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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 19, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta Ralurilay, OHobcr 10. 1012 THE LKTnBRTPC^E PATLY HKRALD STORY OF THE BALKAN STATES AND STRUGGLE FOR UBERH o- Have Had Perpetual Differences With Traditional Enemy the Turks, Some of Prevailing Conditions-Stragetic Positions in the War I^iidon, Oct. lit.-Oiiu of those singular Intcriintloiiiil niyHti.Tles such as urv. never fully explained nr perhnpH thirty youVH later lliul tlioir solution In the KarruloiiH niitohlography of a retired diplomat, Ib contained in tho Independent step of Montenegro lu declaring war on Turkey and follow-luK this up with an armed incursion tnwardH Soutarl. Did Montenegro, a nation of warriors, take this step to force the hand of her Ha!kan allies, whom she saw were weakoulns before tho threat of chastisement hy tho lOiiropoaii concert? And If so was this of her own Initiative or wap it on a hint from Kussla, whoso sovereign is on such liitlmato terms with her own ruler? Or again was It a pre-conoelv other four nations of the group. On the other hand. It would be suicidal for the Hou-manlans to attack Bulgaria. Bulgaria lb a 'warlike nation, while Uoumanla Is not, and moreover. Russia, Bulgaria's next-door neighbor, would never permit an onslaught upon another Slav state. And hero is what may bo after all garia should ho complete and the j the real moving cause in tho swift Greeks luid time to strengthen theiri progress of events. Russia, Imvlng yoiu- di�i!Ui!Hist lor "FKV'S MALTED COCOA" -tlic fffeat stiiMigth buihicr tor invalids. Trade Supplied By J. S. FRY & SONS, LIMITED, CALGARY. i'avy 'with the Armstrong purchases? Or was the move, so dramatic In its suddenness, dictated by secret information that unless forestalled Aus- rccovered from the sltiggering iblow dealt lier by .Japan in Manchuria, and the BucceetUng revolutionary outbreaks. Is, some well-Informed persons triau army ,^k ago. tion. Tho Sorbs have forgiven tho Bul-gars for' tlie thrashing they "got at' Slivnltze in 1885; tho Bulgars have forgiven tho Sonbs for their age-old jealousy of Bulgaria's acquisition of lilastern Ruwelia and her dominant position in the Balkan group; the Montenegrins, blood 'brethren of the Serbs, apparently join with them In their cordiality'towards King Ferdinand's country; ,Tnd, most wonderful of all, the Greeks have forgiven the Bulgars and Serbs for the schism which split the Orthodox Greek Catholic church. Only five years ago, tho Bulgarian and Greek chetas in Macedonia were always at each other's thtoats, the Greek and Bulgarian monastrles In Macedonia kept bands of comltajUs in tlieir pay for purposes cf armed prosolytlzing, and the Greeks were aiw.-iys willing to form alliances with tho Turkish troops in order to wipe out Bulgarian bands. Only Roumania Stand* Aloof -Now, apparently all is diiTcrent. For llio first time since l.ho battlo of Hos-sovo, lu 14S0, tho Christians of tho Balkan Peninsula are presenting a united front to tho Moslems. 'With one single exception, however. Tho Kingdom of Roumania, which is ono of tho ethnie ami geographic anomal-ios of lOurope, has held clear of the Balkan confederation, largely, perhaps, because she can see no prospect of lorritoriiil aggrandizement from making common cause with her slater states. It Is not seriously nntlolpateii. however, in spile of recent reports hinting that way, that Roumania will actually throw in her lot with Turkey. Rather, it Is likely that she will attempt to remain neutral. only part ot a long-medltated test plan, and Was strategically incomplete Nevertheless, the 245,000 Russian troops are there. Russia has not forgotten what happened in 190S, 'when ^Bulgaria declared ;}icr independence^ and woulcl'have lor^d war on'Tur? key, with a view to grabbing a slice of Macedonia, had it not been for Austrian pressure, backed up by Germany. When Russia pointedly took the part of her Slav cousins, she suddenly learned that the greater portion of the German army had been mobilized on the Polish frontier, and that siie was helpless to prevent a sudden crushing blow, if she did not yield to the demands of neutrality from Berlin and Vienna. Evidently, she does not Intend to be caught In the same fix again. .-Vnd In all probability she has not forgotten the humiliation which Austria-Hungary imposed upon he-r four years ago. Furthermore, she has much to gain from a war between tho Balkan stales and Turkey. She can profit even if the confederation is defeated, for that will give her an opportunity to appear In the light of protector oi the defenceless. She stands to gain, no matter what hap- have always-Inien ringed around by powerful, trouhleuome neldhnora they are accustomed to a state, of constant proparednosfl. lu tho Balkans every able-hodled man In a soldier. He has to be, whether ho wants to bo or not. If he dodges service ho has to pay a fine which' is heavy enough to make evnn the lai-.iest citizen stop and think twice. Tho Greeks are the ono military Weak spot In the new Balkan confederation. Tho modern Greeks are a connucTclHl, ralher than a military people. This Is not