilson's refusal is a historic event. No problem of this war Is graver than the Austro-Hungarlan question. On the solution it receives depends (lie security of our country, tho future of Kuropo and the peace of the world. President Wilson lays aside ut the outset all solutions previously suggested; ho gives his word to the people directly.- No one here-utter can withdraw it from them." Text of the Note. Washington, Oct. 10.-The text ol the note handed by Secretary Lansing to the Swedish minister follows: "Sir: I have the honor to acKnow-ledge the receipt of your note of Oct. 7, in which you transmit a communication of tho Imperial and royal government of Austria-Hungary to the president. I am instructed by the president to request you to bo good enough through your government to convey to the Imperial nnd royal government tho following reply: "Tho president deems It hiH duty to say to the Austro-Hungarlan government tUat he cannot entertain tho present suggestions of that government day. The German positions were of great natural strength and we strongly held and there was heavy fighting during the day. The weath was unfavorable and the river was In flood, but the British forced passage of the river early In the fighting, by the use of tanks. QUIET ON FRENCH FRONT PARIS, Oct. 21.-There was no Infantry fighting of monent on the Frenr.h front last night. The official statement from the war office today reports only artillery activity between the 8erre and Alsne. BRITISH APPROACHING ST, AMANO LONDON, Oct. 21.-In the Valenciennes region the British are ap- * preaching St. Amand. tlx mllos northwest of Valenciennes. North of Tournai, they are pushing forward to the line of the Scheldt river. BRITISH TAKE TOURNAI PARIS, Oct. 21.-The-allied forces while pushing"further Into central ao/g'um on the north are fighting their, way forward on the south toward the Beio'an border south of Valsnelennes, Sunday the allied troop* had to fight the elements as well as the German*. It drlxrled continuously nnd the soldiers were soaked and blinded by the rain, while airplanes ' were of little use. With spirits undampened, the allied troops continued their efforts and in Flanders they got a little nearer to the Important city of Ghent and are approaching very close to the west bank of the Scheldt. On the right of the front In Belgli'm, the British 5th army has to all intents and purposes taken Tournai, an Important railway Junction. Further south the British 3rd army has crossed the Selles and is headed toward Moni by way of Quesnoy and north of the Mormal forest, while Gen, Rawlinson's -Uh army has reached the Sambre-Ofse canal, and is advancing around the southern end of the Mormal forest up the valley of the Sambre toward Maubugev The net result of the efforts of the 4th and 5th British armies was that the pivot on which Germany's retreat across Belgium swings was badly shaken. The British also captured a dozen or so of village*. On the British right, Gen. Oebeney is outflanking Guise, and la marching toward Hirson, Tor the purpose of taking the Hunding line in the rear. At The same time, General* Mnngln and Gulllaummat between the Serre and the Alsne and north of Slisonne are attacking the front of the Hunding line. Finally Gen. Gouraud and the Americans are fighting In most difficult country against the determined and strong resistance of the enemy. They are making slow, but solid progress In the task of pushing the enemy toward the southern Ardennes and up the bank* of the Meuse. Border Guards Repulsed Ammonium. Oct 21. - Gorman guards at the frontier post of Maaga Van Ciont, near Watervllet. 10 miles north of Ghent, were repulsed hy entente guards today. The post at Sasvan-(lent, seven miles farther south, was being held by the Certnans today, hut tlie# said they were leaving at ont?. With French and Serbians London, Oct. 'il.-Kranco-Serhian troops have entered '/.altchar, -J8 miles from the river Danube ut Negotln and Mi miles norteast of Nish. according to a Serbian official statement issued Sunday. West of Zultehar. the allies have captured itolyevatz. Tho statement reads: "On Saturday. Krouch cavalry with a detachment of .Serbian infantry entered '/aitchar. Further west wo captured liolyevalz. In tho valley of the West Morava river our troops have entered Trmeik." , The Retreat of the Enemy With the French Army in France, Oct. lH-i.Saturday).-The 1st Frencli army under Gun. Uebeney. utter months of severe campaigning, is furnishing one of the host examples ot endurance of the heroic French troops In (he fighting on the OUe. Continuing their pressure on the German lines during the night, Gou. Uebenoy's troops completed the conquest of the territory wen of tho canal from Han-nappes to Noyales and this morning were overcoming stout resistance on this most difficult ground. The Germans are disputing every inch of ground in thin region In order to protect tho retreat of their armies pressed by the llrliisli and are favored by nuture. The German Is well adapted to the artificial floods to which they are resorting aud to ambushes that are encountered all along the front. Whenever the enemy retires here he is forced back against his wall of defense, these positions being essential to the easy withdrawal of troops and material further norm. On tho front of the armies of Gen. Gouraud and Gen. Pershing, the fighting also goes on fiercely, Gouraud's men gaining important successes yesterday east of tho Aisne and are advancing eusl of Voujslores. Tho German retreat 90 far as the high command is able to control It, in an nvci^' movement to that of the invasion of I�I4, when German columns, plvottiug on tho fortress of Met* and wheeling to the left, cams around through Belgium in a move- (Continued on Paqi 4). (Continued on page four) BULLETINS received IUU morning by his mother that Pto. Albert K. lOliiott had died from influeiuu iu a London hospital. Pte. Elliott enlisted with the 13th O. 51. R. in 1915. Prior to enlisting he was a C. P. K. engineer. Assistant Agent Reid ot the Dominion Lands is a brother-in-law. Is Wounded John Laing, 1816 5th Avenue North, also received word that his son Sergt. Robert Laing was wounded on Oct. 13th, lie Is suffering from a gunshot wound In the abdomen. INVESTIGATE ATROCITIES London, Oct. 21-Germany, according to information received here, has asked a neutral government to Inform President Wilson that Germany is agreeable to a neutral commission to investigate charges of devastation. The German answer to the American note has been received in London by wireless and will be Issued shortly. 7 MILES"fROM-GHENT London, Oct. 21,-Th* French troop* on the allied centre In Belgium have gained a bridgehead across the Ly* canal at Nevele, seven mile* west of Ghent. The French alto have gained a . . ... / bridgehead over the Lys river at iGrammene. The German* are attempting to hold a line of Eede to the river Lys at Petegem, north of Grammene. AUDENARDE SURROUNDED Paris, Oct. 21.-(1 p.m.).-Allied troops have crossed the Scheldt river at several point* In the region of Audenarde, 15 mil** southwest of Ghent. Audenarde ha* been encircled and its fall is expected soon. THE WEATHER High........................... M Low........................44 Forecast; Cooler with local show*r*v 03 92 ;