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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta THE UTHBRIDOI HERAID Tutiday, Ottobtr 20, 1970 Tim Traynor Complications In Campaign Strategy Fighting Crime Anti-crime legislation in the U.S. is going to be tough and costly. Last week the Senate in a 59 to 0 vote authorized the expenditure over the next three years of ?3.55 billion for law enforcement grants to the states and localities. This was million more than the House authorized and more than four times the. level of fis- cal 1970, Penalties for those using or unlawfully carrying guns during the commission of a federal crime are one to 10 years in prison for the first offense, and a mandatory two to 25 years for the second. Both of these are in addition to the punishment for the crime itself. Besides this the FBI will soon be authorized to in- vestigate campus bombings whether university authorities like it or not. There are a number of other pro- visions, all of them designed to carry out President Nixon's law and order program. One can only hope that they will be effective. A look at one day's head- lines in U.S. newspapers tells the grim story. Three bombings on the West coast of the U.S. a court- room and an armory in California, an ROTC building at the University of Washington in Seattle; in Roches- ter N.Y. five bombings two gov- ernment buildings, two churches, and the home of a union official. The Democrats are moving fast to erase charges that the party is soft on crime and are giving their bless- ing to the President's anti-crime legislation. But they are not doing it simply for political reasons. Dem- ocrats and Republicans alike are now forced to realize the danger in not clearly distinguishing between out- right crime, on the one hand, and legitimate dissent and protest, on the other. WASHINGTON Vice. president, Spiro Agnew, evidently at the behest of President Nixon is doing his best to force the off-year elec- tion campaign into a sharply- focussed pattern: while the president stands on one side as the champion of order, his opponents on the other side are undercut by a backlash against violence and terror. G i v e n the vice president's volume and his amplification in the media, it sometimes seems that he is well on his way to achieving the desired end. The forcefulness and simplicity of drive against "radical liberals" soft on vio- lence and crime cannot, how- ever, entirely hide the un- derlying complexities of the situation. As the election approached, the administration clear- ly needed something, substan- tial to counteract Democratic charges that the Republicans were running true to form, gen- erating unemployment through the use of orthodox disinfla- tionary methods. An obvious possibility was the charge of obstruction by a Democratical- ly-controlled Congress, and Mr. Nixon sounded this note on a number of occasions. The effectiveness of this ploy was in doubt, however, pri- t marily because the president, in line with his disinflationary program, was in Hie not-ne- cessarily popular position of having to veto bills authorizing education and housing expen- diture following their passage by Congress. To make things more difficult, the congres- sional opposition to presiden- tial measures has o f t e n in- cluded a considerable Republi- can element. (One of the key vetoes was over-ridden with the support of a large body of Republican congressmen.) About the time, in late sum- mer that terrorism increased slrrply, the administration moved quickly to position it- self to capitalize on the back- lash. Making this into an ef- fective attack on key Democra- tic senators involved serious d i f f i e u 1 ties, however, since they could hardly be assailed without putting the squeeze on liberal Republicans in the Sen- ate and elsewhere. The lines have had to be drawn between those supporting the president end those leaning to the left, even if, as in the case of New Y o r k's Republican Senator Goodell, this means transfer- ring administration endorse- ment to a conservative oppo- nent. A further complication is that there has not been a straight split between recogniz- able Nixon backers and recog- nizable Nixon opponents on such anti-disorder measures as Solzhenitsyn's Prize Russian readers other than the rare few who can afford to spend eighty dollars on a novel and risk disciplinary measures if caught with it in their possession have never seen the works of Alexander Solz- henitsyn, winner of this year's Nobel prize for literature. He didn't know anything, about the award himself until a Norwegian journalist friend told him about it. Solzhenitsyn, author of. best sellers "The First Circle" and "Cancer Ward" says he wants to go to Stockholm to receive the prize in person, an announcement that has thrown Soviet authorities in a flap. After all, his works have never been published in the U.S.S.R., because they have some unpleasant things to say about the system. Like his col- league, Boris Pasternak (Dr. Zhi- vago) Solzhenitsyn has already been disciplined. In earlier times he spent eight years in labor camps because of his criticism of Stalin. Last year, he was expelled from the Writers' Union because of his protests, and the editor of Nbvy Mir, the foremost literary publication in the U.S.S.R. was fired because of lu's support of Solzhenitsyn. If the author is allowed to go to Stockholm he might state his views about the intellectual climate pre- vailing in the U.S.S.R. Furthermore it would be difficult to prevent his presence in Stockholm from being known, and that would lead other Russian authors to wonder why the works of one of their number who has received such acclaim abroad, should not be published at home. The decision is awaited with