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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, October It, 1971 Joseph Km.fl Irish impasse Internment of ll'A terrorists in Northern Ireland has done nothing to ease a situation which looks more hopeless as the snipings, the killings, the indiscriminate bombings go and still on. Internees, only a hand- ful of whom have been rounded up, are all Catholics. The natural result of. this has been to further alienate the Northern Irish Catholics, that is, 35-40 per cent of the total popula- tion. British Prime Alinister Edward Heath was able to get the provincial prime minister of northern Ireland, Mr. Brian Faulkner, and Prime Min- ister Jack Lynch, of the Irish Re- public to meet with him in England. What he wanted to do was to calm the atmosphere by persuading Mr. Faulkner to make some political changes in Northern Ireland which would assure the Catholics that they have a stake in the system and would not forever be what they firmly be- lieve they are, a persecuted under- dog minority. He didn't succeed. Mr. Faulkner knows quite well that the strong measures required would not be acceptable to the far right ele- ment in his Unionist party which is already antagonized by the political reforms he has undertaken. Such ac- tion would be certain political sui- cide for him and the moderate Union- ists. Rescue from disaster The war which U.S. President Richard Nixon is determined to end before the 1972 presidential election, drags on in Vietnam. Only the bold stroke of reversing policy regarding relations with the People's Republic of China holds hope of rescue from disaster. Walter Lippmann, now 82, the most influential public affairs writer of our time, in a recent interview said the new China policy will enable Mr. Nixon to get out of Vietnam. He thinks it is possible that China and Russia might underwrite an agree- ment that North Vietnam would not make any moves against South Vietnam for a period of perhaps ten years. For Mr. Lippmann the open- ing up of possible diplomatic rela- tions with China is like the long forward pass that changes the com- plexion of a football game. If Mr. Lippmann has assessed the situation correctly then it will be vain to expect Mr. Nixon's sched- uled November announcement of fur- ther troop withdrawals from Viet- nam to contain any surprises such as a complete withdrawal forthwith. That announcement could not come until after the Nixon visit to China which is not likely to occur soon enough to influence the November plan. There is a major difficulty in the idea that a settlement can be reach- ed through dealing with China and Russia. Although North Vietnam is a Communist country it has main- tained a large measure of indepen- dence and is not likely to accede easily to pressure from the two giants. Negotiating with North Vietnam on a date for withdrawal is really the only way to end the war. It was the alternative to disaster from the mo- ment Mr. Nixon declared his inten- tion to end the war but he allowed himself to be talked into the mad- ness of invading Cambodia and Laos instead. Mr. Lippmann sees Mr. Nixon's willingness to visit China as an acknowledgement of a colossal error that the United States made at the beginning of the Cold War when it refused to recognize the government that was the government of the coun- try. It seems more logical to think Mr. Nixon will follow this honesty with a simple admission that the Vietnam war has also been a mis- take than that he will attempt some kind of intrigue with China. We may not get our nouns or verbs straight, but the white man hears us louder and clearer than ever be- fore and they know that they must move over and share this state. Henry, president of the Mis- sissippi IS'AACP. ERIC NICOL Wayne makes waves MR. John Wayne, the film star, visiting Candian waters in his cabin cruiser for the purpose of catching Cana- dian salmon, told reporters that the Am- chitka nuclear test was "none of Canada's damr.ed he won a lot of friends for the fish. Especially along the west coast. The part of Canada where the damned is most apt to leave none. Many west-coast Canadians are re- gretting all the John Wayne westerns they liave watched without pulling for the In- dians. Or the crooked sheriff. Hell, it's to late, but let's hear it for the rattlesnake. One thing the rankles with us is that Wayne came up here, told us off, then ahead and fisiied for our fish. In alt likelihood he caught some, and either ate them or took them home to his California ranch, well out of range of any possible environmental havoc caused by Amchitka. It makes you wonder how many other rich Americans are up here fishermen and big-game hunters, snaffling our salm- on and gunning down our goats without contribution to the conservation and pre- servation of Canadian opinion. These Yanks who burble into our harbors in their big boats, or fly to our lakes by private aircraft, are almost invariably Birchers. It is sobering to think that at this very moment the waters and woods of Canada Icerr: with thousands of Americans, armed with deadly weapons, who hate, people who would help In scat Red China in the UN or even direct her to the cl- Niuoty-nine per ct-nt of these visiting American sportsmen see Mr. Trudeau as Vietnam hawks, K'ixonites and sons of a confirmed and appointed Commie. At this season if the prime minister were to ven- ture so much as a few hundred yards into tlie outback, wearing one if his