said in a rilsparag lag sense. Greeks are tho traders, bankers, agonU and merchants of the Levant. Greoce is by Ur tiie richest nation of llie fcur. But in military ulTaira she has never been succassful. Tho short, campaign of 18ii7 is too well remembered to re quire more than passing comment. Turkey thra^:hcd the Greek, army soun-dly, and could undoubtedly havo made the thrashing yet more thorough had It not been for the chock-rein ap piled "by the great powers. Greeks Are Well Armed Until quite recently the Greeks were arm�d with the miserable, out-of-date Grns rifles, discarded by the Prencli army, which were one of tho causes of their defeat in "1897. But now they have modern, high-power magazine rifles, and their small artillery is from the Schneider-Canet works. Greece can -probably put from 115,000 to 150,000 men In tho field. And if they have ofUcera of a higher calibre than thos^ who ibotched matters in 1897, the Greeks will probably do themselves credit. They are torave enough. What they have been found to lack is tho military sense which makes mere 'bravery count. The Serbs are essentially a military people, like all the Slavs. They havo a total effective war strength-that Is, a Btrength Jn men of military age who have received actual training-of 32ri,0n0, with 652 pieces of artillery. Thanks to the elastic system of organization in their army, they can mobilize 'v.'lth great ease. Corps automatically expand to war strength, and each resefvlst knows exactly -where he belongs, his place in tho ranks of his company, the regiment it is attached to, and the army corps ot which the larger unit forms a part. A still more effective fighting force is tho-Bulgarian army. European mill tary observers have cited this army as the best of Its size on .the continent. It has even been asserted by German and Russian olBcers who have Inspected It, that It could withstand, man for man, tho assault of the best trained troops of any of the great powers. Whether this is so cr not, of course, one cannot state positively. Certainly, tho Bulgarians make very smart soldiers, and take natui-ally to their work. Tho oIHcers are an especially lino lot of men.  There is no nobility in the country and the pick of the older boys of every class aro annually selected .for admission to the Ecole M-IUtaire at 'Soflai as flno an Institution of Us kind' as there is in existence. Just at present the Bulgarian army Is said to be in a very Jiigh state of efficiency, because all Its company ot-llcors are men ot from twenty to thirty years old, an age which Is said by military critics to be the beat tw the kind of work which should b� pected of subordinates in whom lt;:!� deslraible to find plenty of dMh. JNlaiiy of tlie ofncers havo seen uUt� service with the Macedonian ravolu* tlonlsts. The Infantry Is the most efDctent arm of the servlcp, partly b*. cause the Bulgarian, by temperament, Is splendid material for Infantry wo'rk, but partly, too, because the- poverty of the Balkan states has compelled Bulgaria to concentrate attention ra� ther upon tho Inexponsive Infantry men than upon the costly artiUsry, and caval'ry arms. The Warlike Montenegrlnt Coming to the last of tho four llttl� nations that have thrown down th� gauntlet to Turkey, here is perhaps tho world's best example ot the nation in arms. Montenegro has a total population of possibly 320,000. Thaes. Na-Dru-Co Tasteless Preparation of Cod Liver Oil restorcshealth and strength to those who are run down or suffering from chronic colds-but the wisest plan is to take it a preventive, before It is needcid as a cure. In 50c. and $1.00 bottles, at your druggist's. 30i NATIONAL DRUG AND CHEMICAL CO. WM'M^^ CANADA. ^ UMITED. f- mm pens. If the Hallsan states whip Turkey and seize Macedonia and Albania, the Austria's long-cherished outlet to the .Aegean at Salonlca is 'blocked, and nothing could iiloaso Russia more. Ot course, she iiiiKht expect to gain certain territorial concessions herself, in return for tacit support, and nalin'ally she would exiioct the freedom of tho Dardanelles. But llrst and foremost she would havo helped to create in south-eastern lOurope a tier of stronger stules, allied -by blood and religion with her.self, and certain to prove a thcrn in Austria's siUe so long as they forgot mutual Jealousy. What more cotild she ask'; Austria way be alilo to cOw little SorVla; but sho would not find It so easy to cow Servla, Bulgaria, Jlontencgi'o and CiTBCce. with Macedonia thrown In. ir the IlalUan ccntederatlon is U' be pormaiieul. It may well prove a fader of importance in Europe's counsels. Ten Million Strong and More The four nations in tho contedera-Uon have a total population cf abont 10,500,000, or In tile neighborhood of 15,000,000 porhapa, counting In tho people ot tho Kama races In European; Turkey who are iii sympathy with; I their aBpiraiionu. They have, already, ! by reliable acconuts, placed lu the lield an efl'ectlvo total ot almost !.,-000,000 armed ineu; and to anyone who has stmilod the mllltury sysloins oi! ilK.'KG litllo .slates this dcos not seem lm.'oiiipi't'lii':ialblo or iiniljK'ly. U is till) comiiion idea in this coiint/y tliHi a HalUiui nnny cxi-jisi largely