inter- est but many onlookers both inside and outside the Soviet Union are taking two to one bets that Alexan- der Solzhenitsyn will be told by his doctors that he is not well enough to stand the strain of travel, even though he says he feels just fine right now. It's a decision involving a unique type of preventive medi- cine. "For him, it's onlf natural Wnat witfi all the kids dressing like Indians these -Joys.' think it's very important lot as to listen to what ear young people an frying to teH punch 'em crime bills and Supreme Court nominations. This blurs the is- sue of Nixon versus disorder and makes it questionable whether voters, much as they may seek a crackdown, will heed Mr. Agnew's exhortations to combat disruption by favoring Hxon Loyalists over oppo- nents, particularly "radical lib- erals." To implicate recognizably liberal senators in campus disorders arising from de- mands for a quicker Vietnam pullout is one, thing; to es- tablish a convincing link be- tween Nixon opponents gen- erally and social ills such as crime and drug abuse is quite However strenuous- ly it tries, the administration cannot really get away from the damaging fact that It has made little impact on the crime problem in its two years in office. Early campaign opinion polls have not been particular- ly encouraging for the.admin- istration. Only 35 per cent of those consulted in a Harris sur- vey said Mr. Nixon's handling of the presidency inspired con- fidence. Roughly speaking, there was fair support for the president's foreign policies, but this was offset, by a decided disappointment with his do- mestic efforts. Only 27 per cent said he had handled stu- dent demonstrators well, and a 19 per cent were impress- ed with his efforts to keep down the cost of living. In light of this, the party's standing is holding up rather well in the campaign for con- gressional seats. A Gallup poll showed the Democrats with 49 per cent support, and the Re- publicans with 44. The spread is such, as to suggest to some analysts that the Republicans, the minority party in Congress, could actually gain seats. Nor- mally, the party in the White House loses seats in the elec- tion held at midLterm in a presidency. (HeraM Washington-Bureau) Stanley Uys expeiieu nuiii uie wineis v.mc. ___ _ Watkins And The Unions Apartheid Threatens South Africa s Economy _ crn wiiilp thp niiHlin machinery is prescribed Organized labor played a decisive role in electing Stephen Lewis leader of the Ontario NDP party, there is no question about that. But the an- swer to the question of how much in- fluenc'e the trade unions will have on NDP policy in Ontario is not so clear. Mr. Dennis McDermott, Canadian di- rector of the United Auto Workers, did not agree with all the far-left resolutions put forth by the strong Waffle group of the party. These in- cluded public ownership of private corporations, extensive public control over investment and the nationaliza- tion of key corporations. The UAW leader thought these resolutions went much too far in emphasizing nationalization and he told the dele- gates to the NDP convention that all- out nationalization in Britain and Scandinavia had not cured the pre- valent social and economic ills of those countries. Nor did Mr. McDer- mott flatly oppose the Waffle group's suggestion of party interference in union affairs. The result is that party policy on what industries and what energy re- sources must be government owned and operated is unclear. But it is clear that union membership of the NDP is going to have a lot to say about policy. There are seven trade unionists on the 15-man, executive, and two of the five vice-presidents are union leaders. It looks now as if union members of the. party may turn out to be a moderating influence, opposed to the Waffle radicals of Prof. Melville Wat- kins. The UAW director doesn't like political theorist professors, and he says that labor people in the party are interested in other things besides partisan labor legislation. They take a much broader view and concern, including the "whole range of social problems and policies." There is nothing to indicate that there will be a party split over the issue, but Prof. Watkins is up against tough policy opposition from the small conservatives in the NDP the trade unions. Tomorrow Or Yesterday? By Joyce Basse "jyVALAYSIA Old history lessons be- gin to surface in this murky brain of gin mine when I find myself in places Marco Polo visited, and bargaining in open mar- kets for things the East India Company traders haggled over centuries ivory, tin, spices, and silks. We have temporarily abandoned the air- ways in favor of a more intimate view, by car, of Malaysia and her people. And we have found a country as modern as to- morrow, as corrupt as the poorest of na- tions, and yet as happy and friendly as any land I have yet to visit. Subang In- ternational Ail-port rivals any piece of ar- chitecture in the world. Parliamentarians sit in new facilities so luxuriously up-to- date, they forgot struggles occur on the other side of the garden. Nothing was spared in the building of the National Mu- seum. By the same token, nothing has been done to improve the transportation system nor unsnarl monstrous traffic jams. In a land where there are no seasons (except wet and there is never an ending, and therefore never any need for a beginning, a winter and spring to mark the passage of time. Days become nights promptly at p.m., and nights be- come days at a.m. And yesterday, and today, and tomorrow become one. Nowhere were we more reminded of this timeless- ness than in Malacca, fourteenth century capital of the kingdom and, for a time, one of the greatest cities in Southeast Asia. Museum tapestries portray sultans being