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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 19, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, October 19, 1971 Maurice Western Spared an election The last thing Canada needs at present is an election. Prime Min- ister Pierre Trudeau, in his wisdom, recognized this fact and spared the country from an exercise in futility. What would an election have ac- complished? It would have provided a diversion from the problems at hand. Then after the waste of vast stuns of money and a precious period of time, the" present government could have again given its attention to the problems that persisted through the interlude. Nobody could seriously look at the political picture in Canada today and expect an election to produce a greatly altered set-up. In the pro- vincial elections, people have been willing to risk change under new leaders. But what national party has a new and exciting leader to lure the people'.' The Conservatives have Mr. Rob- ert Stani'ielcl and the NDP have Mr. David Lewis. Both these men are relatively new leaders yet they give the impression of having been around a long time. Neither of them has the color of their predecessors, Air. John Diefenbaker and Mr. Tommy Douglas. Is there anybody else on the hori- zon to offer a challenge? Mr. Real Caouette says that he, as the head of the new Social Credit party, is a threat to Mr. Trudeau and the Lib- erals. For most Canadians that is only good for a laugh. Mr. Caouette heads a regional party, not a na- tional party. Mr. Paul Hellyer has launched Action Canada but lias evoked embarrassingly little enthusi- asm. There may be a lot of discontent with the T r u d e a u government throughout the country but that does not mean the people will necessarily trust any of the alternatives if given the chaiice at the polls. The suspi- cion is probably growing that short of a revolution which the Ameri- cans might not tolerate anyway no party is going to produce much of a change. National and world condi- tions do not allow for much man- oeuvrability. The chances are that the opposi- tion could gain enough seats to force a minority government situation. If tliere is frustration today it would only be compounded by that even- tuality. Past experience with minor- ity governments should make all Canadians leery of repetition. All this is simply academic at any rate. Mr. Trudeau has decreed there will be no election. The opposition might as well cease its politicking and let the government get on with its job the job the Canadian peo- ple entrusted to it. Angkor is safe The magnificent Khmer temples of the mysterious civilization which ex- isted in northwest Cambodia between the ninth and the I2th centuries will not suffer war damage after all. Archaeologists and historians all over the world have been worried that the Angkor Wat complex, dis- covered and jealously guarded by French experts, would be defaced irreparably when North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops occupied the area less than three months after the overthrow of Prince Sihanouk. Arrangements for the preservation of the tremendous complex were made through a complicated series of negotiations between diplomats in Phnom Pehn. Paris and Hanoi fol- lowing pleas for help from French archaeologist Bernard Groslier, di- rector of the French institution that maintains it. He is permitted to cross Communist, lines by bicycle on Tuesdays and Fridays, to supervise several hundred Cambodians who are doing maintenance work in the 40 square mile park area. This is diplomacy at its best, in- volving intricate co operation among politically antagonistic na- tions for a common purpose. North Vietnamese. South Vietnamese, Cam- bodian Communists or Cambodians of any stripe, or France which has poured money and effort into Ang- kor for nearly a century, nor an nation in the world for that matter, has anything to gain by damage or loss to an irreplaceable treasure. Is it easy to smuggle? By Eva Brewstcr pOUTTS A group of ladies w e r e watching a fashion show in Leth- bridgo recently and a young American vis- itor said she was going to buy at least six of the dresses and pantsuits. "It is easy to smuggle them back into the she said, looking at each of the women around her with those innocent, baby-blue eyes of hers. "Had I not gone through the experience of carrying contraband myself, I might have believed her. As it is, I know it takes more ttian innocent eyes to carry it off. Customs officers have always been very kind to me. I must have an honest face. When other travellers boasted of the per- fumes, liqueurs, cigars, or even watches tney had managed to bring home without paying duty on anything, I sometimes won- dered why I had not tried to get away with that extra 100 cigarettes or the odd bottle of something or other. Now T know what it is like. I have done it. It happened when, some years ago, our long winter got me down. Longing for sun- shine I kissed my husband goodbye and, with his blessing, grabbed my two chil- dren and took myself off nn a plane to Is- rael. We stopped off in Italy and were gaily waved through customs without having to open a single case. The Greeks were equally obliging when we broke our trip in Athens, and in Israel our cases were crossed with chalk and vanished along a moving belt in less time than it took me to sign a visitors' book. Other arrivals had their luggage searched with great thoroughness. Probably for good reason, I thought, feeling virtuous. Little did I know that I would soon join the ranks of suspects when I picked up a tiny moving object by one of those huge artificial fish ponds near Acre. It was a baby turtle, no larger than a walnut, a lively, perfectly marked creature. Need- less to say, the