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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta A Saturday, October THE LBTHiBIDOt HERALD-8 People of the south By Chris Stewart Ex-banker advises spending restraints Most visitors to Calgary's Heritage Park wonder what it was like to live in turn-of-the century style all except ex- Royal Bank manager James Woods'ide Doran. The restored, vintage community with its shops and business premises is just like home to him. One of its principle buildings is the old Munson bank, looking just like it did when this ambitious ex-' Maritimer managed it back in 1912. This historic, little building with its oiled, wooden floors and ornate teller's cage, was purchased by the bank for and moved to Heritage Park at a cost of just to preserve it for posterity! It no longer draws customers ready to make deposits, only tourists eager for a glimpse of yesteryear. But to Mr. Doran, who presided at its official opening in the reconstructed village, this old, two-storey, clapboard building represents the highlight of his 43-year banking career it was at the Munson bank he received his first managership. -It was an exciting banking era. The Royal Bank had opened a branch in Havana in 1899, its first overseas branch' in London in 1910 and in 1911 had nine branches outside of Canada, three of them in the British West Indies. It had purchased and absorbed the Union Bank of Halifax and two years later took over the 100- branch Trader's Bank of Canada and subsequently both the Northern Crown Bank and the Quebec bank leaving only a few Canadian towns where the Royal Bank was not represented. James Doran, 88, of New- castle, New Brunswick, wanted to be a banker from boyhood. Born in December, 1886, the son of John Robert' Doran, a South Nelson lumber firm bookkeeper and his wife, nee Harriett Loane of Belldune (near he got his start in his hometown in 1906 twenty years after the last spike was driven in the CPR's main line and the Wetland Canal opened for navigation. In three years he advanced from junior clerk to teller and was posted to Havana for two years before being transferred-to Montreal and Winnipeg An accountant in Moose Jaw when Jimmie Muir of Peebles, Scotland, arrived in February, 1912, he never'dreamed this shrewd immigrant would, in 1964, rise to be bank president. It was this same James Muir, who, upon Mr. Doran's retirement in 1949 penned an appreciative note in which he recalled their first meeting in Moose Jaw. "In my he wrote, "your name will always be synonymous with that of The Royal Bank of Canada and whatever measure of success I have enjoyed is a tribute to the helpful counsel and guidance I received from you during my early years in the bank." it it Many of the new branch openings were in the prairie provinces (of 622 Canadian branches in 1919, 104 were in There were no statistical devices, customer-traffic counts or appraisals by specialists in those days. If word was received at the Winnipeg "supervisor's department that a prospective area was being considered by another bank a man was immediately sent by .train with a "Royal Bank" sign, a small supply .of stationery and a satchel of cash. Head office recognized James Doran's good record. When he received notice of his transfer'from Moose Jaw to Munson in 1912 it wasn't as an accountant but as manager! Under his direction the tiny bank, in the heart of the coal mining region, flourished. In 1919 he was transferred to manage the Taber bank after a stint as manager at Did- sbury. But crops were poor and cash slim in Taber, im- mediately following the First World War. before the arrival of irrigation. Water was need- ed to make the community nourish. He married Violet C. Colvin, daughter of a Monson farm couple that same year before being moved as manager to Grande Prairie. He was assistant accountant in Edmonton and manager of banks in Clive and Riiey before his appointment as manager of the Barons' bank in 1935 a position be held for H years prior to his 1949 retirement He assumed his Barons duties in the middle of the depression. The western grain pools were in deep trouble. They had paid farmers interest payments of per bushel and saw the selling price of wheat drop to 35 cents before the stock was disposed of. The Royal Bank, recogniz- ing the signs of approaching depression as early as 1928 had urged the setting up of strong reserves- rather than unguarded expansion and although the stock market continued to boom in the spring of' 1929 it had crashed by October. Manager Doran weathered the between-wars depression years successfully. He threw himself into the vigorous role of wartime demands, with its diversified industrial needs, new mechanical skills plus wide-range large scale production on top of the im- mense agriculture resources which made areas like