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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta ELWOOD FERGUSON photo Tramping the -coulees Tramping out the coulees for the benefit of future motorists, heavy earth moving equipment pushes dirt into the river valley for the approaches to the 6th Avenue South bridge. The fill being used to build up the eastside approach will stop about 170 feet short of the river bank. Scheduled for completion in December 1975, the million two-lane bridge will bring the University of Lethbridge and West Lethbridge within two miles of downtown. Possible peace terms await UN presentation WASHINGTON (AP) -The diplomatic search for an end to the Arab-Israeli war has narrowed with the United States and the Soviet Union engaged IP extensive dis- cussions ovtr specific ideas These are said to centre on linking a ceasefire to an over- all settlement of the 25-year- old Middle East dispute However, while the talks have progressed from a general examination of op- tions, U S officials do not believe Washington and Moscow are ready to make a proposal public Although any agreement made through these talks will be sent to the United Nations Security Council for ratification, the negotiations are being conducted primarily by State Secretary Henry Kissinger and Anatoly Dobrymn, Soviet ambassador to the U S At the same time, however, rumors spread in Moscow that Premier Alexei Kosygm is on a secret mission to Cairo for talks with Egyptian leaders While working for an end to the fighting, the U S is facing increased pressure from the Great tank battle could decide war WASHINGTON (AP) -The 13-day-old Arab-Israeli war may be approaching its decisive point in the great tank battle on the Sinai Desert near the Suez canal This is the opinion of Penta- gon analysts studying reports from United States military attaches and U S diplomatic representatives in Israel and Egypt U S military authorities said the Israelis had the initiative in developing the Sinai battle A key question was whether the Israelis and Egyptians will choose to fight until one side is clearly de- feated, or whether they will accept a settlement allowing both to claim a measure of victory Although the Syrian army still is in action, the Israelis have advanced well beyond the 1967 ceasefire line they held on the Golan Heights before fighting broke out Oct 6 "The Israelis may have an acceptable situation said a Pentagon strategist "They have the basis to nego- tiate a pullback in the ceasefire line in return for security assurances." On the other front, U S offi- cials say that both Egypt and Israel might be able to claim victory if the Egyptians kept even a narrow foothold on the Sinai bank of the Suez canal Under this scenario the Egyptians could say they had won back part of the Sinai and perhaps could reopen the Suez canal, while the Israelis could say they had held Egypt to territorial gains and they might be able to press for access to the canal for ship- ping The war already has lasted more than twice as long as the six days it took Israel to defeat the Egyptians, Syrians and Jordanians in 1967 Arab countries to pull back from its support of Israel The official U S position as outlined by Kissinger last week is that the Nixon ad- ministration will not relent in its support of Israel in the face of a tnreat and will take the consequences Two quit in protest OSLO (Reuter) Two members of the Norwegian Nobel committee resigned to- day in protest against the decision to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 1973 to U S Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and North Viet- namese politburo member Le Due Tho for negotiating the Vietnam peace accords The two committee members, Liberal party Chairman Helge Rognhen and former Centre party parliamentary represen- tative Emar Hovdhaugen ad- vised political leaders of their decision in a letter A Socialist representative, Mrs Berit Aas, called for a broad debate on the com- position and function of the Nobel committee Seen and heard About town TVTbVICE baseball fan ll Helen George wondering what those men in black suits were doing on the playing field Oli Erdos limping to work seeking sympathy because he cut his hand with a saw The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 260 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1973 32 Pages 10 Cents' Urgent energy meeting Friday? 