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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta Page 34 TITF, LTlTITBTlTDnE HER ALT) Monday, October 21, When Farming Began Around Lethbridge (By -la i, McCalp) THB agriculture of Souiheru berta Is the most-in- teresting phenomenon connected with husbandry that any coun- try has on account of the speed with which history has been made. Fifteen years 1s a short time; yet fifteen years ago in Southern Al- berta farming as a characteristic in- dustry concerned with the raising and throwing into the total of national supply anv appreciable volume of other place yon pleased in any 11 direction. Ihe only information any products resulting from cultivation, j m Qn Uie trli, ffHg fill blessing, of the to pass 4iKi> iho. heritage of new breed of fdlowsPthUl' litivtv fcnci-d up with Uoa'ofifi Otis', biirltctl "ami black- filed "'.'.I'll the1 plow che cowman's par- lid i3t? I I There iio feiuv-i in sight, ami of jus! f trail running south-, ease and nor'ih-vvusi. Jinking on tho Old i'lau Uiver on tho. t'ana- dian side with Tort lion ton on the Missouri. Thou there was tho MedU oiiw Hat trail. These were the main traffic routes: barring that you could Plowing Scene in Southern Alberta OB practically unknown. Mr. Card's little colony of Mormons on Lee's Creek did enough in cultivation hack os far as the la'te eighties to satisfy themselves that the promise of the beautiful Cardston country was no idle lure, but even here "ropln' and ridhi1 caught everybody up. It was like this. Grass and water ivere as free as the sunshine right up to the Red and beyond. H by Old of the Pi keep "the main travelled road." '.Vag- gon tratlic was roully rather thin nnd seldom. The scars of the old Bontun Trail were really made before the old Turkey Trail and Crow's Nest ran their double streaks of rust into the country. The dry patter cf the soft- footed cow pony sounded pretty nice o-a the trail, too, or whisking the dry grass across country. But this is another story. There i -asn't any farming worth sailing such That's a cinch. were didn't matter whether vou went north !l clnch- were bv Old Port under shadow' llowerer> tliat the cowpuncher would through High Riv to take certaiu !lutt -vim- he couldn't do on horseback. Digging er and Calgary, or out on the Milk .River Ridge past the Sweet Grass Hills on the right, and Fifteen Mile Butto on the left, right an to the lone- eome Cypress, or whether ypa dropped down by terraces through Spring Coul- ee and the Pot Hole, down one cheek of Six Mile Coulee and up the other through Lethbridg-3 to the Little Bow country or east across Chin towards the was ill the san-e. There it was, lying out before the u short grass country and a Chinook country which are one unt! the same thing; then? would be no use of the Chinook sweeping the winter knolls bare cr trumpeting the humped up cows out of the brush if it hadn't scal- ed up the grasses in July, and ntver matron laid up better winter store of preserves than flirt Madam Chinook with .the towny, gray, "fuzzy' hunch grass; In, what-shupe is this wonder-j wells of. course is work that ihe cow- puncher never took to, but tie has had to get out with a fork and fitacl; a little hay in summer and then again scatter it-put in winter for held up calves and weak cows. A hit of green feed even was not entirely unknown, but all this was merely .in incident to the pastoral pursuit. It was not Tanning. It seems strange that the first real farming should be of a highly evoluted type. The rancher of course discourag- ed cultivation. The country was too dry. In a certain dry area of Texas a native was asked what they raised; 'Hell and said he, "but most of the fellows are going out of the cattte." The'ranchers did not go so far aa .to say it was too dry for cattle, )ut they certainly didn't encourage Farm enterprises and their knocking counted. tho industrial cha'tige i came, it was in the. shape of a j jump over irani pastoral work to dead "sure irrigation farming with bit; yields, diversified crops or grain, roots nnd alfalfa {ind crop Insurance. This was -tiu> beyiuning of the end of the rancher. The leading of water out onto the benches looked liko an admission of poverty but it meant the beginning of greater riches. The set- tlement of the irrigated lami brought in its train fellows who had tried it out in adjacent dry lands in other places, and moat of whom "knew the game." Fifteen or sixteen inches of annual precipitation with sixty per cent, of ifcoming from the niiddhj of May to the middle of July with thewVl- borta su-n and long Alberta day con- spiring, looked good enough to them. I The actual moisture requirements of crops in so many tons of moisture to so many pounds of dry matter in have not been worked out undei Southern Alberta conditions, but the empirical argument and conclusion are complete. You can grow good crops in Southern Alberta and can reach a competence by either the Ir- rigation or dry "farming route, but ir- rigation really came first, and the be- ginnings of agriculture in Southern Al- berta are really the story of the in- auguration of the Alberta Irrigation Company's enterprise. There were practically no beginnings of a general sort before this. While irrigation looks like a real .nodern, highly-developed, rcady-to-use set of conditions presented to the oper- ator in the Lethbridge district, it was MOiERN TOWN With electric lights, water works, telephones