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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta October 1MW8 v: 1TOIUAIS Quebec needs better social programs A welcome trend upsurge of the University of oge senate as a political force in i support for the university is a trend. The provincial govern- et it be known on several oc- :Kit its support of the university nv related to the support which .vrsity engenders within its own iv.ty. it has, in short, challenged to recognize the worth in its midst. It is now Suuiiiern Alberta to return the doubts the effectiveness of in such matters should od a recent meeting of the in vvhich that body reversed pertaining to the un- university's board of gover- d the meeting en masse to request of the president of They took no part in the rait their presence attested 'ance of the matter at hand. nd of support that city coun- -nc cils, as well as elected and ad- ministrative bodies at the provincial level, understand and should welcome. Without it they are operating in a vacuum. The University of Lethbridge has a uni- que contribution to make to the province of Alberta. Its small size and devotion to undergraduate education, its liberal curriculum, its excellent faculty, its evening and off-campus courses, its many workshops, seminars and sym- posia all produce a quality and oppor- tunity of education which is probably still not recognized by many Southern Alber- tans and certainly not by Albertans elsewhere in the province. It is up to the U of L senate to unders- tand this and to make sure that the entire province, not just the department of ad- vanced education, understands it too. Fiat lux. Appointment to the senate is an honor but the job is not just an honorary one. Exporting students German politician by the name rfisuan Sc'mvarz-Schiliing believes it to help the thousands of -rus who are annually denied entry nnany's overcrowded universities. '.onsiiKaticns with U.S. educators the idea of sending them to the United States. for admission to German itir-s is so great that almost o applicants are turned away ar ?Jr. Schwarz-Schilling's plan :i or. the idea of overgrowth and piv While in the United States re many universities unable to students to fill all available n.' make maximum use of their West German universities budgetary limitations are un- existing facilities to suit of intelligentsia. ve The proposal will be presented early in November to the conference of education ministers from the nine West German states. The idea of exporting the flower of German intellect to the U.S. was initially opposed in educational and political circles. In the meantime, however, in order to avoid an education crisis it has been grudgingly conceded that it is worth a trial. If the idea is accepted at the November conference of German education ministers it could have an enormous im- pact not only on West Germany and the U.S. but also on other countries, for ex- ample Canada. Canada is being regarded by many Germans as a U.S. state and although it does not suffer as yet from a drastic drop in university enrolment it might be worthwhile to put in a bid while the market is good. A necessary measure visiting load expected to reach five uiior; by 1980 (there were two million is making national parks of- L- .onsicier limiting the number of .-.sing :hese shovvplaces. They that the Rocky Mountain including Jasper. Yoho, Banff and Waterton can't con- iiio accommodate the increase of without damaging plant and life. They have already closed :ain fragile areas to camping and set on future growth of visitor's ser- sucii as gas stations, restaurants accommodation within the boundaries and are encouraging it hinds bordering the parks, not within meadows recently closed to near Lake O'Hara and in the illey. north of Moraine Lake, are they may never regain their Thousands of hikers have i i.he more showy, flowering >.-r years and coarser, duller ;aken their place. F-v.dchuck, assistant western director for Parks Canada has said, "Waterton, Banff and Jasper are approaching tolerable limits in the national parks context." The number of public campsites in Banff has been set at 3000 (the present 2500 sites are filled every night of the Authorities have learned from experience that as soon as facilities are expanded to meet public need the need itself increases. The result of such a spiral, if uncontrolled, would be the progressive degradation of large sections of the park environment. Len Robinson, western regional direc- tor for national parks predicts it may be eight to 10 years before such measures have to be adopted but there are some parks in the system where it may have to come sooner. When one considers the purpose of national parks as set forth in the National Parks Act of 1930 to the people of Canada for their benefit, education and enjoyment. to leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations" it is long past time stringent measures were enforced to guarantee the purpose of the act is realized. By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator MONTREAL In less than two weeks, when Quebeckers go to the polls to elect a new government, they will have a choice between Robert Bourassa's