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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETH8RIOQE HERALD Saturday. October It, 1t74 Poor countries9 escape valve closing Dismal performance Lethbridge MP Ken Hurlburt's abhorrence of socialism is well known hereabouts; it may account, in large part, for the heavy vote he has been ac- corded in the two elections he has contested. But even those who agree with his anti-socialist position are probably embarrassed by his outburst in Parlia- ment this week when he made some un- fortunate remarks about Nickel Belt MP John Rodriguez. The statement that Mr. Rodriguez has contributed absolutely nothing to this country suggests that Mr. Hurlburt is not shy about exercising a prerogative usual- ly associated with divinity, that of pass- ing judgment. Most people probably feel, at times, that some people contribute very little but would shrink from asserting it amounted to "absolutely nothing." And they usually have the grace to refrain from voicing their feelings in public. Mr. Hurlburt probably did not intend to cast a slur on the teaching profession, although that cannot be cer- tain. A man as imbued with the philosophy of capitalism as Mr. Huriburt just might think that those who are not busy in the marketplace are not contributing. At any rate, the insinuation that members of the teaching profession make no useful contribution to the country will be deeply resented by teachers and others who respect the profession. Perhaps the most unfortunate aspect of Mr. Hurlburt's dismal performance was his suggestion that it is "a sad day for Canada when someone born out of the country becomes an MP." In a country in which almost everyone is not far remov- ed from immigrant status that is an un- thinking comment at the very least. Generally, it is considered a tribute to a relative newcomer that he or she should run for office and succeed. Mr. Hurlburt has a right to his views about socialism, as has Mr., Rodriguez. It would have been better, however, if he had not been personally offensive in the expression of them. Having made a mis- take it would have enhanced him to have admitted it. Autumn sunsets A prairie autumn sunset is the greatest faith healer of all. The season tickets are free and it demands no special virtue in the beholder. It is simply there at the end of the day as a-bit of glory for everyone. Although a prairie sunset is un- emotional, as are all aspects of nature, its appearance is as much forgiveness as reward. It overpowers small fears of inadequacy and little failures that have accumulated during the day. WEEKEND MEDITATION Grumbling Martha Everyone is an expert at something and Martha was an expert in grumbling. She grumbled that Mary did not do .her, fair share of work and got a well-deserved rebate from Jesus. Martha was making elaborate preparations for dinner and Jesus would much have preferred a simple dinner and an opportunity for conversation. He had so much to tell them before he died! These were very precious minutes and time was fast running out. Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem to die. There is no doubt but that Jesus loved Martha and she loved him. But she was a born' complainer. Or maybe she had just worked hard at it until it became a habit.' You find such people everywhere. The church has far too many. They will always find something to find fault about. The usher's shoes squeak, no one spoke to them, the minister fumbles with his glasses, a choir member sings off key, there's a member who is a shifty fellow in business, the sermon wasn't orthodox, or any one of a thousand things will set your corn- plainer going A woman complained that she had no friends because as soon as she got to know someone she found something wrong with them. (This is a true Unfor- tunately that's the way the world is, there is something wrong with everybody and unless you have the habit of concentrating on the good you will go without friends. As a matter of fact you will go without many other things. In every place and every condition there will be something to grumble about. If nothing else, a person can always nag themselves and many people do. The grumbler must always chew on something. Eddie Rickenbacker said that when he was drifting with his companions on life rafts for 21 days when lost in the Pacific, he learned one of the greatest lessons of his life. "If you have all the fresh water you want to drink and all the food you want to eat, you ought never to complain about anything." Well you want good health to enjoy the food and water, but you see what the man means. Actually thanksgiving is as much a habit as grumbling Charles Lamb said that he said grace on 20 other occasions during the day besides when eating his dinner. He thanked God for a pleasant walk, for the moonlight, a meeting with friends, or a problem solved. Of course he thanked God for books. He always said