children adopted it and soon found cut that these turtles arc meat- caters, grow to an enormous size and out- live humans. Already the children decided that it would swim in our bath once it out- grew the fish tank and argued which of then: would inherit the giant after my death. In the meantime, they were ad- vised to put the, so far, small problem in a plastic bag with plenty of wet moss. During the flight they should moisten its head with tap water and feed it with a little minced moat and wator-planls. Shortly before we left, Lydda airport, we found n land tortoise with suicidal ten- dencies. It had tried to creep into a freshly III bonfire and, of course, we had In save it and take it home loo. Had the poor animal not popped its out of my daughter's travel bag the very minute a woman officer chalked my cases, everything would have been alright. As it was, she slopped chalking and glowered at me: "You are not permitted animals on the plane other than dogs and they have to be muzzled." The argument that a tor- toise did not bite or bark was of no avail. We had to leave it behind. By that time the children were in tears. The customs officer, preoccupied with the tortoise, did not notice the bag I slipped into my coat pocket. I was thus firmly launched on niy smuggling career. The flight was uneventful. Our air hos- tess remarked once what a clean little boy I had when she saw him repeatedly em- erging from the washroom, carrying his colored plastic sponge bag, his hands and face glistening with drops of water which must have ricocheted from the turtle's head. We landed in London and were ushered straight into customs. Both children were red in the face with anxiety ar.d fear of losing the precious turtle. The boy moved the small bag from hand to hand, behind his back, the girl pranced about looking like Pooh, the Bear, hanging around the beehive trying to appear to be a rain cloud. I fancied customs officers glancing at them suspiciously. As I turned around to lift my cases on to the desk, my son stood up on his toes and, before I realized he was up to, a small, cold, damp object slithered down the front of my sweater and came to rest on the waist band of my skirt. Now I was red in the face just when the customs offi- cial put his hand on my first case and asked if I had anything to declare. I was ready to reveal the ghastly secret claw- ing with wet feet at my stomach but a small, hot hand pulled pleadingly at mine. The officer repeated his question and add- ed: "Any cigarettes, wines, watches, per- Honestly and relieved I could say I had none of these things, but would not have been surprised had he suspected me of smuggling diamonds or hashish. He did. Our cases were turned upside down. Out fell bits of ancient pottery the chil- dren had picked up on Israeli beaches. Seeing their distress, the officer said kind- ly: "You could have declared those. There is no law against bringing a few broken souvenirs. Now, if you had picked up the Dead Sea Scrolls We were dismissed. Never have I felt so ashamed and dishonest. I will never again smuggle for love or money. There is something rewarding in having an honest face. But could I tell lhal to the Indy nl the fashion show? She will have lo find nut for herself. Ottawa must look at power projects QTTAWA There is s 1 i I I according to Jade Davis, minister of the environment, .some hope for the Athabasca Delta. But despite expensive programs, it can never be put back in it's original condition. Very few people, short years ago, would have worried much about deltas or regarded them as rlher than soggy wastes. Suddenly, there is a change. A responsible minister journeys to Edmonton to deliver an im- portant speech, warning that deltas are unique, that they s-.-e "the world's natural green- houses, without peer insofar as natural renewability and the quality of life's planet arc con- cerned, that we have very few of them mostly in Western Canada and that these are fragile and threatened." Hut for the calamity on the Athabasca, directly attribut- able to the Bennett Dam, the public might still be unrecep- live to Mr. Davis's message. The results, however, have been dramatic. According to the minister, the spring fre- shets are now a thing of the past, the water table has fallen four or five feet, "hanging pnmls" are drying up, willows arc taking over from the grass crops, the muskrat populations which Indian people de- pended) are dropping, buffalo herds are jeopardized, fishing and millions of migratory birds threatened. "Now this great watering hole is shrinking. It is shrink- ing due to t h e thoughtlessness of those whose tunnel vision was typical of the so-called wa- ter managers of the 'fills and Narrow provincialism and our haste to produce energy with little regard for the future is tending to leave the Athabas- ca Delta high and dry." Mr. Davis does not place the full blame on British Columbia federal government and the government of Alberta were equally to blame. Ottawa should have insisted, using the Navigable Waters Protection Act, that Ihe unfavorable ef- fects of the Bennett Dam down- stream in Wood Buffalo Na- tional Park were kept to a minimum. Alberta should have made sure that its territory, its people and its recreational po- tential were enhanced rather than denuded by the construc- tion of a massive power dam upstream in B.C." This is sinking testimony, he- cause Mr. Davis, in his candid summation, is acknowledging the justice of a criticism di- rected against the previous Lib- eral government in Ottawa. Although it may be slightly embarrassing, he is right to reason that future federal governments almost certainly will face the same situation. It is important to make the point that the Bennett case will not be regarded as a it and that Ottawa will