brand of federalism, and an indepen- dent Quebec. Although the likelihood is that the Bourassa Liberals will be returned to power, the separatist Parti Quebecois, this time, has documented its case for the economic viabili- ty of an independent Quebec with a model budget for the first year of independence. What the Parti Quebecois economists have done, essen- tially, is add to the provincial tax revenues all the money now being collected in Quebec by Ottawa. That, plus a few changes in the tax system is sufficient to provide the billion revenue that the Pe- quistes need for their first year expenditures. The spending pattern under the new government would be noticeably different from that of the present government. In particular, social security programs would cost about billion the total of the entire budget presented earlier this year by the Liberal government. Whether or not the Parti Quebecois has actually proven its case for the viability of an independent Quebec is a matter of opinion. Every budget, whether hypothetical or real, is a view of the future based on certain assumptions. Whether one agrees with someone else's assumptions has as much to do with political, emotional and philosophic biases as with economic ones. There is nothing inherent in the Parti Quebecois budget that would immediately render it unreasonable or im- practical. The people who put it together are among the "I bagged that one near Camrose the day after the gas leak" Justice the great need of the UN By Norman Cousins, Los Angeles Times commentator The crisis of the Middle East has become the crisis of the United Nations. From its start, the United Nations has derived its principal support from world public opinion rather than from governments. But public opi- nion has become increasingly disillusioned. The failure of the United Nations to prevent or stop the war in the Middle East has created a crisis of public confidence. The focus of attention in the months ahead, therefore, will be on the need to strengthen the United Nations. Some of the proposals waiting to be considered are designed to give the United Nations a peace-keeping capability. This would mean that the United Nations would have authority to make and enforce decisions. The big problem in strengthening the United Nations along these lines, however, is that few nations are ready to accept the princi- ple of compulsory jurisdic- tion. For the main question about strengthening the United Nations is not authori- ty but justice. The world's peoples must have confidence in the decisions of the world organization. They must believe that these decisions are not merely an extension of world politics but a genuine expression of justice. In the present situation, for example, neither the Israeli nor Arab nations would com- mit themselves in advance to any decision of the Security Council or General Assembly. The Israelis would not want to stake their future as an independent nation on the rough-and-tumble of inter- national manoeuvrings. The Israelis also fear the ability of the Soviet Union to influence votes among the developing nations. Similarly, the Arab nations would not be willing in advance to accept any deci- sion of the United Nations. They are not now likely to give up on the field of inter- national jurisprudence anything they were able to gain on the field of battle. This is not just a matter of small nations fearing anything that might make them the pawns of the larger nations, the major nations are reluctant to entrust their vital interests to a conglomeration of 100 or more nations, some of which have populations of less than one million. How. then, can the United Nations be developed into an organization which has peace- keeping powers connected to world law an organization in which governments can have genuine confidence? Some people say such a task is impossible. Others say that world peace is the product of world law with justice, and that an aroused world public opinion can bring it about. The man whose name has been most closely associated with world law is Grenville Clark, one of America's most influential private citizens of the past half-century. Clark, who died several years ago, was a lawyer who had the con- fidence of at least four presidents of the United States. As early as 1945, Clark wrote about the need to strengthen the United Nations. Clark believed that the advent of nuclear weapons made the concept of the United Nations obsolete even before the United Nations was born. Clark found an ally in Louis B. Sohn, a political scientist. Together, they wrote one of the most important books of the past quarter-century, "World Peace Through World Law." The book was not just an argument for ending world anarchy but a detailed plan for revamping the United Nations in order to make it an instrument of justice. Strc- turally, they proposed changes in the unworkable one-nation, one-vote system of the General Assembly. Clark's thinking was in the tradition of the American founding fathers whose design for the United States called for limited but adequate powers. Clark advocated a natural separation of powers and authority between the in- dividual united nations and the revamped United