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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta "Monday, Oriolwr '21, THE UvTIIIHUlKlE DAILY HERALD Page 2', FARMING CONDITIONS AS THEY ARE NOW IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA .AKIXU a casual glance fit our I I subject it iimy seem an oaay I one to write about, but. it is 1 more complex than at liiyt ap- JH'iit's, boeausu farming, as a wliolo, us practised In thin century, involves a (special knowlodgo nul only of the soil ami what jjrowa therein hui also of general trade conditions hi our own vouiilry mid oilier countries contig- uous as well us over iho whole world. areyuroly all agreed thai, the most, successful farmer of Unlay is not only H skilled agriculturist but-also a c'lit, and u thinker, and tin; belter he combiner all theso faculties (lie better iii coiislilorhiB farming cojulit- Sons as Uioy 'urn today in Southern Liberia wo must also consider, or keep in mind, Iho educational yidi1, itnd take into serious coiiBldcrutloi) tho work done by the farmers ortjiinl- who have more and more yUid- ied the business end of the I'arm and aro rapidly organizing associations 'that will play a very prominent part in the future running of the average {farm. The old go-aB-ybu-plenso method of each farmer taking care of himself geonvj to ho passing away, so the study of agriculture seems also to iurtal Is nocexsury to nil of UK., whuilit'r Hvu on tin; (arm 01- iiut, BO lilt1 '.iucccbs of iho fanner IIXMLIIB IllO Of tllC lUUiOll uK il nation. Tho day of ytmply pattint; the farmor on, Ihe back and calling him a good fellow at oluctlon tluio. in onN-r lu keep Mini quiet, h; I'arntur liimself .vants mort: Him and inBHIIB lo get ft and the more lie obtains ilio better for the majority of UH. Tho nmti wlio lniyd land.and in to farm it In Southern Alborla hns a good deal to ba Thankful lor. Sonn things Hint lie IB not very thankful for can bofore very- long be remedied and others entirely removed. The sreui t'.st problem of all thai confronts the fiu'iner is outlets for his produce. The need of tlieao t-amo so quickly tluttt it will tax the building power of all concerned to keep up with tho demand, but our awake lo our needy, our peonlo know also what ii iy they want. Where we are all of ono mind the rest will follow. ..Starts On Solid Basts The farmer starts hi Southern Al- berta with a solid basin of very good land. Not only is this land rich in also farmed lu other parts of thiu continent know thai Southern Alberta conditions tiro not the same as those before It bun done us too much harm, our period of convaleaeneo has set in ami wo are off to another tack the that govern Other countries and climes partial return to live and mixed but wo.are trying to IIml'out the most! farming. It Is now for our statesmen .._......... it membei-Hhip in an or- humus, but also in the mineral con- gmifziition that .pays its officers to belsUtuents Unit build up strong plant life and also strong animal and bird life. It has Ions boon evident that Die .nutritive qua-lltles of Southern Alberta native RTUSS were very high, for this strong feed could not be pro- duced out of poor soil or a soil nqt eminently adapted to provide food to sustain vigorous "life. 'As an insluiicu of what can be done it is only neces- sary to point to the summer of 1912. itt the front to study conditions and advise its members of what is in their Interest. Those are forces that will hear considerably on tho farmer's in- terest in the future and are doing- con si dor able .work ac the present. The growth of the fanners' organi- sations has been very rapid in the last six years, and came suddenly to meet conditions that the farmers found were not always In their best interest or that could be bettoroU. The mealing of opposite forces, sa to apeak and the baluncing of defects leads to many reforms and often the opposing jiai'ty finds himself benefited against his will. II would see MI J hat the. in tercels of the opposing: 'forces .ire really identical, in many cases, though H may sometimes be sight of j the representatives of the opposing i forces. The ground that has been j Kiiinad by tho farmer in the lust few j yours in looking after his own and In 'making himself heard in bis; own interest 1-n Alberta, is consider- able. Any fair minded man" muat'ac-' knowledge that in a country where the fanner better-.; his condition, largely by his own effort, it is a healthy sign and will ultimately work powerfully in the interest, of tho whole coniinirnity. We may safely record the fact that 5n tho last few years considerable advance has been made in Southern Alberta, us well aa furlligiv jipHU, in the general education of the farmer both in the scientific end and.the bus- nitatite ways, and mciliods beat ad aptcd to our conditions of soil and (ilinmto. Ii. may .safely he that so far wo Imvo received the most asnlslanc an :t whole, from our neighbors lo the south of ns, where much tho sumo noil and conditions prevail ami where the study of the -conditions much us wo have them have been a study spread over a longer time than has betn with ns. ICvou those methods or nuterlals