carried through the streets as real as if it wore hut a fortnight since the past. Pas- tel, Mediterranean hc we tl buildings and pudgy, dark eyed, heavy hossomcd wo- men verify the history books' accounts of Malacca, two centuries later, a Portuguese stronghold a valuable gem to add to their' trading empire. Still later the English arrived and demanded a turn at the wheels of government. Today, Malacca is remem- bered best of all because St Francis Xa- vier's body remained here a matter of months before it was transferred to its final resting place in Goa. This city was, for the good saint, a regular port of call on his way back and forth between the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea. But when I recall Malacca, I shall think of the large room we slept in, with its huge ceiling fan lazily attempting to move the soft equatorial air, and the out-dated plumb- ing, and the colorful Portuguese floor tiles that made your footsteps echo in the white, plastered hallways, and the sea so close beneath our window, we might have thought ourselves aboard ship. And I shall think of the huge, two wheeled thatched roofed carls pulled by gently pioduiiig water buffalo. And I shall think of the rubber planta- tions acres of trees as stalwart as the lodge-pole pines, planted in precise rows, their bark cut in narrow slices at an angle of forty-five degrees to the ground to let the gray syrupy latex drip into the little pottery cups wired to each tree. And I shall remember the evening we spent in the market bargaining for native sarongs, and eating rambutans and pineapple, and quenching our thirst with juice straight from the coconut. Through the night it rained, and for a while I pulled Ihe sheet up against the coolness. Bu( by a.m. the sun had ri.scn and it was tomorrow or was it yesterday? r< APE TOWN Eather poor and white than rich and racially "mixed" this is the reply official spokesmen have given to businessmen who have been urging the Government to relax the color bar to help South Africa overcome its acute manpower shortage. Hardly a Week passes now without businessmen, econom- ists or Opposition politicians warn in g_ that a manpower crisis is approaching, and that unless the color bar of apart- heid is relaxed to enable non- whites to perform skilled and semi-skilled jobs, .the country's economic growth will be ar- rested. They argue that it is simply not possible for the whites any longer to provide all the skills and know-how for the whole population. The whites number only or 17.7 per cent of the total South African pop- ulation of which is made up Africans, two million Colored (of mixed race descent) and Asians. Economic arguments have so far made no visible impression on the Government, which em- phasizes that it is much more important for the whites to have a long-term policy which guarantees their survival as Letters To The Editor the ruling race in ths Republic of South Africa, than for them to enjoy short-term economic advantages. "To the materialists, wher- ever they may the Min- ister of Labor, Mr. Marais Viljoen, told Parliament last month, "I want to say that this Government deems the survi- val of the whites to be far more valuable than any tem- porary economic benefits "Let there be no doubt about this matter: as far as the white appearance and character of our cities is concerned, there will be no compromise by this Government. It is and remains Government policy, that our metropolitan areas, our white jities, will in future become whiter and not blacker. That is Government policy, and every- thing is aimed at that." The Minister is saying, two things here. First, non-whites will not be permitted to ad- vance into skilled posts in the "white areas" because this will lead to economic and from this will ensure poli- tical and social equality and the downfall of the white man. Secondly, as many Africans as possible must be moved out of tte "white areas" and into their own "homelands" (the remnants of the old tribal re- serves) where they will be able to develop to the "limit of their capacities" 13.7 per cent of the surface area of South Africa for 70 per cent of the population. Against this policy of apart- heid or "separate develop- ment" (or "multi-national de- as it is now the Opposition argues that South Africa is a singte, indivisible country and econ- omy that it is tco late to unscramble the racial om- elette. Here are some of the statis- tics they put forward to sup- port this argument: In agriculture, whites num- ber holders of farms and employees, and non- whites number holders and employees. In mining, the employment figures are: whites and non-whites. Private manufacturing: 100 wlu'tes and non- whites. Private construction: whites and non- whites. Commerce and finance (latest figures are from the 1960 whites and at least non-whites. Even the Government con- trolled railways and harbors employ whites and Avenue Closure Problem 560 non-whites, while the public service employs whites and non-whites, the pro- vincial administrations whites and non-whites, and local authorities whites and non-whites. With every census, the pro- portion of Africans in major fields of employment in South Africa increases, and the pro- portion of whites decreases. The-Go.vernrnent refuses, though, to accept -that South Africa is a single society, and in spite of mounting pressure it is refusing to relax either the statutory or conventional color bars which impose a "ceiling" on the advancement of non- whites into more skilled jobs. The white trade unions insist on the maintenance of these color bars, too. Even when the Government itself has tried to persuade, say, white motor me- chanics to allow Colored (not African) youngsters to be ap- prenticed in the trade, they