Nations. Grenville Clark saw world public opinion as the ultimate source of authority for the United Nations. He did not look to national governments to introduce the essential changes in the United Nations without severe prodding from their citizens. That was why Clark put so much emphasis on the need to educate people about the United Nations and their own role in strengthen- ing it. H. G. Wells, the great English historian and thinker, anticipated the great issue of our time when he said that humanity was in a race between education and catastrophe. Grenville Clark believed that education could win the race. mm WORLD brightest in the country. Jac- ques Parizeau was once a top level economist in the provin- cial civil service. He had a hand in several Liberal budgets. Claude Morin was the man chosen by Premier Bourassa several years ago to conduct a financial inquiry into whether confederation was good or bad for Quebec. (Both Parizeau and Morin joined the Pequistes because they found that on a dollar for doliar basis, Quebec is not making money out of Despite the internal con- sistency of the numbers, some of the basic assumptions un- derlying the Parti Quebecois budget deserve attention. For example, the P.Q. assumes that the real gross national product of Quebec will grow by at least 5V2 per cent a year. It assumes an ac- tual growth rate of per cent, reduced by an annual inflation rate of 4 per cent. Quebec's actual GNP growth in this year of phenomenal economic boom is about 13 per cent. The infla- tion rate so far this year is almost 8Vz per cent. Any slow- ing of economic activity or increase in the inflation rate could combine to produce less economic growth than is necessary or desirable. The effect of such a combination could mean a higher budgetary deficit, higher un- employment, a delay in the implementation of social programs, or some combina- tion of them. The Parti Quebecois budget has served one or two pur- poses other than its intended one of proving the economic viability of an independent Quebec- First, it has injected as issue into what has been so far an entirely issueless cam- paign. Second, in producing so intricate a budget, the Pe- quistes have effectively scotched criticism that they are nothing but a group of Uto- pian dreamers. Third, the budget has focus- ed attention on the impor- tance of social programs as opposed to solely economic ones. Over the years, Ottawa has poured billions of dollars into the "have-not" provinces in an effort to promote economic expansion. It has also said for years that it could not afford either a guaranteed income or better social security programs for Canadians. The regional disparities between the "Have" and "Have not" provinces are just about what they always were. The DREE program for regional economic expansion is a shambles and a failure, and is being "re-examined." The emphasis on social goals as well as economic ones, as reflected in the Parti Quebecois budget for Year One of Independence, is something policy makers in Ottawa might profitably ex- amine. THE CASSEROLE With commodities, an almost infallible way to get a higher price is to have or at least convincingly proclaim a shortage. Not so with labor. In Canada there would appear to be a labor surplus, with three quarters of a million drawing unemployment insurance, yet the price of labor keeps going up and up. The Cnrutian Science Monitor 'Somebody else has been down In this same It took ten years of intensive developmen- tal work, but finally Volkswagen has a plastic gas tank for its cars. The new tank will be made of a special polyethylene (Lupolen 4261A, if anyone wants to know) as rigid and tough as the metal used at present, but lighter and with almost unlimited versatility as to shape, it's safer, too. because of its much lower heat conductivity. In yet another scintillating display ol how to "prove scientifically" something that everyone knew already, sociologists at the University of Wisconsin have finally es- tablished ihal wait for it, now most boys like girls! In particular, they like easy-to- get girls, hard-to-get girls, and especially the "easy-for-you-but-hard-for-anyone-else" kind. As packaging becomes more nonsensically elaborate, and as the garbage disposal problem mounts, it may be time for North Americans to look at an ancient and very sen- sible Japanese custom, the re-usable square of cloth as a wrapper for well, almost anything. The furoshiki, as it is called, has been carried by Japanese shoppers for cen- turies, in place of the purses and shopping bags, even the pockets, that became popular in the western world. Hoping it won't be a long run. Haim Topol, well-known Israeli actor and star of the movie, "Fiddler on the is serving as a liaison officer with an armored unit in the Golan Heights action of the Arab-Israeli war. C, 1973 by NEA. In "I hate this time of year. I can't follow baseball fool- ball, basketball, hockey, golf and tennis all at the same time." The LetKbridge Herald 50-1 7th Si S. Lelhbnage. AIDerta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, Dy Hon. W A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Adverting Manager Editorial Page Ecli'.Or HERALD SERVES THE ;