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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 20, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TKB LtTHBRIDGE HERAID FiWoy, October 20, 1972 Stanfield Campaign lacks policy look By Peter Dcsliavals, Tovoiito Star Ollawa commentator Saving the world The United Nations, which has not been conspicuously successfiill in achieving its original aim of prevent- ing nations from going to war with each other, may yet save the world. Tlie General Assembly has been ask- ed to give approval to Uie setting up of an agency save the world from starving and poisoning itself to death. Despite some clashes of views chiefly on political issues at the international conference on the envir- onment held in Stockholm in June, there was agreement to recommend the creation'of a UN environment secretariat. Since national represen- tatives at the Stockholm conference can be considered to reflect official views, it is unlikely that a different position will he taken by other na- tional representatives at the UN, so majority approval should be given. Having done a good job of organiz- ing the Stockholm conference, and committed as he is to meeting the Environmental challenge, Mr. Maur- ice Strong is favored to be named as head of the now agency. He will likely get the staff of BO recommended by the conference and be located in Gen- eva. Locating the agency in Geneva would make sense because it will have to work closely with other spe- cialized UN agencies such as the World Meteorological Organization and the World Health Organization. Although the UN lias chronic fi- nancial troubles it can be assumed the Stockholm conference recommen- dation of the creation of an environ- ment fund of million will also be approved. This fund is to be raised from voluntary contributions, some ol which have already been promised. The fund is to be used to pay experts for specific tasks. Canadians will be pleased with this development not only because Maur- ice Strong is a Canadian but be- cause a concerted approach to the task of saving the world is urgently required. The prospect of the UN acting to set up this agency and name the director is one of the most liopeful things on the horizon. OTTAWA As the 1972 cam- paign enters Us dual phase, -Hie cumulative evidence of numer- ous public-opinion polls in- d i c a I c s that Conservative Leader Ilobcrt Stanlicld's in- tensive and expensive cam- paign has failed to produce sig- nificant resulls for his party. Now lime is growing slrart. There is still a real possibility that the Liberals will fail to maintain their majority at the end of Uiis month, but the pros- pect of minority government now is no closer, to say the least, than it was at the begin- ning of the campaign. It is a good deal more remote than it was a year ago. Without anticipating the out- come of the election, there is sufficient evidence at [bis stage to justify a start on the post- mortem of the Stanfield cam- paign. About a year ago, public- opinion polls showed that the Liberal government was well below the level of public sup- port needed for a majority. Why has the Conservative leader, in a campaign that is obviously crucial for bis own future, been unable to develop this potentially strong position under the pressure of an elec- tion campaign? The usual answer lo tliis question has to (io with Stanfield's personality, and lack of political sex appeal. One of the Liberals' most ac- tive national campaigners, Fi- nance Minister Jolin Turner, exploits this in a statement that he uses at Ihe end of every speech, and lhat invariably draws a mixlure of laughter a nit applause from his au- diences. "Don't compare the prime minister to the he says, "just compare him to the alternative." Cut Ihe "personality" ex- planation for Slanfield's failure to bring his party ahead in the campaign isn't the whole an- swer. Last year, when the polls were more favorable to the Conservatives, Canadians had watched Stanfield closely for more than three years, and were fully aware of liis political style. Tliosc >vho then favored the Conservatives have seen nothing in the past year which would alter their assessment of Stanfield except in a positive way. Almost a solid year of campaigning has. in fact, sharpened his public person- ality, and made liim a more ef- fective campaigner today (ban at any earlier time In his ca- reer. The explanation of Stanlicld's problem in this campaign is deeper, more complex, and more serious for his party, than tlie old "personality" btisiness. Stanfield's campaign which has been reflected and aggravated by the failure to provide him with the intellectual "back-up" required by any major party leader in this day and age. As a result, the Stanfield campaign has been a curious combination of modern tech- nique and old-fashioned con- tent. A typical campaign ap- pearance by Stanfield goes something like this: First of all, there is about 20 minutes of lively music from the six members of "Jalopy" who travel across the country with the leader. Then Stanfield is introduced and speaks for five to 10 minutes, usually from a few notes. The basic elements of this speech are national pride, government mis- management exemplified by unemployment and tlie cost of living, the income-tax cut promised by the Conservatives and a pledge to "put Canadians back to work." After the short speech, "Jalopy" strikes up again, and against the back- ground of this cheerful music, the Conservative leader moves slowly through the crowd and on to the next stop where Ihe performance is repeated with little variation. There have been few set speeches during the cam- only half a dozen in the first minimal discussion of policy. For a leader who