have met with a blunt refusal. This is not unexpected. After sowing ths dragon's inculcation over the years among white workers of a fear of non-white competition the Government is now reaping its own harvest. The Africans cannot push their claims either. Unlike the Coloreds and Asians, their trade unions, while not illegal, are not recognized by law, and special Government-supervised machinery is prescribed for the settlement of. their disputes. As a result, African trade unions have been successfully "bled to .At the end of 1968, South Africa's economically active population consisted of 000 whites, Coloreds, Asians and Africans. Of this economically active population, 30.3 per cent of whites, 16 per cent, of Color- eds, 21.2 per cent of Asians and '0.3 per cent of Africans were members of trade unions. The Government, clearly, has lost the "battle of .but it refuses to budge from its ideological path. In practice, non whites are filtering through the color bar here and there (covertly and under their original low rates of but this "leakage" is not nearly sufficient to provide employers with the skilled workers they desperately need. Remorselessly, therefore, the crisis approaches. The Prime Minister, Mr. Vorster, denies -there is a "crisis" there are only labor he says. "Crisis" or whatever one calls it the ef- fect is to retard South Africas economic growth. This is the price white South Africans will be asked to pay for apartheid. Will they be prepared to pay it? (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD City Council is to be com- mended for allowing the citi- zens of the Glenclalc area of the city to air their news on the re-zoning of the properly known as Stopper's World. The people's intention is neither to impede the progress of their city, nor to prevent the devel- opers from making better use of their property. The concern is rather for the detrimental traffic patterns parking congestion that will result from the operation of a complex of the type and magnitude planned by Shopper's World. The developers have been ex- plicit they will not proceed with the project unless Fourth Avenue between Mayor Mag- rath Drive and 23rd Street is sold to them. The point was made at the last open meeting that the avenue in itself cannot begin to provide the additional off-street parking that will be needed, and most area residents want this avenue left open. There is to be a five day trial Giving In A Crime Mayor Harry Veincr of Medi- cine Hat has offered to put up as stated in The Herald on page 2 Thursday October 15. He is actually willing to pay of Ms own money to- wards the ransom asked for Quebec Labor Minis- ter Pierre Laporte and British diplomat James Cross. I wonder If Mr. Vciner is willing to pay the same per- centage when the next time they ask for or What is he going to do when they ask for complete surrender of our armed forces, or ask our government to step down. What I mean of course is: There is no end. On the same page; under the heading "TOP OFFICIALS WARNED" Senator William B. Saxbe (Rep. Ohio) states: He believes the only way to halt political blackmail before it starts, is to make it a federal CRIME for officials to give in to it. Make your own conclusions Mr. Vciner. I am happy to live in Lethbridgc, you and your city would be prime targets in my book. HUGO VAN SISTERS. Lethbridgo. closure just prior to the next public meeting. Will a tempo- rary closure now yield a true picture of traffic patterns that will exist after the new devel- opment is in operation? The law requires a public hearing at which those opposed to closure will present their pe- tition and will be heard by City Council. Will City Council then give the proposal to close second and third readings thus making f fait accompli with- out regard to the. petitioners' protest just then presented to it? The reports submitted for Council's guidance by the city departments concerned state generally that no problems are anticipated, but ly, is the required off-street parking necessary to this de- velopment, and what of the in- creased traffic generated by both it and the closure of Fourth avenue? Access to and from the complex is to be from Fifth Avenue only, and this im- mediate area is already bur- dened by high density school traffic. ARE THESE NOT PROB- L. A. U. Lclhbridge. THROUGH THE. HERALD Rubens painting, de- clared to be a perfect and un- mistakeable example of the artist's work, has been found in the possession of a young couple outside Vancouver. Oth-, er paintings, a supposed Claude and a Gainsborough have "been in the young wife's family for over a hundred years. first coat of gravel on the Red Trail has now reached a point two miles west of Taber town limits. Tourists arriving from the cast this sampler were asking: "When do we strike the advantages in providing a suitable site for the proposed nylon plant to be built in Canada will be brought to the attention of those interested. The plant will require coal, natural. gas and salt .in the course of operations, all products which are avail- able in large quantities in Al- berta- for three major Canadian packing plants paid a record here for 400 fat cattle. One steer brought Justice L. A. Lan- dreville of the Supreme Court of Ontario attributed the high divorce rite in North America to the dropping of the word "obey" from some marriago ceremonies. The Lethbtidge Herald 504 7th St. Lethbridgc, Alberta LETMBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., proprietors and, Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Osnsrs! .'.W.dyur jut BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing.Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Edilorlfll Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;