funny hats zap! Mistaken for a moose by one of Wayne's Texas Rangers. As we all know, politically Mr. Wayne is so far right he occasionally meets him- self coming 'round from the left, resulting in a vicious shoot-out. But we Canadians are obliged to concede and this chafes even worse than his knocking off our sockeye that big Duke is right when he says that the Amehitka test is part of the U.S. nuclear weaponry behind which Canada is free to make faces at the world. He who shelters under the U.S. defence umbrella can expect to get poked in the eye by a rib-end. ff Canadian taxpayers were prepared to pay for an independent defence system, in- cluding possibly the underground test of a nuclear device in some desolate part of the Country such as Labrador or East Toronto, Wayne would have less call to lay his quirt across our national pride. During all his years as the officer load- ing the cavalry troop out of the doomed fort the one thing that Wayne hasn't learned is tact. It would have hurt him, as our guest, to tell re- porters that the chance of an earthquake resulting from Ihe Amchitka blast, and the consequent submersion of coastal British Columbia under a tidal wave, would, when viewed in a certain ligbt, bo seen as some of Canada's damned business. Even if it wasn't true, it would make the Canadian fisherman who goes home empty-creeled feel less disposed to throw the cat at the TV sot Ihe next time one of John's oalers looms out of the Rood old dust before it became radioactive. (Vancouver Province Feature) Sato formulating non-aggression pact Now there is talk thai the only solu- tion is direct rule from Westmins- ter which would mean elimination of [he provincial government at Stor- mont, but might make the Catholics feel safer. That might be so, but it isn't likely that it would stop the sniping. To the IRA it would appear as another big step toward a United Ireland which is what they want. They would simply increase the ter- rorism, and that would necessitate more British troops to keep the peace. Anthony Lewis, writing in the In- ternational Herald Tribune remarks that "the British genius for politics seems to disappear when it comes to Ireland." He implies that the Brit- ish people, tired of Irish antagonisms, weary of having their soldiers killed because they have been sent to pro- tect innocent people in a troubled area, are beginning to ask them- selves if it's all worth while. Do the British really feel that the Northern Irish are part of themselves any more? Mr. Lewis thinks they don't, and he remarks that "terrorists can win in a colonial territory if the authorities and their people back home grow weary of the fight." The London Times declaims at the "sheer barrenness of initiative in Lon- don and Belfast." But it suggests no solution, nor does anyone else, After weeks on the defensive, Prime Min- ister Eisaku Sato of Japan lias begun to think seriously about tile implications of President Nixon's forthcoming trip to Communist China. Mr. Sato is now turning over in his mind a project for a major new se- curity structure that would en- gage the great powers in the Pacific. The project is not one that the government here in Tokyo is ready to advance as a for- mal Japanese proposal. Rather it represents a kind of deduc- tion a judgment by Mr. Sato as to what is apt to emerge in the long run from the process set in motion by Mr. Nixon's coming trio. Mr. Salo's idea, as he put it in an interview with this col- umnist, is Iliat there would be a "non-aggression pact among the United Slates, Russia, China and Japan." This agree- ment would not be merely a paper engagement. Indeed, the Japanese Prime Minister spe- cifically pointed out that the road to the Second World War was paved with non-aggression pacts. As distinct from those exer- cises in piety, Mr. Sato has in mind something with "penalty clauses." Specifically, the par- ties to the agreement would "bind themselves to take ac- tion" against any nation that broke the agreement. "What Mr. Sato said, "is not just the pact itself. The pro- OF COURSE, AN AUTOPSY WOULD TELL 05 Letters to the editor Asks questions about the present grain situation I am writing in regard to tile most recent issues involved in the grain stabilization bill and its consequent withdrawal by the federal government. The blame for the withdraw- al of this bill, after a com- promise had been reached with the conservative party being attached to the NDP, ought to be recognized for the bald-faced political move it is in reality. How can Mr. Trudeau blame a 23 seat minority party for blocking a bill when his party has an overall majority and the support of the next largest group in the House as well? Most farmers will no doubt recall Mr. Trudeau's trip west last winter during which be discussed the critical farm fi- nancial situation with the farm- ers. He wrung his hands in bit- ter agony over the fact that he Leadership, action needed parents deeply distressed and concerned over rumors cir- culating in and around Bow Is- land about drugs, it is our hope that action will be taken by par- ents in this regard. If, as ru- mors have it, 80 per cent of Bow Island young people are taking dregs, then a good many parents have reason to be very concerned. If they are concerned, could they pos- sibly meet together to search for answers and solutions for the common good of all? Per- haps they could set up a com- mittee to draw up guidelines for parents and teenagers to