is popularly supposed to be long on thought and short on charisma, it has been an unexpected and even astonishing performance. The polls indicate that it hasn't been particularly effec- tive. At least up to this point, the Stanfietd campaign appears to have deliberately ignored the extensive development of policy wliich has taken place within the party in recent years. Pol- icy statements have been is- sued by party headquarters here during the campaign, in pamphlet form, but there has been little attempt to draw at- Chilean confrontation The current crisis in Chile, the first country in the world to elect a Marx- ist government, appears to be headed towards confrontation between the re- gime and the people it hoped to im- bue with a spirit of co-operation. Chile's President Salvador Allenda Gossens has been trying to apply Marxism piece by piece in a coun- try which has lived under the private enterprise system for a good many years and in a world where that sys- tem dominates most of international trade. President AUende must realize by now that his theory of departure from orthodox Marxism, the dicta- torship of the proletariat, which ad- vocates imposing socialism by forci- bly preventing criticism, is not func- tioning the way he had anticipated. Chileans who oppose imposition of socialism on the body politic have grown in numbers and in determin- ation to resist. Business is at a stand- still, shops are closed, truckers are on strike. Workers, business people, doctors, lawyers are in a defiant and ugly mood. Allende says he is bit- ter about the whole thing and wor- ried about what might happen. Something has to give. Guesses range from a return to the free en- terprise system, a military take- over, or rule by fiat in the orthodox Marxist manner either of the lat- ter two solutions being the most like- ly. Church Week-2 Bv TUB Rev. Dr. R. W. K. Elliott, Sonthminster United Chivcii, LeUibnrtge The church is on the move. The true church, that is. The church that is aware of itself in the person who enlivens and enriches and enhances the life of others. The establishment or the institution may be having its difficulties in moving into the 21st century which is already here. From this position the church has oflen been like a camp from which the free- wheelers have departed and made their sorties into the outside world taking ad- vantage where they could and destroying the outsider if necessary. It has often been a castle where the secrets are entrenched and embalmed securely behind thick walls beyond the approach of the weary, worn and sad. It has taken the posture of the cloister where it was -safe and sound be- yond the reach of the world and, exempt Ing itself from participation, has given forth wisdom that was absolutely im- practical to the average work-a-day per- son. It has likewise become a hobby cen- ter where special people have played with a particular angle that pleases them. There have been the exciting moments when the church has been a filling station where the hungry and w-eary traveler may be filled and the thirsty may find their thirst quenched. It has been a warehouse where there could be found the necessities for a wandering person and a centre from which someone might be found to supply the needs of others. It may provide the ingredients of a power house to restore faith, invigorate hope and deepen a con- cern for others through ignited compas- sion. It does, in the extremity, act as a firehall or an ambulance where the call of need may be met with the right per- son at the right place with the right word for any emergency, ft can be the crisis centre with committed persons who have had an experience with the living reality that is at the heart of the universe. Here is the good news which can be understood and acceptable by everyone. This is the church at work where that person who has Inspired you empowers you and you become the ignited fragment of eternal life in active cooperation with the eternal purpose of all inclusive goodwill. When you hear that the Word Develop- ment fund invites your active participa- tion in assistance for the underdeveloped members of the human community, you may respond easily and freely through the combiced efforts of the Anglican, tho Lutheran, the Roman Catholic and the United Churches. These bodies have elim- inated the man-made barriers and recog- nized our membership in the human race. There are most interesting developments taking place in the building of worship- ping centres where two or three hitherto separate groups are combining their forces to say to the world that the Author of is far more important than the chapters we have tried so hard to write and tightly seal off tor an elect group. One of the most hopeful signs is right here in Lethbridge where the Inter-Faith council has discuss- ed the idea of building a centre of worship on the urlversity campus that would rep- resent, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Bud- dhist, Jewish, Greek Catholic, Greek Orth- odox, Anglican and United Churches. The new world of ecumenism is going beyond just the structural changes of min- ute theological details to the field of rec- ognition of the common experience o! every person, that is, an encounter with the sustaining force of the universe. There Is a common thought as between what Buddhists term Nirvana and what Chris- tians look at as the Kingdom of God. Jud- aism and Islam have the same traditional background as the Christian and there w here much room for more intimate co-op- eration. There is so much in common that the Christian has with the Hindu mys- tic contemplates in depth what ths Creator has in store for the human fam- ily. The trains expressed by Confucius have a similarity