have 'to modify or treat -somewhat differently and oven, go further still in adapting our methods and materials in different parts of Southern Alberta which aro quite cloBo together, A Fascinating Study. This study of agriculture iii a new country and under new conditions Is very fascinating so the interest is not likely to wane for many a year. are rapidly accumulating exper- ience, and besides learning what, to do here we have also learned some stren- lons lessons in what not to do. The Hold we are engaged in studying is a very largo one, and in looking over this country of ours it is as well for tho traveller and seeker after know- ledge to remember that we are still students in our own country, learn- ing something about it every day or every month, extending the varieties of crops we are able to grow, ac- climatising new things or new variet- ies, seeking those of early maturity to stand behind this latter movement and boost It along, by removing the unnecessary impediments lu the way, which, many of them, are ilio result of silly sentiment that has little to rec coniond itself to what is virtually new nation iu' the making and should not bo fettered by medieval romance long since out of date. Wo have amply proved that not on- ly do the live a took in Alberta flourish amazingly, but that wheat, oate, barley, (lax and do just as well. Alful- FIELD OF FLAX NEAR IS LARGELY CULTI- VATED IN SOUTHERN.ALBERTA. SevoraPiUholisand head cattlev were t'turtipd out May and int-jS end, partly by the efforts of i' the fanners themselves, and partly by the policy of a progressive agri- cultural department and this not in- serted as political pap, but is founded on fact. Looking For More Markets The conditions under which farm- era now working in Alberta are complex as they are in most other places, but a few turns of the steering in other directions might soon place the Alberta farmer at a atill greater advantage than ho occupies at present. Our affairs and our as- pectK havo changed very rapidly, for it Was only atx years ago that we had seriously to consider the export of grain stuffs or in fact anything but prairie rained beef. Within a short j June on the Blood Indian Heserva- lon which runs between the Belly River a-nd St. .Mary's river from Card- and trying to shorten the soasoii of all. -We are also finding out that the rapid .growing properties of our soil, climate a-nd the amount of daylight we hare in summer will harvest crops ston to Lelhbridge. These cattle were I in far shorter time than has been unloaded from the cars after a long! the case in other climes and in other journey from the South, -akin poor.' regions and makes many things pos- many so weak they could hardly stand j si hie that might at first glajico seem and tiied, yet an inspection, unreasonable, of those .cattle, on the reservation the first week ,iu September showed.that the largest and strongest would make pretty good beef then, and, by October, first-rate1 beef. While all, big and lit- tle, with very few exceptions were in very good order. The properties contained in our soil build up good solid frames in our live- stock, sound bone and vigorous con- stitutions, and an examination of our grain crops-will show sound grain with excel straw. Tho soil of Southeia Alberta very thing we are engaged in in the line ..of farming, slock raising and horticulture we arc studying, and are all- at school to' learn and we shall be studying for many years to come. Some of our settlers who came from more southern portions, where clim- .-.tic conditions made the harvesting of wheat and the threshing of it in the field, without stacking, almost a cer- tainty, imported their methods into very hard and j Southern Alberta and in some parts optionally wood lll'e nuite feasible, liiit in other parts, especially those nearer the mountains, the farmer is returning to the safer moihod northern space of lime we have had to turn suddenly north, south, east and west and look for markets. It has not al- ways been very clear which way our produce would ultimately go. I5ffor- suits obtained are not ts are made, or are plnnncd for, to but of high quality. j are already luruins back to send it one way or .another, the.n up Thus starting upon u of thisj comes some new aspect and the whole! kind It is not so much a (iiKEtioi situation changes like a kaleidoscope; of what the farmer of Southern Al- s n producing soil, and when the live stock is well selected and the seed s well selected, upon a farm, the re-j cllinetivix., the stacking of the grain, only prolific 's that many of our fa, has passed the experimental atage there aro plots of -it H to IS years .old doing well that have never been irri- gated; and some roots, still .growing well, are oVer twenty years old. Hed clover does well when properly hand- and the "IVtiUe Dutch clover .is as much at.homo when sown in Al- berta, a.s anywhere on the globe. Vet- ches wild and vetches tume are pro- lific when properly treated. But of alt the fodder crops the most amtulng in point of is Afsike, and thia is destined to bo more, grown and better understood, tJrimson clover, sown in the early part of .June, makes