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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 40 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD WednMday, October 17. 1973 New approach hot topic at conference Canada pushes for tough pollution curbs KEN POLK OTTAWA (CP) A tough approach lo contiol pollution by ships on the high seas and in coastal waters is being pushed In Canada dt an inter- national conference in Lon- don Environment Mmistei Jack Davis told the Commons Tuesda> He said the new approach, which has the support of the UnitedStai.es is one of the hot topics at the I nited Nations- sponsored conference Mr Davis said experience with a 1954 international con- vention on pollution has shown that it does not pay to rely on polluting control enforcement bv the countries under whose flag the offending vessel might operate "If the new convention is to have teeth, it must prevent pollution everywhere It must prevent violations of the con- vention whether they occur It must enable us to apprehend the offending vessel as soon as it enters the port of any nation which is a signatory to the convention Mr Davis said he hopes most countries represented at the London conference will endorse Canada's stand PRINCIPLE OUTMODED Canada also was pressing for abandonment of the out- moded principle that pollution could be defined where oil content of water exceeded so many parts in a million "In our the minister said, "it should be replaced by an evidentiary rule, whereby the word of a responsible officer will be regarded as sufficient to secure a conviction 'Sighting of a sheen of oil on water will be enough Sworn evidence to this effect will constitute proof of a violation unless probative evidence is presented to the contrary. "A prosecution would then take place as soon as the offending vessel entered the port of any signatory country and at any time within three years of the violation IMPROVE VESSELS Mr Davis told the House that part of the increased protection package would be improved construction of vessels such as tankers "Modern society depends to an increasing extent on ocean transport of oil and other car- goes Mobility is important but so is the preservation of our marine environment Therefore, he said, vessels carrying substances harmful to marine life or to waterfront property values "must be built and operated in a safe and sensible way This would include double hulls, where possible, for tankers and separate ballast compartments Many tanks now run ballast sea water in the same tanks as oil, depending on the different specific gravities to keep them apart and so keep the oil out of the sea RHUBARB REVIVES LONDON (CP) Britain's rhubarb growers, encouraged by a sudden revival of taste for their product, are planning to introduce a new high-yield, virus-free strain and also to export rhubarb to continental Europe They attribute the rhubarb revival to its virtues as a low-calorie food for slimmers Sears or __ons month Du Pont Carpet Nylon sq. yd. 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STORE HOURS: Open Daily from a.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday to p.m. Centre Village Mall, 2nd Ave. and 13th Street North Balance of power Chart shows estimated commitment of troops and military hardware by com- batants in the Middle East War. Neither Israel nor the Arab nations have officially an- nounced the scope of their commitment to the fighting, and figures are based on es- timates. Arab newspaper reports and unofficial sources. Canada has no mastery over north says MP OTTAWA (CP) Canada claims rights over the high Arctic but is doing little to protect that sovereignty, a Conservative MP said Tuesday "We do not have mastery over the Michael For- restall of Dartmouth-Halifax East said in an interview He said that while West German interests study ways of hauling Canadian iron ore through Arctic ice and the United States is building icebreakers for probable use in the Canadian North, Canada is doing nothing about its inadequate northern capability. Also, he said, there is no doubt that U S and Soviet nu- clear submarines are sailing under Canadian ice, uncon- trolled by existing Canadian military equipment Mr Forrestall was giving the reason for his series of Commons questions about northern transportation, all of which have been answered now CITES CASES He gave three scenarios he sees developing! have been exten- sive discussions between Canadian and West German interests over the exploitation of rich iron ore deposits on Baffin Island Three weeks ago some West Germans were in Canada consulting with authorities on the North Shorter runways system in works SAN FRANCISCO (Reuter) A group of Canadian and United States scientists believe they are close to demonstrating that large passenger jets will be able to land on short runways now used only by light planes If they are right, air trav- ellers in the future will be able to land at small airports close to a city's centre instead ot miles away A Canadian-built Buffalo military transport aircraft, heavily modified at a cost of about million, is the first plane to demonstrate successfully that safe, ultra- slow flight by airline jets is possible Scientists from Canada and the U S National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have been working for eight years