to the "Way" as prac- ticed by the early followers of Jesus. We can recognize more and more lhat religion is no longer an elective in living hut that it is the integrating force for all of life, the motivating power behind each of us, the energizing quality that enables ILS to rise above where we were and what we were and what we have been. Some, idea, some ideal, some business, some vo- cation some love through which and by which we practise our every day lives is what the church is. It is a purely per- sonal matter in which we have become so profoundly impressed that our lives are bound up in ils prime significance. It is a social matter when one is willing to allow this experience to overflow into the lives of others as it has enriched ours. The church is simply helping the other person to become the best possible person they can be to fulfil their relationship with the Giver, the Sustainer, the Creator and the Compassionate Presence that is above, In and through all things. As each of us has been given tho gift of life we have been given the opportunity to be the 'church' to do unto others as Giver of Life has given to you. This is the way, the truth and the life where one loving heart has set another human heart alive to be and to become. Peculiar person By Doug Walkrr Nobody in our family, except Elspeth, will sit beside me in church. Our children are embarrassed by the way I sing. They say I sing too loudly and that it Is most disconcerting when the hymns go too high for me and I slide down sn octave or so. On Thanksgiving Sunday, Len Saunders' grandson tat in front of me, A ooupla of times during the singing of hymns I no- ticed the lad looking at me in astonishment or puzzlement. I laughingly remarked on this at home, saying, "the hoy looked at me as though there v, as something odd about me." Keith promptly said, "Well, is there any doubt about "Don't rub your ears boys someone might get lention to them and almost no attempt to relate them to tlw leader's campaign. The structure of Stanlield'i speech-producing system re- flecls this almost casual ap- proach to the content of his campaign. It was described as "informal" by one member of the Stanfield entourage. Tha few major speeches that have been delivered have been pieced together by a small number of writers and policy advisers in Ottawa and Toronto and then transmitted to Stanfield through Tom Sloan, a former journalist who has been at Stanfield's side throughout the campaign. The frequent short speeches delivered from brief notes on a single sheet ol paper are usually worked out by Stanfield himself. In con- sultation with Sloan. As far as an outside observer can Icll at (his slage, this proc- ess has failed to produce a clear intellectual concept of the Conservative campaign. It has been, in many senses of tho word, a "reactionary" process, responding to events and failing to provide the leader with an opportunity to state his position in detail on many subjects of national concern. The average voter, of course, has neither the time nor tlie in- clination to formulate this criti- que of Stanfield's campaign, but the polls indicate that ha might be reacting to an in- tuitive perception of aimleiss- ness and lack of coherence. In intelleclual conception and actual organization, Trudeau's campaign is different. Before the campaign started, there was a fairly rigid plan for the development of certain themes at certain times before selected audiences. Research for the speeches in Ottawa has follow- ed this plan, and the material has been transmitted as sched- uled to Ivan Head, Ihe former academic who has written ev- word of every speech that the prime minister has read during the campaign. Head writes every speech In longhand about three to four days before delivery. It is then typed, checked and revised by Trudeau and sent back to Ot- tawa for translation and repro- duction at least two days before delivery. In some cases, the apparently extemporaneous speeches deliv- ered by Trudeau have in fact been written out completely by Head and virtually memorized by the prime minister. Particularly in the first month, this "intellectual" ap- proach to the campaign was distrusted by some people wilhin the party who fell that it was too removed from the bread-and-butter concerns of many voters. But it has en- abled Trudeau so far to present a more complete and coherent picture of his plans for Canada than Stanfield has had an op- portunity to do. Reliability of public opinion polls questioned By Bruce Hutchinson, special commentator for FP publications My distinguished neighbor, Horace Snifkin, has no faith in public opinion polls at election time. He says they may be mathematically accurate but never penetrate the deeper feelings of the people, the true state of tho nation. To get the real inward facts, Mr. Snifkin undertook his own poll, inter- viewing in depth every house- hold on our rural street. He has kindly allowed me to pub- lish the results as the only re- Mable index of the Canadian as if faces the mo- mentous decision of October SO. The first clear point estab- lished by scientific inquiry is that taxes are too high. On that point there was unanimous agreement. Every voter insist- ed that taxes must be drasti- cally reduced but that cer- tain expenditures affecting him personally, such as pensions and medical benefits, must be increased. Mr. Snifkin cal- culated that if all the suggest- ed increases were approved by parliament the federal bud- get would be doubled or tripled. While this view may pos- sibly appear incon- sistent, Mr. Snifkin assuicd me that it was not. On the con- trary, a perfect consistency, an infallible logic, was apparent Lo any serious student of psychol- ogy'. The typical