Car- mangay, Champion and Barons famous. But in 1949, James Doran, at 62, in his prune and reaching retire- ment age had to bow to the dictates of the calendar, regardless of how he felt about it. It was time to go. Mr. J E. Martin, present manager of Lethbridge's main branch of The Royal Bank of Canada, who served as bank inspector following the Second World War, recalls that Mr. Doran's branch was always noted for having the neatest books in the district in those daysjwhen a great many of the bank's books were hand- posted. But retirement wasn't for him! He moved to Lethbridge and took a morning position as accounts clerk with Smith Motors and credit foreman with Dunn and Bradstreet in the afternoons. When he final- ly retired at age 84 he had worked a total of 62 years! "Early retirement can be a he He doesn't advise it unless health reasons 'demand it but believes men (and women) should work as long as possi- ble for their own well being. "You'll feel he in- sists. "Your body needs it." To know James Doran is to believe his theory. This erect, punctual gentleman who dresses like a young haber- dasher, rises early, walks a lot and at 10 a.m. each morn- ing coffees with his peers at the Marquis while he dis- cusses with them current events and local news. He (a widower) does all his own household chores, including cooking, shopping, cleaning' and gardening. He wears glasses only for reading and enjoys average hearing. He doubts that government can do much about inflation Book reviews and advises the return of thrift and restraint in spend- ing, the careful use of credit cards and a return to keeping a vegetable garden. His recipe for saving Is as simple as his recommendation fpr success. "Cut down on he says, and "success is realized by will and hard work." And to this ex-banker, who bought his first Essex in 1921 and never scratched a fender throughout his 48 years of driving, "That's the answer to all of life's questions today." He believes in youngsters opening their own bank ac- counts. He recalls back in the 1920s it was quite common for banks to hand out home-use saving banks to be filled as rapidly as possible. One was shaped like a steel locker and made of heavy iron with a slot for coins and a hole for bills. It had a patented device block- ing the extraction of money should the owner renege on his decision to save. Since no keys were issued with the bank it was necessary to bring them to be opened by the teller. This ex-manager endorses the view that .oldsters be allowed to remain in their own homes as long as possible. He agrees with of the 265-page report researched by the provincial department of health and social development and the Council on Aging that elderly persons living in the community were leading "more satisfied and contented lives and feel more a part-of the community" than those in institutions. He feels too many elderly folk are apathetic and resigned to life instead of con- Kerber Mr. James Doran Author wins Nobel Peace "Against the by Gunaar Myrdal (Random House of Canada Limited, Gunnar Myrdal, the author Against the Stream: Critical Essays on was honored this month by being awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize for Economics. The Swedish-born 76-year-old economist and public official is best known for his seminal study of the negro in the United States un- dertaken during the HMO's. The result of this study. An American Dilemma: the Negro Problem and Modern published in two volumes in 1944. contained a wealth of sociological, legal and anthropological data and emphasized the great gap between the nation's ideals and practices. Myrdal. who sat in the upper chamber of the Swedish parliament for years as a Social Democrat has been connected with the United Nations Economic Commission for three decades. In the essays contained in Against the Stream, Myrdal reflects upon the various phases of a long life's work. He is critical of his fellow economists for their failure to understand and to begin solv- 'ing the problems faced by our own social system as well as those of the underdeveloped countries. To the study of the Third World which has oc- cupied Myrdal for the past 20 years, he has brought an acute sense of the hypocrisy, which he politely describes as in orthodox opinion. In the colonial period, the problem of world poverty was simply ignored. Welfare theory and the ideals of egalitarianism applied only at home. The miserable con- ditions of the mass of subject peoples was a perfectly accep- table consequence of their natural inferiority. Now there has been a reversal in fashion. Diplomatic language is always used and spokesmen of the capitalist would have a vested interest in optimism, for if "development" is on its way, popular demand for radical reforms can be held off. The essential stance in this work, as in others by the