45-day oil supply left Arab states cut exports to U.S. KUWAIT (Reuter) The Persian Gulf state of Abu Dhabi announced today a halt in oil exports to the United States, warning that the same action will be taken against any other country which gives support to Israel. About 12 per cent of Abu Dhabi's 1 5 million barrels of oil a day has been going to the United States Abu Dhabi's main market is Japan. The move was announced by Oil Minister Mana al-Oteiba Police plan results in escape From AP-REUTER BEIRUT (CP) Lebanese police tonight engineered a dramatic escape for 17 hostages held by a group of gunmen in the offices of the Bank of America in central Beirut But the men were still holding at least 20 other bank employees as they negotiated for a million ransom, police said The hostages, including for- eigners, were trapped in the six-storey building, which houses the Bank of America, Manufacturers Hanover Trust Co of New York, the Chemical Bank of New York, the Deutschebank of West Germany and the Lebanese Banque de 1'Industrie et du Travail None of the hostages was identified. The gunmen called them- selves members of the "Leba- nese Socialist Revolutionary Movement" and gave author- ities a 6 p m local deadline noon EDT to meet three demands The release of all Palestinian guerrillas im- prisoned in Lebanon million ransom from one or more of the besieged banks "to support the guerrilla movement and the Arab war effort against Israel airliner to fly them to Algena or South Yemen A note thrown out of one of the bank's windows said, "We shall kill all (the hostages) if our demands are not met by this deadline A second note said, "We have wired the bank with enough explosives to blow it up completely, killing all the hostages as well as us We shall set off the explosives at 1800 local time unless our demands are met" The building was surround- ed by police and Lebanese army troops Police said five gunmen raided the bank and one was wounded and captured during a subsequent battle with auto- matic weapons and grenades Three policemen and five passing civilians also were wounded in the two-hour gun battle that sent pedestrians diving for coyer in the heart of Beirut's business district following the decision by Arab oil states to cut production progressively by at least five per cent each month in order to hit countries considered pro-Israel in the Middle East conflict It showed that the formula devised as a compromise be- tween radical and moderate members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) is flex- ible The decision to cut produc- tion by five per cent each month until occupied Arab lands are regained "and the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people are restored" concealed a series of undecided issues which it seemed are being left to the individual states Apart from the U S imports only six per cent of its oil from the Middle targets of the cut were not identified and other details were also left vague The five-per-cent monthly production cuts are to be com- puted against the previous month's flow beginning in September, the communique said It indicated that the measure was already in effect, counting from the beginning of this month The oil ministers said coun tries friendly to the Arab countries will not suffer from the decision Special arrangements will be made for countries deemed pro- Israel to change their stand to active support for the Arab cause Observers pointed out that with the cut based on produc- tion and not on export figures, the formula seemed to antici- pate an early settlement of the Middle East conflict Rail strike threatens forest firms VANCOUVER (CP) Forest products plants in central and northern British Columbia, hard hit by the national railway strike earlier this year, face a fresh crisis today as the strike by shopcraft unions against B C Rail moves into its fourth day without any sign of a break The first major impact was felt Wednesday when North Central Plywood at Prince George closed, throwing 240 employees out of work Plane party for Pierre OTTAWA (CP) Pierre Elliott Trudeau is 54 today The prime minister cele- brated his birthday aboard a Canadian Forces Boeing 707 en route home from a trium- phant visit to China A spokesman for his Parlia- ment Hill office said that some form of celebration "is no doubt being held on the air- craft" but he knew of nothing that might be planned on Mr Trudeau's return from China OTTAWA (CP) Crude oil supplies in Eastern Canada will last about 45 days if supplies are cut off, Energy Minister Donald Macdonald said Wednesday Heating oil supplies would last about 100 days under the same circumstances The possibility of short sup- plies or cutbacks came after 11 Arab oil producing nations announced they will cut oil production by five per cent per month until Israel leaves Arab lands and the rights of Palestinians are restored Crude oil for refineries east of the Ottawa Valley is supplied mainly by Arab nations and Venezuela Canada would be affected by any Arab boycott aimed at North America, Mr Mac- donald said, and if the boycott were prolonged the govern- ment might be forced to in- troduce rationing Oil from Western Canada for eastern markets would de- pend on how many tankers were available to move it The oil pipeline from Western Canada stops at Toronto Mr Macdonald said he will meet soon possibly Friday with oil industry spokesmen to discuss contingency plans to keep the country supplied It is inaccurate, he said to say Canada supports Israel However, any oil boycott by the Arab