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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 20, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THl LETHBRIDGE HERAID Wedneldoy, October 20, 1971 Maurice Western Violence its own enemy Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and most of tin; people of Canada are ashamed al Hie violent episode in Ottawa when Hie visiting Premier of the U.S.S.R., Alexei Kosygin was rudely assaulted in an ugly attack on his person. It is humiliating that efforts lo extend the hand of co-oper- ation and friendship to the U.S.S.R. should be marred by a hot-tempered misguided individual who exhibited his personal bitterness in such a senseless, useless way. His object, one would surmise, was to focus at- tention on the continuing subjection of his native Hungary to Soviet dom- ination. Canada has welcomed refugees from many countries who have come here to escape repression in their own lands. Many of them have be- come loyal Canadian citizens. But there are many whose relatives must continue to live in a repressive so- ciety because they cannot escape it. Some new Canadians have found it impossible to forget conditions in homelands where loved ones must continue lo live in uncertainty and fear. Canadians, born and raised in a free society have never known the persecution of alien rule. Can any of us say with certainty how we would react, if unprevenled, if our mother, our brother, or husband had been, or still is, the object of cruelty or injustice from which there is no re- course? Violence is its own enemy. In the long run it achieves nothing, but the very fact that such heavy security is required to protect Mr. Kosygin, is evidence that there are numbers of alienated people still among us, who have not received or understood this message. The only way to control these hot-heads, is to prevent access to the object of their hatred in this case, Mr. Kosygin. Perhaps security in Ottawa was not as tight as it should have been. But under the circumstances, Mr. Trudeau and Mr. Kosygin took an unwarranted risk in departing from the pre-arranged schedule. The fault is not entirely with those in charge of security arrangements. They have a right to expect co-operation from those they protect. As for the peaceful demonstrations. They should continue. Canadian Jews, for instance, have the right to express their feelings in this way, even though the shouting and the placards embarrass the Prime Minister and his distinguished guest. Squaring off in the UN The Great Debate has opened and it looks as if the final decision will not be made for weeks. The place is New York, the platform the General Assembly, and the subject the ad- mission of the People's Republic China (PRC) to the UN. The U.S. wants China to replace the seat on the Security Council now held by Taiwan, but it also wants a seat in the General Assembly for Nation- alist China. Peking says it will re- fuse to enter under these conditions. It, and it alone, is the legitimate spokesman for all China, it says, and Taiwan is simply a province of the People's Republic. Peking has laid clown its conditions for accepting entry for so long and with such adamant determination, that there is little hope that it will change its attitude, no matter what arguments U.S. Ambassador to the U.N., Mr. Bush, presents on the basis of "realism and pragmatism." It is interesting however, that Mr. Bush has reminded the assembly that the UN Charter "was flexible enough in 1945 to permit member- ship for Byelorussia and the Uk- raine, both republics within the Soviet Union." U.S. Secretary of State Rogers has mentioned this also. Byelorussia and the Ukraine through an agreement based on the 1944 con- ference in Yalta, are both represent- ed in the General Assembly, as the Soviet Union is. In effect this gives the U.S.S.R. three votes in the As- sembly. If Taiwan were to occupy a second seat in the Assembly under the same arrangement as Byelorussia and the Ukraine are each given a seat, and if Taiwan were replaced, as it must be, by the PRC on the Security Council, it is possible that Peking would accept such a compromise. This formula would allow Peking to save face, because it would not have to back down on its avowed purpose of absorbing Taiwan as a constitu- ent province of China. It could very well happen that as time goes on, and General Chiang Kai-shek is out of the picture, that Taiwan would ex- press a wish to be integrated with the mainland. In that case Peking would have two votes in the As- sembly instead of one. In this subtle, not to say devious, formula there seems to be some hope of satisfactory solution. The question is whether Peking would be willing to consider admission on such terms. ANDY RUSSELL Diplomacy in the wilds DIPLOMACY, according to Webster, is art- ful management in securing advantages without arousing hostility. To shorten it a bit, it is the use of tact. In dealing with grizzlies in wild country while studying their ways over a period of years I have found the use of such artful management and tact, a very useful kind of way to get along with a big animal that can be dan- gerous. My son, Charlie, celebrated his twenty- first birthday in the midst of the mountain wilds of Alaska. He proposed to spend the day climbing alone among the