same author, is a defense of in- stitutional economics and a critique of many of the prevalent theories in present- day writing on economics. But what is to be done? Myrdal sees problems more clearly than solutions. In spite of pious sentiments about aid development, the policies of the Western countries have been aimed at inhibiting it This- world leading social scientist maintains that a genuine "war on poverty" would be costly and "the heal- ing process will take at least a generation, even If begun with courage and determination and pursued persistently." And though it would be a good investment in the long run, many entrenched interests are working to prevent the necessary reforms. The problems he deals with are very much with us today. Myrdal develops a critique of a mixture of stagnant economic growth and inflation. I would recom- mend this work to those interested in knowing more about the economic problems facing the world today. ERNEST MAROON Dreamers in a modern world "The Dreamers" by Ellen BromfieM GeU (DouMeday Canda Ltd., 317 Ellen Bromfield Geld hovers over her characters like a over a great variety of very colorful flowers. In spite of her decep- tively easy flowing style the fascinated reader soon becomes aware that she ex- tracts all the Aweetuem from. the very depth of her subject This novel is like a breath of fresh air in a world of increasingly stereotyped peo- ple tied down to desks, monotony and the whims of conglomerates which rule their lives, moving them around like pupets. Josh Moran, who accepts any job from bush pilot to trouble shooter in an inter- national American institute, befriends a uuiiibei of other characters all of whom have nothing in common except their determination not to be pushed around and to settle and prospei in Brazil which they all consider to be the land of opportunities. Their aims are as different as their ethnic and intellectual backgrounds. To realize their dreams, the friends gambled with their careers, lived by their wits and, to finance their ventures, got into situations which are to read if difficult to live through. However, Josh Moran had the knack of making friends and having contacts hi the most unlikely places, who would go lo any lengths to help him in his crazy schemes just for the fun of it all. The women in the story come through clear and strong too, like Malachai's wife, Clea. who according to her husband "got ideas and, before you knew it, she's plunged yon into them as if in a great wave. And then the wave reached you and yon were left like a fish, flopping and gasping on the There is, however, a sombre message in this delightful story: the increasing difficul- ty of being a dreamer in today's cruel world. Politics in a country long considered the most stable of the South American cauldron confront the friends with terrifying ex- periences and almost if not quite, kill the dream. All of us who pursue a per- sonal dream of a better world have come across times that could defeat our ideals and can easily identify with The Dreamers. EVA BREWSTER THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley timing to be productive and that society needs to' rediscover the intrinsic value of its older citizens and return them to meaningful roles. His personal example substan- tiates this view. This father of two daughters, Mrs. Betty Hay and Mrs. Eileen, McDowell, both of Lethbridge; one son, Jack, Edmonton; fi.ve grandchildren and four great grandchildren agrees with the physician, who, approached by two sons to persuade thejr mother to sell her home and move into an institution because they said they feared she might fall and break a leg, refused, saying, "You might save her from breaking her bones at the expense of break- ing her heart." Simple matters of right and wrong Right and wrong may seem very simple un- til the experts get at them and then confusion reigns. Just when everyone had made up their mind about President Nixon, Father John J. Mclaughlin, a self-appointed apologist and court chaplain for the former president acclaims him as "the most moral president we have ever had." A commentator remarks that in an America dedicated to a ruthless pursuit of material goods, Mr. Nixon was merely "The Most Successful American." Mr. Joseph Fletcher, author of a shattering book, "Situation Ethics: The New claims that when love conflicts with the law, the right course is to "sin bravely" and do what is best for the majority, that is, follow the course of love. This would have kept Nix- on in power to the end of the term. Mr. James Gustafson unkindly remarks that the word "love" runs through Fletcher's book like a greased pig! Mr. Erwin Lutzer thinks that Fletcher's thesis that the end justifies the means, brings him to Lenin's position confronting the Tolstoy idealists. "If the end does not justify the