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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTMBKIDGE HERALD Monday, October 19, Tim Traynor Canada's Opportunity How is Canada different? Not in freedom from terror or savagery, slie has discovered. How, then, is she different? It could be in the way she responds to terror and savagery. The less civilized would give full rein to animal instinct, on the news from Quebec of murder following kid- napping. Anger, revenge, repression would be vented by Englisn Canada on dissatisfied French-Canadians of all description. Backlash is the mod- ern word for it. But that does not become Canada. Noble statesmanship of a higher kind has burst upon Canada in these trying times from the prime min- ister through the other national party leaders, from Quebec's political and public figures of all but the most extreme hue, their common plea is that Canadians remain calm and reasonable and not let themselves be- come confused. This is not a conflict of Quebec against Canada, or even of French separatists against Quebec, or Can- ada. It is a crimi nal conspiracy against public order perhaps of a most serious magnitude, but nothing more. If Canadians out west should feel shame and anger, what of the mil- lions of good citizens of Quebec? This is their special torment, their private day of infamy, their excruciating shame. The Canadian way is to root out the criminals with all possible dispatch and to submit the calm processes of the courts, to en- dure the harsh but necessary pro- scriptions of the War Measures Act until more suitable defensive mea- sures can be obtained, to understand with charity the special sorrow that is Quebec's, to trust more than ever in the law and the agencies of the law, to listen to the grievances of Canadians everywhere and to correct them if they are genuine grievances, and to carry on. Perhaps it could be Canada's gen- ius to emerge from this valley of tribulation more united in purpose, in mutual understanding and in pa- tience and tolerance. The terrorists hope to tear Canada apart. Their stupidity may equal their bestiality. From this travail Canada could be- come the greater. This is Canada's opportunity. Agnew Waves The Flag Too While President Nixon has been spreading the image of a strong united America abroad, Vice-Pres- ident Spiro Agnew has been in charge of seeing to it that the Repub- licans will win out in the November elections. Most accounts show that Mr Agnew, the cartoonist's dream, is making an excellent job of his as- signment. Republican strategy is to woo the blue collar, hard hat workers who have traditionally voted the Dem- ocratic ticket. But the trend is changing, and even though these workers are feeling the effects of in- flation and unemployment, a large proportion of them are even more alarmed by prevalent domestic un- rest. Racial disorder, crime, and riots are genuine working class con- cerns and the Republicans are laying heavy odds that these concerns carry greater weight than the rising gro- cery bill. The Democrats hope that the voters will show that they are more worried about their next pay cheque than they are about the most recent college riot. A lot of voters may be put off by Mr. Agnew's labored alliterative rhe- toric but the working men apparently enjoy hearing the vice president's opponents labelled as "nattering na- bobs of negativism." The results of one or two primaries have also en- couraged the Republicans. In Massa- chussetts for instance, long time Democrat incumbent Philbin was soundly defeated by Father Drinan a far-left Roman Catholic priest. A similar fate met the Democrat in- cumbent in Maryland. The Republi- cans interpret these defeats as a sign that the Democrats have become a far-left party, and that the centre votes so vital to victory will swing to the right. No one is predicting a Republican landslide, but there is a possibility that they may gain enough Senate seats to gain control for the first time since 1954. The Democrats may find that their hopes of adding 20 to 25 seats to their House majority will not materialize. The pundits are pre- dicting.ten as a more probable figure. Even this could be reduced if the President were to make one of those dramatic pre-election announcements indicating, perhaps, that things are going so well in Vietnam, that troop withdrawals could be accelerated. Detroit has told the nation that Americans cannot live without the automobile. This legislation would tell Detroit that if that is the case, they must make an automobile with which Americans can live. Sen. Edmund S. Muskie, D-Maine, on a bill that would require pollution-free cars by 1976. Art Buchwald AJ7ASHINGTON The Commission on Obscenity and Pornography has just released its controversial report on the ef- fects of pornography on the American peo- ple, particularly children. While this com- mission was getting all the publicity, an- other commission was studying the effects of political rhetoric and invective on Am- ericans. The conclusions of this latter com- mission may have a much more lasting impact on the country. The Commission on Political Rhetoric and Invective studied speeches by many can- didates, but made the most use of those given by Vice President Spiro Agnew. In a footnote on the first page, the commis- sion said it was not picking on Mr. .Agnew, but since most people had been exposed to Agnew's rhetoric it was easier to study reactions to his words than a politician run- ning for a minor office. Here are some of the findings of the study: Most people were not permanently affect- ed by