grace before reading Milton or The Faerie Queen. Even the pagan, Marcus Aurelius. thanked God for his ancestors and friends, though one would think he had much to complain about in them. Obviously he had cultivated the habit of finding some cause of thankfulness. The French jurist, Frederick Ozanam, was told he must shortly die, and he made this final note in his diary: "0 God, if Thou shouldst chain me to a bed for the rest of my life, it would not suffice to thank Thee for the days I have lived. If these words are the last that I shall ever write, let them be a hymn to Thy goodness." Dr. Alexander Whyte, the famous preacher at St. George's Church, Edinburgh, once visited a parishioner who was full of complaints. Whyte listened to the catalogue of woe for a long time then got up to go. His parting words were the admonition, "Forget not all His benefits." In his letter to the Philippians St Paul urges them to do what they have to do without grumbling He probably had many grumblers in his churches He knows the cure for the problem thanksgiving. Over and over Paul exhorts his readers to give thanks without ceasing. The thankful soul is never a grumbler. He looks for things to praise. He accentuates the positive. The thankful person is always an optimist. Finding reasons to praise God. he finds reasons to thank God. Thanksgiving is the cure for resentment and rancor. The grumbler is always carrying a chip on his shoulder, spoiling for a fight. The thankful personality expects the best and brings out the best in people and circum- stances. Grumbling is the easiest thing you can do and the most depressing thing to yourself and others. Thanksgiving is easy too, once you get the habit, and it drives every cloud away. Grumblers can't sing: it's a great deprivation. PRAYER: Let your Spirit, my God, rale in my heart that it may be filled with invincible light and unconquerable joy. F.S.M. By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA The revised im- migration policy, shortly to be announced, is expected to re- duce the flow of newcomers while retaining, as the Prime Minister insisted on Wednesday, selection criteria based on the principles of un- iversality and non- discrimination. According to some reports the Government is taking restrictive action not because the present inflow is un- manageable but because pro- jections based on present trends are alarming. In any case it seems clear that Robert Andras is worried about the impact of immigra- tion on the labor market, es- pecially when there is an ex- pectation of substantially greater unemployment this winter. In this respect the reaction of the Ministry is the traditional reaction and is no doubt influenced by the traditional fears of the labor unions. Mr. Andras may an- ticipate; indeed he has already heard objections to restriction based on past ex- perience; particularly, ex- perience with the tap theory. What may be rather different in the current situation is the wide disparity in regional at- titudes, with the West suffer- ing at the moment not from a surplus but from a scarcity of labor and skills A restrictive policy, however, would be open to another criticism. It would be an obvious contradiction of the leadership which the Government is attempting to provide in another field. The world economy, as John Turner has repeatedly warned, is in a "fragile Unless effective remedial action can be taken at the international level, economic distress may well destroy the foundations of the political order, not only in the Third World but in south Eu- rope as well. To avert these dangers the International Monetary Fund has created an interim committee of 20 Ministers with Mr. Turner as chairman. There is a particular aspect of this situation to which the Minister of Finance has called attention, most recently in his speech of October 9 in Parlia- ment. The world-wide surge of While the colors change from brightest yellow to deepest rose, as rotation moves the unseen source farther below-the horizon, one feels an odd combination of wonder and satisfaction, the one emotion aroused by communication between sky and mind and the other by the brilliant affirmation of the cyclical nature of ex- istence. The day is done. Long live tomorrow! AKirtE PEWTER "Your final demand... double or nothing... has intriguing aspects that management would like to study." Meat inquiry may lead to market system By Fred Cleverley, Herald special commentator WINNIPEG While Mani- toba consumers are hopeful that a newly established provincial inquiry commis- sion may be able to explain why meat prices always go up, but never down, beef producers are frankly wor- ried that the commission may provide the excuse the Mani- toba government is seeking to set up a government- controlled marketing system here. The commission, which will include Dr W. A. Wood, head of the University of Manitoba's agricultural economics department, Win- nipeg