means, then in the name of sanity and justice, what President Ford, however, has obviously been imbued with the kind of thinking on love and justice represented by Fletcher. In his pardon of Nixon, Ford said, "I do believe with all my heart and mind and spirit that I, not as president, but as a humble servant of God, will receive justice without mercy if I fail to show mercy." Similarly he explained regarding the Vietnam exiles, "I acknowledg- ed a power higher than the people, who com- mands not only righteousness but love, not only justice but mercy. Now this is quite right. Does not Portia say, "earthly power doth then show likest God's when mercy seasons And Faber in his famous hynuij ''There's a wideness in God's mercy like the wideness of the sea; There's a kindness in his justice that is more than liber- This is true, that justice without mercy, ceases to be justice. But it is also true that love without justice ceases to be love. This sentimental, sloppy piety is very dangerous. It is destructive of righteousness. It is a perversion of true justice. In Mr. Nixon there was no sign of repentance, no awareness of wrongdoing, just an astonishing self righteousness. The public will always be con- vinced that "he got away with it because he was a big shot." Similarly a Canadian millionaire got a light sentence and served it under country club conditions, but some poor, half-starved man who had been caught break- ing and entering would have had the book thrown at him. It would be hard to convince the followers of Allende that the White House occupants cared much for either justice or mercy. There was grim complicity in Washington as human rights went down the drain. In a backward look at the Federalist, David A. Jones laments the loss of "soaring spirits" 'and the fact that principle has become pragmatism, pragmatism has become ex- pediency, and expediency threatens to fall into a tragic cynicism. It would b'e hard to believe that this has not already happened. An essential integrity has disappeared from American life, andjhat word "American" includes Canada. If you stand at a certain vantage point in London you can see the figure of justice above the Central Criminal Court in High Holborn and the cross above the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral. Is there a contradiction between the two or are they not inseparable? When Samuel Escobar in a paper on "Evangelism and Man's Search for Freedom, Justice, and Fulfilment" points out that out of .every hundred people in the world's population, only seven are North Americans, but these seven "spend one-half of all the money, eat one- seventh of all the food, and use one-half of all the having "10 times more doctors than the other he is pleading for both justice and mercy. So at the same Lausanne conference Carl Henry declared the necessity to "indict the moral wrongs of human destitution, suffering, affliction, and oppression These are desperate cries, but they will fall-on deaf ears. Neither justice nor mercy1 is given priority in national policies today. Never were the Hebrew prophets more relevant to society than they are right now, but they are not going to get a better hearing than they did in ancient Israel. Back to the bean By Richard J. Needham, Toronto Globe and Mail commentator Here's an interesting proposal from the Roman-Catholic bishops of Canada that Christians should substitute vegetables, for meat, channelling the money and grain thus saved to the poorer nations. (It takes about seven pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat.) The bishops also think we should eat less in admonition with which anyone who's been on a beach this summer will have to agree. All that blubber! I doubt many Canadians will follow the bishops' advice; we're carnivores, worshippers of beef, pork and all the other high priced proteins. But let me console the 'clerics by telling them I'm almost a vegetarian; not because I believe in the of- ficial doctrine of vegetarianism; not because my heart bleeds for the poor in India (it doesn't-even bleed for the poor in Toronto) but because that happens to suit my habits and appetite. I have one meal each day around noon which with me, as with most morning news- papermen, would make it breakfast. It generally consists of cheap canned fish (herring, mackerel, vegetables cooked and raw, fresh fruit and generous draughts of skim milk. I find this, and a cup of coffee around 7 p.m. is enough to keep me go- ing through a day's working, and seven or eight miles of walking. For reasons that are none of your business, I might add that I've had exhaustive medical tests this and was found okay in all departments; that I continue my long record of never needing any dental work, and that my- weight is steady at 140. I hardly ever eat bread, which should release some grain. I rarely