voter, he ob- served, merely wanted some- one else to pay the hill. What, he asked, could he more log- lea! than that? The second point, emerging from his stiuly is a broad re- sentment against Ihe growing power of the prime minister. Philip Gadsby expressed the common verdict when he said: "That man Trudeau is getting to be a dictator." He and all the others agreed, however, that the nation need- ed stronger goveinment. In Mr. Gadsby's words, "We want a leader who'll lead and let the chips fall where they may. But Trudeau isn't the man. He's too weak for the job. And he talks too much in French anyway." Everyone also favored a rapid expansion of participa- tory democracy so that govern- ment would be taken out of the hands of the politicians and brought back to the people. As Henry Thompson put it, "We've got to rid democracy of poli- tics or there's going to be a revolution for sure." Here again a perfect consis- tency was apparent since not one resident had ever joined a political party or attended an election meeting. What was the use, Mr. Snifkin was told, of trying to influence events when they were so completely dom- inated by forces beyond the people's control? Besides, every household got all the politics it required from television and, indeed, far more than human nature could toler- ate. "Trudeaii is on the screen all the time interrupting the regular programs just when I'm ready to watch them after a 'Crazy Capers' How much to cover hard Mrs. George Glum- by protested. "You never know when he'll pop up with his stupid wisecracks. And Stan- field is just as bad. Why can't they get on with the job of run- ning the country'? That's what we pay them for isn't Mrs. Herbert Milligan added that politics had become noth- ing but a racket. "I want, no part of she declared. "Give the power to tiie people is what I say." Asked whom she wouid vole for, Mrs. Milligan replied lhat. she would vote for nobody but slay home on election day, do- ing something useful in the gar- den. This, she said, was her only means of demonstrating against the crimes of the poli- ticians and keeping Ihe torch of democracy alight. Mr. Snifkin found a bitter ob- jection lo the campaign funds of tlie political parties. "So long as they're financed by the big Wilfrid Midgley ar- gued, "tho public hasn't got a Chinaman's chance. The man that pays the piper calls tho tune." For this reason no one had ever contributed a nickel to any party. "I wouldn't soil my hands with that dirty Mr. Midgley said, "ft a guy wants lo run for Parliament let him pay his own way like the rest of us." More I ban anything else, Mr. Snifkin discovered, the public is worried about high prices and demands that the govern- ment cotrol Ihcm. But no one would consent to tlie control o! wages because tlicy were lar too low. Wilbur Gropp, a lifelong So- cial Creditor, explained that there wns no connection be- tween wages and prices. The Bank of Canada kept pushing prices up by its refusal to cre- ate enough money. If the bank would infuse more purchasing power into the economy prices would fall while wages rose. But no, the bank would never do the right thing. Its molives, said Mr. Gropp, could easily be imagined sinister, to say the best of them. Mr. Snifkin delected no left- wing sentiment along the street. Though everyone en- dorsed David attack on the corporate bums, no one in- tended to vote for him, except Mrs. Angus Snape, because he was such a charming man and probably didn't really mcari what he said. On the other hand, Ralph But- terlicld warned that Mr. Lewis might well turn out to be a socialist if he won the election. "All the he said, "the malefactors of great wealth should 1x3 punished. The import- ant thing is to encourage in- vestment by increasing (he lax on profits and using the money to provide more jobs." No one denied this obious proposition. Warren Kettle, a respecled local economist, went still fur- ther. No government, lie said, couid be trusted to run anything, even the post office. Therefore it should be strictly limited in function and allow- ed to regulate only tlie meth- ods, practices and profits of all private industries. The na- tion must return to honest lais- ser-faire and the open market provided, of course, that in- dustry obeyed the rules laid down by the state for the pro- tection of the public. Despite the consensus on these major problems, Mr. Snifkin expected that our street would vote for the man, not the pol- icy. Everyone agreed that Rob- ert Stanfield was a fine man but the Liberals believed that he was too fine, too sincere and decent for politics. Mr. Lewis, according lo both Liberals and Conservatives, was loo clever by half and might well ruin the country if he ever got a chance to use his tjrains. As io Mr, Trudeau, the Liberals felt un- easy. They couldn't define their doubts exactly hut admitted that the prime minister's language was sometimes too vulgar and his hair always lop long. On this crucial question, Mr. Snif- kin judged, the election would largely turn. And extrapolat- ing Ihe answers to his poll, ha finally concluded that (he slate of the nation was excellent, the Canadian mind at ease, llio democratic process functioning normally. The Letldmdge Herald 5W 7th SI. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGK HERALD f.Q. LTD., Proprietors and Publishcri Published IS05-1954, by Hon. W. A, BUCHANAN Secw.d Mall Registration Ho- 001? cf The Canadian Preil and [he Canadian Daily NewspaMT Putmners' and Ihe- Audit fiureau Gf Circulation! CLEO w. MOWERS, Editor and Publlstltr THOMAS H. ADAV.S, General Manager DON PIL1 WILLIAM HAY Ed.tor AssocHle Editor ROY r. MILEi DOUGLA'j K. VMLKCfc Advirtiilng Manager edilonel Page Editor "THE SERVES THE SOUTH" ;