peaks pho- tographing a heard of Dall rams. It was nothing new for him to spend a day alone in the mountains, for he had been prowling the Rockies of Alberta and British Colum- bia from the time he was a boy. But it would be a milestone in experience to climb among the snow-and-ice-hung peaks of this wild, sub-arctic country photo- graphing these white rams with golden horns. His brother, Dick, and I watched him go out across the great alluvial flats of the Toklat River until his figure was small in the distance. We had things to do around camp that morning, so periodically we lo- cated him through powerful glasses. About an hour after he left we spotted him climb- ing a mountain along the face of a steep hog-back ridge. Ahead of him and out of his sight we sec a grizzly. If he and the bear continued along the routes they were going, they were due lo meet on the ridge crest at very close range. There is always an unknown quantity about meeting one of these big animals at close range and we watched as the paths of Charlie and the bear slowly eon- verged. From where we were it began to look as though they would meet, almost within touching distance. But the lens mag- nification fooled us a bit, for Charlie came out on the crest about sixty feet above the grizzly. They discovered each other about the same instant, whereupon the boar im- mediately came toward him. Charlie stood his ground calmly shooting pictures, and, as he told us later, talking quietly to the somewhat ruffled animal. At perhaps thirty feet, the bear stopped, looked long and hard at him, then sidled slowly away paus- ing here and there to look back over his shoulder. The crisis was past, but the grizzly showed no inclination to leave. As Charlie moved on up the ridge, the bear trailed atong beside him. When they dis- appeared over a saddle on the mountain shoulder, they were still travelling togeth- er. Dick and I had to wait all day to find out what had transpired beyond our view. It was almost dark, when Charlie appear- ed coming across the flats in the driving rain. As he ate supper he told us how he and the grizzly had climbed over the ridge and down along the slopes beyond. The bear obviously did not want to lose face by fleeing and perhaps was curious enough to stay close. Charlie did not wish to deviate from his chosen route. Each by their own means had communicated their frames of mind. The grizzly finally left without offering trouble. They had practiced a kind of mountain diplomacy. They tell a story about two Irishmen who were going single file along a trail in the jackpine jungle. Mike was in the lead and pushed an overhanging springy sapling out of his way, hanging onto it till it sprung away around to the absolute limit. Then he let go. and it snapped back to bang Paddy square in the nose, knock- ing him flat. Mike looked back to see him sitting on llie trail with blood running copiously down his face. "Sure now, he consoled his friend. "I'm vera "Begorra, Paddy replied. "It's a good thing ye hung onto it like ye did. The blamed tiling might have kilt me." That is also a kind of mountain diplo- macy. Tax reform bill out of date as debate begins rVTTAWA The House o! Commons, ill an atmo- spliere which seems far re- moved from realities, has now embarked on detailed study of Bill C-259, the government's massive tax reform bill. Robert Slamfield, in the course of an otherwise per- suasive final argument on sec- ond reading, has this to offer by way of advice to ministers. "What we should be doing is finally setting our goals in tenns of employment, in terms of price stability and in terms of trade expansion." But how can the government set realistic goals (and there would be little value in any other sort) when it does not know what the long term policy of the United States is going to be? Whatever one may think of the Nixon administration, the hard fact is that no one has sug- gested a practical alternative to the American market. Nowhere else could we compensate for the losses certain to result if kept open. At the moment all is uncer- tainty. The government is faced with' the surcharges, it has rea- son to fear the enactment of (lie DISC program but, accord- ing to the ministers, it is in the dark as to what Washington ex- pects as the price of reasonably free access for Canadian goods. In these circumstances, talk of goals seems rather unhelp- ful. Otherwise, Mr. Stanfield's general argument in respect to Letters to the editor University building a student's nightmare On a recent visit to your city I had the opportunity to visit your university. This building must be a student's nightmare. To me the outside looks like a big ship held in place by two hills. The inside also maintains the ship-like resemblance. The hallways are so narrow two people can barely pass. The ceilings, in the dorm's halls, are just over seven feet high, which must be opposed to some form of regulation. The size of the residence rooms leads to overcrowding. Many people thought the trail- ers were inadequate and un- pleasant but in over-all com- parison there is not much dif- ference. The rooms are small Opposition not all on floor of House I agree with The Herald edi- t o r i a 1 that the government wheat bill is gone but not for- gotten. However who is respon- sible for the withdrawal is a