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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta ITKlt.VLD Monday. OrloluM-21. SOME THOUGHTS OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION By Edward A. Runiely, of LA Porte, Indiana H U utgulAcaiit of the new attitude I Our Economic Crisis u> get tlia same amount of cereals hands leading to vocational trnluhi. {from a-siiialUr'ai'1'enjit', must lieco'mu part of'otir school tourso jthein. St't'p by step this knowledge i for reasons dUTwrtMit from properties was accumulated, ihose urigluully mm in era led. land Ireo for other varied Tbe chilli, inere-ly us a human be Tbe ideal o( soiling labor values .mlJnjt, has values with lift; vo sac-roil toward public affairs that you gcatlo- ineu, rep recent ing the bunkers of the lirst'or colonial period ot our j uindiim for exactly us foi J hisioiy i.-> now at an arc ajut'ier manufacturing industries. millions iu number, highly reli-neil the farm prod.icl, United States, should be assembled is yoiu-. The country j more labor and intelligence it con. hero io discuss tUe problems of anrl-j is occupied. Our population ling tains, the greater its value In dry .nub. cultural education. This tliuiiKe in spread iiiiill' cities liave touched (he es per pound mid the smaller tlu attitude of business and utli.-rs i IMciflc. Already our limbec half ''rain It entails upon (he of iho wfib have beou the leaders ami iuiiia cm. ami we liave caiculau-d that with-; (wi'in irum which ii came. In.steud of tors of -oar economic development in; in auoilior y-Mienulon at the present j at CO cents per bushel, the one of ihe enconiaiiinx our, rate oi cuiitiMiupnbu tbe last of' our farmer must sell cattle at eight tvms time. J fun-sis will W gone. are milling I pi'i" pound, ami he will get for each I'nless munv other Utistness 'Iron, our copper, our lead -ami j pound of soil salts (U limes as much leaders-arlse'iiuk-kJv and fully to the? mlier mrtals more rapidly than any roturii. In miner. t'BRs. flH'ese and new social ideals ilia'i an- "stirring oilier in the world. The pion- 'n.irs he his labor and his per- people, our present goverumem of; farmer.-; who worked (lie soils of lunal eftort rnihcr than his soil selfish politicians will be supplied by1'ihe Spnlli witli lobucco aud the Kast; values, socialistic majorities that reject prl.'vlih .wheat, can uo longer move on; of cutirsi to increase our vale capital as a tool, iguore ihe fmic-i ihe wht iion of leadership, and believe merely Uw fertility: of our g exhausted aero yield to Hie profitable tttiids, they find limit. so that we can srow our na- In- the routine of .The state never omuiiilve rule., much as todav Th needed great I hun-: (iomii quota on the smallest dr.eil thousand vigorous America as 'thereby releasing acreage thai we may not it UK a to an t'lld. The fact tliat there dearth of skilled labor anil that our factories need skilled workers, or that our farms must more eflielemly managed if' they aie to furnish the nation a permanent food supply, wuiild be a Miiisfaciory ground for our taking control of our public schools Pand turning them to such util- itarian ends.' The school has iis ilrst duty to develop tho powers and latent possibilities of ciu'h child entrusted to its rare so that it may grow to the richest possible life. It must givo broad culture.., Kvery child should be helped to understand ihe great truths that were accumulated for our genera- tion as Us hurUagti from the past.' It should receive- a working hat economic WCIlt lits hind! mi i acquired. Through, this hand know-j PT I ledot hi cc me oui mmtlons, under j j t indiiio md (oitiol oi ihi pinbicil at world that has enabled us to build cm m u hint s oui i nito id oui uties Throush work we' are hroiiKhi 'into our fellows i1- is haul Jy posKibk- in any other way. Any plan of education that'does not recog ime tht'su and inhki a port of the early training lead to serious trouble. From all sides THE MODERN WAY Oui peisoitel peopl i ii fJtt Xvuli a virgin cc behind them, could well uffioid to do of.real life. .Theiucute need for this at present is due to the fact that have entered a inew eoouomic. of our country's- development. hi 0 the .