a fine crop by September. Hero again we have a plant that will enrich the soil, keep the fertility with ua and teats the summer fallow by occupying the ground, and yielding u hay crop in one summer and keeping the weeds] down- This crimson clover proposit- will bear watching and develop- ing; Great For Vegetables Hoots of all kinds flourish with us eejieciallv turnips, beets and cabbage, I ,ml when those aro grown not simply! b burden vegetables, but for their' weight per acre us stock food some j phenomenal yields will be recorded. There is nothing to prevent us in the future from finishing beef anil mutton in the fields in the fall, on hay, grain land roots, though we may freeze up hutor, for, as a general rule, we do not rim into severe we'athcr much be- fore the middle of December and not always then. Southern Alberta ns regards funning is strictly in a state i of evolution but it is healthy to note that many fanners have many differ- em. nvethqds are shoe ting off in different directions according to their j different bente. The feeding of sheep, especially in winter, is becoming i..3re popular, for there is usually a good deal of picking for sheep after the crops nre that cattle can not utilize. We have two methods of farming hi Southern Alberta tho dry farming me- thod and the irrigation method. The one will help the other, tho dry fann- ing method being better a da to grain raising and the irrigation bet- ter for forage and the raising; of green crops. J-lei'o again Alberta shows her difference to some ether parts for fall irrigation is found to be better for the laud and ia more popular than spring irrigation. A good dose of wat- er administered to the laml in the fall will practically Insure a crop the fol- lowing year. If much water is put on in the spring, and then the summer rains are heavy, the land becomes wat- er logged and sour with its still" clay bsoil and it takes some years to recover. Here again experience will develop a system of irrigation perhaps peculiar to Southern Alberta and that will have lo Itts worked out oil its own linos, and was not foreseen when the ditches wore built. Thus again can v.re point, to tho many things we have nnd shall have to learn and have only monMivestock in a country'ao C01liltl'.v Pf' risibilities we all inently adapted to stock, and that the M1d the berta can produce but hiw minds are rauldly sizing up the situ- produces, of what qmilHy and lo Incibiock 1 ID rtinioiiliica ntlon. and k ix eolf evident which market he can send it. ThJ harvestmf that the possibilities or production are tendency of the times Is to produce so great that, all routes of exit or en- trance will have to be used in all directions in order that Alberta can bHioift ''in country, hanging I and a country Hun is studying itself with a though population in licni'lii ol' al) lines of hii iii; MI wl-oai lectured from llio l-.'a.st view, from t'.ic poim of traveller I'rcmi Kuropo of us trios. Sonm In tho oh! fanning Micro jiretry u point ol' j ami in tVic of thc'df.il of j.djii or oilier COIN- I'lsct that, si IKI wore I'Purod sn sin nut h I anil uderstood Wo ;iro 'u; well, and liavo j ilcal of i.ho .suddenly from rais- cly, iu a I'lsw uliun soa.s- funuhiM on i, 81-alo. irocf-yrf l lien? was ii 'tlni; lo bo domj. and Tlic far, manors Imvo moved i.i of groal orixiil to fill. wMBC. the when! l-li.l ear. A great doal of very vaiuablo stock ban 11 and linn conviction tltul brought in and comneilUon in the HL-V- ii may make mUlaltetJ, undjcnif claa.sf-s becmntis t-acli o unavoidable, llial lu itio, long j and I hi.- effort of otf with tin-Us .shall pull on! right and n good j tit's! hound lo ln-.n1 fruit in ilio. fnr-i ivy re only Two of these Farms In Alberta, aro great and the fnturn t advance still fnrtlior by this study and has much in stora for the student perhaps in turn lielp others outaldo of conditions who lookvi alioii.il.- The four roulm who may be ixolo to I'll 10 id p I'nnmns; will bo1 m lino tliat I as V.'ill lit; yt'fOIld to by ll> oiio id nut thai applied in by ntli labilh.v (he itnd 1'i ml uU duiie far nion 111 of tlH.' hf'SI Of Ii Z indir.'lry off or iitihotls an- out, surpris- au.v who do not this conn- the nml ntKlilu hwlp ilie. grain Thf i lii-ads in till and iho I'lpunlug IK eriid- 'luinlual. Tin- cosi of labor is high but diiiH judjius of fhO returns from labor iifirfornifd, hy hi nifinis of tlic htn'vy yiehln, will bo a money uwanli'd balaiu-f in yielding ;ulc- Agriculture, or rather the study of it, seems to bo hronkinij down many oHl boundarioa and prejudicoa, for at the annual Dry K'lrininy COIIJJITHSJ many men and many Tuitions meet on nn equal foot- iiifi1 to ex'-hnnge Idoas ;md sue fiicli '.-tin help the other ami how much added knowledge each nouniry liods than UHW lhai. have been richt rood. Thts Is illatincllv a public iSjCmHie jn-otiis from fanning' operatiouw j can lako homo for futnveiiso, Sontli-, DK i woll out. d-reutor irain-j ern Alltcrla haw been active in this pciriaiiun faciliitHs are anil j and ilic Southern Alhoria jmarliols incrcasiMl, thr cnflt nf mark- fannor h much iiHcresilfcci fherpfn. will bi: dioppnd ao dial iho JS, Bj ;