matter of political opinion until after the election. It is true the opposition is responsible, but all the opposi- tion wasn't on the floor of the House. That only represented massive opposition throughout Canada. However, that was no valid excuse for withdrawal since everyone wanted some sort of bill along those lines. Passed as a compromise to which the Conservatives agreed would have been a fine step in Parliamentary procedure even with such a controversial bill. It is what the country has been hoping for on all matters. As to the reasons given. First it is ridiculous to say, "either you get the payment due you or this proposed bill, but not both." If legal payment was made it would quite naturally be deducted from the bill amount, when and if the bill passed. This is not a minority gov- ernment. If the bill had to be withdrawn because of opposi- tion, then that opposition had to come from within govern- ment ranks and the Conserva- tives and NDP are not altogeth- er responsible for that. It is too bad the government has to be threatened with suit to make it live up to wheat board agreements. That was also the case with white wheat payments. The government, finally, graciously "gave" us our own money, withheld by im- properly retaining the correct initial payment, but the pay- ment made was really not le- gal, anymore that the substitu- tion of the bill would have been in this case. That is the part where the government is most at fault. Substitution for legal rights should not be permitted. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath. Unrealistic premise M. E. Spencer of Cardston (Herald, Oct. 12th) is incorrect in his assumption that teach- ers and taxpayers are two dif- ferent sections of the commu- nity. He begins therefore on a false premise. The rest of his letter is based on such a lack of information and understanding and such pure malice, it seems, towards anyone with an education de- gree that one must assume that The Herald published it for reasons of provocation. Education by tapes, indeed! With our teachers already overdue to be replaced by ma- chines which will not need pay- ing and teach by endless repe- tition, what hope for our robot children ten years from now? One can at least get answers from the teacher, but one can only kick the tape machine. But The Herald must be con- gratulated on its master stroke The deeper implications Re your editorial of the 13th of October, entitled strike, you leave the impres- sion that the issue is only a power struggle and that' tho children will suffer. I must ad- mit that there is a "power but it is not one of who will run the schools, it is one of what will bo the best for l.he st.udents. Who could have 3 better knowledge of what is best for the students than those who are in direct contact with them? The teachers have little say in generating policy for their own school areas. They are only there to carry out the pol- icies handed down from on high. If I recall my history (and I Adolf Eichmann also "carried out the orders of his superiors." Wo as teachers may as well turn over our pro- fession to the machines, and then what kind of a world would result? As to the boards having the final say, they don't want the final say. they want Uic only say. Is this in keeping with the democratic principles that aro laught in schools? Please try to consider the deeper implications of what is happening rather than trying to arrive at a simplistic answer lo a very highly complex prob- lem. Daniel Scyl, Communication Committee, A.T.A. Local No. 56, Pincher Creek. of publishing on the same page two letters from high school students, one appealing for ma- terial for audio-visual projects, the other from a student at HJH thanking community members for help in innovat- ing audio-visual programs. When a high school student feels moved to refer in print to "many of the exciting things that are happening in educa- tion he's said it all. SHIRLEY Foremost. Was regrets It is with serious regret that I note the withdrawal of the prairie farm income stabiliza- tion bill. With similar regret I note the refusal of the official opposition and the NDP to ac- cept the responsibility for pre- venting this very significant and beneficial legislation from be- coming law. The western agribusinessman faces many difficulties in the operation of his business, not the least of which is the petty squabbling of elected parlia- mentarians. Considering Uic de- pressed condition of the agri- cultural industry today it seems apparent that knowledgeable and sincere government repre- sentatives would have acted promptly and conscientiously to enact this legislation and elim- inate Iho inappropriate Tempor- ary Wheat Reserves Act. The conclusion therefore must bo that the Progressive Conserva- tive and NDP MPs arc either insincere, or ignorant of per- tinent facts. Or, could it be that; politicking is too much fun to get down to serious work? The functional point of view is lacking in those individuals. KEN BESWICK. Spring Coulee. and ventilation is poor and stuffy really inducive to studying! Therefore, somebody must have goofed on measure- ments. I was led to believe that the grand opening is to be held next year. What are they plan- ning to do lay new carpet- ing? The decorator should have realized that yellow carpeting