not again turn a blind eye to a provincial pre- mier who goes ahead with a power project on the bland as- sumption that the federal gov- ernment can be ignored. Mr. Davis made specific reference to the largest and most valuable saltwater delta in the country, the Fraser Es- "Are you kidding I'm trying to break IN luary. This, too, is threatened in dozens of ways. The minister mentioned urban sprawl, har- bor construction, industrial pol- lutants, dredging, land rec- lamation, sewer discharges and garbage disposal. He added: "Unfortunately, the F r a s e r Kiver Delta faces a threat, of another kind. It is the con- struction of a giant dam at Moran in the Fraser River canyon upstream of Lilloet. This 750-foot-high monstrosity will form a lake reaching 160 miles north through the Cari- bou Country to Quesnel. I men- tion this big lake, or reservoir, because it will take out most of the silt which now fertilizes the Fraser Kiver Delta upstream. The growth of the delta sea- ward will be arrested. The nutrient value in the Fraser es- tuary will change. The ecology at the mouth of the Fraser, in other words, will be altered for all lime to come." In the process, a million commercial fishery will be gravely damaged. Without any question, the Fraser River would qualify as a "navigable stream." The courts have not been restric- tive, and in some cases even small creeks have qualified. It was not a legal but a political problem {the business of get- ting along with a provincial warlord) that caused the fed- eral government to remain in- active, hearing, seeing and say- ing nothing, in the case of peace. These matters can be very touchy because it is in the na- ture of these power projects that they arouse great expecta- tions in many quarters. Such expectations exist now in the case of the vast James Bay de- velopment planned by the Que- bec government. Probably these rivers too. or some of them, could be defined as navigable. As little as possible is being said at the moment about the question of federal permits. But it should be discussed. The requirement of a permit does not necessarily mean that a project, beneficial to many people, will be vetoed. It may simply mean insistence, quite as important to Quebec- ers as to any other Canadians, that as Mr. Davis said of the Bennett Dam the unfa- vorable effects be kept to a minimum. There should be no easy write-off of fish and wild- life, especially when they hap- pen to constitute the livelihood of the Crce Indians, who are also Canadians. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Peler Desbarats Government worked fast on surcharge antidote QTTAWA Within the next 10 days. Canada's first concrete response to President Richard Nixon's economic measures will become a func- tioning government program. The new Employment Support Act is now back in the House of Commons awaiting the con- currence of the House with amendments made by the Sen- ate. As soon as this motion is passed and the act becomes law, application forms for as- sistance will be mailed to ev- ery exporter of Canadian goods to the United States. The million scheme is a short-term measure to limit the impact here of the 10 per cent U.S- import surcharge. It will pay up to two-thirds of the surtax applicable to a Cana- dian plants U.S. exports pro- vided that the company under- takes to maintain employment and production "at a satisfac- tory level." The program has been over- shadowed in recent weeks by a loud and inclusive debate in Parliament, in the press and among the public about Can- ada's long-term response to the U.S. measures. But this de- bate owes its existence, in part, to the breathing space pro- vided by the employment sup- port program. Letter to the editor While it lacks the drama of high political strategy, the pro- gram is a good example of a specific Canadian response to a serious economic threat com- ing from our most important business partner. In this case, our response has been swift, co-ordinated, cer- tain of its objectives and, so far, more successful than any- one would have dared lo ex- pect in the dsrk days imme- diately following Nixon's first announcement last Aug. 15. The Canadian response be- gan to take shape within hours of Nixon's Sunday night an- nouncement. At 9 the next mor- ning, a number of deputy heads of concerned government de- partments, and their immedi- ate assistants, gathered for a special meeting in the board room of Deputy Finance Minis- ter Simon Reisman. The ur- gency of the situation was evi- dent. In little more than three weeks, Parliament would be back in session, on Sept. 7. This was the final deadline for a decision not only on policy but on the specifics of legisla- tion. It WES the department of in- dustry trade and commerce that bore the brunt of the early work. On Aug- Hi. the day after the Nixon announcement. Act- Vauxlmll bylaw In Ihe October 9, Lcthbridge Herald a Vauxhall resident ex- pressed himself on Ihe attitude of the town council toward not helping neighbors with their up- to-date fire equipment, which really belongs to the town and district people people who built and support the town. Yes, it is more than nonsonsc and stupidity to have such a by- law. As a spectator I noticed a young man. down from Cal- gary for hunting, but original- ly born and raised in Vauxhall, who did more thai) his share in fighting that uncontrollable blaze. At the beginning of the fire this young man who has a liltlc knowledge about fire-fight- ing asked one of the main town councillors lo get help from Hays and Tabcr firo depart- ments, but the request lo con- tact Taber was ignored. A few semi polite words were said, "if you don't get them I am dropping the hose and I will phone myself." But he did not have to, they did. I do believe this man de- serves a