to prove that the augmentor-wmg powered- hft principle, developed by de Havilland of Canada, works At NASA's Ames Research Centre in Mountain View, Calif Harvey Quigley, Technical manager of the pro- ject, is preparing a preliminary report on the first 70 hours of test flying ELATED BY TRIALS His verdict, disclosed un- officially: "The concept is a winner Scientists are elated over the results, he says "Based on what we know Quigley says. "I'm sure that within five to 10 years airlines could be flying 100- passenger jets capable of landing and taking off in a third of the distance now re- quired What that long talk- ed about in the aviation that short-haul jets of the near future could safely use tiny downtown airports, reversing the trend towards mammoth jetports built miles from the cities In aviation language, these small airports are called "STOL" meaning short takeoff and landing STOL aircraft are not new. But those developed so far use propellers ra'her than jets in the French Bregaut 941 and are generally small. NEW SYSTEM INVOLVED Where the NASA program is different is that it is pioneer- ing a unique system for low- speed control of heavy jets for practical commercial use A bonus for the program is in noise reduction. Because of their design and the steepness of the approach and takeoff. STOL jets should be much qui- eter than present-day jets 'Our goal is to get the plane no noisier than a busy free- says Quigley The test aircraft NASA is using was donated by the Canadian government and modified by Boeing and de Havilland It is about half the size of a twin-jet DC-9 and in its military form carries either cargo or 41 troops PLANE CHANGED The mam changes were to the wings and engines The two original turbine propellers engines were replaced by RollsRoyce Tur- bofans, supplied by the Cana- dian government and modified by Rolls-Royce The wing span was shorten- ed by 17 feet and a new flap system installed Aircraft use flaps, which extend downwards from the rear of the wings at varying angles, to increase the lifting a plane to take off and land at slower speeds. an aircraft that flies so slowly on its landing approach it seems to be almost motionless The modified Buffalo touches down at considerably less than 60 miles an hour and rolls to a halt in less than 500 feet LANDING IMPRESSIVE "That's a remarkably short distance for an aircraft of this Quigley says Com- mercial jets touch down at about triple the speed and use up many thousands of feet ot runway The Buffalo is equally nifty on feet and climbing at twice the angle of a present-day jet Pilots Bob Innis and Seth Grossmith, the latter a Cana- dian transport department pilot, are delighted with the aircraft's performance and handling, says Quigley, although there are still stabili- ty control problems He is confident that automatic devices to reduce the pilot's work load can be developed without too much trouble Canadian-West German dis- cussions have been held on minimum requirements for icebreaking ore earners oper- ating in Canadian waters over a period of eight to 10 months or more a year United States has launched one giant icebreaker and is building two more, allegedly for use in the An- tarctic and off Alaska But the only place in the north that they would be of use is the Prudhoe Bay area, and they would have to sail there from the Atlantic for much of the year is no question that U.S. and Soviet submarines have been using Canadian wa- ters for the last 10 years But Canada had no military vessel capable of operating for extended periods above the 60th parallel, well south of the Arctic islands that Canada claims as hers ATTITUDE NOT SERIOUS Mr Forrestall said Canada is "playing games" with im- proving its northern capability It is still only at the "remotest design stage" in developing a large icebreaker capable of oper- ating for most of the year in northern islands He expressed concern that if the West Germans develop an ore carrier to work for months in the high Arctic, those ships will take over the Canadian responsibility of Arctic re-supply. Some of the answers Mr, Forrestall got to his questions do not agree with his ex- pressions of concern Transport Minister Jean Marchand said in one answer that plans have been accelera- ted to improve the native polar icebreaking capability. In answer to a question of whether industry has been told the government is in- terested in proposals for northern ore carriers, Mr. Marchand said his depart- ment has indicated its in- terest in "learning the types and numbers of vessels that could prove most suitable for potential Arctic ore trades." The department had not sought proposals from Cana- dian industry on polar ore carriers "because it does not contemplate entering the ore trade Mr Marchand said it is the understanding of the govern- ment that the American icebreakers will be used in the Antarctic and in Alaskan wa- ters Boxcar lack cause labor layoffs? OTTAWA (CP) -Transport Minister Jean Marchand says he will look into reports from opposition members that a boxcar shortage has resulted in labor layoffs The matter was raised in the commons by John Diefen- baker (PC Prince Albert) and Frank Howard (NDP Mr. Diefenbaker said there have been layoffs at Thunder Bay, Ont, because only 5.000 boxcars of grain are arriving when the port has the capability of ;