shows the dirt much more readily than a different color. The company who gets the franchise for cleaning these rugs will not have to look for future employment. Once they finish doing these rugs, they can start over. Then city planners wonder why people complain about a tax rise with this example, people have reason to. The only nice thing about the uni- versity seems to be the view, which they could have gotten from the opposite side of the river. Also, this would not have necessitated the building of a new bridge. Buildings, like your post of- fice, which are landmarks and arc meant to last, you are will- ing to bulldoze down. Doesn't anyone want to maintain some of the past? Buildings in Eu- rope are hundreds of years old and are still being used con- siderably cheaper than erecting new ones every fifty years or less, don't you think? I implore the citizens of Leth- bridge to see this monstrosity, their university, and formulate their own opinions. However, the tax bill seems very reason- able. This is that the bill has become irrelevant and may be harmful. It has two Like any bill resulting from a budget, it is concerned with ways and means. But it also revamps the whole income tax system ac- cording to Mr. Benson's latest revised views of tax reform. On both counts, however, it is addressed to a situation which no longer exists which disap- peared on the morrow of Mr. Nixon's announcements. The ways and means problem may not be particulary troublesome since baby budgets now arrive with remarkable regularity. (Even so the various parts of this bill are so fitted together that an important change in one area would upset calculations iji other areas.) But the tax reforms and innovations, espe- cially as they affect industry, may be far more serious. The government lias, of course, secured emergency leg- islation which will enable it to reimburse industry in part for losses suffered in the American market. But this is a band-aid policy. It will certainly not suf- fice if the U.S. restrictions are maintained over a long period. The objective must be to main- tain as much as possible of the U.S. market, despite the handi- cap of a higher dollar. But this will be very difficult unless in- dustrial costs and prices can be kept down; an imperative re- quirement in light of the pro- gram of restraints being in- stituted by the Nixon adminis- tration, with the co-operation of labor leaders, in the United States. Unfortunately, tax reform, as now being including the institution of capital gams would have the opposite effect. The case for it is a fair shares argument. On economic grounds it was open to criticism even in pre-Nixon days. Assuming, however, that on balance Mr. Benson was right at tile time, it is evident that the whole question must now be examined in a different context. What ef- fect will the changes have on the viability of our exporting in- dustries? Parliament, in a quite new situation, is debating an old bill. Even without the changes, it is by no means certain that the government could have steered Parliament through this 700- page labyrinth in the rather short time before the end of the session. It is difficult legisla- tion, as Mr. Benson concedes. It incorporates changes which are bound lo be controversial and others which will consume time merely because they are technical and will have to be explored with reasonable care to ascertain their precise meaning. lii addition, the bill is not a finished work. Mr. Ben- son introduced a shoal of amendments, some of consider- able importance, on Wednesday and indicated a willingness to accept others as debate pro- ceeds. On the assumption, however, that the government can meet the timetable without splitting the bill in some fashfon, is Parliament now engaged in a useful exercise? In present cir- cumstances, does anyone know? And how? Has the government, forced by external action into a thoroughly miserable position, fallen back on the old army practice? Are members being kept busy with a bit of parlia- mentary square bashing until the situation clarifies or some- one thinks of something more effective to do? Tlie discussion, said Mr. Stan- field ruefully, "is not exactly going to grab tile Canadian people." But it may (and already has) upset industry it. e J'rr i i fl-iietH-iJ' liaaj UIJSUL UU1USUT the opinions of different people which tends increasingly to te Tuhllo I ujQt> fVuiviA rtnr_ J visiting while I was there cor- respond with my own. ROGER SEPT, U. OF C. STUDENT. view that no easy return to pre crisis conditions is in prospect for Canada. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through The Herald 1911 What was termed the "greatest meeting" ever was held last night at (he Majestic theatre for the Liberals. The election is tomorrow. 1921-Coaldale school held its annual sports day. Bluenose, captain- ed by Angus Walter, retained the crown as queen of the north Atlantic fishing fleet to- day as she beat the Gertrude L. Thcbaud of Gloucester, Mass. of Coutts High School have commenced their student activities by forming a new students' union. The Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. onl2 Member of The Canadian Press ana me Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of clrculatloni CLEO W, MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;