-work ot i husiiel of wheac on the farm retiuirtd on muse aim to create 'valiii three hours of human time. Todav. j labor iu the cities bv buildin; due io (he introduction. of improved iimoliiuGry, a bushel of wheat .Hg1 to farm by muchinc j on the virgin prairie: but to iu ItlH U M I IK Ul'UK 1 1 CO willl ht lentil t, pilHii'l s under 'tern of crop rotation, ttsins.a qutpnifti ot ton] itorl of well brr-d ciittle. i it .variety, uf plants and t tiom yea i to ir the needed fenilizei fo the .soil iLitune-, peciil skill and much'technical i Tlie routrae of tradition will no longer .sutHce. The sc-ienves of rbem- isrry ami phvsics. acquaintance with lieitr lhe ol" Oil1' Pfcaent botanv and some of the oilier eleraea- edllcatio11 them tal laws of plant life, mechunical skill! fp( ln'S b u ll riljt ,Ilot Illltf in handling tools and machinery are a' that iL'tloes "mdiu'e capable and well- KKU. in pait of the PimpniuLt loi rhlt tint iiiiiinliM ll H L eriool cd A Snap Near Lethbridge 7HO.." acre's 7 miles S. E. of find onlv 1 1-2 1'i-oni This is lirsl-dnss slCiirn plow. land. -iiul would iiinko an ideal home place. if wanted, acres of in-iga Led land with proper waler rigliCsciin be pnr- cliased in with above and we can offer the above aere.s at: ridiculous low 'of jieracre. This land has small house and has been imder cultivalion for two years. Terms very YOU are interested in the above we: shall be pleasedUo-have you op office (open evenings) and 'go into Ab automobile will be at your disposal to go and make a personal inspection of same. Office Ground Ploqf- Office-Dominion Blk. this but iui u tht nit i Jong past Jojmipiii but ib noi et i toiumou j the ot umk Oui Mliolt etoiiuiim polic. Horn tow f tsbion of tht 1 ot this coun n I lieie ue tuti Jienps 'eiding to tf" 0111 of hence, not -knowing.- himself, the fa- only 30 niinutes. of. labor value. In other words, the'thtv unit of soil salts, worth over 20 cents1 in bushel, -sufficed to fnruiyh employment for three hours, while today the wheat- farmer. ..part; ;With; .thiit amount or.his' sell 19 luiniites; of. his rteyelopmeiit of per cenr. in' direc- tion. At first-I here wfts.lmt ajlimitcd.-ppB-. iilationiaiid'be master- ed and worked. Tottake.its treasures, with became' the aim of ottr' people. Everybody's thoughts devices, with Uie result -lha'. more Ttiecliaaical. inventions 'ami' li' to economise labor put the; United Slates, t.lian-al! the .rest of ihe world. 'Prom ;our :inidxt -the and self-binder started on j their unending march. up ondar> ndnsiries that, take ihe raw materials ami COB vert them inio higli- ly manufactured products. Instead ot selling osir Kieel anil lifmber in the niw state at one cent per pound, wo must fell our iron in" reapers and en- gines ut JO cents. ner pound, in anto- inohiles at iif> cents per pound, and in typewriters ;md cash registers at and the ear, and hundreds to the muscles of the body. These all must be used as avenues of and i ihe demand ihac we ".send the whole! boy to school" contains u fundamental I truth. This conception, tins work training, can be given to the boy in the agricultural school much more, to fit us pupils'Cor vocational eaflih. m thc conntrv rlmn in lhe "T-1'. J-n, !S spor- demonstration plots, live and ilit-r tiaunot impart adequate iruiuinjr lo ]IIH sou. Broaden the School Curriculum The modem demand thaftlie'school shall broaden its fmicUoh and tako over industrial and agricultural e'ilu- adic. The broadening oi its function is part of tile great sweep oE develop- Tue same ideal of j step hi 30-arre i ns, conrtueied ns jtn integ- S Hie ral part of (.lie school, will i of natural wealth is binding up- on file farm. "We do not need better agricultural education to the s? labor in-1 great evolution itself that began with the earliest human history, Our discussion of the afma of letter agricultural education so far has turn- wheat crop from r. to r.O biidhels per j erf too much, upon knowledge a lode merely fur t.he sake of increasing [opportunity, both for the activity and! as object lesspns liy whicl; j scieiitijic knowledge can he conveyed.; j As soon as we look at the problem in j this way we see that this practical' Avork training must not, be deterred un-J the necessary tiie every -._ lle or eielit. iin uijDorfuiiitv Mvliicli nnictiL-al could IIP THE PIONEER WORK rtaUeu jointly by a group If-rested in our industrial an'd problem unless aim io roach eveT-v. Cpniieciotl witli Uie sciiooi IK; n only large exijcriinouial farm with .several through the primary schools. Boys of thousand uercs. this ychoo! would infiiieiiO'j other nor- IJeroro jiratlualion t_-verv student, du- Special for Congress Week A Few Choice Residential Lots 2fi x 125. siuinie Piu-ks; ;if Mch A .liberal discount .Vor fill1 lfiise to Henderson ami Queen Vielon'a 1-3 c.iisli, (i, ll'. iuid 18 i ulis llowud for fill ry.sli. Rs Vs Gibbons Balmoral Block slanding and makice rapid progress in ;siriutr to obtain a teacher's certificate i the subjects we are teaching at be recjnircd to spend from is agricultural colleges vitli greater dif-i months to two years at practical