nations directed at the North American continent would affect Canada Just after he spoke the Arab nations announced an immediate five-per cent cut on all oil exports to the U S and other countries sup- porting Israel Teachers seek new contract Lethbridge teachers will be asked next week if they want to reopen salary negotiations for the second year of a two- year contract signed Jan 1 The question will be put to teachers Oct 24 daring a general meeting of the local Alberta Teachers Association The percentage increase the teachers received in the con- tract does not even cover the cost of living increase, a member of the local ATA's economic committee said Wednesday Gene Eisler in an inter- view, said teachers received a 6 3 per cent increase for 1973 and 6 7 per cent for 1974 When they agreed to the contract last December the teachers dion t expect the cost of living to increase 12 to 16 per cent he says "We are at a position where we want to stay even he said Mr Eisler says the ATA will ask local school boards to reopen salary negotiations for 1974 if the teachers indicate that is what they want next week But the school boards won t have to comply with the request because the teachers are bound to a contract that commits them to the end of 1974 He expects teachers will be reluctant to ever sign a two- year contract again if they aren t able to negotiate a cost of living increase into the ex- isting contract Sending Western Canadian crude to Eastern markets, normally dependent on foreign oil, would depend on how many tankers were available to transport the oil The oil pipeline from Western Canada stops at Toronto Earlier. Mr Macdonald told the Commons that crude oil reserves will last about 45 days if supplies to Eastern markets are cut off There would be enough heating oil to keep Eastern consumers go- ing for about 100 days He said a meeting would be held soon possibly Friday with oil industry spokesrnan to discuss contingency plans The government wants to get the views on various Cana- dian oil exporters It also hopes to get an up-to-date pic- ture of what assurances in- dustry spokesmen can offer on holding back on price in- creases to domestic con- sumers he said The go'.ernrnent announced Sept 4 that it would seek a voluntary price freeze from oil companies as an anti inflation measure Mr Macdonald also told the Commons that alternate natural gas supplies still are being sought in Alberta to avert a possible winter shor- tage in British Columbia Until this is determined no decision would be made on whether to reduce gas exports from B C to protect domestic users The National Energy Board has power to cut sales to the LJ S T C Douglas (NDP-Na- naimo-Cowichan-The Islands) said nearly 70 per cent of natu ral gas produced in B C is ex- ported and the flow should be halted if necessary Suez control now essential From AP-REUTER Egyptian and Israeli tanks clashed furiously today in the largest and possibly decisive Suez canal battle Syria said its tanks knocked back an Israeli probe on the Golan Heights front Egypt said the Suez fighting centred around the central Bitter Lakes section of the canal and called on Israelis there to surrender or face complete destruction "The battles raging since Wednesday in the middle sec- tor are the most ferocious of all since the war began said Cairo radio Israel said its jets were pounding Egyptian targets in support of the Sinai armored forces and claimed Israeli ground fire downed two Soviet-built MiG warplanes and two Egyptian helicopters The Egyptians claimed their air defences shot down 12 Israeli planes and said four Israeli pilots were captured Intense diplomatic activity was reported under way to end the fighting Unconfirmed reports circulated in Washington Moscow and other world capitals that Soviet Premier Alexei N Kosygm was in Cairo heading a Soviet mission The New York Times re- ported in a dispatch quoting diplomats in the Egyptian capital that Moscow has begun high-level efforts to br- ing about a settlement of the 13-da> -old Middle East war The Middle East war also came close to noncombatant Beirut with offshore ex- plosions that cut an undersea cable linking Lebanon and Europe Military sources in Beirut said the five explosions were the work of Israeli frogmen but the Israeli radio quoted militan spokesmen as denying the charge In the Sinai fighting Israel said it destroyed 90 to 100 Egyptian tanks in a fierce bat- tle Wednesday along the Suez canal Egypt said the Israelis suffered 'heavj losses in tanks and armored cars Pentagon officials in Washington studying reports on the continuing desert fighting said "in the next day or two we should be able to tell if this is the decisive battle The Israeli drive into Syria still was bogged down about 21 miles from Damascus The Syrian front was reported quiet through the night after heavy Syrian shelling Wednesday Elsewhere in the Middle East crisis the Arab oil countries pledged to cut their production f r per cent a month and