eat butter, sugar, fats or sweets or starches. Maybe once in three weeks 111 remind myself of what meat tastes like by having an inexpensive (94.10) club steak at the Academy Tavern on Yonge Street, just below College. I take carrots or cabbage instead of their usual bak- ed potato. I positively adore spinach, turnip, zucchini, broccoli, eggplant; and I'm develop- ing a special passion for the kind you bake in a pot, the kind that are now being harvested all over Western Ontario, and in Huron County especially. Crazed with desire for the humble legume, I was one of the people who descended on Zurich, up Clinton way, last month for its annual bean festival, cooked and served by resident gnomes at a price of per plate of ham and cabbage. In all, I am told, more tiran a ton of beans got devoured plus anothef tori of ham and cabbage. I give y'ou all this personal information by way of establishing my credentials my right to speak up for the bean as a Scot might speak up for Oriental for rice, a' Russian for black bread, an Italian for pasta, or a Portuguese for cod. We in Canada could save an awful lot of money, and divert an aw- ful lot of grain, if we went back to the bean as our main source of food, at any rate our main source of protein. But will we? No. Beryl Plumptre says that the basic foods for Canadians are milk, eggs and meats including chicken and turkey "When Canadians cannot afford to buy these products, we are indeed in the midst of a serious crisis." It seems to me that meat, poultry, even milk, don't need to be our basic foods; there are cheaper substitutes, but we won't use them. That's why I get bored with all those screaming headlines, those tear jerking editorials, about the "high" price of groceries, about pensioners "having to" eat pet food pet food that's more expensive, per ounce, than our own Canadian sardines. I know what every doctor and nutritionist knows; that with perhaps the best food in the world and (in relation to earnings) the cheapest food in the world, we're one of the world's worst nourished peoples. From the age of maybe five until we die, we eat too much, too often. Who needs three meals a day? Even a laborer should be able to manage on two. Who needs those junky snacks? Most of the people you see buying them would be better off if they went for a jog instead. Eat. eat, eat, "tempt" your children, your husband, with this or that "taste treat" if one of our women's magazines were shown to a Martian; he'd think we consisted only of mouths and bellies: an oral anal culture, as psychiatrists might put it. Back to the bean, say I; back to fruits and vegetables, soups and stews, succotash. New England boiled dinners, back to that noblest of all God's marine creations, the herring. Any Canadian, however poor he may be, can eat well and sensibly: he's got the makings at his command. As for the rich, oh those people, let them eat cake ON THE USE OF WORDS By Theodore M. Bernstein Robert Kentish of Philadelphia writes that he is driven up the wall (not literally) by the misuse of quotation marks. There can be no'doubtthat letterers and sign painters tend to go wild in their use of those inverted commas. They are not content to let the sign in the shop window say, SALE BARGAINS; they make it say, SALE "BARGAINS." All that those quotation marks do is to cause a literate person to think that maybe they are not bargains after all. Then yon will see one that says, Special "Mother's Day" Dinner, or even one that says, "No Trespassing." What's the point of the quotes in those signs? The proper use of quotation marks are few: to enclose the exact words of another that are being cited; to set off titles of books, plays and the like; to mark a word that is being used in an unusual way or is downgraded, and sometimes to in- dicate a piece of jargon that has not come into widespread use. Iffy question. A reader m Toronto asks about a couple of sentences that appeared in this column. One went something like this: "If it was the lawyer who spoke only Spanish, why not say so." The other began. "If it was the client.. reader wants to know why yon would not say, "If it were the lawyer, etc." You could, but it's not mandatory. R. W. Pence in "A Grammar pf Present Day English" gives this advice for such a situation: "Inasmuch as the subjunctive im- plies strong doubt or uncertainty, one may.. be guided by this principle: If the emphasis is on the if, the subjunctive is to be preferred: if the emphasis is on the statement that follows if, the indicative is to be preferred." In the sentences in question the emphasis is not on the if; no strong doubt is involved, but merely a supposition. Thus, was is to be preferred to were. Lack of space forbids a comprehensive discussion of the subjunctive mood, but other aspects of the subject wifl no doubt come up from time to time. ;