follow? Parents who really tty to guide their teenagers feel de- feated in their efforts by the bad influences around them, those who let their youngsters run wild, give them too much money, expensive cars, don't expect them to work or teach them how. It is reaching the point where it is becoming so- cially acceptable among teen- agers to be lazy, sloppy, deceit- full, dishonest and immoral- right in Bow Island. This is no longer something that is hap- pening just in big cities. It might help if teenage dances were discontinued and family dances were held in- stead, or none at all. Each time there is a teenage dance there are rumors of shipments of drugs being brought in. It is be- coming common knowledge who arc using drugs and who are peddling them. Everybody is wondering why something isn't done about it and nobody is doing anything. Leadership is badly needed, and perhaps a little ACTION from the police. Many parents are disturbed about the type of reading ma- terial available to young people on Bow Island magazine stands. Something should be done about this too. If we got together we could do something about the people who profit by this kind of corruption. We could stop the sale of pornographic literature in Bow Island. WORRIED PARENTS. Bow Island. could not justify federal finan- cial help to farmers with up to a hundred thousand dollar capitalization invested in their farms. Contrast that posture with his all-too-willing assis- tance to industry this fall at the slightest possible chance that the U.S. surtax might hurt their profits. Did he go around wringing his hands and saying to industry, "How can 1 jus- tify to the farmers giving in- dustry (which has millions on millions of dollars capital in- vestment) 80 million If the government wants to help farmers directly it should pay farmers for cost of grain stored on the farm. The U.S. government has done this for years. If we can justify giving private grain storage compa- nies huge storage payments then farmers deserve equal treatment. Lack of control is no excuse. If a fanner's quota is open and due and be fails to deliver, his storage payment is cut off on all eligible but unde- livered grain. As it now stands is there a distinct possib i 1 i t y that it is more profitable to store grain than to move it on the part of private grain firms (including the Pool Another area where govern- ment leadership might be ques- tioned is in the area of grain handling, with particular ref- erence to marketing. We have experienced too many serious bottlenecks. The situation calls for serious overhaul of present procedures. Take, for example, our fed- eral government grain termin- al in Lethbridge- Has it been used to capacity? If farmers and taxpayers are subsidizing storage, why can't some re- lief be afforded by use of pub- lic facilities? Why could we not store grain of those grades which are in highest demand and ship it to the coast by unit train? This operation could he co-ordinated with the arrival time of ships coming in for grain. This system works for coal, why not for grain? Per- haps some of the coastal-dock operation bottlenecks could thus be eliminated. Perhaps there are certain va- lid factors which would render this type of grain movement plan to be unworkable. It is however an attempt to ask about the present situat i o n. This, I would submit, the pres- ent federal government has failed to do. Instead it has opt- ed to muckrake its political opponents in the hopes that others will be blamed for its own shortcomings. B. HELMUT HOFFMAN. Lethbridge. cess of applying penalties is what would tie important." Mr. Sato has not raised the idea of such a pact in formal negotiations with any country, and he uses the term non-ag- gression in a loose fashion. Still lie did not invent the idea out of whole cloth. It corresponds to the needs, as he perceives them, of the four great powers whose interests intersect in the Pacific. With respect to China, Mr. Sato is especially well-inform- ed. Two dovish figures in his Liberal Democratic party Aiichiro Fujiyama and Hideji Kawasaki have recently vis- ited Peking. Their reports indicate that the regime there is concerned about maintaining security against the United States, Rus- sia and Japan. Mr. Sato be- lieves the non-aggression pact would meet the Chinese need squarely. "There he said about Peking, "some talk of a four-power non-aggression pact there." With respect to the United States, the great problem has been winding down from the high point of Asian involvement represented by the Vietnam war. In keeping with the whole inner dynamic of American life, the Nixon administration clearly wants to diminish the American presence in Asia. But the Nixon doctrine which enunciates the winding-down principle has seemed all things to all men precisely because there has been no fall-back position no skeleton around which a diminished presence could be built. A non-ag- gression pact would meet that need. With respect to the Russians, they have switched their front line away from Europe to the Chinese border. They have con- centrated vast forces along the border, and they have been piling up security arrange- ments with China's neighbors most recently with India and North Vietnam. But the Soviet leadership is too muscle-bound, its foreign policy too constrained, to trans- late accumulation of forces into diplomatic instruments. And the ncn-aggression pact would meet that need. As to Mr. Sato in Japan, he starts off