to increase the cut five per cent each month as long as Israel holds on to the territory it seized in the 1967 war They hope their West European and Japanese customers will press the United States into ending arms shipments to Israel Inside Classified Comics Comment District Family Local News Markets Sports Theatres TV Weather Youth 12 24-27 22 4, 5 19 29 13 30 17 18 23 14-16 7 6 3 28 'Er I'm home Excuse me LOW TONIGHT 35, HIGH FR 65, STRONG WINDS Foundation seeks strengthened Western identity The Canada West Foundation, dedicated to "the strengthen- ing of a Western Canadian identity within was unveiled (his morning at simultaneous news conferences in Van- couver, Calgary, Regma and Winnipeg Its founders, a group of Western Canadians including emi- nent former politicians such as Alberta Sen E C Manning and Robert W Bonner, a former attorney-general in British Colum- bia's Social Credit administration, say the foundation will be strictly non-political, and can in no way be construed as any kind of a separatist movement "We stress that there is nothing separatist or selfish in the group says in a news release "On the contrary, it is felt that a more virile and cohesive Canada West might ease some of the strains on Canadian federalism, and by strengthening the Canadian economy, give new strength and purpose to all its parts The foundation grew out of the One Prairie Province con- ference held in Lethbridge in 1970 The conference which was co-sponsored by The Herald and the University of Lethbridge, examined the concept of union of the three prairie provinces At the conference, James Richardson, then minister of supplies and services in the Trudeau cabinet, suggested setting up a Canada West Council to become a forum for continuing study of the Canada West concept Work began on the idea within weeks of the conference but several delays were encountered, the most recent being in getting the foundation incorporated under a federal charter and registered as a Canadian charitable organization The foundation will have its head office in Calgary and will promote the entire western region including the Yukon and Northwest Territories as well as the four western provinces It will maintain a discreet and low profile say its organizers, serving primarily as a research body to make available information giving a western viewpoint on national af- fairs to governments, agriculture, business and industry, and labor "It is not the business or intention of the foundation to attempt to interfere with the boundaries or status of the provin- cial and territorial the founders said. "However, in spite of the boundaries, there is a common nature and a common potential "It will be the business of the Canada West Foundation to discover, describe and promote, so far as possible, the true nature and full potential of the Canada West region The group feels it is moved by the same spirit that is creating a stronger Atlantic identity among the Maritime provinces, and that the significance and potential of the western region is still not understood fully by Central and Eastern Canada Concerning the possibility of any move to political union m the west, the group says there conceivably may be some future movement towards greater Western political cohesion but that is not in its terms of reference "We won't be expressing the western position o-i matters that are the immediate responsibility of the provincial a spokesman said The foundation would not, for example, take a position on the current energy dispute between Alberta and Ottawa he said "It's not our business to take sides, pontificate on or adjudicate such things "Our business is to determine the facts and research the background "We will leave political decisions to the politicians In fact, the group says it doesn t oven intend to act as another pressure group on the federal government If our findings arp of interest to the provincial governments and they agree to take them to Ottawa either sing ly or together that s their business said the spokesman Chairman of the foundation is A J E Child president of Burns Foods Ltd in Calgary Executive director is Dr Andrew Stewart former president of the University of Alberta and former chairman of the Board of Broadcast Governors Besides Sen Manning and Mr Bonner who is now chairman of the board of MacMillan Bloedel Ltd other coun- cillors include Sen S L Buckwold former mayor of Saskatoon. Dr G L Burton, a Claresholm rancher and member of Beryl Plumptre's food prices review board R L Carter, dean of the University of Saskatchewan s college of law A M Runciman, president of United Gram Growers. D H Searle, a lawyer and member of the Northwest Territories territorial council L C Stinson. former leader of the New Democratic Party in Manitoba. Harold E Winch former New Democratic Party member of Parliament J M Rockingham retired Canadian Army major general Cloo Mowers publishnr of The Lethbndge Herald and F C Mannix of Mannix Construction Co in Calgary ;