exposure to one of the vice-presi- denl's speeches, though many are titillated by him. Only a small minority admitted to having any lascivious thoughts after reading one. The majority of Americans interviewed said they believed that adult people should be allowed to hear Agnew's speeches if they wished to. But many of those inter- viewed said they didn't believe the speeches should be made available to children. The commission revealed that, surprising- ly, those interested in what Agnew has to say are not just people looking for cheap thrills. Many come from fine middle-class homes and are considered by their neigh- bors to be pillars of the community. There is a double standard in this coun- try toward Agnew's talks. Many people who criticize Agnew publicly commit political invective in their own bedrooms when the shades are drawn. The commission hired participants for a laboratory experiment. It put couples in rooms and showed TV films of Agnew speeches. In almost all cases the couples denied the speeches had excited them. And while some admitted to becoming highly agitated by hearing words they had never heard before, most respondents claimed they had forgotten what he had said in an hour. "We the report continued, "that Agnew's bite is worse than his bark. The permissiveness of his political rhetoric, while condoned by this commission, does not merit any censoring at this time. There is no evidence that anyone has committed a crime after listening to one of the vice- president's speeches. Indeed, the opposite has proved true. Those thinking of com- mitting a crime have lost interest after hearing him talk. "Therefore Agnew is a safety valve for those who harbor antisocial fantasies." The commission refused to judge the taste of Agnew's speeches because it had noth- ing to measure them against. "It would be wrong for this commission to say what is good taste or bad taste, in politics particularly, since Uie public's ap- petite seems to be changing all the time. Things a vice president of the U n i t e d States wouldn't or couldn't say two years ago now seem to be acceptable to large segments of the population. "Those who claim that Agnew is polluting the air with his rhetoric may find it mor- ally acceptable a few years from now." The commission's report was not unani- mous. A minority report, written by the law firm of O'Brien, Bayh, Kennedy, Muskie arid Goodell, denounced the report as a dec- laration of moral bankruptcy in the coun- try. Tlie dissent said, "our children are being exposed to more more Agnew every day. Unless it is curtailed, we're go- ing to have some very emotionally disturb- ed people on our hands. Anyone who porls Agncwogrsphy in this country is sick, sick, sick." (Toronto Telegram Service) Agnew Paints A Neat Picture Of America (First of Iwo urticles) WASHINGTON Vice-presl- dent Spiro Agnew paints a neat picture of the world, or at least of the United States. A tide from the left is said to be sweeping across the main- stream, setting up dangerous pressures for an immoderate U.S. withdrawal from Indo- china and the world at large, and eroding society's defences against student-violence, .crime, drug-use and even inflation. The finger of blame, or at least complicity, is pointed un- equivocally at supposed riders on the leftist tide classified un- der the general title radical lib- erals, or radiclibs. By no mis- chance, many of those impli- cated are defending seats which the Republicans see as possible and in some cases probable gains for the party in the upcoming congressional elections. The advantages of simplicity are many. To election au- diences appalled by rampant disorder, the vice-president of- fers a straightforward plan of action. "Vote to have so-and-so, the Nixon loyalist, replace so- and-so, the local radiclib, and thereby help give the adminis- tration the support it needs in Congress to deal with dis- order." All the while, the vice-presi- dent can focus squarely on the disquieting figure of the youth- ful radical, a figure regarded with loathing by a public in- creasingly beset by radical-in- spired terrorist bombings and attacks on policemen. He con- tinually strengthens his identi- Nasser: The Failure Of Success By Flora Lewis, in the Winnipeg Free Press TVEW 11 left YORK The void by the death of Gamal Abdel Nasser is a measure ol the man's role. Whether they loved or feared him, used him or fought him, the people whose lives he af- fected were shocked and even frightened when he died. That is true among Arabs, and it is also true in Jerusa- lem and in the Kremlin and the White House. Jt is because Nasser was an extraordinary personality whose impact was felt'around the world, and he was just that, not a builder. Now the Russians must wor- ry because their huge invest- ment in Egypt rode on Nasser personally. They are faced with a situation not so different from that confronting the U.S. in Vietnam when Ngo Dinh Diem was overthrown they must choose between manufac- turing their own creature, with the endless burden of support- ing him, or risk what they have gained so far. The Americans and the Israelis must worry because, if he was unpredictable, Nasser was shrewd and in his way ef- fective. The fragile hope for even a little less killing in the Middle East will vanish if his successor is either a fanatic or a weakling incapable of lead- ership. Arabs must worry because, if Nasser never united them, he at least bridged some of then1 deep and fierce divisions. And Egyptians must worry because he .left their country in so de- plorable a state that they had little more than him