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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LtTHBRIDOE HERALD Saturday, October Ask Andy X.RAYS Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Charles Reilly, age 13, of Tulsa, Okla., for his question: How were x-rays invented? Who invented the sunshine and the seasons, the flowing tides and the blowing breezes' Naturally these wonders were created when the earth was formed, long before the first human family arrived and noticed them. Our remote ancestors learned how to cope with fire and other natural energies. Not so long ago, electricity and several other invisible energies were discovered. One of these was x-rays. X-rays are invisible cosmic energies, created along with other stupendous energies by the stars and spread throughout the vast reaches of space. Hence we cannot say that these penetrating high energies were invented by any mere mortal of the planet earth Mankind merely dis- covered them and learned how to tame them for its own uses. X-rays were discovered in 1895. The discoverer was Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, a physics professor at the German University of Wurzburg. During this period, scien- tists were interested in the behavior of gases exposed to electric currents. Sir William Crookes of England had devis- ed a handy gadget to study this problem. His Crookes tube was a glass container with most of the gases removed, and merely a few remaining gas molecules in- side. When this near vacuum was connected to a strong electric current, different gases glowed with their own identifying colors. Ex- perimenters in England and Germany figured that the current caused waves or par- ticles to stream from the negative cathode to the positive anode electric plates inside the tube. They were correct, and the energy in the Crookes tube was named cathode rays. William Reontgen went one step farther. He shielded the tube with black paper to test the penetrating power of the rays Quite by accident, he noticed a strange effect on a nearby fluorescent screen. The screen glowed and con- tinued to glow when the current was turned off. He also noticed a weird happen- ing to his hand when it passed between the tube and the screen. The glowing tube shed a shadow of his hand on the screen, a shadow picture showing the solid bones inside the flesh. This was, of course, an x-ray image. Roentgen was mystified and so were his fellow scien- tists. He named them with the x symbol, denoting the un- known factor in a mathematical equation. Though the nature of the penetrating rays soon was revealed, we still call them x rays. Roentgen's name is pronounced RUNT-gun and in honor of the discoverer the word roentgen was used to name the basic unit of x ray energy. Though the x-rays we use are produced by man made machines, they are a form of electromagnetic energy, related to light, ultraviolet and infrared, radio and other cosmic radiations. Visible light rays have wave lengths around angstroms, about 20 million per inch. The wave lengths of average x-rays measure merely one angstrom, which is about 4 billion to the inch. Their penetrating power can be dangerous. But the even shorter gamma rays of the electromagnetic spectrum can be downright deadly to living tissues. Mktd by chil- dren of Herald readers should mailed to Aak Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntlngton Beach, California (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Oct. 19, 1974 Gen. Lord Cornwallis sur- rendered British garrison of 7.000 at Yorktown, Va., 193 years ago in 1781 after a three-week siege. He had been sent to seize the harbor for the British fleet but found himself bottled up by the French un- der Admiral de Grasse. The capture of Yorktown virtually ended the U.S. War of Independence and the British hurried to make peace. 1646 Lalande killed by Iroquois. 1745 Writer Dean Swift died 1944 Russian troops in- vaded East Prussia. 1945 The United Nations Charter was ratified by the Canadian House of Commons. 1954 Britain and Egypt reached accord in the Suez canal dispute. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN Neither vulnerable, as South vou hold: 82 VJ872 4 AQ10 4AKQJ The bidding has proceeded: .South West North East 1 Pass 1 V PMg 3 V Pass 3 4 Pass 7 What dnyuu bid now? Both vulnerable. a> Sout h you hold: 10764 VJ10932 4K107 46 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 1 4 Oble. 3 4 Pass Pass llble. Pass What .nrl ion do you Neither vulnerable, as South with a 60 part score. vou hold: VK982 4AJ54 4AK82 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 34 Pus Pass What action do you take? As South, vulnerable. you hold: 4 K8 V AK83 4 A5 4Q10965 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 14 34 34 Pass 7 What do vou bid now? South, dealer and vulnerable, you hold: 498732 4 A1076 4 AQ What action do you take? vulnerable, as South you hold: 44 VK2 4KQJ643 4KQJ4 Your partner opens the bidding with one no trump. What is your response? vulnerable, as South vou hold: 492 VAK843 4 AQ1092 4Q The bidding has proceeded? South West North East 1 V Pass 1 4 Pass 2 Pass 3 4 Pass What do vou bid now? Both vulnerable, South you hold: 4K7 4A10932 4Q98 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West Pass 1 NT Pass Pass Dble. Pass What action do you Jake? on Mondavi Your horoscope lyJumDnon SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20 Your birthday today: You and your establishment face reorganization around midyear, and preparation makes all the differences. Ex- panding personal responsibili- ty is likely, plus more strength to carry it. Established relationships continue well despite changes; new ones are largely matters of convenience. Today's natives have big ideas, often achieve fame with them. ARIES (March 21-April Being considerate today means more than tact; it means sincerely caring. Leave all business and material issues out of social give-and-take. TAURUS (April 20-May Your work is best minimized. Give other people elbowroom, duck any verbal crossfire. Travel merely takes you away from the comforts of home. GEMINI (May 21-June What is already on hand can be pulled together for everybody's benefit. Be ex- plicit, let other people know what's on your mind. CANCER (June 21-July Novelty, perhaps from un- familiar circumstances, is a feature of today's hobbies or sports. It's best if the evening is brief. LEO (July 23-Aug. This Sunday begins well, so start early get done with local customs. Then concentrate on quiet relaxation. Taper off rather than build up com- petition. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Follow the simple path today. Strenuous social efforts being little more than placid accep- tance of the situation. You also save some money. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Do what you're going to do very early or very late, but skip a period of mid-day tran- sition. Everybody's mood swings from one extreme to the other. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. New ideas aren't ready for application. Expect unsettled conditions, wait them out. Your comments are superfluous, but it's unlikely you'll remain silent. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. If you let matters drift today, you wind up where you weren't going at a cost! Be alert, steer your own course, keep moving. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. If you persist with business today, are you ac- complishing anything or just knocking yourself out? What you need now is rest. Find recreation at home. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Social encounters suffer if prolonged. Travel and technical studies are hindered. Solitude is ideal today, offers a special benefit. PISCES (Feb. 19-March it's a variable day of brief moods, passing thoughts from many chapters of your life. Wild advice abounds listen Jo all of it, but follow none of it. MONDAY, OCTOBER 21 Your birthday today: You depart from routine and confront events unlike any of your past experience. You have considerable leverage in helping shape future con- ditions. Goals adopted now are too optimistic and require later development. Relationships of all types suf- fer jolting surprises. Today's natives have a strong preference for politics, literature, and often show religious dedication. ARIES (March 21 April Collectively and in- dividually, demands of relatives conflict with those of business. It will help to get out from underfoot early. Put off big decisions for a while. TAURUS (April 20 May Unforeseen conditions cause changes in work. Some of what you do now is new to you, and your actions break suddenly from tradition. Go ahead, but keep it simple. GEMINI (May 21 June Any kind of speculation en- counters rough going. Leave off if you've been "taken." Personal expenses should be kept to minimum. Listen before speaking when intense feelings surface. CANCER (June 21 July Unexpected changes oc- cur on the domestic front. Do what you can to help out. Just because you're bored or restless doesn't mean you're free to provoke anyone. LEO (July 23 Aug. "Doing unto others" involves giving associates a break. Take yourself off centre stage for a while. Travel becomes risky. If you must, go early and at a reasonable rate. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Attend top priority items as long as schedule permits. Ex- pect interruptions from almost any source. Have alternative moves ready. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. You gain something priceless by sticking to your own work today. Family activity clashes with career moves: people things break down. Stay clear or watch your step. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. More people than you realized are affected by your doings They respond rather impulsively, so keep your at- titude and actions simple and to the point. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 Dec. Although everyone else appears to be irrational, give some thought to your own behavior. Capitalize on a fleeting, but dramatic in- cident. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Business moves are not favored now. Hidden errors come out during discussion and cross checking, but you have little time to correct them. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. Whatever time and energy you've been scattering in too many directions has to be rechanneled now. Don't de- pend on others to pull things together for you. PISCES (Feb. 19 March Let group or partnership ventures stand without change. In today's turn of cir- cumstances, test your relationships, particularly those with children. EVEREST STILL GROWING CHINESE SURVEY CLAIMS Special to The Herald PEKING In a world of change not even Mount Everest stays the same. The world's highest peak "is growing even higher" as the result of the Indian subcontinent moving slowly northward, according to an article in the current issue of the Chinese magazine China Pictorial. Surveys of the mountain begun by Chinese scientists in 1966 and intensified in the past two years demonstrate that the peak has risen dramatically in the past 10.000 years and continues to push upward today, the article says. The scientists have concluded from their data that Mount Jolmo Lungma to the formed between 10 and 20 million years ago when the subcontinent's northward movement was obstructed, forcing the earth's crust to buckle. As evidence of the mountain's rise since then the ar- ticle cites the discovery of rhododendron fossils from rock strata at more than 14.000 feet Nowadays the plant grows no higher than 12.700 feet. SOMETIMES I THWK ALL THE TEACHERS AHEA6AINST MS'. IN FACT, SOMETIMES I THINK TME TEACHER THE PRINCIPAL, TME ANP THE SCHOOL 60ARP A6AIN5T ME.' THAT IF THEY COME NEAR A KICK ON SHORT RIBS HAVE VOU GOT A k FRONT STORY? HI AND LOIS WfcLL, ACTUALLV I USED TO BE TALLER PEOPLE SHRINK A LITTLE I MEAN WHEN ARE TO STOP VVMEhJ ARE VOU TO <3ROW 6RAN'POP? COOKIES? BUGS BUNNY WHV CAN'T HE BE SATISFIED WITH "RED KIWN' UIKE OTHER KIDS BLOfflNE LOOK'WOULD I 8E SMILJN6LIKETMIS IF I WERE MAD' YES, YOU ARE, MR. DlTMERS, I CAM TELL- DASWOOD, I'M MOTAN6RY ITEU-YOU I'M NOT MAD' ABOUT THIS, 8UT IN THE I'M NOT MAO ARCHIE NO, THEY BOTH LOVE LET'S SIT OUT HERE, DADDY IS ENTERTAINING AN OLD COLLEGE ARE. THEY LOOKING AT PICTURES? OH...YOUR MOTHER IS IN HAGAR THE HORRIBLE SOUP IS D COLD AD... BEETLE BAILEY BLAST I MATE TO MAKE MtSTAKfifl THAT'S TME FIFTH MISTAKE in TUMBLEWEEDS WERE A ANCESTOR BECAUSE NICER OTHER PSOPUE REtMER KN0T1ALK APOUTIT ;