and the conveniences of a city, situated in the best farm- ing district in Southern Alberta. F. i or prices and terms on town property and farm lands close to town f APPLY TO THE OWNER Carmangay, Alberta not wholly this. It is true there was an ideal, warm, chocolate soil with an undersoil not too tight for warmth and proper drai-riage and plenty of water, still Irrigation has its; pioneer aspects just us any oUuir type' of agriculture has, and pioneering and poverty generally hit the trail togeth er. It takes capital to build Page wire fences and buy hogs cattle anri lambs :md build sheds and byres. The kid glove theorists, of course, call ti soil robbery to grow grain alone, but I a pioneer has to get the most possible: Tor Ids labor under his condition and was the only kind of 'arming for a couple 01 years. The! best fanners, however, lost no-time in; irepariutj the right kind of bed for -ilfalfu. A lot of .Uie 'alfalfa was sold, too, in British Columbia, baled, at twelve dollars a ton. H was easy mon- ey, too. The low cost of adjacent dry lands tempted cultivators and speculators dike, afld cultivation proved suc- cessful. Four or five years ago the dry farmer had the laugh on the irrigat- ion fellow. When you can show cases of fifty-two bushels of winter wheat per acre over a whole section of land, there must be something in it. Land jumped from five lo twenty-five in two years and it is all easy worth sixty, but all seasons are not alike to j the dry fanner. To the good dry farm er, every year is a dry year, and Jr has to have his pail open at the right i time, and keep the lid on the rest of the time. Two years ago was pretty dry 'but not for everybody. The imuiner fallow man could cut' out hi worries.- lie took off a fair crop. The dry farmer and the irrigation! farmer both had their beginnings.' The irrigation farmer has no problem of crop production but he has a prob. lem of crop consumption and the con- j deusation of farm crops. He has to j get into diversified feed crops, and .turn these into beef milk and mutton and pork. And doing it. The world shortage of meat, and par- ticularly the 'encroachment of consumption on meat production. in Alberta itself." have set the. all put rustling lambs. TbV.-.ciUcs are all yelling for milk, too.. 'The dry farmer has a bigger problem right, at the start. He has to beat out I Nature in her parsimoniousness with respect to moisture to prcdfice crops] in the first place. Most of them what there is to it- now. A man; gets a good quicker when he gets touched up a time or two. The dry farming notion is a bis thing to him and it is a whole lot birrger to men who are leaders, iu industrial science. Here in the wind-swept, tawny prair- ie we are beating Nature out and- making her eomu through. That seems good, but it seems much better to feel that the science that has evolved from the dry farming practice is the greatest contribution to agricultural science nnd practice that has been made iu a generation. If you would like to locate or invest in the best country out of doors, we can give you the best service. We will be glad to show you some improved and unimproved farms desirable for development or investment Let us help you to decide to stay in Southern Alberta, or put you in a position to tell your friends about the country. We exchange property, no ter where located. We have some bargains, in bus- iness and residential city property. Rooms 1 and 2 Macdonald Block ALEE, Member of the Jury of th Awards Congress Secretary Agricultural Educational Section ROF. Edward .1. Iddings, Secre- tary of Uie Section on Agricu! lual was born 31 years ago in Peru, Indiana, am. lived there on a farm until of age. -He attended tho grade and high schools at Peru and Butler College at Indianapolis for a few months, when ho wss forced to go to Colorado Cor hi-j health. After working at various ranches hi Colorado he entered the Agricultural College of that state, grnduciling in 1907 as a specialist in Animal Husbandry. The same sum- mer he went to Europe, working his way across the Atlantic on a cattle boat for the purpose of learn rag some- thing of agricultural conditions in "Old World" with a, view of better interpreting problems that confront uH here, lie spent three years In the Agricultural College working with the school of practical Agriculture and I teaching Animal Husbandry. While in college he paid all expenses for three years by acting as correspondent for the Denver "Republic, anil has since done a great deal of publicity work. In the summer of 1003 he made a 4000 mile trip through the Southwest on a special commission for the Dry- Farming Congress, iriul the nest sum- mer was cilHor of the Dry-Farming Bulletin. In 1309 he went to Idaho to take charge of Hie school of Prac- tical Agriculture, and at Uie same time j act as assistant in Animal Husbandry. 1'joth lines of work have grown to such proportions that he is doing the Anim.'il Husbandry work only and the school of! Agriculture has been recently turned ovor to-another man. Ho is at present Professor of Animal Husbandry and Animal Husbandman Threshing Scene Near Lethbridge G. C, Armstrong, ono of the Jury of. born In Paris, Ont., In and received a school "'duration .in Ontario. He moved to Manitoba in 187K and drove, west ,'rom Winnipeg 120 mjlca with a yoke I Oi GACII in the summer and I'uuk H." j homestead which ho farmed for 10 I years. Ho ch.'ered acrvico of iiio Ofej'ivlu "nJimiB iu icod