to lean on an amazing man extrav- agantly endowed with strengths and faults, but still only a man behind the mythi- cal power. When he and his army friends ousted the repulsively self-indulgent King Farouk .in 1952, .their proclaimed goal was to restore lethargic, piteously depressed Egypt. Nasser un- derstood the immensity of the task and the need for a gal- vanizing emotion to revive the energies which too much his- tory had deadened. That was wise. He chose hate and grandiose ambition. That was tragic. And though he made some cautious efforts to channel the floods of feeling he evoked, in the end he was unable to transcend them, which is why he fulfilled none of his goals and left nothing firmly established. In the early years, he spoke of "three concentric circles around a vast world of influence to raise the sights of the trodden Egyptian masses. The first circle was the Arab lands, the second was Africa, and the third the rest of the outside the Western and Soviet blocs. The cold war created the illusion of a great community called the "non-aligned world" w h i c h could be arrayed against the superpowers' ap- petite for dominion. That wasn't Nasser's fault. He didn't make the cold war. But his vanity was that, instead of eschewing it to focus on his own peoples' needs, he would find a way to manipulate it to advantage. They were spectacularly im- pressive in their way. Nasser, Indonesia's Sukarno, India's Nehru, Yugoslavia's Tito a quadrumvirate which sought to wield the mighty power of the billions left out of the indus- trial revolution. It didn't work, because there isn't any real Third World, there are only many nations struggling to make their way in the varying conditions they inherited. Now only President Tito is left, no longer a figure of world influence but a leader who ask- ed the American president to visit Yugoslavia so that Mos- cow would be warned not to try repeating its conquest of Czechoslovakia in his country. But Marshal Tito always was first and above all the leader of Yugoslavia, not the focus of anybody's circle. He has been building. Nasser's outer circle, the non- aligned world, and his second circle, Africa, fragmented and slipped away from him. His inner circle, the Arab world, remains a goad and an ambi- tion (after the break-up of the merger with Syria he insisted nonetheless on retaining Egypt's .official name as the United Arab Republic) but no nearer constructive reality. Egypt itself, for whose sake all this was launched, has drawn no blessing and no gift from it except the memory of an exciting man. That is some- thing, and Nasser will remain a magic name in Arab history, but it isn't a foundation. The future of the Middle East depends in large part on what will come to fill the void, whether after, the days of in- toxicating but costly glory, Egypt will find not just a spell- binder but a builder. If it does, the vision of an Arab world which Nasser conjured up but could not make real may yet come to fulfilment, for Egypt is the natural place for Arab leadership. And if Egypt's own true needs begin to be met, there is a chance for peace and a reversal of the terrible toward a clash of the big pow- ers. If not, as the Poles used to joke bitterly, "an awful past stretches ahead of us" all. George Armstrong Pope Censured For Silence On Brazil Pope Paul's sum- mer stillness at his villa at Castel Gandolfo was rudely disturbed by a letter which has Un-African From NEA Service lyfODERN girls in Africa are adopting a new fad imported from the United States, and some of the mili- tant nationalists are denounc- ing it as "part of a cultural in- vasion by imperialist and cap- italist reports Wash- ington Post correspondent Stan- Icy Meislcr. The fad is the so called Afro or natural style of hair worn by many black Americans as a symbol of pride in their Afri- can heritage. But, evidently, the style is about as African as chow mein is Chinese. African women usually crop their hair short or plait it into stiff strands. In tlie past, it they really wanted to be chic, they straightened it into tlie la- est Paris and London fashions. "This new fondness for a n Afro hair style among the smart set has come about not because it is African but precisely be- cause it is says Meislcr. Next they'll be telling us that nobody ever heard of black pan- thers in Africa, either. accused him of failing in his duty to denounce the use of tor- ture by the Brazilian govern- ment, which is sometimes di- rected against his own clergy. The letter was written by Ivan Illich, a Yugoslav born former Monsignor, who runs a centre for intercultural docu- mentation in Mexico. Last January, the Pontifical Commission for Justice and Peace, through its Canadian president, Cardinal Maurice Roy, published a slalom e n t which gave evidence of the tor- tures in Brazil. That was some- thing of a milestone in itself, because normally the Holy Sec does not criticize the policies of friendly governments. Pope Paul, while deploring the bloodshed in Indochina, has never condemned the U n i led Slates for its role in the Viet- nam war. Nor has he said any- thing on the well documented subject of the policy of torture by the Brazilian government. He did, however, immediately and publicly condemn the as- of the United Stales adviser lo tlie Uruguayan po- lice, Daniel Milrionc, by llin Tunamaros guerrilla organiza- tion. "You denounce Ihe crimes of a little band of the for- mer priest has written to the Pope, "but when it comes to the c r i m e s of the (Brazilian) government of usurping gener- als who tneal your Nuncio with great honor, you