with a genuine prob- lem of security. With the United States pulling out of Asia and Russia and China building towards collision, Tokyo truly fears an outbreak of war that might involve Ja- pan, Moreover, Mr. Sato has a domestic political need U> como off a policy that bound him to Washington in confrontation with the Communist world. In the wake of Mr. Nixon's deci- sion to visit China, the Japa- nese Prime Minister has to show that he can make an ap- proach to Peking without being a mere stooge of Washington. And a Pacific non-aggression pact would be a way to meet both his foreign policy and his internal problem. No doubt there are other ways in which the needs of the great powers in the Pacific can be accommodated. What is es- sential, what is especially indi- cated by the Sato project, is the creation of some new security structure in the Pacific some kind of architecture around which the United States, Rus- sia, China and Japan can build their policies. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Children as mechanical as machines The power of suggestion What has the greatest impact on moulding the young? Would you give first place to exam- ple? I would! Jim Maybie's exercise and exposure of his shoplifting spree shocked me no end. He should have, not only his tech- niques and methods examined, but also his head. He may find a few bumps there without any effort. What impact could Ihis-Jjave on teenagers and pre tccn- agein? The young are now taught by Ihe enquiry melhod and to experiment. Just one of these experiments due to the curiosity aroused by Maybie could end in disaster for a youngsters thwarted and caueht in the act of shoplifting. The anguish suffered by his par- enls we shall never know the humiliation caused by Maybie's foolish adventure into the realm of young ppjinlc's im- pressionable minds. So now you have been subjected to the fin- gerprinting process! Tread softly where angels fear to tread, Maybie! E. S- VAEGLENAK. Lpfhbridgc. Claims he wtis misquoted 1 am very disturbed by Hip fact that my statement, as wril- Irn down by your slaff wrilcr Mr. Rudy Ifaugraiccler was completely twisted and mis- quoted. The following aro my exact to your slaff wrilcr and 1 quote "I feel that the vote went against me due to the so- called communications break- down between the 'old board' and Ihe medical slaff." At no time did I stale the word "shortcomings" of the previous board, and I insist and trust that yon or your Mr. Ilan- gcneder will rectify this grave error. VER1.INDKN. Lethbridge. Much as I admire M. E. Spencer's readiness to state his opinions publicly, I fail to fol- low his logic- His recent letter suggests that taxpayers should delcrmine what is taught in schools because "they are smart enough to earn the money to pay the taxes." But lie follows this statement by describing education as the process of creating a non-think- ing robot. It would seem, then, that those who are and anyone who reads and writes has been "educated" may be "smart enough to earn the money" but aren't qualified to make policy either! Considering Mr- Spencer's low opinion of education and its non thinking products, I should think he would welcome a change in policy making bodies not more of the .same. Teachers as a group arc not seeking autonomy to prevent the public from the knowledge of teaching machines that is an incredible accusation and neither increases our insight into present educational prob- lems nor docs it assist in cre- ating a climate of reasonable discussion. But determining tho value and place of leaching machines in the school system is, I submit, a legitimate sphere of leacber opinion. Just as a farm.- knows through first- hand use of a tractor whether it is more efficient than a horse or an ox, so, too, can a teacher determine the effectiveness of a teaching machine in the classroom. I would also like to com- ment on his remark, "Any re- sponsible person can maintain discipline in school at far low- er salaries." As Mr. Spencer is so keen on machines, it would be even cheaper for him to suggest that we wire all the kids to an electronic monitor with a built in "discipline" de- vice. Keep all those kids in line with a machine, teach them with a machine, and may- be, just maybe, they can all grow up to be as mechanical as (ho. imichinr- and we can forget about raising human be- ings altogether. JOAN PUCKETT. Lethbridge. Looking backward Through The Herald Walter Scott, pre- mier of Saskatchewan, George P. Smith, MP for Camrose and W. A. Buchanan, the reciproc- ity candidate, will be speakers at Ihe big Liberal rally to- nighl. John Gallagher, well known Carbon mine operator and director of the peerless Carbon Coal Mine and by his own statement, the last man to sec John G. Coward, the mur- dered mine manager, alive, was arrested. concert and play un- der the auspices of St. Augus- tine's Men's Society will be presented tomorrow evening. Iflll Headfiates for Ihe Lelhliridgc Northern Irrigation system will be closed for the year tomorrow. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lclhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN second Class Mall Registration No 0013 n unr.. trm Caniiaian Daily Newsnar-fr Publishers' Association nnd the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General JOE OALLA WIU'lAM HAY Marmuinci Editor Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Mananer Editorial Pane Edllor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;