little appreciation from Vauxhall people. Let's imagine Ihe situation if the hardware store next to the blaze, which is 50 years old, had caught fire, with all ils contents gas, oil, paint, shells, etc. Goodbye Vauxhall! Let's have a little more com- mon sense and mature ideas. Let's think a little about our next-door neighbors and also lei's not forget volunteer fire practice is a must. A HPECTATOH. .Vauxhall. ing Prime Minister Mitchell Sharp said that the surcharge could affect from S2.3 billion to billion of Canadian exports, or almost one-third of the total dollar value of our experts to the United States. But this was a quick estimate. The first priority was to make an accur- ate assessment of the situation. This was done by two teams the Department of In- dustry, Trade and Commerce. Working around the clock for four days, one team went through the entire tariff sched- ules of the United States, item by item, calculating the rate and estimated annual amount of the surtax on every Cana- dian export. Because of various factors, the rate was not al- ways exactly 10 per cent. There were constant references to Washington for clarification. As one official recalled, "We raised many uncertainties that they hadn't thought of." While this process was un- derway, Finance Minister Ed- gar Benson and Trade Minister Jean-Luc Pepin flew to Wash- ington on Aug. 19 to ask for an exemption from the surtax. This request was repeated on Aug. 26 in Washington by Reis- man, Deputy Trade Minister J. II. Warren and A. E. Ritchie, former ambassador to Wash- ington, now deputy minister of external affairs- Before this second visit, about a week af- ter Nixon's announcement, a paper was prepared for the cabinet outlining the various options available to Canada. There was fairly early con- sensus on the part of the min- isters and their senior advisors that "Ihe immediate thing to do was to get 3i posilion to have some money available for peo- ple who would really get clob- bered." Prime Minister Trudoau hnd said on Aug. 19 Hint Canada wouldn't go on a "retaliatory kick." In fact, the main prob- lem faced by the circle of min- isters and civil servants who were immediately concerned with Ihe situation was the dan- ger of walking straight into a countervailing action by (ho United States. They had to find a way lo cope with specific plant by plant instances of t h r c a t e n ed unemployment caused by the surtax without appearing to subsidize exports' to the U.S. Theirs was a rather fine definition but one that, so far, has stood up. Once the principle of short- term assistance to maintain employment was accepted, the finance and industry depart- ments started to draw up leg- islative proposals and estimate their practical effects. The cri- teria for assistance to indus- tries were accepted in prin- ciple at a single meeting of the involved ministers and their advisors, and the -actual bill and regulations were drafted in a matter of a day and a half. In normal times, this w hole process would have occupied many months and, in legislation of this sort, would have involved some consulta- tion with business leaders. On Sept. 2, Pepin was still silent about government plans when he met his 43 man advisory council of leading Canadian businessmen. But it was evident, that by Sep. 1, only 17 days after the Nixon announcement, Canada's immediate response had teen formulated. Prime Minister Trudeau announced on that day that Parliament would be asked the following week to give immediate priority to a government plan to help indus- tries affected by the sur- tax. The bill was made public en Sept. 7. The program will be admin- istered by a seven-member employment support board- Names of the three non-gov- ernment members of this board are before ministers now and will be announced as soon as Ihe act becomes law. Appli- cations fcr grants will be re- viewed initially by officers of the nine branches in the indus- try department and will then go through a new secretariat which is being staffed at the moment by personnel. Already Officials of the department say that they will be able to pro- cess the initial rush of applica- tions without increasing their permanent staff, mainly be- cause the grant program is re- latively simple to administer and police. The government has ear- marked 580 million to finance the scheme for six months starting last Aug. 1C. Officials here who worked on the pro- gram said that it suits this time period but couldn't be ex- tended indefinitely. "The longer the surtax lasts, the g re a t e r Ihe said one official. "If it goes on for a year, we're in an entirely dif- ferent ball game." (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through The Herald 1911 Vancouver took the world's lacrosse championship today by defeating New West- minster. 1921 -Mr. L. H. Jclliff has definitely decided to accept the nomination for the United Farmers association if he should receive it at the com- ing convention. A snappy game of basketball was played in the Macleod arena. Contcslanls were the Barons High School boys learn and the M a c 1 c o d High School boys team- Barons won. Counlry Club held its regular meeting for the election of officers. It was re- ported that the club had had a m o s t successful year of golf and social activities. The Letlibridcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 195-1, by Horn W. A. BUCHANAN Second Mall Registration No 001! Member of The Canadian Press ano me Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations O.EO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manaopr JOE BALLA WiLIJAM HAY Mam.cilnn Editor A'-son.iu- Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS 1C KER Advertising Manager Editorial Pano Editor "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;