work, j flculty to hoys IS to Things! Burning wages, either upon the fai'ins "eftrued during the earliest yuars some of our culleseH. i come of the fibre of one's think-j upon e.staLeK. or upon j ing, as information acquired laior on private farms of their own choosing in can never be. and lor the most sue-' Delected districts ol' the country. Tlione ressful farming, ihe basic facts of sci- desiring to become teachers of agric.iilf.ure must become in-J trial frainins in Hie cities would Sim- grained in ilio very Hush and blood of j ifarly roijuirod to spond from IS those who an; on our i'army. j moiuiis to two years uf. practical Holier suite universities, iigrictil-! ''ades work, divided inln three six- tural colleges, high schools, extennioii I months periods, in factories and other work, experimenutl and demoiislratio-ji j industries. forme, educational pamphlets are all; Tlu- graduate of nidi a scb.wl of puiircd iuic useful and much-needed model training would be sought for I iiivc-'tin. ar devices, but alone they will not. suM the. country. ciiicr-' bo t'lic -loin v work thai. are! iiot, on'that account, be tho deposit funds of our banks.' Ton dol- lars per acre must be invested in :mi- licial fprtiliKery, manures and crops; Ulowed undor to bring hack to fertility the worn out lands, i-'or onti hundred million iifires this would mean a billion dollars, and it would require live years .for plants to extract the fertilizer so placed, even U' should he willing io accept, a plun of briusniii; on spll'ox- .hanstion agaiiih? of permanent- infprovnnient. -51 ore farm macbiiicry-aiid morn apocialtooJE) must. lie employed to save ialior in propor- tion to lotal output, and thereby on'sot fhu difficulty of Rccuritig farm-help, miiii our new education shall have created such enthusiasm for fanminr ja'H will lid-ny: a sufficient number ot: capable and willing workers. The per acre investment in machinery ranges from ?o to ?7 at present; it, must bo increased lo-from ?11' to SIS per or a total, on acres, of Ir, i-atile raising a. calf must, be pur- chased and kept, for two years it is ready for Cattle must bo purchased and buildings must, be erec- ted to care for the stock, and for this an additional investment of from io will bo required. In other words, as soon as the, problems of agriciildinij education. have'been solved we must devise av- iTpclii by which Farmer Must Have More Capital welfare licniimds that oi.. ctliod of be chained and ol lonK-tuin- nionuy can bo tint I'l'om the world's ciieaji- the broader f'ducalion ol iicw methods UJIQU our farms. Von must hear iu mind, (wt credir m operation.-. for Amurican farm )f mWltWK u'ce. For asking; the school to undertake, we j need teachers especially prepared by years of Already the' demand is great that there are 20 places open lor every competent teacher.; New courses of study must. !m out iu normal schools that, will give fi j rombiuatiou of practical knowledge j and tiie broad experience necessary I for new i effort will lie required to find ihe right j forms of teaching, nil 01 which it will be hardly posy i bio for a school con- trolled by the. or oilier political! body to undertake, fiomo lari'.e insfi-j tutions. privately managed by those this new ideal of education, should be created. Normal School of the Future 1 conceive, of a normal school with students with a broad course of studies, v.'ith laboratories for the phys- ical sciences such as chemistry, tfliyriicK, botany, biology, in which Uie students could receive instruct ion in Control of Plant Life ivill necessitate the ha40 become iilastic in our of vastly capi- u-c ,heir tal. the Amencan forms stiir our iK-eds. Wheat origin- :i task wa.-> a as tiny aa the seed of berries to the stalk, it. haw made liy man whai, it is. The ad- tfing of a single grain to each head would add live, per 'tn our eaf crop, thereby i- of effort aa an- of .iliilit.ii-s uf plant. life have i touched. TlH.-re iire him- In- upon inrms will we CAN RAIGS; SOME REAL CORN IN SOUTHERN ALUERTA by man. The of inaciiiii- t.-ry is here. is for us now to recog- j 1117.0. the of forwarding I bmnaii and by a simiiar broad j asriculiural school nyJiU'iu create an army ol' men to attack vlii-.j problem. ,To Kinn up. then, we have, arrived at a period Hint, is almost critical In our country's hislory. I'D We cbaiiye :lie industries of our cities and the iiielhoils of our farniintj ,-o Urns hciicci'cjrtb we KliHll j nell the lubor pcnvor of our people j ralhcr (ban (In; natural wealth of our land. i f-.l In order m uiak'- iti! labor clTcc- live tliiii it will ereaU) lartie we must luivi! vncntioMat that (t'tuiiiniUMl on opposite ;