housewife Doreen Pruden and former Farm Union president Rudy Usick, was set up jointly by Con- sumer Affairs Minister Ian Turnbull and Agriculture Minister Sam Uskiw last week. The commission's terms of reference make no mention of checking into a beef marketing board, but producers have winced a bit at the words of the minister of agriculture during the com- mission announcement. Uskiw said producers in Manitoba are in a generally weak bargaining position and are open to abuse due to the pre- sent "unorganized and com- plex" cattle marketing system. The beef producers remember the imposition of a hog marketing board in Manitoba, whose first members were appointed by the government and which negotiated a massive pork sale to Japan described at one point by the Manitoba hog producers association as costing producers close to 000 a day. The beef producers also are conscious that in the present market conditions, where hog producers are allowed to mar- ket their hogs only through the government, many are on a tightly reduced quota, and some have been prevented from delivering their animals at the peak of condition, because the hog marketing agency was engaged in a controversy with packing plants located in Ontario. The beef producers may complain about price fluc- tuations, but most of them want nothing to do with a government controlled marketing system. Their fear is that the present inquiry commission, while described as a commission to determine the source of high meat prices, may just overstep its terms of reference and come out in favor of what govern- ment sources describe as "orderly marketing." From a consumer point of view, the commission wll pro- vide a platform for com- plaints. Consumer Affairs Minister Ian Turnbull says he finds it disturbing that con- sumer prices rise when the livestock price paid to fanners rise, but the con- sumer prices tend to stick at the higher level when the price to farmers drops. Mr. Turnbull, like many housewives, is also concerned about the variety of prices paid to farmers. The farmers receive different rates for steers, heifers and cows, and yet the meat from these animals is priced exactly the same on the retail shelves. The action of the Manitoba government in setting up the inquiry commission is a follow up to the conference of western Agricultural ministers, where representatives asked Ot- tawa to establish a federal in- quiry into the same situation. So far Ottawa has done nothing, and according to Manitoba's Sam Uskiw: "We'll just have to do the job ourselves." The commission is likely to have little immediate effect on meat prices. Publicity which will be given to com- mission hearings probably will have a temporary bearing on prices in Winnipeg, but it is expected that retail prices will continue to reflect national trends. Other com- missions have probed the sub- THE CASSEROLE There's a new nursing station at Pangnir- tung. in the eastern Arctic, that for a year or so may create more health problems than it cures. In a classic example of architectural nincompoopery, the building will have flush toilets without there being a sewer or any other means to dispose of their wastes. million to have "300.000 alcoholics and another 12 million afflicted in various ways by according to President John Moon of the Australian Foundation on Alcoholism. ject in the past, and no single part of the meat producing and processing industry has ever been named as the main culprit in rising prices. But the producers associa- tion will be watching these commission hearings with' more than a passing interest The association is made up of the larger beef producers in Manitoba, but its members are fully aware that the size of their operations cuts no ice with the provincial government. When the larger hog producers opposed the formation of a hog marketing commission, the government spokesmen waved a referen- dum list that included farmers who had less than a dozen animals. The larger producers objected, but were asked: "Do you want the hogs to vote or the The producers also are like- ly to remind consumers that the existence of marketing boards for eggs and pork has not reduced the price of these products. In the case of eggs, producers say, the marketing board has maintained prices which would have otherwise dropped. Beef producers in Manitoba don't want controls. They are prepared to live with market fluctuations rather than accept government control. But they are frightened that the new beef price inquiry commission may be the open- ing gun in the government's plan to impose these controls. One Manitoba hog producer who is running upwards of 300 animals, had a unique way of expressing his contempt for government control of his business Opening his barn door, he turned to a visitor and re- marked: "Before the govern- ment got into the business, this used to smell like money." inflation has been greatly ag- gravated by the four-fold in- crease