answer only with worldly prudence and si- lence. "You have unquestionable ev- idence that the government con- stantly uses torture as a means of punishment and of terror, and you have not denounced this. I censure you because you have failed in your prophelic duty. I hold this silence against you, and I tell you that God holds it against you." Lellars addressed lo the Pope are carefully filtered by .the staff of the Secretariat of Stale, which also seeks to protect Ihe Pope from seeing newspaper re- ports which might perturb him. It is understood that tlie Popo has seen a news summary of Dr. lllich's teller, which inad- vcrtcnlly slipped past the watch fill eyes of his protectors, and that he is disturbed by the sim- ilarity of the accusations in the loiter and those made during the Second World. War by Car- dinal Eugene Tisscrant (now Dean of the College of Cardin- als) againsl Poire Pius XII for liis silence during llw system- atic massacre of the Jews by the Nazis. (Written for The Herald ami The Observer, London) fication wilh the fears of the voter and he has reason to hope that tliis'will, be the over-rid- ing eleclion-day consideration especially among blue-collar workers traditionally commit- ed to the Democratic party. If, then, the campaign were to conform to the Agnew line of atlack, President Nixon would stand on one side as the champion of order while, on the other, his political opponents would be undercut by a back- lash against turbulence, until ultimately they gave way to supporters. To show Mr. Nixon in the proper light, Mr. Agnew says the president twice nominated to the Supreme' Court men who would take a tough line on disorder, and was both times rebuffed as the re- sult of the efforts of Senate radiclibs. Firmness on campus dis- order is strongly emphasized in administration actions. Hastily contrived legislation. has ex- panded the FBI and makes it possible ,for Ihe agency to in- vestigate bombings and arson on federally-supported cam- puses regardless of the alti- lude of the university admin- istration. (In the background, J. .Edgar Hoover conducts a vigorous anti-extremist public- ity campaign, assigning prime responsibility for violence and terror lo tightly-organized bands of Trotskyites and other leftist revolutionaries.) Speaking from a camcus platform at Kansas State Uni- versity, the president issued a strong denunciation of violence generally, and campus vio- lence in particular. (A group 'of private .backers has sub- sequently arranged to show the film cf the speech on TV dur- ing the camoaign.) As a follow- up to the Kansas speech, the president has sent copies of a "get-tough" memorandum to hundreds of college administra- tors. Throughout, the president and the vice president advo- cate firm resistance lo the idea lhal Ihe culpability of the vio- lent students is qualified by cir- revulsion against the war in Vietnam or the strike, into Cambodia. It is charged that university admin- istrators, by sympathizing wilh the idea, have shirked their re- sponsibility which is said to be tlieirs and theirs maintaining order and dealing with violence. A diffusion of responsibility would blur the clear lines. of the president versus disor- der scenario, and Mr. Agnew accordingly reacted harshly to the report of the Scranton com- mission on campus unrest, which condemned student vio- lence but recognized that it was fueled by hostility to such traumas as tlie war. (The report, incorporating in- quiries into student deaths at Kent Stale and Jackson State Universities, came close to ob- jectivity, acknowledging the legitimacy of some student dissatisfaction with society and universily, but insisting that universities make firm provi- sion against disorder, up to the point of expulsion of dissident faculty members. (The hail of polics fire which killed two students at Jackson State was severely criticized, and the lethal National Guard fusillade at Kent Stale was termed an over-reaction to stu- dent rioting which was, how- ever, flatly condemned. To Mr. Agnew's personal embarrass- ment and this was un- doubtedly reflecfed in his an- gry reaclion the report call- ed on public officials and stu- dent militants alike lo eschew "divisive and insulting rhet- oric." Tlie president, for his part, was urged lo slep up his efforts to bring the country to- gether.) (Herald Washington Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD in the cily coal mine have gone on strike and coal for the power and waler may have lo be sought else- where if the strike continues for any length of lime. ism A recent shipment of Alberta callle lo the British market netted a Glenwood farmer per hundred. The price exceeded the current lo- cal figure by a satisfactory margin. women learned, they musl sacrifice silk hosiery lo the Empire's war effort. Sales will be banned in Brit- ain next February I. M50 The Manitoba tide- water shipping terminal at Port Churchill set an import and ex- port record this season, thus bearing out the prediction that the porl may soon become a shorter roule by which lo ship wcslern producls lo Eu- rope. all-lime record !o- lal of voters turned out at the polls and in so doing gave R. C. "Cleve" Hill votes, 797 more than his nearest rival and the highest lolal. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETIIBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Iho Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Iho Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor ond Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager jOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;