in petroleum prices. Within a short space enor- mous revenues have accrued to oil-rich nations with a very limited capacity to absorb the production of oil consuming countries. A problem of unexampled magnitude has been created As Mr. Turner said: "The resulting increase in current account deficit of both developed and developing nations, together with cumulative debt charges, creates massive balance of payments problems that jeopardize the international monetary system and inter- national financial institutions unless fair and efficient means can be worked out to recycle funds from oil producers to oil consumers on terms they can afford to bear." In those last words, however, is the rub for many countries. "That is a problem for the industrial Mr. Turner continued, "but it is an even more serious problem for the developing world where we potentially have a catastrophic situation because of the price of food, fertilizer, oil and manufactured goods. This is now out of reach for two thirds of the world's pop- ulation, and will remain that way unless we and' other nations do something about it." What is needed is the re investment of these huge sur- pluses but, in the natural course, investment will go to opportunities offering the best rewards. These are much more likely to be found in countries such as the United States, where the need is least, than in nations such as Italy, where the situation is already precarious, or in the undeveloped countries where it is even worse. Long before the oil price crisis, south European nations were heavily reliant on the ex- port of workers to the prosperous north. Some relief was also afforded by emigra- tion to countries such as Canada. There are signs that with emerging labor market difficulties both these flows will be restricted. In the case of emigration, it is happening already: indeed, one of the arguments for a more restric- tive Canadian policy is that turn here because they can no longer look hopefully to Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Britain and other countries. Mr. Turner is going about his work with a sense of urgency. Even if his com- mittee does well, however, it is not likely that the crisis will be easily or quickly resolved. Meanwhile, the emigration escape valve is being closed at exactly the wrong time by countries which traditionally welcome newcomers. We have been warned that there is danger of "over kill" in national responses to inflation. That danger also ex- ists in respect to immigration. How much restriction Mr. Andras has in mind, we do not yet" know. It is obvious, though, that it is much easier to write the principle of non discrimination into regulations-Ulan to ensure non discrimination1 in practice. Conditions vary so widely that some nations those of countries in the worst plight are bound to have greater difficulties than others in meeting criteria based on education and job skills. What is needed now is inter- national action in a variety of fields to overcome tfie crisis. It is unrealistic to suppose that Canada can maintain an open door policy when doors are closing everywhere else. But there has been no sugges- tion as yet that we are ex- erting leadership in this field. On the contrary Mr. Andras appears to be following others in self-protective action. The minister of finance is moving in one direc- tion, the minister of man- power in another. From appearances of the moment. the ministers are at cross- purposes US. Agriculture Secretary Earl Bulz recently warned the world not to count on American food programs continuing. "We cannot afford to feed the world, nor should we." he said. This new found austerity applies only to food. Shipments of munitions to Israel, Turkey, Ethiopia, South Vietnam. Thailand, Pakistan, et al. are not affected. To "drink like a man" has long been a cherished tradition in Australia. Long enough, in fact, for that country of 13.3 Fiscal management is a truly mysterious process, especially when government is doing the managing. To illustrate, federal government accounts for 1972-73 show a revenue item "returns on investments" in the atnoul of billion. But on 4he expenditure side, there is another item of billion (about an eighth of the national income, by the way) in interest charges on debts ex- ceeding billion. Isn't it peculiar that peo- ple m debt to the tone of billion, and hav- ing to spend an eighth of their total income on interest charges, would still retain large enough investments to net billion in interest earnings? The Lethbridge Herald SMTlhSLS Alberto lETMBRflXSE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and PuWWhers Second dm Man Regwretton No 0012 CL6O MOWERS. Editor wxJ PwWWier DONALD R DORAM General Manager DOMH RULING Managing Editor MILES Advenwng Manager DOUGLAS X WALKER Editorial Page Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH' ROBERT M FEMTOM OrrCTflalton Manager KENNETH E SARWETT s Manager ;